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Colleges at the Crossroads

Taking Sides on Contested Issues

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Joseph L. DeVitis and Pietro A. Sasso

Focusing on crucial issues in higher education, this book challenges readers to go beyond taken-for-granted assumptions about America’s colleges and universities and instead critically examine important questions facing them in today’s troubled world. Each chapter presents divergent perspectives, that is, "pro" and "con" views, in the hope of stimulating reasoned dialogue among students, faculty, administrators, and the public at large. Readers will explore how internal factors in the academic community often interact with external social, economic, and political influences to produce conflictual results. They will see that academe is hardly value-neutral and inevitably political. This book urges them to transcend strident political persuasion and instead engage in the careful analysis needed to make colleges better.

The text provides in-depth appraisal of key topics of controversy: the purposes of higher education, liberal education, academic freedom, political correctness, tenure, shared governance, faculty workload, admissions tests, student learning, Greek life, the worth of college, equity and social justice, athletics, student entitlement, technology and distance instruction, and college amenities. The book will appeal to students, faculty, staff, and all those interested in the future of higher education. It is especially useful for courses in contemporary issues in higher education, foundations of higher education, higher education and society, college student development, and the organization and administration of higher education.

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Maximiliano E. Korstanje

Tracing Spikes in Fear and Narcissism in Western Democracies Since 9/11 discusses critically not only the modern obsession with consuming news related to disasters or terrorism as a primary form of entertainment, but also explores the theory of pleasure as it was formulated by the ancient Greeks and continued by Sigmund Freud. Beyond the principle of pleasure was the touchstone of the sense of scarcity, which was rooted in the logic of capitalism. Throughout the 1970s, the society of producers brought about the advent of a society of consumerists; however, after the attacks on the World Trade Center September 11, 2001, things radically changed. The idea of terror, which had been encapsulated within the society of producers, was expanded to become the centerpiece of a new stage of capitalism, Thana-Capitalism, which made the death of others the main commodity for exchange and consumption.

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Marie-France Burgain

Vingt ans après la sortie du premier tome, l’univers des Harry Potter est toujours présent en librairie, au cinéma et sur Internet mais également, depuis l’été 2017, sur une scène de théâtre londonienne. Cet ouvrage analyse les processus d’écriture et de réécriture à l’oeuvre à l’intérieur et autour de cet univers de fiction. En effet, les choix stylistiques et littéraires de l’auteure encouragent une lecture à la fois captive et distanciée qui peut expliquer, en grande partie, la projection des lecteurs dans ce monde et leur envie de le retrouver et de le prolonger à travers de multiples médias.

Ce livre porte premièrement sur les formes d’écrit présentes dans l’oeuvre et les jeux mis en place autour de l’écrit dans les intrigues, ceux-ci étant classés selon les genres littéraires dans lesquels s’inscrit le texte de Rowling.

Il aborde ensuite la question des jeux proposés par la romancière à ses lecteurs, développe une analyse de son écriture, qualifiée de ludique, visuelle, réflexive et manipulatrice, et explique en quoi cette oeuvre transgénérationnelle propose plusieurs niveaux de lecture. En s’appuyant sur les théories de la réception, cette étude s’intéresse particulièrement aux façons de solliciter la mémoire, l’esprit de déduction et la culture des lecteurs.

Enfin, ce livre traite des réécritures des romans de J.-K. Rowlingdans les médias ou sous forme de traductions, de parodies ou de copies publiées. Il présente également les pratiques transfictionnelles et transmédiatiques qu’a inspirées et inspire toujours l’heptalogie. Ces dernières se déclinent en livres, films, jeux vidéo, fanfictions ou encore en productions théâtrales mais proposent aussi d’autres formes de réappropriation de l’oeuvre dont le tatouage féérique est un exemple significatif.

C’est en analysant de plus près tous ces phénomènes que cet ouvrage permet de mieux comprendre en quoi Harry Potter est un phénomène culturel sans équivalent.

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Wei Wang

While migrant workers become the backbone of China’s fast growing economy, internal migration and its impacts on various aspects of social life in China have been an increasing concern of both the Chinese general public and the academics. It is timely, therefore, that identities of and stances towards migrant workers represented in China’s media are subject to discourse analysis and sociolinguistic research. This book examines how identities of and stances towards migrant workers have been constructed, transformed and mediated in China’s media discourse, and it investigates the media strategies and practices constructing these media products. This book provides a comprehensive study of how the media representation of migrant workers is interacting with the sociocultural transformation in China. The findings and discussions of the book offer critical insights into media discourse and practice in contemporary China which will be of interest to scholars and research students in discourse studies, sociolinguistics, media and communication studies, and China studies.

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Dale Hample

Interpersonal Arguing is an accessible review of scholarship on key elements of face-to-face arguing, which is the interpersonal exchange of reasons. Topics include frames for understanding the nature of arguing, argument situations, serial arguments, argument dialogues, and international differences in how people understand interpersonal arguing. This is a thorough survey of the leading issues involved in understanding how people argue with one another.

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Incarner le droit international

Du mythe juridique au déclassement international de la Belgique (1914-1940)

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Vincent Genin

La Guerre de 1914-1918, par son caractère global, ses innovations technologiques, ou encore son degré de violence, marque une étape significative de l’histoire contemporaine. La Belgique, premier pays du front Ouest à être envahi, se situe aux premières loges de cette nouvelle phase historique. La neutralité « perpétuelle, permanente et garantie » de ce territoire est violée, en transgression du droit international public. Ce point d’ancrage semble propice à l’étude d’un milieu ayant peu attiré l’attention des historiens : les juristes belges de droit international. Cette étude est à même de mieux nous informer sur les caractéristiques de ce milieu professionnel en soi, concerné au premier chef par l’acte inaugural de la guerre, sur ses pratiques, ses codes, ses réseaux internationaux, le positionnement des juristes, mais aussi, en négatif, de nous renseigner sur un aspect méconnu de l’image de la Belgique et de sa position dans la hiérarchie internationale, à savoir sa contribution au droit international. L’évolution de ce milieu et de ce qu’il représente, à l’aune de la Guerre de 1914-1918, reconnue pour avoir accéléré la juridicisation des relations internationales, constitue l’essentiel de l’angle d’approche adopté par notre recherche. Ces réflexions nous mènent à la problématique générale de cet ouvrage, que l’on peut énoncer comme suit : dans quelle mesure les juristes belges de droit international public, de 1914 à 1940, ont tissé des réseaux internationaux, ont été des indicateurs de l’évolution de la Belgique dans la hiérarchie internationale et, surtout, ont été influencés par l’expérience de la Guerre de 1914-1918, en tant que génératrice d’une mémoire influant sur les modes d’expressions et de représentations de ce groupe social ?

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UnCommon Bonds

Women Reflect on Race and Friendship

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Marcella Runell Hall and Kersha Smith

UnCommon Bonds: Women Reflect on Race and Friendship is a collection of essays written by women from across the United States. The essays unapologetically explore the challenges of developing and maintaining cross-racial female friendships. One of the primary goals of UnCommon Bonds is to resist simplifying cross-racial friendships. Instinctively, we believe there is unique joy and pain in these relationships that is never easy to summarize. Thus, we invited authors to submit narratives that challenge assumptions, disclose struggles, and celebrate the complex sisterhood between women of different races. UnCommon Bonds will entice a broad audience, ages 18-75. The essays in this book are written by women from various races, ethnicities, economic classes, sexual orientations, religions, and geographic areas. We believe many women will relate to the ideas and experiences explored in this book, as well as, men may also find these essays interesting windows into understanding the give and pull of cross-racial friendships.

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Patrick Maxime Michel

Le colloque organisé les 2-3 mai 2014 à l’Université de Genève avait pour but de donner une vue d’ensemble des connaissances sur les rites liés aux portes ou la ritualisation des passages à travers les portes dans l’Antiquité, plus précisément en Egypte, en Mésopotamie, en Anatolie, en Grèce et dans le monde biblique. Conçu sur deux journées, le colloque donnait d’une part la parole aux jeunes chercheurs de l’Université de Genève, d’autres part à des spécialistes internationaux.

Qu’on les traverse, qu’on les construise, qu’on cherche à les protéger, il existe tout un ensemble de pratiques rituelles spécifiques aux portes que les différentes contributions du recueil vont aborder. Il offre donc diverses réflexions tant sur les génies des portes que sur les rites de passage qu’on traite des portes urbaines, des portes de temples ou des portes de tombes.

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May Spangler

Paris in Architecture, Literature, and Art is a wide-ranging textbook that capitalizes on the little exposure liberal arts students have to architecture and the popularity of Paris. Designed for a college course in the Humanities, it also lends itself for a High School course or a study abroad program in Paris.

 The course focuses on Paris, which throughout history has been the stage and experimental ground for artists and intellectuals from all over the world, making it the crucible of western thoughts and consummate material for an interdisciplinary study. Each chapter presents a cultural movement such as Gothic, Classical, Romantic and Modern that are predominant in the Parisian landscape. The interdisciplinary approach promotes critical thinking, inspiring students to identify and translate aesthetic principles from one discipline to another, and explore, for instance, what an Impressionist literature or a Cubist architecture might be.

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Erika and Klaus Mann

Living with America

Beverley Driver Eddy

Erika and Klaus Mann: Living with America provides new insights into the lives of Thomas Mann’s two eldest children, by focusing on their years in America. It begins with Erika and Klaus Mann’s self-promotional tour of the United States in 1927–1928, and follows up with their return in 1936 as voluntary exiles determined to fight the spread of Nazism in Europe. As children of privilege and considerable personal charm, Erika and Klaus Mann quickly became highly visible representatives of the German exile community.

In examining their lives in America, the United States plays a central role. Just as the Manns’ views of America evolved between 1936 and 1952, so did American public opinion and government policy. This study examines Erika and Klaus Mann’s public and private statements, while also examining statements made about them by American journalists, politicians, book critics, and F.B.I. and immigration officers. It follows the Mann siblings’ rise in America as celebrity representatives of an "other," better Germany, and the forces that began to rally against them even before the outbreak of the war. It shows the many concrete actions the Mann siblings took to persuade Americans to view their country as one linked to European interests, and it describes their various war activities, with Erika becoming a U.S. war correspondent and Klaus an American soldier. Finally, it portrays their fears for America as the war drew to a close, America deployed the atom bomb, and the nation quickly transformed itself from Russian ally to Cold War combatant.