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Zwischen Sprache und Geschichte

Vicos Methode beim Umgang mit Recht und Naturrecht

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Edited by Matthias Kaufmann, Fabrizio Lomonaco and Giuseppe Cacciatore

Die Art, wie die Geschichtsphilosophie Giambattista Vicos Reflexionen über Rechtsformen, Naturrecht und Sprache verknüpft, bietet Anstöße für die heutigen Debatten um Rechtsstaatlichkeit und kulturelle Verschiedenheit. Die hier vorliegenden Beiträge kreisen um Vicos sprachbezogene Methode, beziehen die Diskussionen seines Zeitalters zu verschiedenen Gebieten ebenso ein wie Bezüge zu aktuellen Problemen. Inhaltlich liegt ein Schwerpunkt bei der Rechts- und Naturrechtsthematik, da ein erheblicher Teil der Texte zunächst bei der internationalen Tagung «Giambattista Vicos De Universi Juris Uno Principio, et Fine Uno im Kontext der europäischen Naturrechtstradition und Vicos Bedeutung für die heutige Debatte», die 2015 in Halle stattfand, zur Diskussion gestellt wurde.

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Human Genetic Selection and Enhancement

Parental Perspectives and Law

Marta Soniewicka and Wojciech Lewandowski

Among all human practices, procreation seems the most paradoxical. It starts as a fully personal choice and ends with the creation of a new subject of rights and responsibilities. Advances in reproductive genetics pose new ethical and legal questions. They are expected to prevent the transmission of genetic diseases to progeny and also to improve genetically-endowed mental and physical attributes. Genetic selection and enhancement may affect a child’s identity, as well as the parent-child relationship. The authors are committed to a pluralistic approach that captures all aspects of this relationship in terms of moral virtues and principles. They elucidate that most of the conflicts between parental preferences and a child’s rights could be resolved with reference to the meaning and nature of procreation.

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Secular, Scarred and Sacred

Education and Religion Among the Black Community in Nineteenth-Century Canada

Jerome Teelucksingh

Secular, Scarred and Sacred: Education and Religion Among the Black Community in Nineteenth-Century Canada focuses on the paternal yet exclusionary role of Protestant Whites and their churches among refugee slaves and free Blacks in nineteenth-century Upper Canada—many of whom had migrated to Canada to escape the dreaded system of slavery in the United States. This book contends that White Protestant churches provided organizational, social and theological models among Black communities in Canada. Author Jerome Teelucksingh further explores how Black migrants seized the educational opportunities offered by churches and schools to both advance academically and pursue an ideal of virtuous citizenship that equipped them for new social challenges.

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Roger B Alfani

Religious Peacebuilding in the Democratic Republic of Congo analyzes the contributions of three churches at both the leadership and the grassroots levels to conflict transformation in Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo. While states have long been considered main actors in addressing domestic conflicts, this book demonstrates that religious actors can play a significant role in peacebuilding efforts. In addition, rather than focusing exclusively on top-down approaches to conflict resolution, Religious Peacebuilding in the Democratic Republic of Congo incorporates viewpoints from both leaders of the Catholic, 3ème Communauté Baptiste au Centre de l’Afrique and Arche de l’Alliance in Goma and grassroots members of these three churches.

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Éthique chrétienne et bien commun

Vers une justice globale et un futur équitable face à l'impact du changement climatique

Alain Boubag

Il n’est pas toujours aisé d’établir une relation entre la théologie et les phénomènes scientifiques complexes comme le changement climatique. La complexité du changement climatique requiert de ne pas s’arrêter uniquement sur le concept de climat, mais d’ouvrir des brèches sur les sciences de l’écologie et de l’environnement. L’auteur tente de répondre à la question suivante : comment l’éthique chrétienne, basée sur les notions de bien commun et de tempérance, peut-elle contribuer à relever le défi du changement climatique en ce 21ème siècle ? Ce travail fait recours à la méthode historico-analytique dont l’auteur se sert particulièrement dans les deux premiers chapitres où il analyse le caractère scientifique qui entoure le changement climatique. La méthode historique regardera de manière détaillée et scrupuleuse les faits et données scientifiques sur lesquels les hommes de science s’appuient pour démontrer l’existence scientifique du changement climatique. La méthode analytique aidera à examiner la nature et la place du bien commun dans le contexte actuel de la crise climatique.

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European Sources of Human Dignity

A Commented Anthology

Mette Lebech

This anthology brings together texts of significance for the conceptualisation of human dignity as a constitutional principle in Europe from the earliest evidence until 1965. It divides into four parts, respectively presenting the ancient, the medieval, the early modern and the modern sources. As far as human dignity is a constitutional principle, its history follows closely that of the constitution of states. However, various traditions of human dignity, understanding it to rely on features unrelated to the state, combine in the background to reflect the substance of the idea. The introductions to texts, chapters and parts narrates this history in relation to the texts presented to reflect it. The aim is to provide for scholars and students of law, philosophy, political science and theology a collection of texts documenting the history of the concept of human dignity that is sufficiently comprehensive to contextualise the various understandings of it. A structured bibliography accompanies the work.

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Relating through Prayer

Identity Formation in Early Christianity

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Maria Louise Munkholt Christensen

This book analyses early Christian texts on prayer. These texts provide a rich perspective on the formation of Christian identity in the early church. The primary sources investigated are the four earliest known treatises on prayer in Christian history, written by Clement, Origen, Tertullian and Cyprian in the beginning of the third century. Prayer and identity have both individual and collective expressions, and theological treatises reveal an interplay between these phenomena. The book examines the relational character of Christian prayer: how prayer establishes a relationship between the individual and God; how other social relations are reinforced by prayer in direct and indirect ways; and how individual Christians are connected to their own self in prayer.

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Theodor Rütter

Person zu sein: Was bedeutet das für die Ethik der Zukunft und für unsere Moral heute im Umgang mit uns selbst und im mit einander?

Diese Frage wirft sich aus einem aktuellen Problem auf

− Aus der Digitalisierung aller Lebensbereiche und damit zunehmender Depersonalisierung;

− Aus modernen Technologien und damit verbundenen Ideologien, die immer tiefer in unseren Umgang mit einander und mit uns je selbst eindringen;

− Aus philosophischen Konzepten, die an Hirnforschung und Künstlicher Intelligenz orientiert das Personsein manchen menschlichen Wesen aberkennen und manchen Rechenmaschinen zuerkennen.

Das Buch entfaltet die Antwort auf die in seinem Titel aufgeworfene Frage historisch und systematisch: aus praktischer Vernunft, die sich an den Verstand wendet, das heißt, aus der raison du cœur.

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Edited by Cezary Korzec

The presence in the Bible of texts (i.e. Exo 21; Num 25; Deu 7) about violence and pointing to God as its direct agent raises many doubts in the contemporary reader. These texts understood literally can be read as an encouragement to aggression and hatred.

A closer study of this type of texts based on modern research methods (i.e. historical criticism) allows a deeper understanding of their meaning and loosens their relation to God. The study of texts points that the Bible or any part of it cannot be a pretext for any kind of aggression or hatred.

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Edited by Dilek Arlı Çil and Nihal Petek Boyaci

The social and technological developments, social movements, scientific discoveries, economic growth or diseconomies give rise to many problems for human beings. Many disciplines such as economics, political science, architecture, sociology and psychology discuss these problems and offer solutions from different perspectives. Philosophy has its own way of dealing with these problems. As opposed to the common belief, philosophy does not only deal with ideals independently of what is going on in real life. The problems of the contemporary philosophy are also the problems of the contemporary world. For this reason, this book aims to present and discuss certain philosophical problems in the contemporary world and to suggest solutions to them.