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Rémi Digonnet

The juxtaposition of habitat, a product of architecture, and speech, a product of language, enables us to envisage a dual orientation for what could be called "architexture". The architectural text focuses on the analysis of architects’ discourse, architectural metaphors or spatial markers and prepositions. Textual architecture, meanwhile, explores composition, syntactic ordering, text structure or "construction" grammars. Through verbalisation or spatialization, through verbal or architectural communication, the speaker and the architect are subjected to numerous constraints despite a certain freedom of speech and freedom of construction. Both this constructed speech and this spoken construction summon the architect-speaker to his or her language domus. It is this dual position that the articles in this collection aim to occupy.

 

La mise en regard de l’habitat, produit de l’architecture, et du discours, produit de la langue, permet d’envisager une double orientation de ce que l’on pourrait nommer l’« architexture ». Le texte de l’architecture traite de l’analyse de discours d’architectes, de métaphores architecturales ou de marqueurs spatiaux et prépositions spatiales, tandis que l’architecture du texte investit la composition, l’agencement syntaxique, la structure d’un texte ou encore les grammaires dites « de construction ». D’une mise en discours ou en espace, à travers une communication verbale ou architecturale, l’énonciateur et l’architecte sont soumis à de nombreuses contraintes en dépit d’une liberté de parole et de construction. Cette parole construite autant que cette construction parlée convoquent l’énonciateur-architecte dans sa domus langagière. C’est cette double posture qui fait l’objet des contributions de cet ouvrage collectif.

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The Idea of the University

A Reader, Volume 1

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Michael Adrian Peters and Ronald Barnett

The Idea of the University: A Reader, Volume 1 is a unique compilation of selected works of the major thinkers who have contributed to the discourse on the idea of the university in the German, English, American and French traditions, dating from the establishment of the University of Berlin in 1810. Readings include excerpts from Kant and Humboldt in the German tradition of Bildung through to Jaspers, Habermas and Gadamer; Newman, Arnold, Leavis and others in the British tradition; Kerr, Bok and Noble, among others, in the American tradition; and Bourdieu, Lyotard and Derrida in the French tradition. Each reading is prefaced with a brief editor’s explanatory note. The Idea of the University: A Reader, Volume 1 provides a comprehensive account of the university, and is matched by a second volume of original essays on contemporary perspectives.

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Jesús Baigorri, Jürgen Elvert and Enrique Moradiellos

Este libro analiza las relaciones históricas y políticas entre Europa y América, y el proceso de integración europea desde el punto de vista de las relaciones transatlánticas de la UE con un enfoque multidisciplinario. Es el resultado de un Seminario de Doctorado sobre ese tema organizado por la Fundación Academia Europea de Yuste entre el 26 y el 28 de enero de 2015. Los capítulos de este libro arrojan luz sobre temas que, desde la perspectiva predominante de las zonas centrales y septentrionales de la UE, a menudo quedan eclipsados por las relaciones de Europa con los Estados Unidos. Por lo tanto, está diseñado para contribuir a dar un aspecto renovado y comprender mejor las interacciones transatlánticas entre la UE y sus socios latinoamericanos.

This book analyses the historical and political relations between Europe and the Americas, and the European integration process from the point of view of the EU transatlantic relationships with a multidisciplinary approach. It is the result of a Doctoral Seminar on that issue organised by the European Academy of Yuste Foundation from 26 to 28 January 2015. The chapters of this book shed light on topics which from the prevailing perspective of EU’s central and northern zones are often overshadowed by Europe’s relations with the United States. It is thus designed to contribute to take that fresh look and to better understand transatlantic interactions between the EU and its Latin American partners.

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Christoph H. Lüthy and Franz König

Herbert Lüthy (1918–2002), einer der bedeutendsten Schweizer Historiker und Essayisten des 20. Jahrhunderts, erlangte wegen seiner virtuosen Verknüpfung von akademischer Geschichtsschreibung und Journalismus internationale Anerkennung. In der ab 2005 erschienenen siebenbändigen Werkausgabe sind seine wissenschaftlichen und essayistischen Arbeiten gesammelt und erneut zugänglich gemacht worden. Unbekannt geblieben ist jedoch seine satirische Schweizergeschichte, die er als frühreifer Gymnasiast in den Jahren 1933–1935, der Zeit der anbrechenden „Geistigen Landesverteidigung“, gezeichnet hat. Dieser witzige Jugendstreich wurde anonym 1962 als „Bilderhandschrift von Ennenda“ für einen kleinen Kreis Eingeweihter publiziert und ist längst vergriffen. In der jetzigen Ausgabe erscheint diese Chronik erstmals unter dem Namen des Autors. Der renommierte Zürcher Historiker Jakob Tanner geht in seinem Vorwort auf den geschichtlichen Platz und die erneute Relevanz dieser karikierten Schweizergeschichte ein. In einer biographischen Skizze ergründet Christoph Lüthy die Entstehungsgeschichte dieser Chronik im Spannungsfeld familiärer und geistiger Einflüsse.

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Jolanta A. Drzewiecka and Thomas K. Nakayama

This book is an edited collection of case studies of contemporary issues in culture and communication around the world. Framed around a dialectical approach to intercultural communication, this collection offers a useful framework for thinking about contemporary research in this area. It offers in-depth cultural information about a broad range of specific cases in different places around the world. It is an ideal book to use in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in culture and communication, global communication and intercultural communication courses. Scholars interested in contemporary work in intercultural communication will find this collection essential in mapping the state of the art in this area.

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Gender and Violence in Spanish Culture

From Vulnerability to Accountability

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María José Gámez Fuentes and Rebeca Maseda García

For the true exercise of citizenship to occur, gender violence must be eradicated, as it is not an interpersonal problem, but an attack on the very concept of democracy. Despite increasing social awareness and legal measures taken to fight gender violence, it is still prevalent worldwide. Even in a country such as Spain, praised in the UN Handbook for Legislation on Violence Against Women (2010) for its advanced approach on gender violence, the legal framework has proved insufficient and deeper sociocultural changes are needed. This book presents, in this respect, groundbreaking investigations in the realm of politics, activism, and cultural production that offer both a complex picture of the agents involved in its transformation and a nuanced panorama of initiatives that subvert the normative framework of recognition of victims of gender violence. As a result, the book chapters articulate a construction of the victim as a subject that reflects and acts upon his/her experience and vulnerability, and also adopt perspectives that frame accountability within the representational tradition, the community, and the state.

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Nelly G. Kupper

This book examines the concept of the gaze in the context of narrative fiction. It argues that the gaze in fiction is a tractable factor, identifying the function of characters by way of the gender. The gaze variance and its connection to memory is not new to literary scholarship, but what has been overlooked to date is the fact that the divide exists along the line of gender. The dyad gaze-memory, provided by literary scholarship thus far is erroneous; what emerges instead is a triadic paradigm gaze-memory-gender. The gender divide is reflected in neuroscience, which shows memory processing in man and woman as respectively losing (forgetting) or retaining (remembering) vividness of detail. The discussion focuses on two narratives, one ancient (the Orphic cycle) the other modern (the novel Le Grand Meaulnes) to show that despite the presence of new narrative devices and conventions, the rules of the paradigm are preserved.

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From Tahrir Square to Ferguson

Social Networks as Facilitators of Social Movements

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Juliet Dee

The last several years have seen mass uprisings and dynamic social movements across the globe, from the onset of the Arab Spring in 2011, to the Black Lives Matter movement following Michael Brown’s death in Ferguson, Missouri in 2014. There is no doubt that social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter accelerated and facilitated these uprisings, providing a way for people to organize and express themselves despite government repression.

From Tahrir Square to Ferguson: Social Networks as Facilitators of Social Movements attempts to answer the question of whether these movements could have succeeded before the advent of the Internet age. From political protest to regime change, social movements have become increasingly digital. Taking on the current political climate from an international perspective, From Tahrir Square to Ferguson: Social Networks as Facilitators of Social Movements attempts to address the issues of a growing social media audience facing a wide variety of social and political issues.

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From Knowledge to Competency

An Original Study Assessing the Potential to Act through Multiple-Choice Questions

Xavier Roegiers

We gain knowledge, we obtain qualifications and degrees – but does this allow us to act in the diverse real-life situations we face, from medical diagnosis to essay writing, from mathematical problems to the assessment of a project?

This book addresses the method and results of a wholly original study, based on the following question: what makes us competent? What allows us to act in concrete ways to process situations that require much more than knowledge? The study deconstructs our internal mechanisms and sheds light on the respective roles that cognitive and emotional factors play in our ability to process complex situations.

The results are drawn from a database that includes over 11,000 people from 8 countries across 3 continents, speaking 4 different languages. The results reveal some striking insights into the variables that influence our potential to act, including age, gender, culture, and the relevant areas of competency.

The study offers, in a concrete way, based on a series of multiple-choice questions (MCQ), a way to very precisely determine each person’s strengths and weaknesses when it comes to taking action, at both emotional and cognitive levels. It therefore lays the foundations for finding specific ways of increasing everyone’s potential.

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Experts and Expertise in Science and Technology in Europe since the 1960s

Organized civil Society, Democracy and Political Decision-making

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Christine Bouneau and David Burigana

Do the politicians actually take decisions, or rather the experts do it in their place? In other words, it is a matter of understanding whether the political stakeholders/representatives simply approve the final stage of a decision procedure led by the experts they have delegated, since they lack cognitive skills or because the experts do not try enough to explicit potentials and risks involved. Here lays the possible loss of democratic legitimacy in the decision-making process. This brings into question the responsibility of a ruling class to which the political representatives and secondarily the experts belong.

This book analyses the interplay of these different actors in the political relations among States since the 1960s: this interaction capability becomes a key factor for the international accountability of a country, and above all for the democratic reliability of its decision-making process. Then we have to consider the role of the organized civil society.

In that way, expertise provides the basis for the mediation among the States, and then expertise goes for the legitimacy of power practices in all parties engaged, and in the decision-making process inside the democratic arenas.