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Mesoamerican Rituals and the Solar Cycle

New Perspectives on the Veintena Festivals

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Edited by Élodie Dupey García and Elena Mazzetto

This book explores a seminal topic concerning the Mesoamerican past: the religious festivals that took place during the eighteen periods of twenty days, or veintenas, into which the solar year was divided. Pre-Columbian societies celebrated these festivals through complex rituals, involving the priests and gods themselves, embodied in diverse beings and artifacts. Specific sectors of society also participated in the festivals, while city inhabitants usually attended public ceremonies. As a consequence, this ritual cycle played a significant role in Mesoamerican religious life; at the same time, it informs us about social relations in pre-Columbian societies. Both religious and social aspects of the solar cycle festivals are tackled in the twelve contributions in this book, which aims to address the entire veintena sequence and as much of the territory and history of Mesoamerica as possible. Specifically, the book revisits long-standing discussions of the solar cycle festivals, but also explores these religious practices in original ways, in particular through investigating understudied rituals and offering new interpretations of rites that have previously been extensively analyzed. Other chapters consider the entire veintena sequence through the prism of specific topics, providing multiple though often complementary analyses. As a consequence, this book will attract the attention of scholars and graduate students with interests in Mesoamerica and early Latin America, as well as ethnohistory, cultural history, history of religions, art history, archaeology and anthropology.

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Edited by Qianyou Zhang and Kangzhi Zhang

Modern Chinese Government is a primer on Chinese government, taking the government's changes and expansions throughout history as two dimensions along which to introduce its formation and development, its organizational structure and authoritative framework, and the scope of its functions. Furthermore, this book looks ahead to the future prospects of China's government. Overall, it aims to give readers a comprehensive understanding of the fundamentals of Chinese government.

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Rise of the Roman Empire

The Will to Endure

Thomas L. Dynneson

Rise of the Roman Empire: The Will to Endure is a daring interpretation of the ways and means that the Roman Empire became the greatest military power of the ancient world, and how the vastness of this empire engulfed the entire Mediterranean world, as well as most of Europe. In the second century BCE, the Greek historian Polybius (200–118 BCE), after arriving in Rome in 168 BCE, asked in his Histories: "How did the Romans succeed in building a world empire in such a short span of time?" This book takes the perspective Polybius’s question was mistaken, in the sense that the formation of the Roman Empire, took a very long time—indeed, centuries. The formation of the Roman Empire began in 390 BCE when the Gauls burned Rome; and even before that time, as this book demonstrates, the kings of Rome were some of the first empire builders.

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Saving Endangered Heirs and Estates

Studies in European Literature

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Hugo G. Walter

This book is a collection of great and insightful essays which discuss heroic endeavors to save endangered heirs and estates by searching devotedly for the truth in various criminal and civil situations. This book focuses especially on important works by Arthur Conan Doyle, Theodor Storm, Frances Hodgson Burnett, and Agatha Christie, while also discussing works by other important European authors. In each of these literary masterpieces the landowner or heir is emotionally and physically endangered and his or her house and estate imperiled by one or more individuals from within his or her own family or from within the sphere of influence of the family. In these works by Arthur Conan Doyle, Theodor Storm, Frances Hodgson Burnett, and Agatha Christie there is a valiant attempt by such individuals as Sherlock Holmes, Dr. Watson, Mary Lennox, Hercule Poirot, and others to save the landowners and heirs who are endangered and the estates which are threatened by thoroughly investigating their situations and by searching meticulously for the truth. These protagonists share and exemplify the "passion for getting at the truth" which Hercule Poirot in Agatha Christie’s Murder in Three Acts declares is the primary motivating force and inspiration for his criminal investigations.

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Speaking to Reconciliation

Voices of Faith Addressing Racial and Cultural Divides

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John B. Hatch

In North America, Africa, and across the globe, many societies are deeply divided along racial, ethnic, political, or religious lines as a result of violent/oppressive histories. Bridging such divides requires symbolic action that transcends, reframes, redeems, and repairs—often drawing upon resources of faith. Speaking to Reconciliation showcases this tradition through speeches by Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King Jr., Elie Wiesel, Desmond Tutu, Barack Obama, Thich Nhat Hanh, Jordan’s King Abdullah II, Ireland’s President Mary McAleese, and others. Some of these speeches set forth principles or spiritual practices of reconciliation. Others acknowledge injustice, make apologies for historical wrongs, call for reparations, or commend the power of forgiveness. Speaking to Reconciliation presents a conceptual framework for doing analysis and critique of reconciliation discourse and applies this framework in introductions to the speeches, offering readers a springboard for further study and, potentially, inspiration to promote justice and reconciliation in their own spheres.

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Sprache und Gesellschaft

Theoretische und empirische Kontexte der Linguistik

Edited by Joanna Szczęk and Łukasz Kumięga

Der Band adressiert die komplexe Relation zwischen Sprache und Gesellschaft und stellt deren theoretische Grundlagen vor und erprobt diese empirisch in bestimmten sozialen und institutionellen Kontexten. Diese Problematik wurde im Rahmen der folgenden thematischen Bereiche erfasst: linguistische Zugänge zum Diskursbegriff, Sprachbildung im Kontext der Migration, aktuelle Studien zur Stereotypenforschung, Pejorisierung im Kontext der Sozio- und Pragmalinguistik sowie Fallstudien zu diversen Aspekten der gegenwärtigen Diskurse. Somit reflektiert der Sammelband das Potenzial der gegenwärtigen linguistischen Forschung, zeigt deren mögliche Richtungen auf und lädt zur weiteren wissenschaftlichen Diskussion ein.

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Transforming Conflict and Building Peace

Community Engagement Strategies for Communication Scholarship and Practice

Edited by Peter M. Kellett, Stacey L. Connaughton and George Cheney

This inaugural volume in the Peter Lang Conflict and Peace series brings together works that richly depict the tensions between the promise and reality of applying communication principles and theories to conflict transformation and peacebuilding around the world and in the United States. Each chapter provides concrete examples of the doing of engaged scholarship in this context. Chapter contributors explain how their on-the-ground work has contributed to theorizing in communication and beyond as well as to conflict transformation and peacebuilding practice. Importantly, they also unearth the challenges in designing and implementing techniques and practices. As a collection, this edited volume underscores the communicative nature of conflict transformation and peacebuilding in particular, and engaged scholarship, in general. The collection also reveals tensions in doing engaged scholarship that are applicable to other contexts beyond conflict transformation and peacebuilding.

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Vielfalt der Linguistik

Bausteine zur diachronen und synchronen Linguistik

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Edited by Maria Biskup and Anna Just

Dieses Buch enthält wissenschaftliche Beiträge von jungen und etablierten Forscherinnen und Forschern zu mehreren Aspekten diachroner und synchroner Sprachwissenschaft. Die Autorinnen und Autoren gehen u.a. auf textlinguistische, onomastische und lexikologische Fragestellungen sowie Sprachkontakte und Fachsprachen ein.

„Der vorliegende Band ist eine gelungene, ausgewogene Monographie, die Prof. Józef Wiktorowicz (Universität Warschau) gewidmet ist. Er fügt sich in die in den letzten Jahren wieder aufgenommene sprachwissenschaftliche Forschung mit historisch-kultureller Ausrichtung ein und stellt dabei einen wichtigen Versuch dar, Ergebnisse dieser Forschung zu dokumentieren. […] Der viele treffende Erkenntnisse und Schlüsse präsentierende Band leistet einen wichtigen Beitrag zu sprachwissenschaftlichen Untersuchungen und kann darüber hinaus selbst eine Grundlage für breiter angelegte philologische Forschung sein."

Dr. habil. Andrzej S. Feret (Jagiellonen-Universität in Karków)

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Korruptionsbekämpfung und das Bestechungsstrafrechtssystem

Eine kriminal- und strafrechtswissenschaftliche Studie unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des deutschen und türkischen Strafrechts

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Semih Yumak

Den strafrechtlichen Kern der Korruption bilden die klassischen Bestechungsdelikte. Um Korruption durch das Strafrechtsinstrumentarium angemessen bekämpfen zu können, ist ein gerechtes, klar und deutlich strukturiertes Bestechungsstrafrechtssystem nötig. Zu diesem Zweck sind die Bestechungsstraftaten vom Gesetzgeber allgemeinverständlich und gerecht zu konzipieren. Die vorliegende Publikation – die zunächst das Fachwissen der Strafrechtswissenschaft und die kriminalpolitischen Ansätze in Bezug auf die Bestechungsdelikte systematisiert sowie Schwächen und Defizite des Bestechungsstrafrechts zum Thema Korruptionsbekämpfung vorstellt – wird für die Lehre und die künftige Gesetzgebungsarbeit einen hoffentlich nützlichen Beitrag leisten können.

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Conflit au Pays basque

regards de militants illégaux

Caroline Guibet Lafaye

Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) a annoncé sa dissolution le 3 mai 2018 après un conflit avec l’État espagnol qui a duré 60 ans. Ce conflit s’est étendu de chaque côté de la frontière quoiqu’avec des conséquences distinctes. Médias et journalistes se sont emparés du sujet. Ils ont été invités, depuis août 1994 par le ministère de l’Intérieur espagnol, à devenir parties prenantes de la lutte antiterroriste. Du côté scientifique, existent en langue anglaise ou hispanique des travaux statistiques reposant sur l’exploitation de base de données d’attentats commis par ETA ainsi que quelques analyses de récits de vie recueillis dans les années 1990. L’ouvrage Conflit au pays basque: regards de militants illégaux comble une lacune de l’analyse scientifique à partir d’une enquête empirique menée entre 2017 et 2019 auprès de plus de 60 ex-militants d’ETA et d’Iparretarrak (IK) en convoquant une méthodologie de sociologie compréhensive. Le livre cherche à comprendre pourquoi la lutte armée persiste après la chute du franquisme en Hegoalde et naît dans les années 1970 en Iparralde. Il analyse les motivations et les raisons qui ont porté ces acteurs – inculpés pour des faits de terrorisme – vers l’engagement illégal voire l’action armée, tout en proposant une analyse générationnelle des trajectoires de ces militant.e.s. Il étudie enfin la façon dont chaque groupe clandestin élabore son « éthique de la violence politique » et précise comment l’éthique de la responsabilité fait partie intégrante de l’ethos du militant clandestin abertzale (patriote).