Browse by title

You are looking at 11-20 of 13,757 items for :

  • Education x
Clear All
Restricted access

L’enfant et la métaphore

Percée socio-culturelle dans les contours normatifs du cognitivisme

Frédéric Cerchia

Symbole de la pensée créatrice pour quelques-uns, sauvageonne illusionniste pour de nombreux autres, la métaphore a plutôt mauvaise presse dans l’histoire de la pensée occidentale qui s’en méfie autant qu’elle redoute la force déstructurante de l’imagination. Le langage quotidien est pourtant truffé de métaphores que l’usage ne laisse plus guère apparaître comme telles mais qui structurent notre expérience du monde.

Cet ouvrage a pour but d’étudier le développement de la compréhension de métaphores chez des enfants âgés de 4 à 10 ans. Après avoir mis à l’épreuve un modèle cognitiviste de compréhension, l’auteur adopte une perspective critique relevant de la psychologie socio-culturelle sur les mêmes conduites des enfants. Ce changement radical de posture permet de décrire comment les enfants mobilisent, à certaines fins communicationnelles, divers artefacts culturels – des personnages de dessins animés ou de BD, des normes sociales ou des expériences personnelles – issus de leur environnement social. Ils démontrent ainsi disposer de compétences socio-cognitives précoces, trop souvent occultées ou considérées pêle-mêle comme « élémentaires » dans les approches plus classiques.

Restricted access

De la connaissance à la compétence

Comprendre ce qui nous permet d’agir et l’évaluer par un QCM. Une recherche fondamentale inédite

Xavier Roegiers

Nous possédons des connaissances, nous obtenons des résultats scolaires, des diplômes… Mais cela nous permet-il pour autant d’agir dans les situations concrètes qui nous sont proposées dans toute leur diversité, du diagnostic médical à la dissertation, en passant par le problème mathématique ou l’évaluation d’un projet ?

Cet ouvrage évoque le déroulement et les résultats d’une recherche tout à fait originale autour de la question : qu’est-ce qui fait que nous sommes compétents ? Qu’est-ce qui fait que nous pouvons agir concrètement pour traiter des situations qui requièrent bien plus que des connaissances ? Elle démonte ces mécanismes inscrits au fond de nous et montre le rôle que jouent respectivement des facteurs cognitifs et émotionnels dans notre capacité à traiter des situations complexes.

Établis à partir d’une base de données de plus de 11 000 personnes, en provenance de 8 pays, sur 3 continents et dans 4 régimes linguistiques différents, les résultats de la recherche font apparaître des résultats parfois saisissants sur ce qui caractérise le potentiel à agir à différents âges, selon le genre, selon les cultures, selon les domaines de compétences.

De manière concrète, elle offre – à partir d’une série de questions à choix multiples (QCM) – la possibilité de déterminer de façon très précise les forces et les faiblesses de chacun(e) en matière de passage à l’action, aussi bien sur le plan émotionnel que cognitif, et pose ainsi les bases de pistes ciblées d’amélioration du potentiel de chacun.

Restricted access

Series:

Belinha S. De Abreu

Mobile Learning through Digital Media Literacy proposes media literacy education as a conceptual framework for bridging mobile technologies in teaching and learning. As cell phones have become more advanced and applications more innovative and fitting, candid conversations are taking place as to how technology can be a purposeful tool in the classroom. Mobile technology already attracts students and encourages text-language development; yet its accessibility affords the potential for more extended use, offering enhancement and flexibility for instructional development. In light of a shared vision of collaboration and growth developing globally within educational circles, this book examines mobile learning as a formal literacy, as a productivity environment for creative growth in and out of the classroom, and as an advancement to social learning through online networks. The book surveys media literacy education—both within the classroom and its extended implications—for concerns of civic participation and data privacy, as more educators and policymakers internationally consider the possibilities of connected classrooms and m-learning on a universal scale.

Restricted access

Series:

Michael A. Peters and Ronald Barnett

The Idea of the University, the first book in a set of volumes from Michael A. Peters and Ronald Barnett, provides readings of central texts in the philosophical discourse of the organization and development of the modern research university. Since von Humboldt’s reforms at the University of Berlin in 1810, the early influential model of the university was intended to achieve a unity of teaching and research in providing students with an all-round humanist education. Emerging from German idealist and Romantic philosophy traditions, the Humboldtian university reflected the central importance of philosophy and the notion of academic freedom—the freedom to teach and to learn.

Over the next two hundred years, scholars developed this discourse, so establishing a canon of texts which are presented in this reader: Kant’s The Conflict of the Faculties, Newman’s The Idea of the University, Heidegger’s The Self-Assertion of the German Universities, Jaspers’ The Idea of the University and Ortega y Gasset’s Mission of the University. Also included here are contributions from other major figures such as Sedgwick, Whelwell, Stuart Mill, Arnold, and Leavis from the English tradition; and Hutchins, Clark, Kerr, and Bok, among others, from the American tradition. The collection concludes by presenting writings from Lyotard, Derrida, Bourdieu, MacIntyre, Said, and Readings who were all concerned at the many limitations being imposed by modernity and, in their different ways, held out for an idea of the university built around critical reason.

With a full-length opening essay by the editors and introductory notes on each of the readings and their authors, this volume constitutes a unique text in the literature on higher education and the university.

Restricted access

Australian Indigenous Studies

Research and Practice

Terry Moore, Carol Pybus, Mitchell Rolls and David Moltow

This book provides a guide to research and teaching in an Australian Indigenous Studies that is oriented toward the diverse, contemporary world. Central to this perspective is a sensibility to the intercultural complexity of that world – particularly its Indigenous component – and an awareness of the interactional capabilities that the Indigenous (and others) need to successfully negotiate it. These capabilities are important for facilitating Indigenous peoples’ goal of equality as citizens and recognition as Indigenous, a goal which this book seeks to address.

The Indigenous Studies presented in this book rejects as unproductive the orientation of orthodox Indigenous Studies, which promulgates the retention of old cultures, positive stereotypes, binary oppositions and false certainties. It adopts a more dialogical and process-oriented approach that highlights interactions and relationships and leads to the recognition of cultural and identity multiplicity, intersection and ambiguous difference.

The book covers key topics such as ancestral cultures, colonisation and its impacts, identity politics, interculturality, intersectionality, structural marginalisation, unit development and teaching complexity. The focus of the book is the development of a sensibility that can shape readers’ perceptions, decisions and actions in the future and guide teachers in their negotiation of intercultural classroom relationships.

Restricted access

New Ways to Teach and Learn in China and Finland

Crossing Boundaries with Technology

Hannele Niemi and Jiyou Jia

This publication will introduce how two different countries promote high quality learning with technology in very different educational systems. The book opens inspiring scenarios how new technological tools and services can be used for promoting students’ learning in schools and higher education, enhancing collaboration in educational communities and supporting teachers’ professional development. The publication focuses on three major themes: Students as knowledge and art creators in playful learning systems, personalized learning supported by mobiles and intelligent tutoring systems with games and new web-based tools identifying learning difficulties, and technology in digitalized learning environments. The book is based on systematic research work in universities.

Restricted access

Kinder sprechen über (ihre) Mehrsprachigkeit

Theoretische Überlegungen und eine qualitative Studie zu Perspektiven mehrsprachig aufwachsender Grundschülerinnen und Grundschüler

Angela Groskreutz

Diese Studie geht der Frage nach, wie Kinder (ihre) Mehrsprachigkeit erleben. In einem qualitativen Untersuchungsdesign kommen dazu mehrsprachige Grundschulkinder selbst zu Wort. Die Ergebnisse liefern vielfältige Einblicke in die Sichtweisen der Kinder sowie Erkenntnisse zu ihrem Sprachbewusstsein und ihrer metasprachlichen Reflexionsfähigkeit. Die Kinder thematisieren zahlreiche Aspekte, wie den familiären Sprachgebrauch, Vor- und Nachteile von Mehrsprachigkeit, Sprachmischungen und (ihr) Sprachlernen in (außer-)schulischen Kontexten. Deren Analyse zeigt das weitgehend ungenutzte Potential auf, das Kinder als Expert_innen ihrer Mehrsprachigkeit und Lebenswelt für die Forschung mit sich bringen. Darüber hinaus lassen sich Konsequenzen für sprachpädagogisches Handeln ableiten.

Restricted access

Language Therapy Space

Teaching English as a Foreign Language to the Visually Impaired

Series:

Beata Wyszyńska

Language can be seen as a therapeutic tool to the visually impaired. The author explores the psycho-linguistic therapy «Touching the World» which is rooted within two areas. The mental one pivots on emotional openness and balance, gained through the sandtray therapy, controlled breathing practice, the Brain Linkage Method, and the edu-kinaesthetic area. The linguistic layer offers a two-pathed differentiation. Lexical and grammar fields are taught through the Re-charged Direct Method, enriched with sand and water experiments, based on tactile-audible perception. The author’s suggestions to explore language as a therapy tool show how deeply the possibilities and discoveries are hidden in a language teaching-learning process.

Restricted access

Einarbeitung in Unternehmen

Vergleichende Fallstudien zur Einarbeitung von Berufseinsteigenden auf mittlerer Qualifikationsebene in Deutschland und Frankreich

Marthe Geiben

Während im allgemeinbildenden Bereich die Erwartungen an Absolvierende recht homogen sind, gestalten sich diese in der Berufsbildung als sehr heterogen. Die Autorin geht davon aus, dass eine Auseinandersetzung mit dem Prozess der Einarbeitung hilfreich ist, um Fragen des Übergangs von Absolvierenden einer beruflichen Bildung zu beleuchten. Im Rahmen einer vergleichenden Studie kann sie dabei das Thema des kulturellen Einflusses integrieren und diskutieren. Auf dieser Basis erfolgt die Auseinandersetzung mit dem Konzept der Einarbeitung sowie mit kulturtheoretischen Überlegungen. Die Auswertung der Ergebnisse vertieft die Autorin mit Hilfe einer Sekundäranalyse quantitativer Daten und durch Fallstudien in Deutschland und Frankreich.

Restricted access

Uncovering English-Medium Instruction

Glocal Issues in Higher Education

Branka Drljača Margić and Irena Vodopija-Krstanović

English-medium instruction (EMI) is a complex educational innovation and a prerequisite for active participation in the process of internationalizing academia. Given its impact on today’s universities, it is crucial that EMI should be effectively and responsibly implemented.

This book draws on a range of theoretical and empirical insights to explore the implications of EMI for stakeholders and describe the measures that should be taken to capitalize on its strengths and respond to its challenges. Using questionnaires, interviews and classroom observation, the authors investigate two academic communities – one that has undertaken instruction in English and one that has not – to weave together teacher and student attitudes, experiences, expectations and needs, along with comparative findings from classroom practice in Croatian and English.

By analysing EMI in a local academic context against the backdrop of the global higher education landscape, this book offers a glocal perspective and opens up new avenues for reflection and action that will be relevant to
educational institutions undergoing change.