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Augie Fleras

Citizenship in a Transnational Canada offers a distinct look at the prospect of rethinking citizenship in a contested world of shifting narratives, evolving models, ongoing challenges, and future possibilities. The book’s central theme embodies a critical awareness that we no longer live in a national citizenship world but rather in one reorganized around the emergent realities, discourses, and practices of a postcitizenship world that is reshaping how we think, talk, and do citizenship. A new vocabulary is thus required for thinking, talking, and doing citizenship if there is any hope of formulating a narrative consistent with a world of posts, trans, and isms.

The book is also premised on the assumption that the citizenship concept is experiencing an identity crisis ("what it is?") and a crisis of confidence ("what should it be doing?") in an increasingly diverse, changing, and complex world, disenchanted with the certainties of the past although unsure of what lies in store. New citizenship narratives and practices are emerging that not only challenge the conventional citizenship model of a single nation-state within a territorially bounded framework but also capitalize on the complexities of transmigrant identities across a networked web of transnational linkages, postnational realities, and a postmulticultural world of diverse-diversities. No less salient are the postcolonial politics that accompany the politicization of Indigenous peoples’ citizenship arrangements commensurate with their constitutional status as "the (de facto) sovereigns within."

The paradoxes and possibilities that accompany the conceptual makeover of national citizenship regimes along "postcitizenship" lines are explored as well across the settler domains of Canada and (to a lesser extent) the United States, Aotearoa/New Zealand, and Australia.

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Célébrer Salazar en France (1930–1974)

Du philosalazarisme au salazarisme français

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Olivier Dard and Ana Sardinha-Desvignes

« Célébrer Salazar ». La formule peut étonner mais c’est bien l’idée d’une forme de laudatio rendue des années 1930 aux années 1960 au dirigeant de l’Estado Novo portugais (1889–1970) par une partie des élites françaises que cet ouvrage entend mettre en lumière. La recherche s’appuie ainsi sur le dépouillement des archives de Salazar mais aussi sur les papiers du critique et écrivain António Ferro, l’homme qui fut aux origines de la création de cette image de Salazar en France. Du côté français, ont été mobilisés des dizaines de livres, des centaines d’articles publiés dans les quotidiens et les revues, quatre décennies durant. La plupart de leurs auteurs décrivent avantageusement le régime portugais et son dirigeant qu’une partie de privilégiés parmi eux a réussi à rencontrer pour en dresser un portrait qui va parfois jusqu'au panégyrique. Car le regard positif porté sur Salazar, principalement dans les milieux de droite conservatrice et radicale français, exprime un soutien à l’homme et aux principes qu’il incarne. Le philosalazarisme tient ainsi une place notable dans l’histoire politique et intellectuelle française contemporaine. Son étude enrichit l’histoire des réceptions et des transferts à travers celles des circulations et des réseaux à l’œuvre entre les bords du Tage et de la Seine, notamment après 1945 où il faut compter avec les exilés français installés à Lisbonne. Mais cette histoire n’est pas linéaire. L’entre-deux-guerres campe Salazar en Cincinnatus européen, héritier d’Henri le Navigateur. Au tournant des années 1950, c’est un Salazar humanisé que propose la journaliste Christine Garnier dans Vacances avec Salazar. Enfin, les quinze dernières consacrent le « Sage de l’Occident » que ses thuriféraires opposent aux modèles soviétique, cubain ou chinois et bien sûr à une Cinquième République gaullienne dont la politique algérienne est mise en regard des efforts de Salazar pour conserver l’empire portugais.

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Building Regionalism from Below

The Role of Parliaments and Civil Society in Regional Integration in Africa

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Korwa G. Adar, Giovanni Finizio and Angela Meyer

This edited book provides a comprehensive and comparative analytical overview of parliamentary bodies and civil society in Africa, both at the regional and national level, and their role in the ongoing regionalisation processes on the African continent. Gathering contributions from African and European experts, the book offers a collection of actual and historical facts and information, critically analyses the evolution, potential and effective place of parliamentary bodies and civil society in the context and development of regional cooperation and integration, and discusses major challenges that still need to be overcome.

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Antifragility of Islamic Finance

The Risk-Sharing Alternative

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Umar Rafi and Abbas Mirakhor

Antifragility of Islamic Finance: The Risk-Sharing Alternative explains how risk-sharing, as defined under Islamic finance, makes financial systems antifragile. It highlights the benefits of 100% equity-based finance over debt-based finance.

The recent financial crisis has given rise to discussions on a new approach to risk management called antifragility. This concept specifies conditions under which systems become resilient to shocks caused by Black Swans—highly unpredictable outlier events that have a major negative (or positive) consequence when they occur, with their occurrence only explained retrospectively. Per this concept, the long-term survivability of any system centers exclusively on its antifragile nature, that is, its ability to absorb and even benefit from Black Swan–type shocks. This book aims to investigate risk-sharing Islamic finance as an antifragile system.

As a by-product of the Great Recession, the problems of debt-based financial systems are starting to be highlighted by industry and by academia. The antifragile solution for avoiding future financial crises is primarily centered on moving the existing financial system towards more equity and less debt, thereby introducing skin-in-the-game into financial transactions. This book introduces a model of a 100% equity-based financial system, centered on risk sharing, as a possible alternative to the contemporary debt-based, conventional financial system, which is based on risk transfer and on risk shifting. In essence, this book attempts to provide a practical model for an antifragile financial system by evaluating the characteristics of Islamic finance under the criteria of antifragility.

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1866, une querelle d'Allemands?

Perceptions croisées et mémoire(s) d’un moment clé de l’histoire européenne

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Jean-Noël Grandhomme

De juin à août 1866, une guerre fratricide (Deutscher Krieg ou Deutscher Bruderkrieg) oppose l’Empire d’Autriche, suivi par la plus grande partie de la Confédération germanique, au royaume de Prusse, allié à une quinzaine de petits États allemands et au royaume d’Italie. Étape décisive de l’unification de l’Allemagne, parachevée par la guerre contre la France en 1870, le conflit de 1866 est lourd de conséquences pour la suite de l’histoire européenne. On le présente souvent comme le triomphe d’une Allemagne protestante marquée par le militarisme et l’autoritarisme d’une Prusse agressive et expansionniste sur une germanité méridionale catholique, censée davantage cultiver le goût des arts que celui des armes. Cette vision simpliste a cependant fait l’objet de multiples révisions. En même temps, ce conflit forme une partie intégrante du processus d’unification de l’Italie.

Après avoir retracé les faits, sans doute pour la première fois de manière aussi détaillée en français, cet ouvrage s’intéresse à la perception des événements par les puissances européennes, mais aussi par les acteurs et spectateurs locaux, ainsi qu’à ses multiples conséquences proches ou lointaines, abordant finalement la mémoire de cette guerre.

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Lars Östman

Since the beginning of the 1990s, the German artist Gunter Demnig has been installing his Stolpersteine [Stumbling Stones] all over Europe – including Russia – to commemorate the victims of National Socialism. Today, the Stolpersteine constitute the world’s second largest Holocaust monument. In this book the author addresses some of the most crucial issues raised by these memorial stones.

Taking as his point of departure the philosophy of Giorgio Agamben, Michel Foucault and Martin Heidegger, the author discusses the juridico-political structure of the Third Reich in which the victims lived and perished and identifies a new paradigm for the commemoration of Third Reich victims. The subject of commemoration is in fact not the dignified subject of law, but the naked life of the Muselmann: he who can neither live nor die. This book analyses the challenge of the problem of history that the Stolpersteine testify to, and it discusses whether a unique monument such as the Stolpersteine can somehow restore what was once taken from the victims.

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Blick Mead: Exploring the 'first place' in the Stonehenge landscape

Archaeological excavations at Blick Mead, Amesbury, Wiltshire 2005–2016

David Jacques, Tom Phillips and Tom Lyons

Edited by David Jacques

The Stonehenge landscape is one of the most famous prehistoric places in the world, but much about its origins remains a mystery and little attention has been paid to what preceded, and thus may have influenced, its later ritual character. Now, the discovery of a uniquely long-lived Mesolithic occupation site at Blick Mead, just 2km from Stonehenge, with a detailed radio carbon date sequence ranging from the 8th to the late 5th millennium BC, is set to transform this situation.  

This book charts the story of the Blick Mead excavations, from the project’s local community-based origins to a multi-university research project using the latest cutting-edge technology to address important new questions about the origins of the Stonehenge landscape. Led by the University of Buckingham, the project continues to retain the community of Amesbury at its heart. The investigations are ongoing but due to the immense interest in, and significance of the site, this publication seeks to present the details of and thoughts on the findings to date.

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Sir David Nairne

The Life of a Scottish Jacbobite at the Court of the Exiled Stuarts

Edward Corp

For nearly forty years David Nairne was actively involved in the administration of Jacobite politics. A member of the exiled courts of the Stuart Kings James II and James III, he worked for and with a succession of Jacobite secretaries of state, conducting the Jacobite correspondence, deciding on Jacobite policies and negotiating with the courts of Versailles, Lunéville and Rome. Moreover, he enjoyed particularly close relations for most of the period with both of the exiled kings. Despite this, his name is not well known to most historians of the period, so this completely new and original biography will restore him to the prominent and influential position which he occupied at the time. Nairne was both an observer and a participant in the struggle of the exiled Stuart monarchs to regain their kingdoms between 1689 and the end of the 1720s. The chance survival of many of his papers has made it possible to reconstruct a full account of his life from his birth in Scotland in 1655 until his death in Paris in 1740.
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Napoleon's Other War

Bandits, Rebels and their Pursuers in the Age of Revolutions

Michael Broers

The wars of Napoleon are among the best-known and most exciting episodes in world history. Less well known is the uproar the armies stirred up in their path, and even more, the chaos they left in their wake. The «knock-on effect» of Napoleon’s sweep across Europe went further than is often remembered: his invasion of Spain triggered the collapse of the Spanish Empire in Latin America, and his meddling in the Balkans destabilised the Ottomans. Many places had been riven with banditry and popular tumult from time immemorial, characteristics which worsened in the havoc wrought by the wars. Other areas had known relative calm before the arrival of the French in 1792, but even the most pacific societies were disrupted by these conflagrations. Behind the battle fronts raged other conflicts, «little wars» – the guerrilla (the term was born in these years) – and bigger ones, where whole provinces rose up in arms. Bandits often stood at the centre of these «dirty wars» of ambushes, night raids, living hard in tough terrain, of plunder, rapine and early, violent death, which spread across the whole western world from Constantinople to Chile. Everywhere, they threw up unlikely characters – ordinary men who emerged as leaders, bandits who became presidents, priests who became warriors, lawyers who became murdering criminals. In studying these varying fortunes, Michael Broers provides an insight into a lost world of peasant life, a world Napoleon did so much to sweep away.

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Secrets d’atelier

Céramique antique, techniques et savoir-faire

Patrizia Birchler Emery, Jacques Chamay, Frederike van der Wielen-van Ommeren and Fiorella Cottier-Angeli

Fruit de la collaboration entre l’Association Hellas et Roma et l’Unité d’archéologie classique de l’Université de Genève, cet ouvrage se veut à la fois catalogue d’exposition et manuel sur les techniques antiques de production de céramique : 122 objets de la Collection Ostraca sont présentés dans des notices détaillées et des articles rédigés par des spécialistes.

Les techniques employées par les potiers de l’Antiquité constituent un sujet d’étude de grande importance, très débattu et sans cesse renouvelé.

L’intérêt suscité par ladite exposition a convaincu les organisateurs de ne plus se contenter de la plaquette publiée à cette occasion, mais de travailler à un catalogue en bonne et due forme. On peut considérer le présent ouvrage comme un véritable manuel, à l’usage tant du grand public que des spécialistes.