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Tying Micro and Macro

What Fills up the Sociological Vacuum?

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Mikolaj Pawlak

This study critically discusses the thesis on the sociological vacuum formulated by Stefan Nowak. The author’s aim is to refute the claim that the sociological vacuum is relevant for major social processes occurring in Poland. He presents the sociological vacuum in the context of the debate on micro and macro levels and discusses how the theory of fields and social network analysis is useful to reconcile the micro-macro divide. The book considers the uses of the sociological vacuum in explaining such phenomena as the Solidarność social movement, civil society, social capital, and democracy. In the empirical part, the author confronts the data on identifications with the data on relations and claims that the vacuum is not in the society but it in sociology.

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Capitalist Accumulation and Socio-Ecological Resilience

Black People in Border Areas of Colombia and Ecuador and the Palm Oil Industry

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Edna Yiced Martinez

By combining Marxism with feminist political economy and political ecology, this book develops a theoretical frame about the continuity of plundering and looting in the region of Tumaco-San Lorenzo at the Pacific coast of Colombia and Ecuador, as well as the long history of resistance that Black-Afro communities of artisan fishers and small farmers have carried out for more than five centuries. Using the palm oil industry as example, the research shows the features of "primitive or primary accumulation" in these places. From a historical perspective, the author exposes the imperialist character of the palm oil industry. She analyses the connections between policies makers, scientists and businessmen in the development of this agribusiness.

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Narzisstische Scham

Eine Untersuchung ihrer literarischen Darstellung bei Fjodor Dostojewski, Knut Hamsun und Franz Kafka

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Stephanie Kelle

Obwohl unserer tabulosen Gesellschaft zunehmend Schamlosigkeit attestiert wird, ist die Auseinandersetzung mit Schamgefühlen gerade im «Zeitalter des Narzissmus» nicht obsolet. Dieses Buch liefert eine vergleichende Untersuchung der literarischen Darstellung von Scham in Dostojewskis «Der Doppelgänger» und «Aufzeichnungen aus dem Kellerloch», Hamsuns «Hunger» und Kafkas «Die Verwandlung». Mithilfe psychosozialer Theorien zu Scham und Narzissmus werden psychologische und gesellschaftliche Ursachen von Scham sowie Kompensationsstrategien aufgezeigt. Wiederkehrende Metaphern der Scham geraten in den Blick. Scham erscheint als ein ambivalentes Produkt narzisstischer Krisen, deren Entstehung auch auf gesellschaftliche Umbrüche im Zuge des anbrechenden modernen Kapitalismus zurückgeführt werden kann.

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Michal Glowinski

Edited by Jan Burzynski

This book presents a collection of essays discussing a history of the five myths of Dionysus, Narcissus, Prometheus, Marcolf, and Labyrinth in twentieth-century literature. The author traces their transformations against the wider backdrop of Polish and European literature. The book is an excellent, thought-provoking lesson in understanding the signs of contemporary culture and a fascinating journey through its complex trails.

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Das Konzept des kollektiven ‹‹iǧtihād›› und seine Umsetzungsformen

Analyse der Organisation und Arbeitsweise islamischer Rechtsakademien

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Ahmed Gad Makhlouf

Das Aufkommen der Moderne und eine mit ihr einhergehende zunehmend globalisierte Welt hinterlassen auch ihre Spuren in der islamischen Normenlehre. So zeichnet sich ein Wandel einer ihrer Schlüsselbegriffe und bedeutendsten Instrumente, des iǧtihād, ab, welcher sich von nun an nicht mehr nur als individueller, sondern auch als kollektiver Reflexionsakt präsentiert. Dieser Entwicklung lag die Umstrukturierung des heutigen islamischen Rechts zugrunde. Das Interesse dieser Arbeit gilt deshalb der Untersuchung des kollektiven iǧtihād sowohl in der Theorie, als auch in der Praxis. Diese Studie legt den inhaltlichen und theoretischen Rahmen des kollektiven iǧtihād durch die innermuslimischen Diskurse dar und typisiert seine weltweit verbreiteten Institutionen. Dazu analysiert sie eingehend die Struktur und Arbeitsweise dreier exemplarischer Gremien.

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Qun Wang

This book analyzes the patterns of and factors associated with health seeking behavior and out-of-pocket (OOP) spending on chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs) in rural Malawi. The author used descriptive statistics to describe treatment options and related household OOP expenditure on CNCDs and econometrics models to analyze factors influencing health seeking behavior and OOP expenditure on CNCDs. This study found that in spite of a context where care for CNCDs should in principle be free of charge at the point of use, the utilization rates of CNCD care are still low and OOP payments impose a considerable financial burden on rural households, especially among the poorest.

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Die gesellschaftliche und kulturelle Vielfalt der Region Ionien

Studien zu den ionischen Siedlungen von ihrer Gründung bis zu ihrer Eroberung durch die Perser

Moritz Lange

Der Kontakt zu fremden Völkern führt zu Adaptionen und gesellschaftlichen sowie kulturellen Veränderungen. Diesem Prozess waren bereits die Griechen ausgesetzt, die infolge der als Ionische Wanderung bezeichneten Migration an die kleinasiatische Westküste kamen. Hier trafen sie auf den östlichen Kulturkreis und interagierten mit der indigenen Bevölkerung sowie den Phrygern, Lydern und Karern. Der Autor untersucht über einen interdisziplinären Ansatz, inwieweit das neue Umfeld Auswirkungen auf die Gesellschaft, die Wirtschaft und die politische Entwicklung der ionischen Siedlungen in ihrer Frühzeit hatte. Dabei geht er auch der Frage nach, ob man im Fall der Siedlungen von einer homogenen oder einer durch unterschiedliche Einflüsse geprägten heterogenen Region Ionien sprechen muss.

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Jazz in Europe

New Music in the Old Continent

Igor Wasserberger

Jazz in Europe provides a detailed record of how «new» (American) music evolved on the «old» (European) continent. The «chroniclers» explore the history of jazz in individual European countries from a local perspective, with each author contributing a unique bird’s-eye view of their particular context. This comprehensive analysis of the origins and dissemination of jazz on the old continent, produced by an international team of distinguished writers, is the first of its kind. Although members of national jazz communities may not agree with all the views presented in the book, it will undoubtedly provoke lively debate and open up new avenues for research within European jazz scholarship.
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The Anthropological Paradox

The Sociology of Knowledge as Perspective of the General Theory of Society

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Radosław Sojak

This book seeks to analyse the categorial structure of sociological theory. The analysis is based on three assumptions: first, sociological theory is in a state of structural crisis; second, one of the symptoms of the crisis is the existence of many theoretical dichotomies which hinder the unification of sociological knowledge; and third, sociology of knowledge may analyse the causes of sociological theory’s structural crisis. Drawing on Foucault’s work, the author defines the source of theoretical crisis as an anthropological paradox: the involvement of man in a dialectic of being created and defined by what is objective while, at the same time, transcending this condition into the subjective. This study argues that insights found in works by Luhmann, Latour, Collins, Shapin, and others provide a chance for a formulation of a theoretical language for sociology that escapes the anthropological paradox.

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Childhood Memory Spaces

How Enduring Memories of Childhood Places Shape Our Lives

Roger C. Aden

Childhood Memory Spaces: How Enduring Memories of Childhood Places Shape Our Lives explores the places adults remember from their childhood. More specifically, it examines the questions "what kinds of places do we remember?" and "why do they linger in our memories?". The answers emerge from a variety of sources, including scholarship in cognitive science, environmental psychology, geography, communication, etc., but they are illustrated primarily through the over 100 stories told by adults who still vividly recall the places where key facets of their identity developed. Those stories reveal both that the answers are significantly more complex than one academic perspective can explain and that profoundly personal narratives can highlight their complexity in ways that scientific and social scientific research alone cannot.

This book meets a need to integrate related, yet independent, lines of research in the natural and social sciences—doing so with a decidedly humanistic touch. Specifically, the book offers an interdisciplinary exploration of how place, memory, and identity intersect as we craft our life stories while seeking what Kenneth Burke called equipment for living with the challenges that life presents along the way.

Weaving theory with personal narratives, Childhood Memory Spaces underscores a fundamental relationship: the stories of our lives are entwined with place, and we understand these stories (and ourselves) by reflecting upon the ways in which these memorable places have shaped, and continue to shape, our lives.