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Peter Suren

The double canoe constituted the backbone of Polynesian culture, since it enabled the Polynesians to enter and conquer the Pacific. In Tonga, a center of Polynesian navigation, two types were known: the tongiaki and the kalia. Contrary to most contributions, the author argues that the Tongans were not only the Western Pacific masters of navigation, but also of canoe designing. Typical of Polynesian canoes was the sewing technique which can be traced back to ancient India but was also practiced in Pharanoic Egypt and southern Europe. The legend of the magnetic mountain is to be viewed in this context. Oceanic navigation, which declined during the 19th century, had developed its own means of orientation at sea, including astronomy and meteorology.

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Reinventing Love?

Gender, intimacy and romance in the Arab world

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Edited by Corinne Fortier, Aymon Kreil and Irene Maffi

Affective and sexual intimacy are sensitive issues in the Arab World. However moments of closeness between men and women have always been possible, perhaps even more so today, thanks to the spread of mixed-gender social spaces and new communication technologies. Further, while undeniably embedded in gendered relations of power, love is a highly ambivalent field of experience that involves a good deal of negotiation between partners and with family and can stand in tense relationship to patriarchal domination. Often, however, romantic love is contrasted with love after marriage. This book precisely explores the relationship between love and marriage in the contemporary Arab world. By sketching the paths of amorous encounters in the Arab world, it introduces the reader to the conflicting configurations that shape love practices, providing new insights into a still-emerging field of inquiry. It examines notions of gender, intimacy and love through ethnographic case studies that offer an insight into current dynamics in Egypt, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Tunisia and the United Arab Emirates.

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Psychologie in Köln

Ein Fach und ein Institut entstehen

Inga Rapp

Wie entsteht ein neues Fach? Wie verläuft der Weg von „Mode" zu ernsthafter Forschung? Welche Rolle spielen Politik, Kirche und Zeitgeschichte dabei? Das Buch enthält die erste umfassende Darstellung der Institutionalisierung des Faches Psychologie an der Universität zu Köln.
Der methodische Ansatz verfolgt drei Stränge: die Entwicklung der Fachdisziplin Psychologie, die konkrete Institutionsgeschichte sowie die Biographien der wichtigsten Protagonisten dieses Zeitraums. Der Jesuit Johannes Lindworsky gründete das Psychologische Institut während der Weimarer Republik; der Wehrpsychologe Robert Heiß belebte es während des Zweiten Weltkrieges erneut. Ihrer beider Assistentin Maria Krudewig gehörte zu den wenigen Frauen, die in der damaligen Zeit studieren durften.

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Suspensions

Control Processes in Eastern Europe from Iconoclasm to Cybernetics

Wladimir Velminski

suspension, n. [1]

1. the act of suspending.

2. the state of being suspended.

3. temporary abrogation or withholding, as of a law, privilege,

decision, belief, etc.

4. stoppage of payment of debts or claims because of financial

inability or insolvency.

5. Chem. a. the state in which the particles of a substance are mixed

with a fluid but are undissolved. b. a substance in such a state.

6. Physical Chem. a system consisting of small particles kept dispersed

by agitation (mechanical suspension) or by the molecular motion in

the surrounding medium (colloidal suspension).

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Yana Milev

Seit das Ende des Kommunismus auf 1990 festgeschrieben und der Unrechtsstaat DDR der Justiz übergeben wurde, inszenieren neue Institutionen, Stiftungen und Behörden auf Bundesebene den ökonomischen, kulturellen und moralischen Erfolg des Rechtsstaats. Dabei wird die Mehrheit der Neubürger mit Schockereignissen des krassen sozialen Wandels und der gesellschaftlichen Stigmatisierung konfrontiert. Konzepte wie «Transformation», «Modernisierung», «Demokratisierung» treten als Euphemismen auf, die über eine neoliberale Annexion des Ostens hinwegtäuschen. Das Investmentprojekt «Aufschwung Ost» ist ein Laborfall der Globalisierung. Über eine Aufarbeitung der DDR im Totalitarismus- und Diktaturenvergleich hinaus ist eine Soziologie der Landnahme, des Gesellschaftsumbaus und des strukturellen Kolonialismus in Ostdeutschland längst überfällig. Das Forschungsprogramm «Entkoppelte Gesellschaft. Liberalisierung und Widerstand in Ostdeutschland seit 1989/90. Ein soziologisches Laboratorium» will im dreißigsten Jahr der «Einheit» diesem Thema mit einer mehrbändigen Publikation Rechnung tragen.

Der Band «Anschluss» widerlegt den Mythos von der «friedlichen Revolution» und von der «Wiedervereinigung» dessen, was zusammengehört und geht der These nach, dass Liberalisierung die Fortsetzung des Krieges mit anderen Mitteln ist. Der Band belegt die zeithistorischen Zusammenhänge für den koordinierten Staatsanschluss der DDR an die BRD und zeigt auf, warum die basisdemokratische Reformbewegung 1990 scheitern musste.

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Edited by Désiré Manirakiza

Le loisir sportif est tellement ancré dans les habitudes des Camerounais qu’il a réussi à s’imposer dans les calendriers hebdomadaires. Mais Quel sens revêt cet activisme? À l’encontre du paradigme dominant suivant lequel les sociétés modernes vouent un culte au loisir libre et désintéressé, cet ouvrage soutient que la pratique du sport collectif, notamment le football et le basketball – respectivement «deux-zéro» et «bonbon» – ne repose pas simplement sur des besoins de loisir et de divertissement. L’arène ludo-sportive camerounaise apparaît comme un espace stratégique de déploiement de multiples rationalités sociales et de nombreux enjeux qui confrontent et associent des interactants (négociation des espaces d’insertion professionnelle, des lieux de transactions politiques et sexuelles, etc.); elle est un terrain de jeu où des acteurs viennent se rencontrer pour échanger des ressources et des capitaux. Echappant à la lecture exclusivement récréalogique du loisir, l’ouvrage documente avec une grande précision comment, dans un pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest tel que le Cameroun, la pratique du sport-loisir s’inscrit au plus près d’un contexte socio-économique, ainsi que des préoccupations et des problèmes quotidiens rencontrés par celles et ceux qui s’y adonnent. Dans ces termes, cette pratique est à comprendre d’abord comme une ressource et un espace d’opportunités propre à construire des réseaux de relations et d’échanges. Cet ouvrage est donc aussi une invite à discuter les théories du loisir sportif libre et désintéressé et permet, conséquemment, de sortir des catégories européo-centrées habituellement mobilisées dans l’étude du sport-loisir.

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The anthropological perspective of the world

The inductive method illustrated

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Dominique Desjeux

What connection can there be between the Corps des Mines in France in the 1960s, the exhumation of the dead in Madagascar and sorcery in the Congo in the 1970s, mass distribution in France, urban riots on suburban estates, DIY in the United States in the 1990s, the rise of the Chinese middle class, uses of the SMS in Poland, shopping in Denmark, the economic crisis of 2008 and the emergence of competitive convergence in the 21st century between the West and Asia, starting from the year 2000, etc.? And yet all of these parts of the daily life of consumers, companies, administrations and citizens are linked by the invisible thread of globalisation. All of this gains a sense when we observe that a new global middle class of consumers is in the process of emerging and transforming the whole interplay of social forces which traverse all societies.

This book presents an inductive method in action, as it has been put in practice in almost 50 years of qualitative investigations in fields, offices, trains, kitchens, bathrooms or living rooms, and in Europe, Asia, Africa, the United States and Brazil. The author promotes a new form of anthropology of modernity, showing that not everything in the life of society, the market, the family or the individual can be observed at the same time. The scale of observation needs to be changed in order to see things appear or disappear depending on the focal length chosen. Understanding the world requires mobile knowledge.

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Edited by Lazar Fleishman and Fedor B. Poljakov

The volume consists of 27 essays dedicated to Vladimir Khazan, the leading specialist in Russian-Jewish relationship and in the study of 20th century Russian literature. The essays deal with Blok, Bely, Akhmatova, Babel, Jabotinsky, Remizov, and Nabokov. The volume introduces unknown documents and facts that elucidate new aspects of Polish-Russian, German-Russian, Russian-Baltic, and Russian-French literary contacts, reveal unknown details about post-Stalinist Soviet "samizdat" and the story of publication of Pasternak’s "Doctor Zhivago". Among the contributors are such distinguished scholars as Konstantin Azadovsky, Oleg Budnitskii, Stefano Garzonio, Mirja Lecke, Leonid Livak, Magnus Ljunggren, Paolo Mancosu, Piotr Mitzner, Boris Ravdin, and Roman Timenchik

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Edited by Rasim Yilmaz and Günther Löschnigg

The second volume of «Studies on Balkan and Near Eastern Social Sciences» is a collection of empirical and theoretical research papers in the social sciences regarding the Balkans and the Near East written by researchers from several different universities and institutions. The studies include a wide range of topics from economic, financial, political, agricultural, sociological, international relations to historical, cultural, and feminist issues in the region of the Balkans and the Near East. The book is aimed at educators, researchers, and students interested in the Balkan and Near Eastern countries.

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Edited by Anindita Banerjee and Sonja Fritzsche

The first collection of its kind, this anthology documents a radically different geography and history of science fiction in the world. Western, specifically Anglo-American, SF is not the only hub of the global trade of alternative realities and futures. Rather it is but only one of several competing flows and circuits of distribution, contacts, influence, translation, adaptation, and collaboration, across space and time. The essays collected here focus on arguably the biggest and most influential of those competing hubs: the socialist world and its extensive cultural networks across the global South and East. Written by scholars from around the world, the chapters address the «other» transatlantic of the Caribbean, Latin America, African America, and the Soviet Union; the surprising multitude of transnational networks behind the Iron Curtain; and asymptotic and subterranean discourses across Russia, India, and China. Science Fiction Circuits of the South and East is intended for scholars, students, and fans interested in science fiction, popular culture, comparative literature, film studies, postcolonialism, techno-science, translation studies, and the literature and cultures of China, Cuba, Germany, India, Mexico, Poland, and Russia.