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Muslim Women and White Femininity

Reenactment and Resistance

Haneen Shafeeq Ghabra

Muslim Women and White Femininity: Reenactment and Resistance is a much-needed book in a time when Muslim women are speaking out but also embodying White femininity. This book focuses on how Whiteness travels through Muslim women’s bodies, who in turn reenact or resist White womanhood, by examining three relevant archetypes: the Oppressed, the Advocate, and the Humanitarian Leader. The author aims to demonstrate the necessity of archetypal criticism as a method that can teach the reader or student how to deconstruct dominant discourses in the media. This book aims to address intercultural, gender, intersectional and critical communication courses but is also suited for those in the general public who wish to understand the deceptive nature of the media. Thus, at a time where Muslim women are being used as media objects by Western media, this book is crucial in analyzing how readers can begin to uncover dominant ideologies that are carried through and by Muslim women.

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Edited by Benedetta Brevini and Justin Lewis

It is now more than a quarter of a century since the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published their first comprehensive report on the dangers posed by anthropogenic global warming. Over the last twenty-five years the weight of evidence about the causes and consequences of climate change has become compelling. The solutions are fairly simple—we must switch to more sustainable and efficient forms of energy production. And yet they remain elusive—globally we produce significantly more greenhouse gases now than we did back in 1990. The sad truth is that this inaction has made climate change inevitable—the only question that remains is whether we can prevent it spiraling out of control.

How do we explain this colossal global failure? The problem is political rather than scientific: we know the risks and we know how to address them, but we lack the political will to do so. The media are pivotal in this equation: they have the power to set the public and the political agenda. Climate Change and the Media, Volume 2 gathers contributions from a range of international scholars to explore the media’s role in our understanding of the problem and our willingness to take action. Combined, these chapters explain how and why media coverage has, to date, fallen short in communicating both the science and the politics of climate change. They also offer guidance about how the media might shift from being the problem to becoming part of the solution.

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Artisanat et design

Un dessein indien ?

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Edited by Philippe Bouquillion, Julie Peghini and Catherine Servan Schreiber

Très renommés, et commercialisés à l’échelle internationale, le design et l’artisanat indiens s’affirment avec succès. Les productions artisanales attirent chaque année de milliers de touristes. Le Made in India, avec ses couleurs acidulées et ses formes attractives, investit les foyers comme les industries culturelles. Les designers indiens, qu’ils soient formés au National Institute of Design (NID) ou à New York, travaillent dans le monde entier. Pourtant, peu de recherches ont été conduites sur ce sujet. Cet ouvrage se propose d’apporter des pistes de réflexion sur les relations entre le design et l’artisanat et la dynamique qu’elles suscitent. Il est le fruit de la collaboration de trois équipes : l’équipe « Industries culturelles indiennes. Scènes artistiques et littéraires » r du CEIAS (CNRS EHESS), le CEMTI et le LabSIC. Le groupe de recherche ainsi formé s’inscrit à la croisée de l’anthropologie et des sciences de l’information et de la communication.

Notre démarche s’est appuyée sur des enquêtes de terrain et des entretiens avec des artisans et des designers, ces derniers venant tant du design industriel que du design à ambition artistique. De même, des experts et personnalités du monde du design et des acteurs du design étrangers intervenant en contexte indien ont été rencontrés. L’ouvrage inclut également, notamment grâce à un travail commun avec la revue Take On Art, les analyses de chercheurs indiens et d’acteurs du domaine. Les artisans présentés dans l’ouvrage relèvent d’une grande pluralité de disciplines, se situent en zones rurales et urbaines dans divers états de l’Inde et proviennent de cadres sociaux et religieux différents. La perspective artistique, – et tout spécialement l’art contemporain –, est aussi représentée, en particulier dans ses manifestations urbaines.

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Literacy Then and Now

A Study of Modern and Contemporary Literacy Practices

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Alice S. Horning

In Contemporary times, the fundamental nature of literacy remains unchanged; it is for this reason that the lessons of 1880 to 1930 are still quite relevant. The opening chapter sets the parameters by defining the key terms, Modernism, Literacy and Transition. The second chapter offers a selective look at some religious organizations’ support for literacy, focusing on the main religious groups in the United States in the Modern period: Christianity, Judaism and Islam, presenting focused literacy case studies, including Chautauqua among Protestants, the Reform movement among Jews, and the leadership of key writers and journalists among the Muslims, and demonstrating their sponsorship of literacy. NGOs’ contributions to literacy, discussed in the third chapter, show the importance of reading groups, literary societies, settlement houses, unions and corporations to literacy development. The government, too, supported literacy activities, through various programs like the Moonlight Schools in Kentucky and admittedly with mixed results, the boarding schools for Native Americans, as well as in libraries. Finally, there are the formal educational programs for literacy in K-12 schools as well as colleges and universities. The lessons arising from this review suggest, first, that the psycholinguistic character of reading remains consistent over time, place and delivery system; while sponsors play a key role, self-motivation is a driving force in literacy development; finally, although literacy is in an on-going state of transition, the need for critical literacy continues to be an urgent, widespread and essential goal.

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International Public Relations

Practices and Approaches

Edited by Mehmet Umut Tuncer

Today, globalisation has reached its peak not only due to economic integration, but also by the multiplier effect stemmed from digital communication technologies. The concept of «global village», mentioned nearly half a century ago by Marshall McLuhan, confronts us as actual reality. Of course, this approach creates radical impact on all management practices.

Public relations is one of the management instruments which is affected most by the emergent change in approach within this context. In this volume, the authors define public relations through an international perspective within the context of both theory and practice. Consisting of fifteen sections, the book describes what intra- and extra-organisational public relation theories and practices correspond to in the present day.

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Media and Digital Modernism

New Communication Environments

Edited by Sefer Kalaman and Bilal Süslü

New technologies have brought about radical changes in almost all areas of life. The best concept to describe this period is «digimodernism» in which there occur many transformations, from shopping to information, socialization to banking, education to communication. People, who become increasingly dependent on technology, computer and internet, are forced to attach themselves to the new social structure in a society that changes in parallel with digitalization. The Digimodern period has substantially affected the media as almost every point of life and caused great transformations. At this point, the main theme of the book is to reveal the structure of the media in the digital period.

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Edited by Arthur S. Hayes

Franklin Delano Roosevelt used radio fireside chats to connect with millions of ordinary Americans. The highly articulate and telegenic John F. Kennedy was dubbed the first TV president. Ronald Reagan, the so-called Great Communicator, had a conversational way of speaking to the common man. Bill Clinton left his mark on media industries by championing and signing the landmark Telecommunications Act of 1996 into law. Barack Obama was the first social media presidential campaigner and president. And now there is President Donald J. Trump.

Because so much of what has made Donald Trump’s candidacy and presidency unconventional has been about communication—how he has used Twitter to convey his political messages and how the news media and voters have interpreted and responded to his public words and persona—21 communication and media scholars examine the Trump phenomenon in Communication in the Age of Trump. This collection of essays and studies, suitable for communication and political science students and scholars, covers the 2016 presidential campaign and the first year of the Trump presidency.

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Steve Hallock

From the cardinal Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court ruling that desegregated U.S. public education to the demonstrations, marches, and violence of the civil rights movement, A History of the American Civil Rights Movement Through Newspaper Coverage: The Race Agenda, Volume 1 traces the crusade for justice through the lens of major newspaper coverage to reveal the combating sectional press attitudes of the era. The book details attempts, blatant and subtle, to frame the major events of the movement in themes that have resonated from before, during, and since the Civil War. States’ rights versus constitutional guarantees of freedom and equality, nullification versus federal authority, and regional social and cultural mores that buttressed the prejudices and political arguments of segregation and desegregation across the nation are some of the issues covered. This analysis of the press coverage of events and issues of that tumultuous period of U.S. history—by newspapers in the North, South, Midwest, and West—exposes perspectives and press routines that remain ingrained and thus relevant today, when journalistic treatment of political debate, ranging from traditional newspapers and broadcast platforms to those of cable, social media, and the Internet, continues to set an often volatile and oppositional political agenda.

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Alexis S. Tan

This book identifies and analyzes priorities, themes, projects and publications in the world’s leading communication research institutes, centers and doctoral programs. It also presents an assessment of the state and future of communication research by prominent international scholars in communication. Using these data sources, the book provides a comprehensive review of communication and media research outside the United States, a critical gap in the literature. It is a useful reference for U.S. and international communication scholars, and can be a textbook for graduate and undergraduate courses in international communication, global communication and communication theories.

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To the Next Station

Papers on Culture and Digital Communication

Edited by Maria José Corvo Sánchez and Benigno Fernández Salgado

Internet has radically transformed our ways to communicate in an increasingly globalised world. From an interdisciplinary perspective, this book aims to explore the consequences of technological revolution in Communication.

This collection of articles discusses social and economic dynamics of digital and technological upheaval. Each contributor approaches the issue from a different frame of reference: translation, advertising, big data and memory, new uses and practices in mass media, effects on journalism, education and free time.