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«Kunstverständnis und vollendetes technisches Geschick»

Studien zum Werk des Glasmalers Jakob Georg Röttinger

Eva Zangger Hausherr

Die Werkstatt Georg Röttingers war in der Zeit um 1900 international sehr erfolgreich in der Produktion von Glasmalereien tätig. Das Zürcher Atelier, in welchem bereits in der zweiten Generation Glasgemälde erschaffen wurden, hatte sich auf die Herstellung von Glasmalereien im Stil des Historismus und Jugendstil spezialisiert und belieferte sowohl öffentliche Institutionen und Kirchgemeinden als auch Privatpersonen mit den leuchtenden Kunstwerken. Der künstlerisch wie auch handwerklich äusserst versierte Georg Röttinger leitete die Werkstatt zusammen mit seinem Bruder Heinrich, welcher für die administrativen Belange zuständig war. Die Firma Röttinger ist eine der einzigen Werkstätten in Europa, von welcher noch der praktisch vollständige Nachlass erhalten ist. Zudem befinden sich noch einige der Werke in situ oder sind eingelagert. Diese ausserordentlich gute Quellenlage erlaubt es, den Entstehungsprozess der Kunstwerke exemplarisch nachzuvollziehen und lässt Einblicke in das Funktionieren eines Glasmalereiateliers in der Zeit um 1900 zu.
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«Nanook of the North» From 1922 to Today

The Famous Arctic Documentary and Its Afterlife

Roswitha Skare

Robert Flaherty’s Nanook of the North is one of the best-known documentaries of the silent era and has remained well-known throughout the world ever since its release in 1922. This study takes as its point of departure the changes Nanook underwent from its premiere at the New York Capitol on June 11, 1922, to the sound version of 1947, the film’s restoration in the 1970s, and later editions on different platforms. Accordingly, the book focuses on the different versions and editions of the film and the significant ways in which the different elements surrounding the film influence our perception.
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Gerd Naumann

Diese Studie widmet sich der Geschichte der deutschen Filmsynchronisation zwischen 1895 und der Mitte der 1950er Jahre. Der Autor zeigt historisch gewachsene Traditionslinien auf und ordnet diese in gesellschaftlich-politisch-ökonomische Prozesse ein. Dabei geht er der Fragestellung nach, ob es in der Geschichte der deutschen Filmsynchronisation konnektive Strukturen gibt, mit denen sich durch wiederholende Handlungslinien wiedererkennbare Muster nachweisen lassen. Das Buch ergänzt bekanntere Aspekte der Filmgeschichte durch bisher nicht ausgewertete Materialien. So entsteht ein facettenreiches Bild der Geschichte des Synchronisierens von Kinofilmen, das gleichermaßen den Wandel medienpolitischer Interessen im historischen Kontext erzählt. Darüber hinaus ermöglicht der in der Praxis des Synchronisierens erfahrene Autor einen Einblick in die Studioarbeit wie auch ein Verständnis der Produktionsprozesse und stellt einige der Sprecher vor.
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Wojciech Bońkowski

This book presents the editions of Chopin’s works as cultural texts and gives account of the main events in their reception history. Based on a new typology and an overview of copyright and economics, 140 editions evidence a dominance of a few popular works and genres (nocturnes, mazurkas, waltzes) and two distinctive tendencies in editing: academic (historical-monumental) and popular (salon & entertainment music). Four case studies research real-life typology, reprints, edition filiation, and the use of compositional sources. The author addresses edition aesthetics, from musical work ontology through national aspects of reception and recontextualisation strategies to the role of women in Chopin editing and axiological aspects of editions. The appendix includes forewords to major Chopin editions.
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The House of Art

Modern Residences of Artists as the Subject and Space of Creation

Andrzej Pieńkos

The term «house of art» designates the cultural phenomenon and creative mode in modernity associated with an artist’s residence as his own creation and as his product of a need to create which is unfulfilled in the painter’s, writer’s or composer’s actual field. This book discusses the most important of these creations from the 18th century to the beginning of the 20th, including gardens as well as the artist’s space, broadly understood, annexed by his imagination. An artist’s shaping of his own residence was most commonly a secondary area of his creative work. The formula for a «house of art» is specific to the particular artist and does not have to fit within any given architectural or decorative style. It may conform to the traditions of a residence (artist’s palace, cottage etc), but most often it forms an individual case.
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The Power and Value of Music

Its Effect and Ethos in Classical Authors and Contemporary Music Theory

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Andreas Kramarz

Nobody doubts that music has a special, somewhat mysterious power. Less clear is how we can evaluate that power. What makes music good or bad? Are there objective criteria for such a distinction? What impact can or should music have on individuals and on society as a whole? What are the factors responsible for the effect of music? This book summarizes and discusses how authors of classical antiquity addressed these questions on musical «ethos» and how they can be approached from a modern-day perspective.
After systematically assembling and assessing the value-carrying characterizations of music in poetic literature, the author reviews all noteworthy Greek and Latin writings which enlighten musical «ethos» from the theoretical-philosophical perspective. He then carries the intuitions of the ancients into our time by proposing a coherent model to explain the relationship between music, ethos, and emotions based on the results of contemporary research in the disciplines of music psychology and philosophy. The concept of harmony, understood as the appropriate measure or as the balance of opposites and so central to the reflections of the ancient authors, plays a key role in shedding light on the value and impact, both positive and negative, of music in human existence.
This book provides the most comprehensive overview available about the effect and ethos of music in antiquity and discusses many related questions of scholarly interest. It includes numerous references provided in the original language with translation, ample empirical material for further research, and an extensive bibliography.
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Eduardo González Castillo, Jorge Pantaleón and Nuria Carton de Grammont

This collection of essays on popular culture and politics in the Americas presents the study of ethnographic and historical data from different countries: Canada, United States, Mexico, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. Each chapter brings to light a distinct focus on the way in which popular cultural practices evolve in the context of contemporary globalization. Accordingly, this book aims to improve our understanding of the way in which subordinate groups participate in the process of state building and in the reproduction (or rejection) of the major macroeconomic and cultural processes shaping contemporary societies.
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Lampenfieber und Angst bei ausübenden Musikern

Kritische Übersicht über die Forschung. Zweite, überarbeitete Auflage

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Ein Bühnenauftritt verlangt vom Musiker Konzentration und schöpferische Kraft statt Aufregung und Angst. Ist die optimale Konzerterfahrung eine Schimäre? Weder für Lampenfieber noch für Aufführungsangst existiert eine einheitliche Definition. Das Ergebnis ist ein Bündel von Symptombeschreibungen und Erklärungsversuchen, differierenden theoretischen Ansätzen und experimentellen Methoden. Dieser Literaturbericht umfaßt Erkenntnisse aus der Angstforschung, Sportpsychologie und klinischen Psychologie. Diese werden unter Einbeziehung der Besonderheiten des Musizierens betrachtet. Durch eine geordnete Übersicht wird Auskunft über den gegenwärtigen Wissensstand geboten. Die kritische Beurteilung der bisherigen Untersuchungen schließt Empfehlungen für die zukünftige Forschung ein.
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The Vanished Musicians

Jewish Refugees in Australia

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Albrecht Dümling

About 9,000 Jewish refugees from Nazi Germany settled in Australia between 1933 and 1945, a small fraction of the hundreds of thousands who fled. Although initially greeted with a mixed reception as «enemy aliens», some of these refugees remained and made a significant impact on multicultural Australia. This book traces the difficult journey of the orchestral performers, virtuoso soloists, singers, conductors and composers who sought refuge on a distant continent. A few were famous artists who toured Australia and stayed, most notably the piano virtuoso Jascha Spivakovsky and the members of the Weintraubs Syncopators, one of the most successful jazz bands of the Weimar Republic. Drawing on extensive primary sources – including correspondence, travel documents and interviews with the refugees themselves or their descendants – the author depicts in vivid detail the lives of nearly a hundred displaced musicians. Available for the first time in English, this volume brings to light a wealth of Jewish, exilic and musical history that was hitherto unknown.
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Italian Political Cinema

Public Life, Imaginary, and Identity in Contemporary Italian Film

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Giancarlo Lombardi and Christian Uva

Despite the powerful anti-political impulses that have pervaded Italian society in recent years, Italian cinema has sustained and renewed its longstanding engagement with questions of politics, both in the narrow definition of the term, and in a wider understanding that takes in reflections on public life, imaginary, and national identity. This book explores these political dimensions of contemporary Italian cinema by looking at three complementary strands: the thematics of contemporary political film from a variety of perspectives; the most prominent directors currently engaged in this filone; and case studies of the films that best represent this engagement. Conceived and edited by two Italian film scholars working in radically different academic settings, Italian Political Cinema brings together a wide array of critical positions and research from Italy, France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Canada, and the United States. The tripartite structure and international perspective create a volume that is an accessible entry-point into a subject that continues to attract critical and cultural attention, both inside and outside of academia.