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The Gate Theatre, Dublin

Inspiration and Craft

Edited by David Clare, Des Lally and Patrick Lonergan

The Gate Theatre is one of Ireland’s major theatres. It has produced important new plays by such figures as Brian Friel, Conor McPherson, and Denis Johnston – while also premiering significant works by other writers, including unjustly neglected women dramatists such as Mary Manning, Christine Longford, and Maura Laverty. It has made huge contributions to the art of theatre in Ireland, not only in relation to acting (launching the careers of Orson Welles, James Mason, and Michael Gambon) but also in terms of direction and design. And it has made a major contribution to the world’s understanding of Samuel Beckett, Harold Pinter, and others.

Despite these incredible achievements, the theatre has been the subject of very little critical attention to date. This book redresses this problem; it is, in fact, the very first scholarly essay collection devoted entirely to the theatre. It gathers together leading academics and critics who explore the Gate’s achievements in relation to the development of new Irish writing and new Irish theatre practices. The book is written with scholarly rigour but also in accessible language and would therefore be of interest to anyone with a passion for Irish theatre.

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Freedom Song: Faith, Abuse, Music and Spirituality

A Lived Experience of Celebration

June Boyce-Tillman

This book is an autobiographical account of the development of an authentic interiority. It charts the way in which the Christian faith in which the author was enculturated was refined by her lived experience of music, abuse, forgiveness, interfaith dialogue, gender and vocation (into teaching and priesthood). The author describes how music and spirituality can create a route into forgiveness by creatively transforming («mulching») childhood abuse into celebration. Her work challenges established therapeutic models and suggests a variety of alternative tools, including created ritual.

The volume is set out as a series of meditations on the themes contained in the Lord’s Prayer; it can be read in separate sections, as well as in its totality. The author’s life is perceived as a crystal that can be viewed through various lenses, illustrated by different styles of writing. These include narrative accounts written in a personal style; hymns, songs and poems that condense her thinking around a theme; and more academic reflection, using other people’s writing and experiences to understand her own.

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Edited by Vincent Cotro

Bagatelle, impromptu, burlesque, capriccio, invention, intermezzo..., la liste des genres musicaux relevant de l’esthétique de la miniature est étendue. Pourtant, la multiplicité des « stratégies du bref », analysées dans cet ouvrage, peut être observée au prisme d’une histoire plus large et jusque dans des domaines a priori inséparables de la longue durée (comme l’opéra) ou d’un développement improvisé (comme le jazz).

Si la notion de forme brève en musique suggère d’abord la limitation du format d’une partition ou l’abrègement d’une durée d’écoute, la brièveté doit aussi se concevoir en relation avec une exigence de concision et la recherche d’une densité maximale de l’expression. Fréquent objet de procès et de polémiques aux xixe et xxe siècles en raison de la permanence d’une pensée classique de l’entièreté et de la « grande forme » attachée à toute « grande » œuvre, la brièveté musicale peut aussi refléter des contingences historiques ou des considérations politiques, sociales, économiques ou technologiques. Elle s’enrichit enfin, à l’instar des nombreuses modalités d’enchâssement et de mise en série des formes brèves littéraires à l’intérieur d’un texte, par le dialogue incessant qu’elle instaure avec la longue durée dans les cycles, recueils ou albums enregistrés.

Telles sont quelques-unes des questions abordées au fil des dix-huit contributions de ce volume qui s’attache tant aux stratégies de production qu’aux modalités de réception de la brièveté en musique. Construit en quatre parties respectant un plan chronologique du xve siècle à la période contemporaine, l’ouvrage propose le croisement des regards et des stratégies analytiques et s’intéresse tant aux miniaturistes incontestés que sont Schumann, Schönberg et Webern, qu’à des compositeurs moins connus ou en devenir pour lesquels la forme brève a pu constituer, parfois plus ponctuellement, une échappatoire ou un défi lancé aux systèmes dominants.

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Pictures of the Mind

Surrealist Photography and Film

Ramona Fotiade

Pictures of the Mind is the first integrated study of Surrealist photography and film, assessing the impact of early experimental practice and theoretical discourse on prominent post-war trends in art house cinema. Roland Barthes’s interpretation of the photographic image, alongside Jacques Derrida’s concepts of spectrality and trace, underscore an exploration of the recurrent references to the phantomatic aspect of photography and film in Surrealist theoretical writings and practice. The analysis uses Derrida’s account of the uncanny to shed light on the Surrealist conception of photographic and film images as mental constructs, or pictures of the mind, rather than mere visual representations. This leads to a consideration of the similarities between the Surrealist conception of beauty as fixed-explosive and Gilles Deleuze’s theory of the time-image as applied to Luis Buñuel’s films. Ultimately, the impact of Surrealism on post-war cinema is assessed as part of a wider consideration of the status of photographic and filmic images in the age of digital cinema. The elaboration of an aesthetics of spectrality in early Surrealism is shown to have had lasting implications for a range of post-war filmmakers such as Chris Marker, Maya Deren, Nelly Kaplan, Federico Fellini, Andrei Tarkovsky, Jan Svankmajer, Akira Kurosawa, Alejandro Jodorowsky, Guillermo del Toro, Guy Maddin, Terry Gilliam and David Lynch.

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Andi Stein and Beth Bingham Georges

Entertainment is big business. Whether it’s a favorite television show, an artist at the top of the music charts, a blockbuster film, or a hometown sports team, people love entertainment. In this introduction to the entertainment industry, Andi Stein and Beth Bingham Georges provide a glimpse inside the industry to show how each segment operates as well as the challenges and trends within the business. Each chapter addresses a different segment of the entertainment industry including:

Film

Television

Radio

Theatre

Music

Sports

Theme Parks

Shopping

The book is designed as an introductory text for entertainment studies courses and as an overview of the industry for those looking to pursue careers in the field of entertainment.

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Burkhard-Interpretationen

Symposium 30./31. Oktober 2015

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Edited by Dominik Sackmann

Willy Burkhard (1900–1955) gehörte spätestens seit der Uraufführung des Oratoriums «Das Gesicht Jesaias» (1936) zu den zentralen Komponisten der Schweiz. Rund hundert Werke umfasst sein Œuvre: Kammer-, Klavier- und Orchestermusik. Zudem etablierte er sich mit seiner Orgel- und Chormusik als Komponist für die Kirche. Überschattet wurde sein Leben von einem Jahrzehnt fortwährender Krankheit, die ihn isolierte und zum Aussenseiter stempelte. Wurden die jeweils neu entstandenen Werke um 1950 aufmerksam verfolgt, so ist es seit seinem Tod still um ihn geworden. Höchste Zeit also, um aus verschiedenen Perspektiven Blicke auf sein Werk, seine Persönlichkeit, seine Bedeutung, sein Komponieren, auf einzelne Kompositionen und deren Entstehungsgeschichte, aber auch auf die Aufführungspraxis seiner Zeit zu werfen. Im Zentrum steht die Frage nach der Einordnung von Burkhards Schaffen in die Musikgeschichte, zwischen neoklassizistischen Tendenzen und Zwölftonmusik. Ergänzt werden die Vorträge des Zürcher Symposiums vom Oktober 2015 um Aufsätze zu zwei wichtigen Zeitgenossen: Adolf Brunner und Stefi Geyer.

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Orpheus und die Musik

Metamorphosen eines antiken Mythos in der europäischen Kulturgeschichte

Hermann Jung

Die Macht der Musik ist ein in den europäischen Kulturen von Anbeginn an bis heute faszinierendes Phänomen. Sie ist Thema zahlreicher Mythen, Sagen und Legenden. «Macht der Musik» zeigt sich ebenso im Positiven wie im Negativen, von Arion über König David, Odysseus und die Sirenen bis zum Rattenfänger von Hameln. Doch keiner kann es mit Orpheus aufnehmen. Er ist Vorbild und Urbild für die Macht der Musik, wie diese Studie an ausgewählten Beispielen aus theoretischen Schriften von der Antike bis in die Moderne, aus Dichtung und Bildkunst wie aus musikalischen Kompositionen durch die Jahrhunderte belegt und kommentiert.

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Edited by Jacques Chamay

En Grande Grèce, le bel Adonis a largement inspiré les peintres, en majorité apuliens, qui ont illustré les différents épisodes du mythe, dont la remontée des Enfers, assimilable au renouveau de la végétation, thème en rapport avec la destination funéraire des vases.

Hormis l’arbre à myrrhe, qui lui a donné naissance, trois plantes sont particulièrement associées à Adonis, le myrte, le laurier et le grenadier. Leur représentation est le sujet de cette étude.

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Claire MacNeill

Applied theatre is a continually growing and diversifying field. This book is the first of its kind to examine the use of applied theatre with looked-after children. It interrogates the experiences of young people in care in the UK and the potential of applied theatre as a liberation tool within these settings. Informed by twelve years of practice-based research, the book examines how a central pedagogy was initially developed with young people and front-line staff within a residential children’s home. The author then critiques the ways in which this pedagogy was adapted and expanded to work with other «looked-after», misrepresented and marginalised young people in related settings.

The research presented here describes a unique journey through care homes, children’s prisons and inner-city estates, exploring the possibility of reclaiming childhoods through theatre practice. It asks the questions: what does it mean to be «looked after» and «cared for» by an institution? What are the challenges of developing liberatory practice within rigid and homogenising frameworks? And how can theatre forge radical creative spaces within a network of power and control?

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Edited by Bożena Muszkalska

This book draws attention to the reception of Oskar Kolberg’s folklorist’s work outside of Poland. It also presents the work of other scholars active in Eastern Europe from the nineteenth century to the present day, many of them poorly known, despite their lofty achievements. The contributions by authors from Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Russia, Slovakia and Poland reflect on how Kolberg’s work is being continued by scholars today and how the musical repertoire that he recorded is functioning. This book unites the results of the international conference «The Kolbergs of Eastern Europe», organised by the College of Eastern Europe and the Institute of Musicology of the University of Wrocław.