This book is the first part of a comprehensive study of Wittgenstein’s conception of language description. Describing language was no pastime occupation for the philosopher. It was hard work and it meant struggle. It made for a philosophy that required Wittgenstein’s full attention and half his life. His approach had always been working on himself, on how he saw things. The central claim of this book is that nothing will come of our exegetical efforts to see what Wittgenstein's later philosophy amounts to if his work on describing language is not given the place and concern it deserves. The book shows what his philosophy might begin to look like in the light of critical questions around his interest to see the end of the day with descriptions, and these things only.
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Wittgenstein’s Philosophy in the Light of His Conception of Language Description: Part I
Sebastiaan A. Verschuren
Antworten der babylonischen Dichtung Ludlul bēl nēmeqi und des biblischen Hiobbuches
Die Erfahrung des Leidens schließt für viele den Glauben an einen allmächtigen, allwissenden und allgütigen Gott aus. Die Studie befragt im Horizont der aktuellen philosophischen Diskussion das Hiobbuch und die babylonische Dichtung «Ludlul bēl nēmeqi» nach Antworten auf die Leidensfrage. Dabei werden die Antworten des Hiobbuches auch im gesamtbiblischen Horizont reflektiert.
This book deals with correspondence truth, and offers an explanation of correspondence as a symbolization of reality. The author analyses those basic elements of known correspondence truth theories which are the cause of their inadequacy. She focuses on the theories which try to modify the strongest classical theories and shows that these theories are unable to free themselves from seeing correspondence as copying (mirroring). The book presents a «symbolic» correspondence truth theory claiming that correspondence is a specific kind of symbolisation in a Cassirer-close sense, and correspondence truth is neither a copy, nor any other imitation of reality, but its symbol.
Du panthéisme de Schelling à Mallarmé
Héritier d’une longue tradition pour laquelle la nature est un être vivant en devenir (natura naturans), Stéphane Mallarmé est l’auteur d’une physiologie des lettres qui le mène à concevoir la littérature comme un organisme. Nous inscrivons le poète dans une histoire des idées qui remonte par-delà Poe et Baudelaire à Mme de Staël et au philosophe de la nature Friedrich Schelling, qui voyait dans le concept d’organisme un infini immanent au fini, un infini actuel. S’exprime, dès lors, de Schelling à Mallarmé, un panthéisme organique qui prend tour-à-tour la forme d’un panthéisme de la nature puis d’un panthéisme littéraire qui s’affranchit de la substance fixe du spinozisme. La première partie de cet ouvrage examine les fondements philosophiques et théologiques de ce panthéisme ainsi que son transfert en France chez des auteurs tels que Cousin, Renan, Vacherot, Séailles et Littré. La seconde partie présente cet organicisme en tant qu’il est, chez Mallarmé, le produit d’une doctrine du mot comme dépositaire de la vie (Les Mots anglais).
Essays in Honor of Donald T. Dietz
Edited by Susan Paun de García and Donald R. Larson
The essays in this book honor the seminal contributions to the field of early modern Spanish drama of Donald T. Dietz, who has devoted his career to the promotion of classical theater, not just as dramatic poetry but as vibrant performance art. Written by a variety of respected scholars and never before published, the twenty-two essays, organized into six sections, present a wide variety of interests, approaches, and methodologies, including ideological and theological exegesis, poetic analysis, cultural studies, and semiotics of theater. The first section reviews Dietz’s impact on the field of Comedia studies, where he played a critical role in moving the discussion from page to stage. The next two sections explore facets of religious theater, including autos sacramentales and comedias de santos, as well as religious aspects of secular theater. Essays from the other sections explore questions of reading and of staging classical theater, in the original Spanish, in English translation, and in adaptation for the stage and for radio, as well as theoretical and practical approaches to the pedagogy of performance. Specialists and students within and across many disciplines—theater history, comparative performance studies, literary studies—will find this collection both useful and illuminating.
Man’s Psychic Journey: End or Beginning?
Charles R. Reid
This book surveys the breadth of mankind’s postmodern malaise, which is achieved through a discussion of the major challenges, social and psychological, which every individual faces in the effort to live fully in the twenty-first century. These challenges lay in broadly familiar domains: self- and group-consciousness; common man and his place in a future society in which mental activity dominates; work and leisure; knowledge and values accruing from it, both for self and others; possibilities in education; civilization, with its “Dark Age” phenomena and its dreams of progress; the role of the past in contemporary life; and power, both in society and within the sovereign individual who, though bound by physical and intellectual limits, functions as a seeker after the freedom and self-fulfillment which are so wholly integral to the human condition. And finally a serious question: What fate awaits the perpetual non-conformist, whose views, however unwelcome in his own time and in a contemporary environment, may in fact anticipate future living conditions?
An American and Maasai Intercultural Analysis
Beth E. Elness-Hanson
Although the demographics of World Christianity demonstrate a population shift to the Global South, especially in Sub-Saharan Africa, the preponderance of biblical scholarship continues to be dominated by Western scholars in pursuit of their contextual questions that are influenced by an Enlightenment-oriented worldview. Unfortunately, nascent methodologies used to bridge this chasm often continue to marginalize indigenous voices. In contradistinction, Beth E. Elness-Hanson’s research challenges biblical scholars to engage stronger methods for dialogue with global voices, as well as encourages Majority World scholars to share their perspectives with the West.
Elness-Hanson’s fundamental question is: How do we more fully understand the “generational curses” in the Pentateuch? The phrase, “visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation,” appears four times in the Pentateuch: Exod 20:4–6; Exod 34:6–7; Num 14:18; and Deut 5:8–10. While generational curses remain prevalent within the Maasai worldview in East Africa, an Enlightenment-influenced worldview diminishes curses as a phenomenon. However, fuller understandings develop as we listen and learn from each other.
This research develops a theoretical framework from Hans-Georg Gadamer’s “fusion of horizons” and applies it through Ellen Herda’s anthropological protocol of “participatory inquiry.” The resulting dialogue with Maasai theologians in Tanzania, builds bridges of understanding across cultures. Elness-Hanson’s intercultural analysis of American and Maasai interpretations of the Pentateuchal texts on the generational curses demonstrates that intercultural dialogues increase understandings, which otherwise are limited by one worldview.
A Selective Survey
Epistemological theories of the patristic authors seldom attract attention of the researchers. This unfortunate status quo contrasts with a crucial place of the theory of knowledge in the thought of such prominent authors as Origen and the Cappadocian fathers. This book surveys the patristic epistemological discourse in its various settings. In the context of the Church history it revolves around the Eunomian controversy, Eunomius’ language theory and Gregory Nazianzen’s cognitive theory, where the ideas of Apostle Paul were creatively combined with the Peripatetic teaching. In the framework of Biblical exegesis, it touches upon the issues of the textual criticism of the Homeric and Jewish scholarship, which had significantly shaped Origen’s paradigm of the Biblical studies.
Eine interdisziplinäre Studie
Edited by Matthias Kaufmann and Hermann Stefan
Beim Umgang mit dem Alter stehen wir mehr als in anderen Lebensphasen vor der Frage, inwieweit wir es mitgestalten können und inwieweit wir den Vorgaben fremder Architektur unterworfen sind. Diese Frage ist nicht nur für uns als Individuen, sondern auch für uns als Mitglieder einer bestimmten Gruppe, als «Gesellschaft» oder als «Menschheit» jeweils von Bedeutung. Der Band untersucht die medizinische, technische, sozialwissenschaftliche und normative – rechtliche und ethische – Sicht auf diese Problematik. Dabei präsentiert er die aktuellen fachspezifischen Diskussionen mit dem Ziel, das Gespräch zwischen den mit der Altersthematik befassten Disziplinen und mit der interessierten Öffentlichkeit zu fördern.
Potentialities and Challenges Regarding Socio-Economic and Political Development with Particular Reference to Nigeria
Sylvester Uche Ugwu
In view of the unprecedented level of socioeconomic and political underdevelopment plaguing the African continent, there remains one key area in the polity with great potentials which remains largely untapped: civil society. What can it contribute to the alleviation of the burden of underdevelopment in Africa? What is the place of the Church in civil society, particularly in Nigeria? Can there be a sustainable cooperation between the Church and other civic groups in the country for the purpose of development? Using mainly literature-based methods, this work seeks to dig into the understanding of civil society from the ancient Aristotelian «polis» to its 21st century African idea. It discusses the place of the Church in relation to the social question. Some of the vital areas of the Church’s civil societal involvement ad intra and with other civil groups are examined, using the Caritas’ structural principle of approach. Some major challenges hindering the vital input of the two institutions towards sustainable socioeconomic and political development are x-rayed. It extensively exposes the immense potentials for development through the cooperation between the two institutions. Conversely, some enormous challenges facing civil societal cooperation for development are discussed. Finally, research goes on to put forward some vital insights, ideas and suggestions for the fruitful cooperation towards the realization of the potentials for national development.