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Jan Felicjan Terelak

The author of the book discusses the essence and social consequences of the postmodern era in the field of psychology of work and technology. He describes the relationship between the human being and the goals achieved through the use of technical tools, which is of interest to the industrial and engineering psychology. The second chapter provides a detailed classification of operator-machine system models: technocentric, anthropocentric, and operator–machine interface. In the third chapter, the author focuses on psychological characteristics of the operator–machine–interface system based on the example of jet plane pilot’s activity. The fourth chapter focuses on learning new operator activities and training of operator’s action in comprehensive simulators as analogues of work experience. In the fifth chapter the author examines occupational safety and reliability of the operator-machine system. In the sixth chapter, the author discusses the computer as a virtual operator serving the optimization of the quality of life.

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Adam Olech

The aim of this book is the analysis of Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz’s meta-epistemological project of the semantic theory of knowledge and its implementations to solve certain traditional epistemological problems and their metaphysical consequences. This project claims that cognitive problems need to be approached from the perspective of language. One of the results of this analysis is the thesis that the philosophical-linguistic legitimisation for the meta-epistemological project is the philosophy of Edmund Husserl from his Logical Investigations. This is the philosophy that makes it possible to speak reasonably of a close relation between thinking and language and provides thereby the legitimisation for this project.

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Edited by Beth E. Elness-Hanson and Jon Skarpeid

A Critical Study of Classical Religious Texts in Global Contexts: Challenges of a Changing World challenges toxic stereotypes of world religions by providing scholarly investigations into classic sacred texts in global contexts. By engaging more perspectives, important connections, and more, complex and humanizing "stories" are developed, inviting the reader to see the face of the "Other" and, perhaps, to see a bit of oneself in that face. In today’s world of increasing polarization and the rise of nationalism, the contributors to this volume welcome the reader to join them in a shared humanity that seeks understanding. A red thread that runs through each chapter relates to the challenges that globalization brings to the sacred texts in various contextual settings. The contributors describe various circumstances related to reading and interpreting sacred writings—whether historical or more recent—which continue to have an influence today. The essays in this volume view these religious texts in relation to four dichotomies: minority-majority, diaspora-homeland, center-periphery of the globalized world, and secular-religious. These elements by no means exhaust the issues, but they serve as a starting point for a discussion of relevant contexts in which sacred texts are read. The breadth of research represented stimulates a deeper understanding that is vital if we are to move beyond stereotypes and religious illiteracy to meaningfully engage the "Other" with wisdom and empathy—important virtues in today’s world. A Critical Study of Classical Religious Texts in Global Contexts will appeal to scholars and graduate students of religious studies, sacred scriptures, and post-colonial studies, as well as informed and inquisitive general readers interested in exploring interfaith dialogue and broadening their religious literacy.

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Ichbewusstsein – Gruppenbewusstsein

Die Energiebasis und ihre logischen Folgen

Sander Wilkens

Die Weltgeschichte hat einige Kehren – und Kehrseiten – erlebt, theoretisch dreht sie sich noch immer um das Einzelbewusstsein. Praktisch trifft dies nicht mehr zu, seit einigen Dezennien hat das Gruppenbewusstsein das Zentrum übernommen. Das einzelne oder individuelle hat sich ihm nach- oder unterzuordnen, es mag auch das gemeinschaftliche heißen. Warum das möglich ist, und beides zugleich, der Wandel und sein ganz anderer, geradezu gegenteiliger Anschein, hat mehrere Gründe. Der erste ist die fundamentale Basis, die Energie. Es gilt, selbige ins Zentrum zu heben, dabei aber nicht auf die naturwissenschaftliche (genetische oder neurologische) zu beschränken. Die anderen Gründe haben allesamt mit der Logik zu tun, dem Schlüssel, der an und für sich der Philosophie gebührt.

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Jan Valerián Jirsík

In the Service of God, Church and Country

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Rudolf Svoboda

Jan Valerián Jirsík (1798–1883) is generally considered to be a well-known figure of Czech history. He is renowned as a priest, theologian, active nationalist, supporter of the education system, pedagogue and, not insignificantly, the fourth bishop of České Budějovice / Budweis (1851–1883) as well as a participant at the First Vatican Council (1869–1870). The intention of this book is a modern interpretation of the life and theological work of Jan Valerián Jirsík, not only in connection with the results of existing historical and theological research but especially in the context of socio-cultural changes within the Middle European area of his time.

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Quand Jacques et Paul se paraphrasent

Étude d'intertextualité entre 1 Corinthiens, Jacques et Romains

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Jean-Baptiste Stern

Ce livre est une étude comparative, essentiellement lexicologique, de trois épîtres du Nouveau Testament : I Corinthiens, Jacques et Romains. La première partie rouvre le débat autour de Jacques, considéré, surtout depuis la Réforme luthérienne, comme peu conforme, sous certains aspects, à la doctrine paulinienne. L’examen des sources et de l’intertextualité permet sur ce point d’avancer de nouvelles hypothèses. La deuxième partie, qui met en parallèle Jacques et I Corinthiens, montre que le premier texte suppose une connaissance du second. Dans la troisième partie en revanche, où l’on confronte Jacques et Romains, il semblerait que ce soit l’apôtre Paul qui, pour un écrit jugé majeur, ait effectué des emprunts et subi des influences. Cette passionnante dynamique textuelle, fondée sur des interférences et similitudes, se comprend mieux si l’on tient compte des pratiques d’écriture du temps, et en particulier de la technique de la paraphrasis, propre à la rhétorique antique.

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Die Dominikaner in Friesach (1217-2014)

Zur Geschichte des ersten Predigerklosters im deutschsprachigen Raum

Karl Maximilian Tschiggerl

In Friesach, der ältesten Stadt Kärntens, gründete der Dominikanerorden sein erstes Kloster im deutschen Sprachraum. Mit dem Abzug seiner Predigerbrüder wurde ein fast 800 Jahre währendes Kapitel Klostergeschichte geschlossen. Anlass genug, die Entwicklungsgeschichte dieses Konvents zu beleuchten und auf dessen vielgestaltige Rolle im städtischen Gefüge hinzuweisen. Das Buch gibt einen Einblick in die einstige Strahlkraft des Klosters – mit dem Ziel, seinen Ruf als ehemals geistiges und soziokulturelles Zentrum für die Zukunft zu bewahren. Unter Zugrundelegung noch vorhandener Quellen wird ein Beitrag zur Erforschung der Stadtgeschichte Friesachs präsentiert. Die Geschichte der jahrhundertelangen Anwesenheit des Dominikanerordens in dieser Stadt erfährt ihre verdiente Würdigung.

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Andrej Démuth

The monograph is focused on the subjectivity of aesthetic experience and the problem of rational interpretation of emotionality. The text studies why does an aesthetic experience exist, what is its content and what is its informational role and structure? Has beauty any cognitive value? Can we analyse beauty? In what sense we can think about the information content of aesthetic experience? The second topic of the book is a cognitive role of emotionality and its research. Why we have emotions? What can they tell us about yourself and about the world?

The methodology of the study is designed as a phenomenological research of subjective experience that is combined with the newest results in Cognitive science research.

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Andrej Démuth and Michaela Rušinová

In the book, we shall attempt to focus attention on two basic factors of aesthetics as a philosophical discipline. The first is the presentation of the fundamental historical concepts within the aesthetics of German idealism with some crucial concepts, ideas and constructs highlighted which are characteristic of its leading representatives. The second aim is discussions regarding the structure of sensuality and the sources of feelings of pleasure and its relationship to the higher cognitive functions in aesthetic judgements, the structure and nature of the neuronal correlates of aesthetic experience, the individual and socially conditioned creation of an ideal, but also the influence of various social beliefs on the formation of taste in recent cognitive-aesthetical research.