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«De-Sign» in the Transmodern World

Envisioning Reality Beyond Absoluteness

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Farouk Y. Seif

De-Sign in the Transmodern World integrates design and sign by revealing the mutual reciprocities between design and semiotics, and bridging the gap between humanities and sciences. By recognizing the global scope of semiotics and tolerating the uncertainty associated with design, human beings can go beyond absoluteness and become able to envision a desirable reality in the transmodern world.

This publication examines the fusion of design and semiotics, which is at the core of evolutionary love that encourages us to go beyond what we conventionally perceive into what we are imaginatively capable of interpreting. As semiotic animals, we are capable of developing awareness, relationships, and mediation toward semiosis of an undivided wholeness in flowing movement. Human beings have unlimited »semioethical« responsibility toward each other and toward other-than-human systems. This ethical implication depends on our ability to liberate ourselves from the fallacy of absolute reality.

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Schriftsprachliche Positionierungen

Eine pragmalinguistische Untersuchung historischer Paratexte

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Jessica Weidenhöffer

Das Buch liefert ein Modell für die Analyse schriftbasierter Positionierungen. Am Beispiel von Englischlehrwerken, die in der Zeit von 1760 bis 1841 für Sprecher/-innen des Deutschen erschienen sind, werden Handlungsoptionen der Produzierenden vorgestellt. Positionierungen zeigen sich in Form sprachlicher und typographischer Verfahren zur Signalisierung, Anbahnung und Aufrechterhaltung eines produzenten- und publikumsseitigen Engagements. Zudem umfassen sie Prozesse der Verortung von Personen im sozialen Gefüge und den Einsatz argumentativer Muster zur Kauf- und Nutzenüberzeugung. Die Positionierungsanalyse gibt Einblick in Sichtweisen, die im historischen Kulturraum Englischunterricht dominant waren und teils heute noch kommuniziert werden.

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Edited by Teodora Radeva-Bork and Peter Kosta

The book offers a comprehensive overview of current research in Slavic linguistics from a theoretical and experimental perspective and from a variety of languages. The selected papers from the 11th European Conference on Formal Description of Slavic Languages (FDSL 11) that took place at the University of Potsdam in 2015, illustrate the advancement of Slavic linguistic studies and their outreach for the development of general linguistics. The guest paper by Noam Chomsky at the beginning of the book sets a clear sign in this direction and may be taken as an acknowledgement of the field.

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Marcin Walczyński

The book presents a study into the trainee interpreters' and certified interpreters' subjective experience of psycho-affective factors in consecutive interpreting. In the form of four case studies, the book offers an insight in how the subjective experience of anxiety, fear, language ego/language inhibition/language boundaries, extroversion/introversion, self-esteem, motivation and stress conditions and affects consecutive interpreting performance. What emerges from the study is that the interpreter's psycho-affectivity is a continually operating and intricate mechanism which may impact on nearly all constituents of the consecutive interpreting process and that its potential causes may lie in virtually all – even the seemingly unimportant – aspects of the interpreting process.

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Lingüística experimental y contraargumentación

Un estudio sobre el conector del español

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Laura Nadal

Esta monografía sustenta experimentalmente estudios teóricos sobre el significado procedi-mental y la contraargumentación. El análisis expuesto hace posible determinar desde una perspectiva cognitiva, a partir de datos obteni-dos mediante la lectura controlada por eyetrac-king y mediante test de comprensión, el valor del conector argumentativo sin embargo duran-te el procesamiento de enunciados. Se confirma que esta relación discursiva necesita ser marca-da: el uso de sin embargo asegura la adecuada reconstrucción de una implicatura basada en la cancelación de inferencias. La investigación muestra que la combinación de enfoques teóri-co-descriptivos con el enfoque experimental constituye un método eficaz para el desarrollo de estudios aplicados (traducción, enseñanza de lenguas o escritura).

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Przemysław Żywiczyński and Sławomir Wacewicz

This book discusses the scope and development of the science of language evolution – a newly emergent field that investigates the origin of language. The book is addressed to audiences who are not professionally involved in science and presents the problems of language origins together with introductory information on such topics as the theory of evolution, elements of linguistic theory, the neural infrastructure of language or the signalling theory.

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Genustransfer durch «Thinking for Speaking»

Kognitive Muster und ihre Bedeutung für den DaF-Unterricht

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Katharina Hirt

Wie wirken sich kognitive ‚Thinking for Speaking’ Muster auf das Fremdsprachenlernen aus? Dieser Frage geht die Autorin mithilfe einer empirischen Untersuchung an deutschen Muttersprachlern nach, die Genustransfer anhand der Pronominalisierung und Kategorisierung von belebten, nicht-menschlichen Referenten (Tiernomen) beim Sprechen des Englischen erforscht. Chinesische und englische Muttersprachler dienen als Vergleichsgruppe. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass der Genustransfer durch eine unbewusste Fehlinterpretation des Genus zum Sexus ausgelöst wird. Die Existenz solcher kognitiven Muster bedeutet, dass das Erlernen einer neuen Sprache das Erlernen neuer Muster erfordert. Die Autorin folgert, dass die Genusvermittlung einen höheren Stellenwert im DaF-Unterricht erhalten sollte, um die kognitive Umstrukturierung zu fördern.

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Edited by Susanne Fuchs, Joanne Cleland and Amélie Rochet-Capellan

Learning and memory processes are basic features of human existence. They allow us to (un)consciously adapt to changes in our social and physical environment in a variety of ways and may have been a precursor for survival in human evolution. Through several reviews and original work the book focuses on three key topics that enhanced our understanding of the topic in the last twenty years: first, the role of real-time auditory feedback in learning, second, the role of motor aspects for learning and memory, and third, representations in memory and the role of sleep on memory consolidation.

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Contents, Use, Usability

Dictionaries from the Perspective of a Translator and a Language Teacher

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Edited by Dorota Osuchowska and Lucyna Harmon

This book is directed at lexicographers and professionals in Translation Studies and English Language Teaching. Chapters by translation scholars alternate with chapters by teachers of English; within them, sections on the contents of the works discussed alternate with sections on their use and/or usability. Each of the chapters offers a glimpse of interesting research possibilities that practice raises, the issues we need to investigate and explain, as well as how to turn some of this research into practical action.

The book proves that dictionaries continue to play an important part in our daily and academic lives, though it is not always clear how they should fit into the overall pattern of curriculum design, teaching materials or learning styles.

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Language and Belonging

Local Categories and Practices in a Guatemalan Highland Community

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Rita Vallentin

In this book, the author introduces belonging from a sociolinguistic perspective as a concept that is accomplished in interaction. Belonging can be expressed linguistically in social, spatial and temporal categories – indexing rootedness, groupness and cohesion. It can also be captured through shared linguistic practices within a group, e.g. collectively shared narrative practices. Using conversation analysis and an analysis of narrative as practice bolstered with ethnographic knowledge, the author shows how belonging is tied to locally contextualized use of deictics and to collectively shared narrations of the past in a Guatemalan community. The book examines the understudied phenomenon of belonging at the intersection of pragmatics and linguistic anthropology.