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Pure Leiblichkeit

Brasiliens Neokonkretismus (1957-1967)

Pauline Bachmann

Seit einiger Zeit ist Brasiliens Neokonkretismus in Ausstellungen, Katalogen und Publikationen in Europa präsent. Die Autorin nimmt erstmals auf Deutsch umfassende Werkanalysen vor und stellt den Schlüsselcharakter der neokonkreten Praktiken dar. Die Kunst- und Lyrikproduktion der Bewegung führte, so die Autorin, zu einer Umwertung und Neuauslegung des konkret-konstruktivistischen Gedankenguts der europäischen Avantgarden des frühen 20. Jahrhunderts. Diese Umwertungen schufen in Brasilien erst die Voraussetzungen dafür, haptische und sensorielle Komponenten ästhetischen Erlebens zum zentralen Ausgangspunkt künstlerischer Praxis zu erheben, für welche die späteren Arbeiten der brasilianischen Avantgarde-Ikonen Lygia Clark und Hélio Oiticica bekannt sind. Die Arbeit ist ein wichtiger Beitrag dazu, moderne und zeitgenössische künstlerische Praktiken aus Brasilien zu dekolonisieren, denn die Analysen zeigen auf, dass haptisch und plurisensoriell erfahrbare Kunstwerke aus Brasilien eben nicht auf einer angenommenen genuin sensorisch-sensiblen Konstituierung des Menschen in Brasilien beruhen, sondern vielmehr auf einer eigenwilligen, lokalen Rezeption europäischer Avantgardepraktiken.

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Bruno Munari

The Lightness of Art

Edited by Pierpaolo Antonello, Matilde Nardelli and Margherita Zanoletti

Bruno Munari was one of the most important and eclectic twentieth-century European artists. Dubbed the «Leonardo and Peter Pan» of contemporary art, he pioneered what would later be labelled kinetic art, playing a key role in the constitution and definition of the aesthetic programmes of groups such as Movimento Arte Concreta and Programmed Art. He became an internationally recognized name in the field of industrial design, winning the prestigious «Compasso d’Oro» prize four times, while also being a prominent figure in Italian graphic design, working for magazines such as Tempo and Domus, as well as renowned publishing companies such as Einaudi and Bompiani. He left an indelible mark as an art pedagogue and popularizer with his famous 1970s artistic laboratories for children and was the author of numerous books, ranging from essays on art and design to experimental books.

Capturing a resurgent interest in Munari at the international level, the exceptional array of critical voices in this volume constitutes an academic study of Munari of a depth and range that is unprecedented in any language, offering a unique analysis of Munari’s seven-decade-long career. Through original archival research, and illuminating and generative comparisons with other artists and movements both within and outside Italy, the essays gathered here offer novel readings of more familiar aspects of Munari’s career while also addressing those aspects that have received scant or no attention to date.

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Every Child a Composer

Music Education in an Evolutionary Perspective

Nicholas Bannan

This book breaks new ground in drawing on evolutionary psychology in support of advocacy for music education, and the presentation of innovative musical pedagogy. The book adopts the perspective that musical experience is the birthright of all human beings through the decisive role it played in the evolution of our species, the traces of which we carry in our genes. The author draws on scientific developments in acoustics, neuroscience, linguistics, archaeology and anthropology to examine theories that have emerged powerfully during the last twenty years and which argue for the significance of the practice of music as foundational to human culture. This position is examined in parallel with research into how children learn musically, and the role that creative decision making plays in this. A series of strategies is presented that explores collective creativity which draws on vocalisation, the use of gesture, and instinctive responses to harmony to develop musical imagination.

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Towards a Posthuman Imagination in Literature and Media

Monsters, Mutants, Aliens, Artificial Beings

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Simona Micali

What if the human species were to get in touch with another intelligent species, thus far unknown?

This question is the impetus for a vast, exciting catalogue of science fiction and fantasy stories. They serve as hypothetical answers in narrative form but can also be regarded as cognitive exercises by which we investigate the nature and destiny of humanity. In other words, any creature and any story produced in response to this question requires an assessment of our notion of the human and a redefinition of our position and role in the world.

This volume aims at mapping and analysing the very rich catalogue of non-human figures which inhabit our contemporary imagery, with particular regard to science fiction literature and film. It is suggested that monsters, clones, zombies, aliens, artificial beings, cyborgs and mutants can function as ideological tools intended to confirm the role of humankind (and Western civilization) as the only possible standard of intelligent and ethical life. But they can also become cognitive instruments devised to question or criticize our vision of and behaviour toward the world, other species and ourselves. This privileged critical perspective – and the point of arrival of the book – is the category of the posthuman, which is regarded as the symbol of a possibly revolutionary vision of humanity, a wish and an invitation to embrace a new, more humble way of being and living.

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Danuta Popinigis

The history of Gdańsk carillons begins in 1561. It was that year that fourteen automatic bells were installed in the Main Town Hall. Later, a "striking mechanism" appeared in St Catherine’s Church. This magnificent instrument, consisting of thirty-five bells, has been in use since 1738. The third carillon was built in 1939 in the youth hostel at Biskupia Górka. The play of Gdańsk carillons was interrupted by the Second World War.

The book discusses the history and music of Gdańsk carillons. It contains valuable information on bells, carillon mechanisms, bell founders, carillonists, and bell setters, inviting the reader to study the Protestant repertoire, the unique notation of preserved manuscripts, and the remarkable soundscape of Gdańsk, which for centuries has been marked by the sound of carillons.

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Andrzej Dąbrówka

The book presents a theory of relationships between the forms of devotion
and early drama genres. The historical background is the circumstances of the Church becoming independent of the Empire. A theological and philosophical aspect of the transformation of piety at the time was the specification of the ontological status of the sacred (spiritualization) and "shifting it to Heaven" (transcendentalization). In opposition to a theory of Western civilization as a process of increasing individual self-control, the author argues for the need to take into account purely religious conditions (the idea of recapitulation). This allows the author to develop a holistic aesthetics for the religiously inspired creativity in the period spanning the 11th-15th centuries and to propose a new typology of medieval drama.

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По(с)ле стихов.

О некоторых тенденциях в современной русскоязычной поэзии (на материале А. Сен-Сенькова и группы «Орбита»)

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Massimo Maurizio

В русскоязычном поэтическом пространстве последней четверти века можно наблюдать целый ряд тенденций писательских стратегий, так или иначе направленных на определение места и роли пишущего (но не только) субъекта в мире возникших после крушения СССР «сценариев» (Кукулин). На примере творчества А. Сен-Сенькова и группы «Орбита» мы обращаем внимание на выразительные, формальные и композиционные средства, с помощью которых авторы пытаются снова ре-индивидуализировать (Кузьмин) личное высказывание и модальности самовыражения в контексте «постправды» и «текучей» современности.

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Małgorzata Grajter

Das Ziel der vorliegenden Studie ist die Untersuchung der Spezifik des Wort-Ton-Verhältnisses in Ludwig van Beethovens Schaffen sowohl auf struktureller als auch auf semantischer Ebene. Da Beethoven selbst nie eine Abhandlung über Komposition schrieb, erscheint es natürlich und naheliegend, als hauptsächlichen Bezugspunkt die musiktheoretischen Schriften aus dem 18. Jahrhundert heranzuziehen, um die musikästhetische Landschaft seiner Epoche zu rekonstruieren. Die durchgeführte Analyse von Beethovens Vokalmusik aus der Sicht der im 18. Jahrhundert üblichen Konzeption eines «Singstücks» beantwortet einige wesentliche Fragen nach den Prioritäten des Komponisten im Bereich der technischen und ästhetischen Aspekte der musikalischen Bearbeitung eines Textes.

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Alina Borkowska-Rychlewska

The author of the book analyses selected 19th-century operas based on Shakespeare’s plays from the perspective of their relations to the literature, aesthetics and philosophy of the Romantic period. The texts discussed here include Verdi’s Macbeth, Otello and Falstaff, Rossini’s Otello, Halévy’s The Tempest, Gounod’s Romeo and Juliet and Thomas’s Hamlet. The study aims to indicate diverse traces of the Romantic interpretation of Shakespeare’s works in the history of the 19th-century opera. Individual chapters present the librettos of the selected operas, analysed in the context of Shakespeare’s plays and their 19th-century reception, reconstructed on the basis of 19th-century historic-literary texts (of, among others, A. W. Schlegel, L. Tieck and V. Hugo), critical studies and press articles. The analyses conducted in the book succeed in presenting the evolution of the phenomenon of Romantic Shakespeareanism in the 19th-century opera theatre.

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Wie Bilder «entstehen».

Beschreibende Methode [Band 3]

Dieter Maurer and Claudia Riboni

Wie erscheinen, «entstehen» Bilder? Welche Eigenschaften, Strukturen und Entwicklungen lassen sich in frühen graphischen Äusserungen beobachten? Sind frühe Bildmerkmale in einer bestimmten Kultur allgemein oder individuell? Worin besteht frühe bildhafte Erkenntnis und Ästhetik? Auf welche allgemeinen Bestimmungen von «Bild» oder «Bildern» verweist die Bildgenese? Auf welche allgemeinen Aspekte des frühen symbolischen Verhaltens verweisen frühe Bilder?

Der vorliegende dritte Band zur Thematik erläutert ausführlich die begrifflichen und methodischen Einzelheiten, die der Untersuchung früher Zeichnungen und Malereien von Kindern im Vorschulalter, dargestellt in den ersten beiden Bände, zugrunde liegen, mit eingeschlossen der Illustration der untersuchten Bildmerkmale anhand von Typenbildern.