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Imagining Iran

Orientalism and the Construction of Security Development in American Foreign Policy

Jonathon Patrick Whooley

Imagining Iran constructs and assembles American foreign policy through critical security studies discourse analysis and Orientalist descriptions of key actors within the presidential administrations of Lyndon Baines Johnson through Ronald Reagan (1965–1989). This book is essential reading for those who are interested in learning about how foreign policy making is conducted, how theories directly affect the process of foreign policy making, and how the shah and Iran served US interests. It also discusses the larger question of why the US uses autocratic proxies to pursue its nominally human rights and democracy-based goals.

Students of foreign policy, Middle East studies, and critical security studies, as well as Iran experts, can benefit from this historical deep dive on policy making. The internal conversations, diary entries, and previously classified documents and briefings tell the story of how the US imagined Iran, and why that ideational construction proved to be such a dominant and pernicious image for 26 years, the reverberations of which are still felt today in our modern conception of what Iran is and what Iranians can do through the lens of American foreign policy.

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Edited by Sophie Guermès and Brigitte Krulic

Penseur « européen » par ses expériences personnelles et ses attaches familiales, Edgar Quinet a élaboré une approche profondément originale des variantes nationales de formation des États-nations et d’acculturation à la démocratie. Cet ouvrage se propose de dégager la dimension européenne de sa pensée, ainsi que les expériences, personnelles et intellectuelles, qui ont influencé sa perception du mouvement des nationalités à travers l'Europe.

Son enfance coïncide avec l’épopée napoléonienne, sur laquelle il méditera ; il est adolescent lorsque commencent les révolutions issues de la recomposition de l’Europe après 1815 ; il participe à l’expédition de Morée et voit la Grèce accéder à l’indépendance en 1829 ; il soutient les partisans du Risorgimento ; ami et collègue de Mickiewicz, il se préoccupe du sort de la Pologne ; son ouvrage Mes Vacances en Espagne comporte un important volet politique ; il se passionne pour les Roumains auxquels il consacre un ouvrage.

Dès les années 1830, ce grand connaisseur de l’Allemagne a compris que l’unité allemande se réaliserait contre la France, ce qui l’a prémuni contre les illusions de la plupart de ses contemporains. Lors du « Printemps des nations », il nourrit sa réflexion de l’actualité pour défendre le système des nationalités et le « génie national » ; convaincu que les pays d’Europe vont de façon irréversible vers la démocratie, il les met toutefois en garde contre les « soubresauts de la conscience en des sens opposé », la sacralisation du fait accompli et de la force. Et il rappelle, du fond de son exil, ce qui fait un peuple libre : « conscience du droit, fierté, dignité, caractère ».

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Climate Change in Africa

Social and Political Impacts, Conflicts, and Strategies

Edited by Bettina Engels and Kristina Dietz

This volume deals with the consequences of climate change and issues of international climate policy relating to Africa from a social science perspective. The contributions by international authors question dominant political approaches and key concepts of the climate debate. They explain how the effects of climate change are linked to existing social, economic and political-institutional structures and action by the State. The authors show how social movements in Africa shape climate policy «from below». The volume serves as an introduction into climate change in Africa. It wants to stimulate a critical debate on dominant strategies and points out that there can be no simple answers to the complex socio-ecological and political challenges linked to climate change in Africa.

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Le temps des listes

Représenter, savoir et croire à l’époque moderne

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Edited by Gregorio Salinero and Miguel Ángel Melón Jiménez

L’époque moderne est bien Le temps des listes. Devenues un enjeu dans de nombreux domaines, elles sont aussi une forme des savoirs administratifs et de la vie politique, au point que d’authentiques guerres de listes se déroulent alors. À certaines périodes, tel le xvie siècle hispano-américain, les années 1790-1793 de la France révolutionnaire, ou bien durant l’occupation napoléonienne de l’Italie, tout semble commencer et finir par des listes. Le présent ouvrage contribue à une étude comparative des usages et du destin des listes produites entre les xve et xviiie siècles. Leur nom et leur aspect sont infinies : index, mythes, tableaux, placards, catalogues, inventaires, obituaires et registres d’animaux... Il s’agit d’interroger les conditions de leur production ; les liens entre leurs formes et leurs fonctions ; le sens de leurs usages ; leur destin et leur mémoire. Parfois, elles sont manipulées. Leur mondialisation, et jusqu’à leur coloration du rouge au noir, augmentent les dangers auxquels elles soumettent continûment les individus.

La época moderna es realmente El tiempo de las listas. Convertidas ya en un reto en numerosos terrenos, son también una forma de los saberes administrativos y de la vida política, hasta el punto de que se desarrollan entonces auténticas guerras de listas. En determinados periodos, como el siglo xvi hispanoamericano, los años 1790-1793 de la Francia revolucionaria, o durante la ocupación napoleónica de Italia, todo parece empezar y terminar con listas. La presente obra contribuye a un estudio comparativo de los usos y del destino de las listas producidas entre los siglos xv y xviii. Sus denominaciones y aspectos son casi infinitos : índices, mitos, cuadros, carteles, catálogos, registros, inventarios, obituarios y registros de animales… Se trata de preguntarse por las condiciones de su producción; las conexiones entre sus formas y sus funciones; el sentido de sus usos; su destino y su memoria. En ocasiones, son manipuladas. Su mundialización, y hasta su coloración del rojo al negro, aumentan los peligros a los cuales someten continuamente los individuos.

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Deborah N. Losse

Volery and Venery in the French Wars of Religion is the first book-length study to provide an analysis of literary and cultural texts through the lens of people’s perspectives on hunting in the context of the French Wars of Religion. Court poets such as Jodelle and Ronsard highlight the central role of the king in the hunt. The study examines cynegetic scenes and attitudes toward hunting in the works of Sebastian Brant, Erasmus, Rabelais, Jodelle, Ronsard, Ceppède, Montaigne, and Aubigné. An effort is made to relate the artistic representation of the hunt to the details of the hunt presented in the hunting manuals of Du Fouilloux, De Thou, Franchières, and Arcussia, among others. At a time when the monarchy needed to reflect stability and continuity, the figure of the king dominates cynegetic exercise.

Losse argues that hunting remained a major preoccupation in France in spite of the disruptions and violence caused by the Wars of Religion. The analysis examines some basic questions about hunting in early modern France. How did religious affiliation affect attitudes toward hunting? Did the violence of the Wars of Religion change how people viewed cruelty to animals? Falconry and large game hunting offer a perspective from which to view the cultural and political life leading up to and through the Wars of Religion.

Historians of the hunt, students of early modern Europe, and graduate students in cultural studies or anthropology will find the work to provide a unique perspective on political and social institutions. Museums of hunting will find this book vital to their mission of instructing modern audiences on the centrality of hunting to aristocratic life.

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The Thousand Families

Commentary on Leading Political Figures of Nineteenth Century Iran

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Ali Shabani

Edited by Patricia J. Higgins and Pouneh Shabani-Jadidi

The Thousand Families by Ali Shabani, former court journalist and writer under Mohammad Reza Shah, is a lively and entertaining anecdotal history of the Qajar family, who ruled Iran from 1796 to 1925, as well as a number of their associates. Using memoirs, diaries, government documents, and nineteenth century histories, the author paints a vivid picture of the strengths and weaknesses, character and habits, and family backgrounds and familial legacies of the leading figures of the day. He comments, often ironically and with novel metaphors and sometimes biting criticism, on the behavior of these leaders, and he provides concise observations concerning the effects of their actions on the country and people of Iran. He outlines as well the policies and practices of the Qajars with respect to governance and traces the changes effected in the overall governmental structure of Iran during the nineteenth and early twentieth century. The gradually increasing influence of foreign powers (primarily Great Britain and Russia) throughout this era does not escape the author’s acerbic comments. Appendices provide extensive documentation on kinship relationships within the royal family.

The translators have added notes, bracketed in the text and in footnotes, to help orient readers less familiar with Iranian history than the author’s original audience. These include key dates, more detail on sources (when available), reference to easily accessible additional information on key figures, and explanations of selected Persian sayings, customs, and practices.

Scholars and students of Iran, the Middle East, and the nineteenth century in general will find this book of interest, as will the general reader interested in royalty, political systems, revolution, and center-periphery relationships.

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Disenchanted Europeans

Polish Émigré Writers from Kultura and Postwar Reformulations of the West

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Łukasz Mikołajewski

As Europe experienced tumultuous change after the Second World War, two Polish exiles, Jerzy Stempowski (1893–1969) and Andrzej Bobkowski (1913–1961), discussed and redefined their ideas of the continent in the pages of Kultura, the Polish émigré review. Highlighting the changes in their writings about «the West», «the East» and «civilization», this book pieces together the evolution of their own self-understanding as Europeans, the overlooked shifts of accents along with silences and falsifications. By following these two writers’ accounts of the events that led them from Poland and Ukraine to France, West Germany, Switzerland, the United States and Latin America, this study shows the tension between changing discourses and individual lives, between the wider concept of Europe and the experience of exile, emigration and belonging.
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Talking Past Each Other

Quebec and the Federal Dialogue in Canada, 1867-2017

Hamish Telford

In Talking Past Each Other: Quebec and the Federal Dialogue in Canada, 1867–2017, Hamish Telford provides an engaging account of the long-running dialogue between the governments of Quebec and Canada on the meaning and purpose of federalism. He argues that the government of Canada has adopted a theory of federalism that enables it to address most issues of "national" importance to the federation irrespective of the formal division of powers in the constitution. The theory of "majoritarian federalism," as he calls it, allows the government of Canada to promote "national" unity and the universality of citizenship. By contrast, Quebec’s theory of federalism, which he calls "difference federalism," stresses the importance of provincial autonomy, so as to allow each province, most especially Quebec, to preserve and promote its particularity. These definitions represent irreconcilable constitutional premises. The governments of Canada and Quebec have thus quite literally been "talking past each other" for the last 150 years.

Talking Past Each Other is the first monograph in a generation to recount this story in its entirety. The book will be of considerable interest to all students of federalism, nationalism, and secession.

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Edited by Tai-uk Chung, Zhuldyz Sairambaeva and Pierre Chabal

This book analyses the legal and political systems of three different regions of the Asian/Eurasian continent. More precisely it compares the origins of such systems as both the ancient foundations inherited from the past and the founding principles of modern systems today. It suggests that the European constructions, the East-Asian dynamics and the Centralasian transitions, often studied separately or at best in a comparison of only two of them, ought to be approached as three variations on a theme. The value for the readers and the challenge for the authors is to situate these origins within both legal norms and traditions, whether Latin or Asian, as well as within modern Anglo-Saxon common-law dimensions and remnants of the Soviet system.

After Le régionalisme et ses limites (Peter Lang, 2016) and Mutations de société et réponses du droit (Peter Lang, 2017), this book furthers international, comparative research presented at conferences in Kazakhstan in 2014, France in 2016 and Korea in 2017. It covers i) law and politics in modern State-building, ii) formation and development of civil and economic law, iii) constitutionalism in Asia and in Europe, iv) international law and international relations.

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Edited by Vedran Džihić and Magdalena Solska

This comparative study at hand has been the result of a two-year research project on floods in 2014 in the Western Balkans engaging eight research teams from Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Croatia. Representing quite different disciplines, the authors of this volume have analysed diverse aspects of the crisis governance and its ramifications. This publication’s goals are twofold. Firstly, it pins down the characteristics of the crisis responses during the floods of 2014 in three affected countries, preconditioned by the existing institutions, crisis leadership, the role of media and the social capital as well as the foreign financial aid. On the other hand, through the lenses of the crisis governance we conclude on the state capacities and the nature of political regime of the cases under study. The flood megacrisis did not constitute a "window of opportunity" for individual or institutional learning. On the contrary, it did unveil some authoritarian tendencies in Serbia and Bosnia, and thus stalled the hitherto ongoing democratization process.