Reflection Between the Drafts focuses on reflection in process rather than reflection on process. Based on empirical research, the text presents a theory to describe and explain what happens when students reflect between drafts useful to teachers and scholars interested in reflection. It identifies a common dynamic found in these reflections as well as four factors that represent key dimensions within between-the-draft reflection. Writers’ conception of their goal and ideas of success represents the most important controlling factor in their reflection and the role it may play in their writing. Reflection Between the Drafts is highly rhetorical, and the text explores the special kairotic moment between drafts, the connection of this reflection to rhetorical invention, as well as the nature of the reflective knowledge generated from this particular reflective stance between drafts that guides writers’ revision. The text also discusses the place of between-the-draft reflection in a writing curriculum and shares classroom practices for encouraging productive reflection between drafts.
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L. Lennie Irvin
Es geht um die Frage, welche Aneignungsprozesse der deutschen Sprache sich bei Geflüchteten im jungen Erwachsenenalter rekonstruieren lassen. Der Beantwortung liegt eine soziokulturelle Auffassung von Sprachaneignung zugrunde, die den Lebens- und Lernkontext als konstitutiv für den Spracherwerb erachtet. Datengrundlage sind biografisch-narrative Interviews mit Geflüchteten an Berufsschulen, die narrationsanalytisch ausgewertet wurden. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Aneignung des Deutschen eng mit weiteren biografischen Entwicklungen verknüpft ist, wie dem Zugang zu beruflicher Bildung. Zudem wird deutlich, dass ein Leben vor dem Hintergrund von Flucht und Asyl Auswirkungen auf die Zweitsprachbiografie hat. Aus den Forschungserkenntnissen lassen sich Ansätze zur Unterstützung von Sprachaneignungsprozessen bei Geflüchteten in der beruflichen Bildung und darüber hinaus ableiten.
Edited by Klaus Peter Freitag, Wilfried Gabriel and Jürgen Peters
Die gegenwärtigen Herausforderungen unseres Bildungswesens benötigen zukunftsweisende Konzepte, die Lernen und Arbeiten, allgemeine und berufliche Bildung miteinander verbinden. Die vorliegende Publikation zeigt, welche konkreten Ansätze und langjährigen Erfahrungen die (berufsbildende) Waldorfschule hierzu beisteuern kann. Durch eine empirisch biografische Langzeitstudie der Absolventen der Hiberniaschule − als Waldorfschule ehemals Träger eines BLK-Modellversuchs − wird deren Nachhaltigkeit wissenschaftlich bestätigt. Aktuelle Modelle und Konzepte verweisen auf Weiterentwicklungsmöglichkeiten zu einem neuen Bildungsverständnis im Kontext gesellschaftlicher Reformbemühungen.
A Civic Imagination Action Handbook
Gabriel Peters-Lazaro and Sangita Shresthova
The real world is full of challenges and the sheer weight of problems facing us can stifle the genius of our collective human creativity at exactly the time when we desperately need imaginative and innovative solutions. Responding to this, Practicing Futures: A Civic Imagination Action Handbook harnesses our connections to popular culture and taps the boundless potential of human imagination to break free of assumptions that might otherwise trap us in repetitive cycles of alienation. Utopias and dystopias have long been used to pose questions, provoke discussions, and inspire next steps and are helpful because they encourage long view perspectives. Building on the work of the Civic Imagination Project at the University of Southern California, the Handbook is a practical guide for community leaders, educators, creative professionals, and change-makers who want to encourage creative, participatory, and playful approaches to thinking about the future. This book shares examples and models from the authors’ work in diverse communities. It also provides a step-by-step guide to their workshops with the objective of making their approach accessible to all interested practitioners. The tools are adaptable to a variety of local contexts and can serve multiple purposes from community and network building to idea generation and media campaign design by harnessing the expansive capacity for imagination within all of us.
Psychological Type as a new hermeneutic of Buddhist diversity in the West
Phra Nicholas Thanissaro
By examining teenage heritage and convert Buddhist communities in the West through the lens of Psychological Type, this book presents hard evidence from hundreds of self-identifying Buddhists in the UK, that the diversity of Buddhists, previously described in terms of ethnic dichotomy, is better explained in terms of Psychological Type preferences. By moving past biologically determined features such as ethnicity, the book represents a long overdue yardstick for the full spectrum of diversity within the Buddhist community – since Psychological Type preferences, such as the sliding scale of Intuition, give more predictive nuance and avoid orientalist prejudice. The book puts Buddhism on the map of Psychology of Religion by showing the statistical links between personality and more than twenty individual differences, including tendency to meditate or visit the temple. The hermeneutic of intra-Buddhist diversity described in this book, apart from providing a mirror of self-understanding for individual Buddhist practitioners, can be applied by anthropologists of Buddhism, Religious Education stakeholders and chaplains to ensure equality and objectivity in their work. Meanwhile, the book’s relatable ‘Type Compass’ style of graphic presentation represents a common ‘language’ for religious study that invites comparison between Buddhism and other faith traditions.
Georg Spöttl, Gert Loose and Matthias Becker
How can it be ensured that vocational education matches the requirements of the increasingly complex world of work? In search of a suitable approach, it has become evident that Competence-Based Training cannot provide this service since it focuses on static "work" instead of encompassing dynamic "work-processes." Consequently it is necessary to rely on the analysis of work-processes when designing a detailed curriculum for a digitalized environment and Industry 4.0. The results of the work-process analyses reflect the spectrum of requirements and are applied as the core elements for the shaping of detailed curricula. This ensures a state of the art of curricula and facilitates their swift development in matching changes in the world of work.
Edited by Ana Gonçalves Matos and Silvia Melo-Pfeifer
This book addresses the value of literature in intercultural perspective in two interrelated spheres: foreign or second language learning and language teacher education. It brings together researchers of several disciplinary fields who crisscross research and empirical evidence about the valuable role of literature in the development of intercultural competence. The authors, through their different approaches and diverse contexts, from lower to higher education, hope to encourage others to explore literature in a foreign or second language as a space for readers of all ages to generate critical thinking, empathy, and intercultural learning
Key topics in L2 grammar instruction With a Preface by Anthony J. Liddicoat (Professor of Applied Linguistics, University of Warwick)
Every language universe is both close to and far removed from our own. In a way, learning a foreign language is like not getting off at our usual stop and staying on the bus until we arrive at the terminal. The unfamiliar neighborhoods we discover are both similar to and different from what we know. Learners tackle an L2 using a variety of experiences acquired in their L1, and this new language system works as part of a network of previously existing grammar models and social categories.
The purpose of this book is not to revisit the pros and cons of teaching grammar. Learning an L2 appears as the gradual ability to realize which language features to select and prioritize to express a particular idea. Speaking in any L2 requires specific tools, and describing reality through new linguistic means involves a mental restructuring to which learners—particularly adults and older adolescents—are sometimes resistant. Indeed, not all information produced in an L2 and disclosed to the learners will necessarily be applied to language acquisition. If, by some miracle, this were the case, there would be no need for any reflection on the teaching and learning of grammar.
Volume 3: Hip-Hop as Resistance and Social and Emotional Learning
Edited by Ian Levy and Edmund Adjapong
For the third volume of HipHopEd: The Compilation on Hip-Hop Education, the authors continue to highlight the voices, stories, and narratives of educators and scholars who approach their practice and research using a framework anchored in hip-hop culture. Much like prior iterations of this compilation, this edited volume includes chapters from senior scholars, emerging scholars, and practicing educators. The goal of the co-editors is to continue to support and share scholarship that is rooted in hip-hop culture that provides new practical and strategic insights for scholars, practitioners, students, community members, and policymakers as it relates to processing a bevy of life’s stressors. This volume highlights the use of hip-hop as resistance and social emotional learning across educational spaces. The chapters in this text are informed by hip-hop theory, practices, and the authors’ lived experiences in order to offer individuals approaches as in the development of social and emotional resources to navigate the world at large. The authors explore how educators and scholars alike can leverage hip-hop to both disrupt education and asocial norms and support students in social and emotional learning. These two distinct sections offer a robust pathway to both advocate for hip-hop culture to exist authentically within schools, and then to use hip-hop culture to address a bevy of social and emotional outcomes.
Noelia M. Galán-Rodríguez
Even though content and language integrated learning (CLIL) has been implemented in the Spanish educational system for some years now, it seems there is no consensus on whether this methodology is fulfilling its objectives. Although its practices in Spain have been studied in terms of assessment, language learning and content, research on students‘ and teachers‘ motivation in CLIL has been scarce. Taking into consideration that teaching and learning are social practices, it seems necessary to consider the affective factors such as motivation and perceptions which may come into play in CLIL practices. This book studies the perceptions and motivation regarding CLIL in three groups of CLIL physics and chemistry students and their CLIL teacher in a plurilingual high school located in Galicia.