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7739 The Dilemma of China's Dryland Agriculture in Inner Mongolia

Economic Growth, Poverty Alleviation and Sustainability – The Difficulty to Develop the Idea of Environmentalism

Cilia Neumann

China must increase its agricultural production and yields of staple crops to guarantee food security. This leads to ever-increasing agricultural land-use in Inner Mongolia and has contributed to the environmental problems visible today. Vast economic development and involvement in globalized markets have all left a measurable mark on Inner Mongolia’s environment. The author provides insight into Inner Mongolia’s dryland agriculture, its agitators, environmental, social and political obstacles as well as opportunities. Conducted in Inner Mongolia, her research illustrates the development process of a sustainable agriculture and the evolution of environmental awareness in an economically and ecologically underdeveloped region.

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Edited by Robert Rinehart, Jacquie Kidd and Antonio Garcia Quiroga

This book is about exciting ethnographic happenings in the Global South. It brings together a wide range of authors who explore the spatial and temporal forms of various ethnographic projects, examining how individuals relate to their homes, their nation-states and their «moments» and trajectories. It also seeks to contest the twenty-first-century hegemonic colonialist project: to this end, the book includes a number of shorter chapters that are presented in both English and non-English versions. Finally, a clear contemporary Indigenous voice runs through the volume, reminding us of non-dominant ways of being in the world.

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Edited by Thomas Grenham

Contemporary Ireland is undergoing a radical shift in its sense of national identity, as the traditional narratives that shaped its past have come under intense scrutiny. The essays gathered here investigate the impact of different forms of education on Irish culture, society, politics, religion and economic success. While education for the knowledge economy has been prioritized across funding agendas, this book focuses on exploring education as a transformative enterprise that supports the personal and intellectual development of the learner.

The volume brings together diverse perspectives on the role of education in the areas of leadership, social justice and service in the community. Challenging the current prioritization of a vision of education that primarily serves the interests of the economy, the contributors explore the social, political and personal value of transformative education.

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Knowledge Construction in Academia

A Challenge for Multilingual Scholars

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Elena Sheldon

This book examines the struggles encountered by multilingual scholars pursuing careers within global academia, particularly in Spain and Latin American countries. These writers face the disadvantage of having to read and write in a language other than their own. The traditional model of Anglophone universities under which academics have to «publish or perish» has ensured that English is an indicator of excellence in knowledge construction. Given this linguistic inequality, it is important that scholars from non-Anglophone countries are empowered in their efforts to publish in English in international journals, so that new knowledge can be brought to the fore.

By highlighting the dominant English medium conventions, this book provides such scholars with valuable support in ensuring that their research is publishable. It explores the different ways of structuring languages and illuminates the complexities of writing an academic text in a second language. The central message of the book is that the voices of multilingual scholars can make unique and substantial contributions to the reform, expansion, democratization and enrichment of English-dominated academia.

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Utopia in the Present

Cultural Politics and Change

Edited by Claudia Gualtieri

The essays address the cultural politics of our global present. They offer a contribution towards keeping the spirit of utopia alive by practicing it, promoting that the struggle for liberation may continue in an era whose landscape is not inhabited by the presence of great utopian constructs. The collection adapts the idea of utopia to the intercultural present using it as a metanarrative projected towards the future and rooted in local experiences and actions. The book presents an interdisciplinary and anti-canonical perspective, and methodological frames from Cultural Studies and Postcolonial Studies. Imagining social and cultural change outside hegemonic articulations of power is a practice of freedom opposed to the protective drive that raises borders and walls around potential islands to claim the right of keeping them isolated and self-sufficient.

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Geschichte und Wundergeschichten im Werk des Kirakos Ganjakec‘i (13. Jh.)

Armenien zwischen Chasaren und Arabern, Franken und Mongolen

Heiko Conrad

Die mittelalterliche armenische Geschichtsschreibung ist von Bedeutung nicht nur für die Kenntnis der Ereignisse im Gebiet des Transkaukasus, sondern auch Kleinasiens, des Nahen Ostens und Zentralasiens. Ebenso grundlegend ist sie aber auch für das Verständnis der modernen Entwicklungen und politischen Verhältnisse in diesem geographischen Großraum. Wie sehr die armenische mit der Geschichte der gesamten Region verknüpft ist, wird im Werk des Kirakos Ganjekec‘i (d.h. aus Ganjak, dem heutigen Gəncə/Gandscha) anschaulich. Die Darstellung fasst Ereignisse vom 4. bis zum 13. Jahrhundert zusammen und beschreibt Armenien neben kurzen Perioden der politischen Machtentfaltung als Schlüsselposition konkurrierender Großmächte, Schauplatz von Invasionen, Kampfplatz religiös-politischer Konzepte und Durchgangsroute von Handelswegen. Diese Quelle in ihrem Kontext zu analysieren, ist Zielsetzung dieses Buches.

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Transnational Polish Families in Norway

Social Capital, Integration, Institutions and Care

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Edited by Krystyna Slany, Magdalena Slusarczyk, Paula Pustulka and Eugene Guribye

This book provides timely insights into the lives of Polish migrants who have been settling in Norway with their partners and children, especially over the last decade. It brings together Polish and Norwegian scholars who shed light on the key areas of migrant family practices in the transnational space. The contributors critically assess social capital of those living mobile lives, discuss the role of institutions, as well as engage with the broad problematics of caring – both with regard to migrant children raised in Norway, and the elderly kin members left behind in Poland. Further, the authors tackle the question of the possibilities and constrains of integration, pointing to several areas of policy implications of transnationalism for both Poland and Norway.

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Liza Mydin, Hossein Askari and Abbas Mirakhor

Resource Rich Muslim Countries and Islamic Institutional Reforms explores the "resource curse," a condition in which a country’s abundance of natural resources is negatively linked with the country’s development and economic growth, in resource rich Muslim countries. The resource curse puzzle has been studied for over twenty years, with prior researchers looking to prove its existence and explore its causes. Recent studies have begun to indicate institutional failure as a likely cause of the curse, as wealth of resources tends to cause counterproductive behaviors such as rent-seeking, patronage and corruption. The subpar economic performance of resource rich Muslim countries in the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC) could be attributed to the manifestation of a resource curse. Collectively, the member countries of the OIC contribute over 9% of the world’s total GDP with 22.8% of the world’s population. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates alone contribute about 17% of world oil production. Resource rich Muslim countries should be at the forefront of economic performance and growth, yet we see the opposite when we compare the performance of these countries to countries that are not resource rich (such as Spain, France, Hong Kong and Japan). Through an analysis of sample countries, the authors have discovered that natural resources exert a drag on the countries’ economic growth, thereby indicating the presence of the resource curse. Their research also found weaknesses in the quality of institutions as the cause of the curse. To counteract the negative effects of the resource curse in resource rich Muslim countries, the authors provide a number of Islamic institutional reforms.

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Ein Dichter ist eben ein Dichter

Dostojewskij, Russland und die deutsche Literatur

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Edited by Gudrun Goes

Der Band betrachtet die wechselseitige literarische Beziehung zwischen Deutschland und Russland am Beispiel des Autoren Fjodor Dostojewski. Die Beiträge spiegeln den aktiven Dialog, den Gerhart Hauptmann, Thomas Mann, Franz Kafka und Robert Musil in ihren Werken und ihrem Leben mit Dostojewskij führten, wider. Die Autoren geben einen Überblick zu den verschiedenen medialen Rezeptionsprozessen in Deutschland und gehen unter anderem auch dem Phänomen des „guten Herzens" bei russischen Dichtern nach.

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Maximiliano E. Korstanje

Tracing Spikes in Fear and Narcissism in Western Democracies Since 9/11 discusses critically not only the modern obsession with consuming news related to disasters or terrorism as a primary form of entertainment, but also explores the theory of pleasure as it was formulated by the ancient Greeks and continued by Sigmund Freud. Beyond the principle of pleasure was the touchstone of the sense of scarcity, which was rooted in the logic of capitalism. Throughout the 1970s, the society of producers brought about the advent of a society of consumerists; however, after the attacks on the World Trade Center September 11, 2001, things radically changed. The idea of terror, which had been encapsulated within the society of producers, was expanded to become the centerpiece of a new stage of capitalism, Thana-Capitalism, which made the death of others the main commodity for exchange and consumption.