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Staatenlexikon Europa

Geographie, Geschichte, Kultur, Politik und Wirtschaft

Edited by Andreas Dittmann and Wolfgang Gieler

Das Staatenlexikon vermittelt grundlegende Kenntnisse zu Geographie, Kultur, Politik und Wirtschaft der Staatenwelt Europas. In alphabetischer Reihenfolge – von Albanien bis Zypern – werden insgesamt 50 Staaten behandelt. Die Besonderheit des Lexikons besteht in der Analyse gegenwärtiger gesellschaftspolitischer und ökonomischer Entwicklungen als historisch bedingten Prozessen. In kompakter Form werden Informationen auf aktuellem Stand über die Bedingungen und Strukturen, Interessen und Ziele der Politik der Staaten Europas untereinander und in der internationalen Arena geboten. Zielgruppen sind vor allem Wissenschaftler, Studierende, Dozenten, Journalisten und sonstige Mittler politischer Bildung sowie alle politisch Interessierten. Ein Grundlagenwerk, das zur differenzierten Beurteilung Europas im Wandel beiträgt. Dabei wird der Begriff «Europa» räumlich großzügig interpretiert und auch über Ost- und Südosteuropa hinaus bis zum Kaukasus ausgedehnt.

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Edited by Martin Wieser

Dieser Band vereint jüngere Forschungsarbeiten zur Geschichte der Psychologie im Nationalsozialismus. Begriffliche und theoretische Wurzeln, die fachliche Entwicklung und die praktische Anwendung psychologischen Wissens zwischen „Machtergreifung", „Anschluss" und „totalem Krieg", aber auch Biographien von Psychologinnen und Psychologen zwischen Komplizenschaft und Verfolgung werden beleuchtet. Auch die bisher wenig beachtete Rezeption der NS-Psychologie im Ausland sowie die Nachwirkungen der NS-Zeit in der BRD kommen zur Sprache. Über alle Beiträge hinweg wird deutlich, dass der Prozess der Aufarbeitung auch im siebten Jahrzehnt nach Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs keineswegs abgeschlossen ist, sondern ein höchst lebendiges Forschungsfeld der Psychologiegeschichte repräsentiert, dessen Erkenntnisse auch heutige Fragen und Probleme der Psychologie berühren.

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Ireneusz Krzemiński

This book is a collection of essays which span three decades, capping research into the Polish Solidarity movement and its impact on social change. The major one reports on the author’s 1981 study on the formation of the Solidarity movement and trade union, one of two research projects on Solidarity carried out at the time. The idea of debating (deliberative) democracy fostered by Solidarity proved an unfulfilled utopia. It was abandoned by the new political elite and by Poles, who used freedom to develop individual, ambitious and aggressive career paths in order to attain West-European living standards. While Polish religiosity and the Catholic Church, led by Pope John Paul II, vitally promoted peaceable resistance to communism, now the Church has morphed into an anti-democratic political and cultural actor.

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Deutschsprachige Zionismen

Verfechter, Kritiker und Gegner, Organisationen und Medien (1890–1938)

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Edited by Lisa Sophie Gebhard and David Hamann

Der moderne Zionismus bildete nie eine politische Einheit, sondern vielmehr eine heterogene Bewegung. Wie ihre ZeitgenossInnen waren auch die ZionistInnen in ihrer ideologisch-politischen Entwicklung von gängigen Wissens- und Ideenbeständen beeinflusst und verhandelten in dieser Zeitgebundenheit ihre Vision(en) von einer künftigen jüdischen Heimstätte. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes analysieren AkteurInnen, Agitationsmittel und Diskurse innerhalb der vielseitigen zionistischen Bewegung, die als ‚Zionismen‘ apostrophiert werden. Die AutorInnen hinterfragen herkömmliche Narrative im Hinblick auf individuelle und kollektive Strategien der Identitätsbildung. Sie beleuchten zudem das spannungsreiche Verhältnis der ZionistInnen untereinander sowie ihre ambivalenten Beziehungen zu nichtzionistischen Gruppen.

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Gemeine Dirnen und gute Fräulein

Frauenhäuser im spätmittelalterlichen Österreich

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Michael M. Hammer

Frauenhäuser, die Bordelle spätmittelalterlich-frühneuzeitlicher Städte, stellen ein Phänomen mediävistischer Forschung dar, das an Aktualität kaum verloren hat. Die Existenz der geordneten Prostitution hat nicht nur wirtschaftliche, sondern auch ordnungspolitische Gründe. Sie diente vorwiegend zum Erhalt eines friedlichen gesellschaftlichen Zusammenlebens. Die Dirnen des Frauenhauses nahmen dadurch eine Sonderrolle innerhalb der heterogenen Randgruppen ein. In den Gebieten des heutigen Österreich und Südtirol florierten Bordelle in städtischem oder herrschaftlichem Besitz. Dieses Buch beleuchtet das Frauenhauswesen in jenem Raum erstmals systematisch aus sozialer, rechtlicher und wirtschaftlicher Sicht und ordnet die Quellenbefunde einzelner Standorte in das überregionale Gesamtbild der Frauenhausprostitution ein.

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Piotr Franaszek, Paweł Grata, Anna Kozicka-Kołaczkowska, Mariusz Ruszel and Grzegorz Zamoyski

This book is dedicated to the life and work of Ignacy Łukasiewicz, Polish pharmacist whose world-renowned achievements include construction of the world’s first oil refinery and invention of the modern kerosene lamp. The authors also portray the history of the Galician oil industry and set it in the context of political, social and technological changes taking place in the 19th-century Central and Eastern Europe.

"The work adds substantially to existing scholarship in English. As the author of the only English-language academic monograph devoted to a general history of the Galician oil industry, I can attest that this manuscript adds significant and important information, details, depth of investigation that is not provided in my book or any other book. It therefore makes a novel contribution that will be very valuable to anyone looking for a truly detailed account of Ignacy Łukasiewicz’s contribution within the context of the Galician oil industry in general."

Alison Frank Johnson

Professor of History and of Germanic Languages and Literatures

Harvard University, Center for European Studies

 

"The authors sketch the profiles of two outstanding Poles, pioneers of the oil industry – Ignacy Łukasiewicz, MSc. in Pharmacy, and mining engineer and geologist Witold Zglenicki, called the Polish Nobel (...) This scientific work is an interesting and captivating read. It can be used not only by scientists and students, but also by everyone who is interested in industrial cultural heritage (...)."

Krzysztof Broński

Professor and Head of Department of Economic and Social History

Economic University in Kraków

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Mapping Ultima Thule

Representations of North Greenland in the Expedition Accounts of Knud Rasmussen

Agata Lubowicka

The book addresses the relationship between the literary representations of North Greenland and the Inughuit people in Knud Rasmussen’s expedition accounts The New People and My Travel Diary and the historical process of Danish colonization of North Greenland. The aim of reading both works is to demonstrate the ambivalence in representing North Greenland and the Inughuit, and, through this, to prove the existence of common mechanisms and cultural practices connected to mapping of the Other in a situation of asymmetric power relations. Applying a textual approach founded on colonial discourse analysis, the reading proves that literary mappings of geography and identity can never be stable, as they are in the state of constant transformation, perpetually recontextualized and reinvented.

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The Many Faces of Crisis

An Analysis of Crisis Management from an Economic and Political Perspective

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Edited by Marek A. Cichocki and Tomasz Grzegorz Grosse

The authors of the book examine the phenomenon of crisis from the perspective of political and economic science. The texts of the book are focused on four aspects of the crisis: (1) the development problem, (2) the structural problem, (3) the management problem and (4) the problem of the weakening legitimacy of a specific crisis-stricken system. This book offers a proposal for a methodological approach to the evaluation of crisis reality and to research on the ways of overcoming the crisis by state authorities. The four proposed aspects of the analysis are an attempt to view the crisis from various perspectives, which are interrelated and not always clearly separable.

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Edited by Eamon Maher, Eugene O'Brien and Brian Lucey

This book looks at various effects, symptoms and consequences of the period in Irish culture known as the Celtic Tiger. It will trace the critical pathway from boom to bust – and up to the current beginnings of a similar, smaller boom – through events, personalities and products. The short entries offer a sense of the lived experience of this seismic period in contemporary Irish society.

While clearly not all aspects of the period could realistically be covered, the book does contain essential information about the central actors, events, themes, and economic trends, which are discussed in a readable and accessible manner. Each entry is linked to the overall Celtic Tiger phenomenon and its immediate aftermath.

The book also provides a comprehensive account of what happened in this period and will be a factual resource for anyone anxious to discover information on the areas most commonly connected to it. All entries are written by experts in the area. The contributors include broadcasters, economists, cultural theorists, sociologists, literary critics, journalists, politicians and writers, each of whom brings particular insights to some aspect of the Celtic Tiger.

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Europe: Civilizations Clashing

From Athens to the European Union

Piotr Jaroszyński and Lindael Rolstone

European culture is rich with diversity and character, developing, maturing, and emerging throughout the course of history. The authors of the book examine the complex nature and multifaceted culture of Europe, developed throughout time, through the lens of philosophy and theology. The authors cover the period from the Persians to the European Union and notice that clashes occurred and reoccurred throughout European history, which had an impact on Europe’s identity. Greece clashed against Persia. Islam clashed with Christianity. Christianity clashed within itself during the protestant reformation. The European Union now clashes with Christianity.