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L’eau et le mouvant

Usages et représentations de l’eau dans l’œuvre de Tacite

Yasmina Benferhat

Quelle importance les Romains accordaient-ils à la présence de l’eau, et jusqu’à quel point celle-ci jouait-elle un rôle dans leur vie quotidienne ? C’est à ces questions que répond le présent ouvrage, en s’appuyant sur l’exemple offert par Tacite, un historien célèbre qui écrivit sous le règne de Trajan, une période particulièrement brillante pour la civilisation romaine alors à son apogée.

En analysant en profondeur les passages de son œuvre où l’eau est présente, que ce soit dans la description de paysages plus ou moins idéaux, dans la présentation d’opérations militaires sur mer et le long de certains fleuves, dans la mise en parallèle des modes de vie des Romains et de leurs adversaires barbares, ou dans la prise en compte du rôle de l’eau dans la religion antique, ce livre se propose d’offrir à notre époque, pour laquelle l’eau devient de plus en plus un enjeu géostratégique, un point de comparaison et une matière à réflexion sur les permanences et les changements depuis vingt siècles. Que peut nous apprendre un Romain des années 100 de notre ère sur les usages de l’eau et ses représentations dans l’imaginaire collectif ?

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Nelly G. Kupper

This book examines the concept of the gaze in the context of narrative fiction. It argues that the gaze in fiction is a tractable factor, identifying the function of characters by way of the gender. The gaze variance and its connection to memory is not new to literary scholarship, but what has been overlooked to date is the fact that the divide exists along the line of gender. The dyad gaze-memory, provided by literary scholarship thus far is erroneous; what emerges instead is a triadic paradigm gaze-memory-gender. The gender divide is reflected in neuroscience, which shows memory processing in man and woman as respectively losing (forgetting) or retaining (remembering) vividness of detail. The discussion focuses on two narratives, one ancient (the Orphic cycle) the other modern (the novel Le Grand Meaulnes) to show that despite the presence of new narrative devices and conventions, the rules of the paradigm are preserved.

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François Morvan

Peut-on aller jusqu'à faire de la traduction vers la langue française la clé de voûte de l'émergence politique et culturelle de la civilisation française ? C'est ce que tente de démontrer cet ouvrage, qui part de l'hypothèse que le traducteur est un créateur à part entière, construisant son époque en empruntant à l'œuvre-source, sans se placer sous son joug.

Partant de là, l'histoire se divise en quatre grandes périodes : la fondation latine et grecque ; la politique d'État de l'imperium français ; l'apogée de la littérature au XIXe siècle ; l'intégration dans une république mondiale des Lettres. La traduction sert tour à tour de ciment politique, d’outil de conquête et de terreau fertile d’un développement esthétique ou scientifique de la langue. Elle manifeste à chacune de ces époques l'essence même de « l'esprit français » : la quête d'universalisme.

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The Poetics of Decadence in Fin-de-Siècle Italy

Degeneration and Regeneration in Literature and the Arts

Edited by Stefano Evangelista, Valeria Giannantonio and Elisabetta Selmi

In the 1880s and 1890s, materialism in art was counterbalanced by attention to the subjective individual experience, expressed in the new modes inaugurated by Symbolism, Decadence and Aestheticism. In particular, Decadent artists and writers inspired the lasting name of an age fascinated by the contemplation of luxury and decay: the fin de siècle. Notions of decadence and degeneration were not limited to aesthetic experience but were regarded as sociological phenomena and attained pseudoscientific status.

This volume explores the themes of degeneration and regeneration in fin-de-siècle Italian culture, collecting together essays by recognized experts as well as younger scholars. The book begins by reflecting on the poetics of decadence, before turning its focus to significant figures of the period and their literary, critical and artistic work, providing analysis from both national and comparative perspectives. Subjects examined include the turn towards idealism of Anna Zuccari, the mysticism and ethics of Fogazzaro, Pascoli and Tolstoy, the influence of German philosophy and European symbolism on Gabriele D’Annunzio’s literary works, the art criticism of Enrico Panzacchi, and the aesthetic regeneration of divas in early Italian cinema.

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Historias de viajes

Una perspectiva plural

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Edited by Flavia Aragón Ronsano

En este volumen las historias de viajes son abordadas desde múltiples y variadas perspectivas, de ahí surge la riqueza del descubrimiento: la visión de los protagonistas de los viajes, sus devenires, sus búsquedas, sus hallazgos, los entornos geográficos en los que se ven envueltos, entornos magnificados o ridiculizados, descritos de manera más realista o idealista según la visión de cada uno; el sentido que adquiere el viaje para cada protagonista según el momento y el lugar es muy variable por supuesto, y también la finalidad del viaje emprendido, el descubrimiento de uno mismo y de lo que le rodea, todo tiene lugar a través del viaje. Desde los relatos de travesías marinas protagonizados por corsarios, los informes científicos de los grandes descubridores o los escritos entusiastas de jóvenes dandis que iniciaban su vida mundana e intelectual realizando el Grand Tour, hasta las peripecias contadas por viajeros eventuales en los suplementos dominicales o las recomendaciones de los modernos trotamundos que podemos encontrar en los blogs, las formas de contar historias de viajes se han hecho innumerables y muy variados los prototipos del viajero.

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Writing for Freedom

Body, Identity and Power in Goliarda Sapienza's Narrative

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Alberica Bazzoni

Sicilian writer Goliarda Sapienza (1924–1996) is increasingly regarded as a central figure in modern Italian literature, especially with the international success of her masterpiece L’arte della gioia [The Art of Joy]. This book offers an in-depth analysis of Sapienza’s major works, identifying their main themes and central poetics, and establishing her originality and significance within the context of twentieth-century Italian literature.

The study follows Sapienza’s autofictional journey from the painful reconstruction of the self in Lettera aperta [Open Letter] and Il filo di mezzogiorno [Midday Thread], to Modesta’s rebellious adventure in L’arte della gioia, to the playful portrayal of childhood in Io, Jean Gabin [I, Jean Gabin] and, finally, to the representation of prison life and queer desire in L’università di Rebibbia [Rebibbia University] and Le certezze del dubbio [The Certainties of Doubt]. Themes of freedom, the body, nonconformist gender identities and sexuality, autobiography and political commitment are explored in connection to a variety of philosophical discourses, including Marxism, feminism, psychoanalysis and queer theory. From a position of marginality and eccentricity, Sapienza gives voice to a radical aspiration to achieve freedom and social transformation, in which writing and literary communication are conferred a fundamental role.

This book was the winner of the 2015 Peter Lang Young Scholars Competition in Women’s Studies.

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Starvation, Food Obsession and Identity

Eating Disorders in Contemporary Women’s Writing

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Edited by Petra M. Bagley, Francesca Calamita and Kathryn Robson

Anorexia, bulimia, binge eating and troubled relationships with food and bodies have been depicted by writers across a variety of languages and cultures, since before the medicalisation of eating disorders in the late nineteenth century to the present day. This cross-cultural volume explores the fictional portrayal of these self-destructive yet arguably self-empowering behaviours in contemporary French, German and Italian women’s writing. Covering autobiography, fiction and autofiction, the chapters included here outline different aspects of the cultural encodings of anorexia in Europe today. Contributors analyse how literary texts not only recount but also interrogate wider cultural representations of eating disorders, particularly with regard to concepts of (gender) identity, the body, the relationship with the mother, and the relation between food and words. This volume seeks to draw out the multiple meanings of anorexia as both a rebellion against and conformity to dominant (and gendered) socio-political structures. It explores the ways in which contemporary women’s novels and memoirs both describe and, importantly, also redefine eating disorders in present-day Europe.
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Edited by Nekane Celayeta, Inés Olza and Carmela Pérez-Salazar

La presente obra es una muestra de la pluralidad de consideraciones científicas que admite el estudio del léxico. Los trabajos aquí reunidos, que versan sobre cuestiones formales o semánticas, de aplicación general o relativas al español, se han elaborado desde variados marcos teóricos y metodológicos (cognitivismo, nanosintaxis, interlinguoculturología, o teoría de lenguajes formales) y para distintas áreas de investigación lingüística (lexicología, traducción, neurolingüística, dialectología, fraseología).

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Loving’s the Strange Thing

Jungian Individuation in the Fairy Tales of Carmen Martín Gaite

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Anne-Marie Storrs

This groundbreaking volume argues that Carmen Martín Gaite and Carl Jung form an ideal combination. All the main features of the Jungian individuation process are present in the Spanish writer’s fairy tales: dreams, shadow figures, wise men and women, the Self, anima and animus. Martín Gaite has been described by the critic Salustiano Martín as trying to offer human beings a different way. In this accessible new study, Anne-Marie Storrs claims that this way is found through the process of individuation – the psychological development of a unique individual – and that aspects of the process are imaginatively depicted in the three shorter fairy tales, El castillo de las tres murallas, El pastel del diablo and Caperucita en Manhattan, and in the novel so closely linked with Hans Christian Andersen’s tale, La reina de las nieves.

Drawing on the work of Jungian writers to clarify and illuminate its argument, this book takes an entirely new perspective on Martín Gaite’s work and, in doing so, challenges the prejudice and suspicion that too many in the humanities and beyond continue to experience when they come face to face with Jung.

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French Feminisms 1975 and After

New Readings, New Texts

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Edited by Margaret Atack, Alison S. Fell, Diana Holmes and Imogen Long

This volume explores contemporary French women’s writing through the prism of one of the defining moments of modern feminism: the writings of the 1970s that came to be known as «French feminism». With their exhilarating renewal of the rules of fiction, and a sophisticated theoretical approach to gender, representation and textuality, Hélène Cixous and others became internationally recognised for their work, at a time when the women’s movement was also a driving force for social change. Taking its cue from Les Femmes s’entêtent, a multi-authored analysis of the situation of women and a celebration of women’s creativity, this collection offers new readings of Monique Wittig, Emma Santos and Hélène Cixous, followed by essays on Nina Bouraoui, Michèle Perrein and Ying Chen, Marguerite Duras and Mireille Best, and Valentine Goby. A contextualising introduction establishes the theoretical and cultural framework of the volume with a critical re-evaluation of this key moment in the history of feminist thought and women’s writing, pursuing its various legacies and examining the ways theoretical and empirical developments in queer studies, postcolonial studies and postmodernist philosophies have extended, inflected and challenged feminist work.