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Swiss Settlers in New Zealand

A history of Swiss immigration to New Zealand

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Joan Waldvogel

The book presents the first comprehensive history of Swiss settlement in New Zealand. It describes Swiss settlement in New Zealand from the time of the gold rushes in the 1860s to the present day in a very accessible way. The focus is on the Swiss-born migrants: who they were, why they came, how they have adapted to life in New Zealand, and their ongoing links with their homeland and the Swiss community in New Zealand. The migrants’ stories are set in the historical and social context of the period in which they arrived.

The book is a mixture of archival and other research of primary and secondary resources, and life history interviews. It will appeal to academics interested in the New World and migration studies and to Swiss living in New Zealand and elsewhere.

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Das Ereignis der Geburt

Medizinisches Wissen und Deutung des Geburtsaktes vom ausgehenden 18. bis zur Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts

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Annika Platte

Um 1800 hatte die Geburtshilfe begonnen, sich als eigenständige Fachrichtung zu etablieren, und Ärzte nahmen sich zunehmend eines bis dahin allein von Hebammen bestrittenen Aufgabenbereichs an. Die geburtshilflichen Fachbücher zeigen vor allem während der Zeit der Romantik neue Gedankenansätze zu Schwangerschaft und Geburt auf, welche sich auf physiologisch-anatomische Forschungen und Grundannahmen der romantischen Medizin gründen. Bei dem Versuch, die Auffassungen der Geburtsmediziner dieser Zeit über die Verbindungen der Schwangeren zu ihrem Kind nachzuzeichnen, wird der Frage nachgegangen, ob das Ungeborene als Individuum oder pars viscerum der Mutter verstanden und ab wann es als Mensch definiert wurde. Zudem werden Theorien zum auslösenden Moment der Wehen dargestellt und dabei erarbeitet, inwieweit das Kind zu seiner Geburt aktiv beiträgt.

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Disciplining Coolies

An Archival Footprint of Trinidad, 1846

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Amar Wahab

The early years of the East Indian Indentureship system in the Caribbean saw experiments on "coolie" laborers under the British Empire. Colonial Trinidad was one of the main sites for this experiment. This book foregrounds one of the earliest cases (1846) of occupational and physical cruelty against East Indian indentured laborers in Trinidad within this very early period of experimentation. It presents and analyzes the full transcripts of an inquiry concerning the ill-treatment of "coolie" laborers and the severe punishment and death of one laborer, Kunduppa, by a Scottish planter in Trinidad. Drawing on the concepts of discipline, governmentality, and Orientalism, the main argument of the manuscript is that within the early experimental period of Indentureship, the figure of the "coolie" and disciplinary tactics of bodily torture were instrumental to redrafting and stabilizing the colonial governance of contract labor. It also argues that Crown investigations of "coolie" abuse and death became occasions for establishing a new colonial order, in which the disciplinary powers of planters were curbed in the interest of protecting and "caring" for the "coolie" —a discourse that was crucial to re-inventing colonial rule as benevolent. As such, the author’s analysis of colonial violence has crucial implications for critically re-thinking colonial liberalism and its legacies in the present.

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Stanisław Filipowicz

It is often repeated that we live today in a ‹post-truth› world. But this problem has a long history. Greek philosophers investigated the origins of truth (and the will to truth) in hope to separate truth from illusion. But already Machiavelli equated the concept of truth with the notion of what seems to be true. And today? Perhaps, we are paying the price of naivety. In this book, the author approaches the idea of deliberative democracy with reservation, attempting to expose the vain hopes rooted in the Enlightenment tradition, which placed the desire for truth at the fore, and relegated the desire for illusion to the shadows. The book encourages reflection on the appeal of deception in a world which has become the media’s ‹grazing ground›; a world which rejects metaphysics in favour of pragmatic theories, thereby transforming politics into a sphere where truth is replaced with ‹narrative›.

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Modernization in Georgia

Theories, Discourses and Realities

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Edited by Giga Zedania

The book is a collection of articles treating the question of modernization in Georgia. It is an interdisciplinary volume, comprising the studies from disciplines of history, political science, sociology and international relations. The texts deal with the topic from various angles, creating a rich and multifaceted picture: theories of modernization, history of modernization and Europeanization efforts in Georgia from the 19th century to the present day, Soviet past and its influence on the present socio-political processes, interrelation between foreign policy and modernization project, social capital and civil society, state and nation in the Caucasus. The book takes into account both theoretical and historical dimensions of the topic, presents various interpretations of the concept of modernization and discusses how distinct processes and projects of modernizing society existed in different historical epochs in Georgia.

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Mohammed M.A. Ahmed

The 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq inadvertently changed the balance of power in favor of the Shiite community in Iraq and beyond. How Shiites Won the Battle Against Islamic State: Kurds and Sunnis in Iraq sheds light on how the Shiite-dominated government’s sectarian policies deepened the divide between Iraq’s major communities (Shiites, Sunni Arabs, and the Kurds) and led the country on the path of unending sectarian violence. This book explains how the government’s failure to address Sunni Arab grievances led to the emergence of the radical Islamic State and convinced the Kurds that they could not coexist with Iraqi Arabs, who had been at each other’s throats since 2003. This book notes that the emergence of a Shiite-dominated government in Baghdad was a historical event that led Iran to achieve its longstanding dream of extending its influence from Tehran to Baghdad, Damascus, and Beirut. How Shiites Won the Battle Against Islamic State places a special focus on how Shiite politicians’ slick diplomacy and media campaigns diverted attention from its sectarian policies in 2014 by labeling the Sunni Arabs as terrorists and Kurdish leaders as corrupt separatists and troublemakers. This book also uncovers how the Iraqi government was able to garner Western military and political support to defeat ISIS and derail the Kurdish statehood movement.

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Edited by Dorota Muszytowska, Janusz Kręcidło and Anna Szczepan-Wojnarska

Jerusalem as a theme of this collection of essays evokes multidimensional reflections and enters the ongoing discourse concerning this particular city and forms of its appearance in culture. The book is divided into four parts that reflect four questions relating to the Holy City. The first one concerns the meaning of Jerusalem in the Bible understood as the shared text for Jews and Christians. The second one addresses the issue of the understanding of Jerusalem in Jewish non-biblical tradition. The third one examines the pilgrims’ accounts derived from different backgrounds and inherited narrations. The fourth question refers to cultural aspects that transcend the purely religious life.

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Und immer wieder Utopia

Perspektiven utopischen Denkens von Morus bis zur Gegenwart

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Edited by Peter Nitschke

Die «Utopia» des Thomas Morus erschien erstmals im Jahre 1516. Das fünfhundertjährige Jubiläum im Jahr 2016 ist Anlass zu einer Bestandsaufnahme anlässlich einer Tagung der Deutschen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung des politischen Denkens (DGEPD) gewesen, auf der die Bedeutung dieses Klassikers für die weitere Entwicklung der Politischen Theorie im Verlauf der Moderne unter verschiedenen Aspekten, wie etwa der Abgrenzung zum totalitären Denken, der Dystopie und der sozialistischen Ideologie vorgestellt und diskutiert wurde. Die hier publizierten interdisziplinären Beiträge geben eine jeweils überarbeitete und aktualisierte Fassung der Vorträge wieder.

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Zuhal Mert Uzuner

This volume evaluates the role of image reconstruction processes in Greek–Turkish relations in the last decades. With contributions from prominent academics from different social science disciplines, it explains various aspects of contemporary image construction processes through educational materials in schools, history books, media, popular culture, cinema, diplomatic and political discourses. The authors explain how images about Self and the Other are reconstructed through different social interaction processes of individuals today and how much the new images differ from the Others offered by nationalist rhetoric of nation states. They analyze the limits of alternative image construction processes in eroding settled national images.

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Nova Acta Paracelsica

Beiträge zur Paracelsus-Forschung

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Edited by Pia Holenstein Weidmann

Der vorliegende Band dokumentiert Beiträge der Jahresversammlungen der Paracelsus-Gesellschaft 2016 in Zurzach und 2017 in Staufen. Diese waren zwei Themenkreisen gewidmet, welche zeitliche und überzeitliche Gesundung miteinander verbinden. Ergänzend enthält er eine Studie zum Namen des Paracelsus von Martin Steinmann und Buchbesprechungen von Pia Holenstein Weidmann und von Pirmin Meier.