In the latest discussion on the relations between religions, it has often been argued that monotheism necessarily leads to intolerance and exclusivism. A religion which claims to worship «the one and only true God» is inevitably forced to reject every religious behaviour and practices of «the Other». But is this really the case? This volume contains contributions which discuss the major question: What are the instruments and the strategies used in different religious settings where interreligious encounter is part of daily life? Most of the contributions concentrate on the challenges of theology in the context of India. A special focus will be on approaches for interreligious coexistence derived from Biblical or Systematic Theology.
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Interfaith Spaces and Claims of Religious Identity
Edited by Andreas Kunz-Lübcke
Different Lives, Same Ideas (How Nietzsche May Yet Become the West’s Own Buddha)
This book examines Nietzsche’s claim that he could be the "Buddha of the West." A close reading of his texts shows substantial similarities with the Buddha’s teachings, suggesting a potential basis and a potentially promising future for a Western Buddhism that would be based on Nietzsche’s philosophy. The book first provides a brief comparative biography of Nietzsche and the Buddha and then a review of the Buddha’s Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path and of what there is in Nietzsche’s writings that is his equivalent to those teachings.
While the West often looks to neuroscience to validate the Buddhist teachings and practices, this book suggests it would be better to study Nietzsche’s thought to discover not only validation for Buddhist teachings but the very foundation of a "Buddhism" that is of the West, by the West, and for the West.
The Upgraded Function and the Semantics of the Participle in the New Testament
Roque N. Albuquerque
Presupposition and [E]motion examines the modal semantics of presupposition in the New Testament. It argues that presupposition is the imaginative or mental exercise done by the reader or hearer to reflect, complement, or react among other features to what is being said. The book contends that the two major categories of mood, epistemic (+ assertion [Realis]) and deontic (-assertion [Irrealis]), must be seen in opposition to each other, and both together must be seen in opposition to the participle as well as to the infinitive. Ultimately, the book suggests, the importance of differentiating semantics from pragmatics, at the same time combining them within a specific context, is the key to understand the pragmatic effect of the upgraded participle.
Translated from the Russian by Ivan Zhavoronkov
The Socio-Cultural and Philosophical Origins of Science discusses the formation of spiritual culture and reveals the prerequisites for the developments of philosophy (reflection), science (objectification), religion (spirituality), and art (conventionality) from a common root: animistic thinking. Philosophy emerges as reflexive thinking which transforms the animistic into the ideal, the polarization of which into a subject-object relation becomes the basis for the emergence and development of science. The study shows that any new thought in culture that answers the question of being goes through the same stages of mysticism, poetics, rhetoric, grammar, logic, and mathematics. The book is designed for students to prepare for the PhD candidate examination in the philosophy of science, as well as for scholars (scientists) interested in the methodology of scientific knowledge. It would also appeal to both students and professors in various disciplines across humanities and social sciences, as well as to anyone interested in understanding the commonalities and differences among, and the origins of, philosophy, science, religion, and art.
Eine fundamentaltheologische Betrachtung der Kirchenattribute Apostolizität und Einheit, basierend auf der biblischen Grundlage des Epheserbriefes, unter Berücksichtigung der indischen Thomaschristentradition
Apostolizität und Einheit sind zentrale Themen der Ökumene. Epheserbrief-Textanalyse und gründliche Untersuchung des Zustandes der damaligen Kirche versuchen Integrationsfähigkeit in der gespalteten Kirche zu finden. Geschichte, Entwicklung und heutige Situation der Thomaschristenheit werden selbstkritisch dargestellt. Der Beitrag des Vatikanum II gilt als Chance und Wendepunkt für die Orientalischen Kirchen und lässt Perspektiven für eine mögliche Zukunft erkennen.
Marx, Benjamin, Braudel, Bakhtin, Thompson, Ginzburg and Wallerstein
Carlos Antonio Aguirre Rojas
Contemporary critical thinking was founded by Karl Marx approximately a century and a half ago. Later, in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, various critical thinkers (some Marxist, others not) further developed this perspective in studying the most important issues of their day: for instance, the future death of art, the conditions and limitations of how we understand and perceive time, the essential questions of how popular culture functions and expresses itself, the role of popular protest and the “moral economy of the crowd”, the limits and crises facing modern bourgeois reason and how to characterize today’s capitalist world. This book is a careful, rigorous review of these fundamental lessons in critical theory and critical thought as developed by some of the most important social thinkers of our age: Karl Marx, Walter Benjamin, Fernand Braudel, Mikhail Bakhtin, E. P. Thompson, Carlo Ginzburg and Immanuel Wallerstein.
Theology of Peacebuilding in Southern Sudan
Daniela Lucia Rapisarda
Oaths of Peace is an important contribution to the field of African theology, as it offers a model of contextual theology that holds together the two dimensions of inculturation and liberation, often perceived in opposition. Furthermore, this book contributes to research on theology and peacebuilding by providing a hitherto unavailable account of the grassroots theology that supported the People to People Peacemaking Process that was conducted in Southern Sudan from 1997 to 2002. By telling the story of the People to People Peacemaking Process, Oaths of Peace shows how grassroots peacebuilding initiatives contributed to the national peace process and the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the North and the South of Sudan in 2005.
While the primary focus of the present study is the articulation of theological reflections on inculturation and liberation in relation to peacebuilding, Oaths of Peace also contributes perspectives on religious and grassroots peacebuilding. A large portion of the book is devoted to material drawn from interviews with actors in the process, allowing the reader to read the stories and hear the voices and reflections of religious actors—both women and men—engaged in peace work. This study is relevant for anyone interested in contextual theology, African theology, liberation theology, inculturation theology, theology of peacebuilding, and religious peacebuilding. Oaths of Peace is particularly suitable for students at the bachelor’s and master’s level.
A Study of the Johannine Symbol of the Good Shepherd (Jn 10:1-18) with Particular Reference to «Ofo» Symbol in Igbo, Nigeria
A Biblical Inculturation Approach
The Johannine symbol of the good shepherd (Jn 10:1-18) is employed by the fourth evangelist from the Jewish cultural context, to communicate the Divine message of the redemption of humanity by Jesus Christ, who is the Symbol, the Son and the Revealer of the Johannine Father. This symbol is discussed here from the hermeneutical perspective in the context of Igbo in Nigeria, with particular reference to «Ofo», an Igbo ritual symbol. The symbol of the good shepherd depicts different meanings, depending on the exegetical approach of the interpreter, and among them is the depth of love which the Johannine Father has for the humanity. The «Ofo» similarly, symbolizes diverse values among which are, the virtue of truth, innocence, justice, power, emblem of unity, staff of authority and indestructibility of the individual or the group. Using the literary analysis of exegesis, the method of the intercultural hermeneutics, employed in the African method of biblical analysis, is applied in the discourse. With this method therefore, the findings from the analysis of the «Ofo» ritual symbol are used to read the results from the exegetical analysis of the symbol of the good shepherd because they have interface at the symbolic level. This feature enables the reader to grasp the message of the shepherd discourse of Jn 10:1-18.
The Identity of Migrant Christian Communities in Rotterdam
This publication investigates new ways of understanding international churches. Based upon recent fieldwork, six migrant Christian communities in Rotterdam were analysed using congregational study methods on how they construct identity. Through the frames of ‘koinonia’, ‘diakonia’ and ‘kerygma’, this research reflects on their composition, characteristics, leadership style, language and social capital. Language is found to be an important shaper or ‘carrier’ of identity and acts both as badge and bridge of identity. In building identity, MCCs do not behave in ways expected or consistent with the process of integration.
Das Zeugnis vom Höchsten Gut und vom Höchsten Gesetz
Diese Arbeit folgt aus der «Nichtformalen Logik» des Autors. Die Analyse zeigt, dass das Weltgott-Theorem ursprünglich nur das Systemische der Naturprozesse erfasste. Der Mensch ist ein sozio-biostrukturelles System, welches durch als Notwendigkeit erlebte systemische Zweckinhalte geführt wird. Dieses Systemische ist die Grundlage der Ethik. Die systematische Vergesellschaftung (Höchstes Gut) und der Weg der einvernehmlichen Regelung (Höchstes Gesetz) sind natur-objektiv und dadurch gültige Norm. Die Verletzung dieser Norm wird erlebt als Forderung nach Harmonie, Frieden und Erhaltung der Umwelt.