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Edited by Tiffany N. Florvil and Vanessa D. Plumly

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Déracinés, exilés, rapatriés?

Fins d’empires coloniaux et migrations


Edited by Olivier Dard and Anne Dulphy

Déracinés, exilés, rapatriés, ces trois termes sont des marqueurs importants de la mémoire collective dans la France du second vingtième siècle où ils sont particulièrement associés à la fin de l’empire colonial français. Nombre d’images, comme la photographie illustrant ce livre, ont marqué les esprits. Pourtant, pour emblématique qu’il soit, le cas des centaines de milliers de rapatriés d’Algérie de l’été 1962 est loin d’être unique. Cet ouvrage aborde ainsi nombre de migrations consécutives à la fin des empires coloniaux. Privilégiée jusqu’ici, l’échelle nationale – les anciennes métropoles vers lesquelles se sont dirigés les flux formés des « rapatriés » d’origine européenne mais aussi, dans une moindre mesure, de populations dites à l’époque « indigènes » – n’y est pas la seule prise en compte. Car ces « déracinés » ont pu opter pour d’autres pays européens, l’Espagne comme l’Italie, ou gagner les Amériques pour s’installer au Canada ou en Argentine. C’est donc au prisme d’une perspective comparative et transnationale que sont prises en compte les fins d’empire et le sort, fort divers, des populations qu’elles concernent.

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Bodies That Work

African American Women’s Corporeal Activism in Progressive America

Tami Miyatsu

Bodies That Work describes the redefinition of the invisible, fragmented, and commodified African American female body. In Progressive America, black women began to use their bodies in new ways and ventured into professions in which they had typically not been represented. They were bodies that worked—that labored, functioned, and achieved in collective empowerment and that overcame racial, ethnic, and class divides and grappled with the ideas and values of political, financial, and intellectual leadership, thereby dispelling the ingrained stereotypes of womanhood associated with slavery. Based on archival materials and historical documents, Bodies That Work examines four women who reinterpreted and reorganized the historically divided black female body and positioned it within the body politic: Sarah Breedlove Walker, or Madam C.J. Walker (1867–1919), an entrepreneur; Emma Azalia Hackley (1867–1922), an opera singer; Meta Warrick Fuller (1877–1968), a sculptor; and Josephine Baker (1906–1975), an international performer. Each reshaped a different part of the female body: the hair (Walker), the womb and hands (Fuller), the vocal cords (Hackley), and the torso (Baker), all of which had been denigrated during slavery and which continued to be devalued by white patriarchy in their time. Alleviating racial and gender prejudices through their work, these women provided alternative images of black womanhood. The book’s focus on individual body parts inspires new insights within race and gender studies by visualizing the processes by which women lost/gained autonomy, aspiration, and leadership and demonstrating how the black female body was made (in)visible in the body politic.

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From «Gastarbeiter» to European Expatriates

Greek Migrant Communities in Germany and their Socio-political Integration

Eleni Tseligka

The Gastarbeiter (guest worker) agreement between Greece and Germany in March 1960 sparked the biggest wave of emigration to central Europe in the history of the modern Greek state. Greece achieved its full European Economic Community (ECC) membership in May 1979 and, in the years that followed, the guest workers became European expatriates, particularly so after the 1992 Maastricht Treaty that created the European Union (EU).

This book examines two different intra-European regimes in relation to the Greek migrant communities of Germany: that of guest worker recruitment, and that of European expatriation, a bloc actor policy that transformed the previous bilateral migratory framework. By extension, this book engages in a comparison of two different ages of European unification, while at the same time examining the role that the social and cultural background of Greek migrants has played as a variable of integration.

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Andrzej Waśkiewicz

If we want to understand the vicissitudes of modern democracy then, argues the author, we need to analyse the ideas upon which representative government is based rather than compare contemporary conditions with the Greek ideal. These principal ideas have been presented clearly in past centuries, when the relation between democracy and representation was still a matter of political judgement. The old masters of political thinking clarified the functions of representation: legitimising power, creating sovereignty but also setting its limits, and pursuing the common good while still reflecting social diversity. Because institutions of representation are expected to fulfil a variety of functions, these institutions have in recent times come under attack for standing in the way of radical programs for democratising democracy. The author of this book reminds us that these functions are necessary in every political order, whether democratic or not. Instead of rejecting representation, political theorists should focus on making government more accountable.

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Peace and Conflict Since 1991

War, Intervention, and Peacebuilding Organizations

Elliot Short and Milt Lauenstein

This book provides a fact-filled overview of the problem of political violence and what is being done to ameliorate it. The book presents extensive data about wars that have taken place since 1991, including information on what started and stopped them, the actions being taken to reduce the extent of armed conflict in the world, and the organisations that conduct and fund peacebuilding operations and research.

Those interested in stopping or preventing wars will see how wars ended and what caused them to stop. Peacebuilders, funders and researchers will find an extensive catalogue of organisations with similar interests with which they can collaborate. Scholars and teachers will find the book as a helpful resource for courses on political violence.

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The Central Legislature in British India, 1921–47

Parliamentary Experiences Under the Raj

Mohammad Rashiduzzaman

The Central Legislature in British India 1921-47: Parliamentary Experiences Under the Raj is an exceptional exposé of Colonial India’s highest legislative body. With its wealth of materials and in-depth description of the former Indian Legislature’s actual working, its political milieu and its institutional development, this book belongs to the larger genre of the British Indian narratives on the constitutional encounters between the rulers and the ruled. This book touches on a critical range of areas essential to our understanding of the British Raj in India. This book adds a significant depth to a neglected quarter of historical knowledge—the chronicle of parliamentary experiences and the representative institution-building in Colonial India. Undeniably, the Central Legislature was the only acknowledged all-India forum where the Indian legislators and the Imperial Executive, time and again, ran into each other. Yet, even at the lowest ebb of the Indian lawmakers’ disillusionment, the two flanks, intermittently, showed a modicum of mutual respect: though limited, the two sides indirectly shared power, went through the motion and contributed to policy-making typically over a strip of non-controversial subjects.

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Edited by Rebecca Madgin and Nicolas Kenny

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Memory and the Trevi Fountain

Flows of Political Power in Media Performance

Pamela Krist

Why do you throw a coin into the Trevi Fountain and make a wish?

This book links cultural memory with the materiality of the Trevi Fountain as historical monument and uses this perspective to examine its imagery in art, literature, film and music, concluding with the e-Trevi on the internet. How memory takes different pathways is of current interest in memory studies and the cross-disciplinary approach taken here considers how memory travels between media as well as exploring related issues such as forgetting and media convergence.

Yet there is a dark side to the Trevi, previously unexplored, of memory linked to water, which runs counter to its usual blue sky image, and this ambiguity is unravelled. The book also conveys the international, national and localized meanings of the Fountain and describes the changing ideologies that are hidden in the many performances the monument is made to give. The Trevi is symbolic of both commodification and misogyny, symbols that flow with changing and contemporary meanings. Throw your coin with care!

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Three Tropes on Trump

A Textbook on Applied Marxism, Semiotics, and Psychoanalysis

Arthur Asa Berger

This book uses the term “trope” in an unusual way—not as an expression in a figurative sense but as a form or method of analysis. It uses Marxist theory, Semiotic theory and Psychoanalytic theory in an attempt to understand what we might call the Trump phenomenon and the Trump style. Each chapter features a primer on its methodology: Marxist theory, Semiotic theory and Psychoanalytic theory and it applies concepts from these theories to Trump’s candidacy and presidency, covering everything from his hair style, his use of spectacle, his use of insults, his comedic aspects, his personality, and his many psychological problems to help make sense of Trump and his relationship to his base and to the American public. This book also offer a summary of the points made in each methods chapter.