Diese Arbeit folgt aus der «Nichtformalen Logik» des Autors. Die Analyse zeigt, dass das Weltgott-Theorem ursprünglich nur das Systemische der Naturprozesse erfasste. Der Mensch ist ein sozio-biostrukturelles System, welches durch als Notwendigkeit erlebte systemische Zweckinhalte geführt wird. Dieses Systemische ist die Grundlage der Ethik. Die systematische Vergesellschaftung (Höchstes Gut) und der Weg der einvernehmlichen Regelung (Höchstes Gesetz) sind natur-objektiv und dadurch gültige Norm. Die Verletzung dieser Norm wird erlebt als Forderung nach Harmonie, Frieden und Erhaltung der Umwelt.
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Das Zeugnis vom Höchsten Gut und vom Höchsten Gesetz
The Integration of Knowledge explores a theory of human knowledge through a model of rationality combined with some fundamental logical, mathematical, physical and neuroscientific considerations. Its ultimate goal is to present a philosophical system of integrated knowledge, in which the different domains of human understanding are unified by common conceptual structures, such that traditional metaphysical and epistemological questions may be addressed in light of these categories. Philosophy thus becomes a "synthesizer" of human knowledge, through the imaginative construction of categories and questions that may reproduce and even expand the conceptual chain followed by nature and thought, in an effort to organize the results of the different branches of knowledge by inserting them in a broader framework.
Exegetisch-theologische Untersuchungen zu Psalm 45
Zu Psalm 45 existieren zwei große Interpretationslinien: die historische Interpretation, die ihn als altes Königslied versteht, und die literaturwissenschaftliche Interpretation, die den Psalm als spätnachexilischen weisheitlichen Text liest. Der Autor folgt vorwiegend dem literaturwissenschaftlichen Ansatz. Durch eine genaue Analyse der verwendeten Stichwörter zeigt er, dass Psalm 45 nicht zufällig an seiner jetzigen Stelle im Psalter steht. Psalm 45 greift die Ehemetaphorik der Propheten auf und führt sie weiter. Er versteht den König nicht als historische Gestalt, sondern als zukünftigen Heilsbringer. Gute Gründe sprechen dafür, dass Psalm 45 das Bindeglied zwischen der Ehemetaphorik bei den Propheten und dem Hohelied darstellt.
A Conversation with Carl F. H. Henry
Jonathan Mutinda Waita
Everybody is confronted by three fundamental questions, which are of great interest to philosophy and theology: The metaphysical—"What is reality?", the epistemological—"How do we know what we think we know?", and the ethical—"How should we, therefore, live in light of what we know about reality?" Of these three, the epistemological question is of greatest importance, owing to its concern with the justification of knowledge, on the basis of which we can attempt to respond to the rest. This book is motivated by the realization that although everybody attempts to respond to these questions, not everybody provides a valid answer to the questions. In consultation with Carl F. H. Henry, who was a trailblazer for evangelical orthodoxy, this book attempts to provide valid and sound answers to these epistemological and metaphysical questions for millions of Christians, whose answers to these questions continue to be ridiculed by liberals and secularists. This book operates with a realization that since our surest Christian knowledge about the nature and works of God emanates from God’s self-disclosure rather than our human discovery, the Bible, as God’s special revelation occupies an important place in true Christian epistemology. A corollary to the centrality of the Bible to the Christian epistemology is the epistemic sufficiency of human language and reason. This book defines Christian epistemological orthodoxy against such heterodox systems as Kantian phenomenology, Barthian Neoorthodoxy, Ayerian Logical Positivism, and Whiteheadian Process Thought and their respective trajectories. The book is a must-read for philosophy, theology, and apologetic courses.
Clifford Geertz und aktuelle gesellschaftliche Herausforderungen
Edited by Franz Gmainer-Pranzl and Barbara Schellhammer
Der US-amerikanische Kulturanthropologe Clifford Geertz (1926–2006), der durch seine Methode der dichten Beschreibung die ethnologische Forschung maßgeblich veränderte und nachhaltig prägte, bezeichnete seine Auseinandersetzung im Rückblick als A Life of Learning. In diesem Band greifen Sozial-, Kultur- und Religionswissenschaftler/innen diesen Gedanken auf, um das Werk Clifford Geertz‘ und die von ihm eingeleitete interpretative Wende zu würdigen und interdisziplinär zu diskutieren. Es ist vor allem Geertz‘ Verständnis von Kultur als Netz von Bedeutungen, das zu einer Weiterentwicklung der Debatte über Migration, Fremdheit, Integration, Interkulturalität und interreligiösen Dialog beiträgt und unterschiedliche Disziplinen befruchtet.
Recovering the Common Written Source Behind Mark and John
In this landmark study of the literary relationship between the gospel of John and the synoptic gospels, Gary Greenberg presents compelling evidence for the existence of a written pre-canonical Alpha gospel that contained almost all of the main episodes in the adult life of Jesus (excluding major speeches, such as discourses, parables, and "I Am" sayings) and which became the written source for the core biography of Jesus in Mark, Luke, John, and Matthew. While Mark used the Alpha gospel with only slight variations, John had profound theological disagreements with it, objecting to its theological message about how to obtain eternal life, the depiction of Jesus, and other matters. This induced him to rewrite the Alpha gospel so that it conformed to his own very different theological agenda. Consequently, John’s gospel functions as a thorough theological critique of Mark, but the changes he introduced made it difficult to see how he and Mark worked from the same written source. By using John’s theological concerns as a filter for reading and understanding what objections John would have with Mark’s Jesus stories, The Case for a Proto-Gospel reverse-engineers the editorial path taken by John and reconstructs the content of the Alpha gospel. Finally, the author discusses the relationship of the other two synoptic gospels to the Alpha gospel, asserting that Luke also knew the Alpha gospel but used Mark as his primary source, and that while Matthew did not know the Alpha gospel, his use of Mark as a primary source ensured that his core biography of Jesus also derived from this earlier source.
This is the first Polish ethnological monograph to present how biblical themes function in folk culture in the context of rituals, customs and iconographic records and is based on ethnographic sources collected in Polish rural communities from central Poland to diasporas in Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine in 1989–96. It shows how biblical plots used to undergo interpretation, at the same time, infiltrating common sense knowledge. The novelty here is the joint analysis of themes from both Testaments, presenting the narrations in accordance to the way the local community perceived its identity. The biblical typology, influencing culture through tradition and liturgy, inspired a symbolic order adjusted to cyclic conceptions of time and space, characteristic of rural culture
Religious Biographies in Comparative Context
William Cully Allen
Jesus Among Giants: Religious Biographies in Comparative Context compares and contrasts Jesus to Mahāvīra, Buddha, Krishna, Confucius, Laozi, Moses, and Muhammad in terms of their missions and messages. These foundational religious figures are introduced in their particular socio-political context—on their own terms, in their own words, within the canons of their respective sacred scriptural traditions. Each chapter features the biography of a foundational religious figure, their teachings, a comparative analysis, and a suggestion about what Christians might learn from other foundational religious characters.
Jesus Among Giants offers a new approach to comparative religion as a confrontational conference of conflicting claims in search of uncommon insights into truth. This book observes striking similarities and discerns distinguishing differences but does not harmonize or hierarchize competing visions into a single coherent version of truth. Rather, it exposes and respects differences for the sake of determining the unique identity of each religious figure featured.
There is no avoiding controversy and conflict among the foundational figures of the world’s religions. Religious identities are forged in the face of differences. To adequately appreciate any one spiritual giant requires understanding them all. To know who Jesus is means knowing who he isn’t. Readers are invited to face the facts and fictions, myths and messages, and claims and counter-claims that clearly distinguish Jesus among giants.
From theories of representation to an African knowledge system
Sylvester Idemudia Odia
Epistemic interactivism, an aspect of the epistemology of representation, is a cognitive intercourse between the subject and person-object of knowledge that underlies the conception of a person in Esan thought. Traditional theories of representation (especially as presented by Descartes and Locke) separated the subject from the object of knowledge, and classified persons and non-persons as object of knowledge. This separation and classification ignored the cognitive and moral values of persons, disengaged the subject from the world and burdened the self with solitude and isolation, and created propositional knowledge that dehumanised the relationship between the subject and person-object of knowledge. Within the theoretical framework of Hegel’s epistemic interactivism (meliorated by Bowne’s personalism) and Esan epistemology (in African philosophy), this book exposes the epistemic interactivism of Esan thought which unified the subject and person-object of knowledge on cognitive and moral grounds; thus providing an adequate basis for personhood and resolving the dehumanised relationship between the subject and person-object of knowledge in the traditional theories of representation.
Within the context of epistemic injustices, this book analyses the interactivist epistemology of indigenous Esan thought as an alternative epistemological conception of the person-object of knowledge which resolves the deficiency of the traditional theories of representation.
The Greatest Hits (So Far)
Edited by David J. Gunkel and Paul A. Taylor
Žižek Studies: The Greatest Hits (So Far) assembles and presents the best work published in the field of Žižek Studies over the last ten years, providing teachers, students, and researchers with a carefully curated volume of leading-edge scholarship addressing the unique and sometimes eclectic work of Slovenian philosopher and cultural critic Slavoj Žižek. The chapters included in this collection have been rigorously tested in and culled from the (virtual) pages of the International Journal of Žižek Studies, a leading open access journal that began publication in 2007. The book is organized into three sections or subject areas where Žižek and his seemingly indefatigable efforts have had significant impact: philosophy, politics, and popular culture. As a "greatest hits," the book offers the long-time fan and uninitiated newcomer alike a comprehensive overview of the wide range of opportunity in the field of Žižek studies and a remarkable collection of truly interdisciplinary "hits" from a diverse set of innovative and accomplished writers.