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Dios de repente

Análisis filológico y fenomenológico de los testimonios de conversión de Paul Claudel, André Frossard y Manuel García Morente

José María Contreras Espuny

En este estudio se ahonda en tres testimonios autógrafos de conversión súbita al catolicismo en el siglo XX: Paul Claudel, Manuel García Morente y André Frossard. Se abre el libro con un primer apartado donde se describe el esquema fenomenológico que despliega este tipo de experiencias para, acto seguido, abrir el debate filológico sobre la naturaleza de estos textos y su relación dentro del género autobiográfico. En el sentido filosófico y teológico, se rastrean los antecedentes en las distintas experiencias místicas y se resaltan los paralelismos con casos clásicos, como serían los de San Pablo de Tarso y San Agustín de Hipona. En el sentido filológico, se plantea la posibilidad de un subgénero dada la idiosincrasia particular que narrativamente configuran los tres escritos. Posteriormente, se procede al análisis pormenorizado de cada uno de los testimonios, tendiendo puentes comparativos que nos ayuden a ponderar las particularidades personales, filosóficas y filológicas de la experiencia y de los escritos que las describen.

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Dagara Verbal Art

An African Tradition

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Paschal Kyoore

Dagara Verbal Art examines verbal art among the Dagara people of West Africa. It provides invaluable primary material for research, and does a close analysis of folktale narration, proverb usage, riddling, chanting of dirges and popular songs by male and female praise singers, and xylophone music performance as forms of verbal art. Folktales are characterized by wit, humor, and satire, and songs within tales are a mise-en-abyme, a story within a story that entertains but also enhances the narration through the participation of the audience in the performance. Moreover, Dagara tales are didactic and moralizing as a way of controlling the behavior of individuals in society. Riddling entertains but also helps to develop the cognitive abilities of children, and demands critical and logical thinking on the part of the participating audience. Proverbs were collected in context and analyzed closely for their meaning. The study also examines closely the art of speech-making, and concludes that a good locutor knows what figures of speech to use in order to enhance communication with the audience. This study concludes that an authentic theory of Dagara—and for that matter, generally African—folklore must be grounded on a thorough knowledge of the traditions, rites and rituals, and the socio-political structures that have held the society together in its historical experience. Dagara Verbal Art is an important resource for areas such as African studies, African literature and folklore, folklore in general, anthropology, culture studies, ethnomusicology, ethnic studies, and gender studies, among others.

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Rise of the Early Roman Republic

Reflections on Becoming Roman

Thomas L. Dynneson

An audaciously daring narrative, this text presents an overview of the early history of Rome, focusing the reader’s attention to those distinctive and often hidden cultural features that contributed to create a unique ancient Roman mindset and civic outlook. Using an historical format, Thomas L. Dynneson addresses these cultural forces which ultimately shaped the Romans into the ancient world’s most powerful military city-state.

Comprised of numerous values and beliefs, the Romans sought to develop their citizens as a cohesive whole. This approach enabled a mastering of both the practical and utilitarian tactics for solving problems, an expression of classical intellectualism. Identifying this sense of idealism paralleled with the Romans embodiment of sacrifice to overcome all obstacles, the author explores several features of becoming Roman. Within this text, each section is designed to pull together the general historical elements which helped to create a unique Roman citizenship. The final section of each chapter contains further analysis, including the author’s narrative regarding the general sources used, and the second containing a review of one exceptional recommended reading. The later chapters of the book provide a special "Recent Scholarship" section, which explores the work of recent scholars’ "revisionists" perspectives related to the traditional ancient sources.

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Representation and Reception

Brechtian 'Pedagogics of Theatre' and Critical Thinking

Shehla Burney

Representation and Reception: Brechtian ‘Pedagogics of Theatre’ and Critical Thinking deploys German playwright Bertolt Brecht’s theory of drama and performance, what he calls "the pedagogics of theatre", to create modes of critical thinking in the classroom. Extrapolating on Brecht’s estranged forms of representation—narrative, story, montage, Verfremdüngseffeckt or alienation, tableaux, ostension (showing), gestus, masks and music—Burney constructs an original "3-R Pedagogy" or "spiral of semiosis"—"Rethinking/Replaying/Re-cognition"—that is designed to create critical thinking and "complex seeing". Her dramatic production of Brecht’s Lehrstück, or learning-play, The Exception and the Rule, for a non-literate, working-class audience in Hyderabad, India, critically analyses how audiences make meaning through image, word and ideology, gesture, memory, collective experience and personal
(hi)stories.

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Wedsly Turenne Guerrier

Le poète Etzer Vilaire (1872–1951) a fait l’objet de nombreuses critiques de la part des intellectuels car son œuvre s’écarte de la conception dominante de la poésie haïtienne adossée à une politique ouverte et une place importante accordée à la “couleur locale” et à la langue créole, en tant qu’incarnation d’une conscience raciale et nationale. Je défends la thèse selon laquelle de tels rejets renforcent une conception idéologique et contraire à l’histoire de la poésie haïtienne. Celle-ci est incompatible avec la vision et le projet esthétiques de Vilaire qui visent à élever le statut d’Haïti comme nation et à démontrer la qualité de sa littérature à l’étranger.

Mon étude de Vilaire revêt un certain intérêt, car l’auteur a été en grande partie méprisé et négligé par de nombreux critiques littéraires. Alors qu’il est considéré comme un poète mineur, j’établis que Vilaire a fait preuve d’innovation, au sens où il s’est écarté des canons la littérature haïtienne traditionnelle. Il a introduit de nouveaux sujets, notamment en poésie, et ravivé le rôle du poète. Étant donné qu’il a bousculé la tradition littéraire haïtienne, certains critiques ont condamné son œuvre à laquelle ils dénient toute place dans la littérature haïtienne. Dans ce travail, j’aborde cette controverse au sujet de son œuvre et démontre, via l’analyse de ses poèmes, qu’il reflète les idées de son temps et la préoccupation de ses prédécesseurs. Mes recherches mettent également l’accent sur le fait que Vilaire n’était pas uniquement un poète, mais également une figure politique. Et c’est en tant que poète et homme politique qu’il a défendu son pays, sa race et a mis au défi ses collègues de s’engager sur cette voie. Je souligne le fait que, contrairement à d’autres auteurs contemporains de son époque, la notion de religion a modelé le contenu de son travail. Enfin, je démontre que Vilaire a été une personnalité influente dans la littérature haïtienne. Au nom de ses conceptions littéraires, de sa perception de la langue française et de sa tentative de défense de sa race, il a été un précurseur du mouvement de la négritude.

Ce livre sera utile aux chercheurs et lecteurs qui s’intéressent à la poésie francophone, à la politique, et à la religion.

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Number, Word, and Spirit

Rethinking T. F. Torrance’s Theological Science From a Pneumatological Perspective

Aaron Yom

This book contributes to the study of Thomas F. Torrance by promoting his realist agenda, and the same time, expanding his program that takes into consideration a well-nuanced pentecostal spirituality. More specifically, it assesses the foundational methodological framework of Torrance’s scientific approach to theology for the purpose of constructing a triadic methodological structure for theological science. In doing so, it not only recognizes Torrance’s efforts to bridge the gap between science (number), word (hermeneutics), and spirit (theo-philosophy), but also critically reviews his theo-scientific project by identifying his restrictive tendencies that limit the full outworking of human spirituality and imagination. Based upon this analysis, this study constructively modifies Torrance’s theological science by complementing his realist agenda with the pentecostally driven pneumatological imagination. In the final analysis, Number, Word, and Spirit argues that theological science grounded on the pneumatological imagination can expand the restrictive tendencies of Torrance’s theo-scientific project, thereby giving rise to a triadic analogical approach that recognizes the interplay of ontologic, informal logic, and translogic for the development of a theo-scientific method. The book can be used as a secondary reading material for the courses in theological method, interdisciplinary studies, and faith and science dialogue.

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Inklusion am Theater

Übertitel zwischen Ästhetik und Translation

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Nathalie Mälzer and Maria Wünsche

Durch Übertitelungen oder Gebärdensprachverdolmetschungen auf der Bühne können kommunikative Barrieren für ein hörbeeinträchtigtes Publikum gemindert werden. Setzt man diese Translationsformen auch ästhetisch ein, werden inklusive Aufführungen möglich, die sich gleichberechtigt an ein Publikum aus Gehörlosen, Schwerhörigen und Hörenden wenden. Dies setzt die frühe Einbindung des Translationsprozesses in die Inszenierungsarbeit voraus: die sogenannte Ko-Translation. Traditionelle translationswissenschaftliche Begriffe wie Ausgangs- und Zieltext, aber auch Produktionsprozesse im Theater werden neu gedacht. Das Buch verknüpft theoretische Überlegungen zur Theatertranslation, ihre praktische Umsetzung in zwei innovativen Projekten und die Auswertung der damit verbundenen empirischen Studien.

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Jorge Serrano

African antiquity has been discerned both nullifyingly and constructively. Uses of African Antiquity in the Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries reveals how reading the past can be extended to understand sensitivities involving origins and how it imparts collective posture. The ancient historical imagery epitomized by writers and artists alike includes the distant past as well as an immediate past. Comparatively, representation of time long gone records transhistorical presence and civilizational participation and agentic validity. African antiquity can be construed as diasporic through time and space and in regards to nomenclature it extends understanding of peopleness, e.g. Libya, Ethiopia, Africa, Afrika, African Egypt, Kemet, Alkebu-lan, Nubia, Ta-Seti, Ta-Nehisi, Ta-Merry, Kush, Axum, Meroë, Ghana, Mali, Songhai, Zulu, and so many more are recognized in a time-spatial continuum linked to African, Colored, Negro, and Black, as various terms inform origins identity. Unfortunately, typologies disciplinarily stem from anthropological construction, yet here African antiquity as sign heralds clines and clusters; splintering Africana from humanitas ultimately contends against subjugation. African antiquity absorbs character and notions of diachronologically dispersed peoples reflect origins indulgence. African antiquity as a stretched concept and/or historicism triply adds understanding, grouping, and alterity. This primarily is a review of thinkers who defend against people erasure in the past with its socially and nihilistic affective ways.

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Literature and Error

A Literary Take on Mistakes and Errors

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Marc Porée and Isabelle Alfandary

Literature and Error comprises a series of essays by French scholars who seek to lay down the foundations of a theory that would argue for the productivity of errors and mistakes in literary works. While the "necessity of errors" has repeatedly been tackled from a philosophical angle, rarely has the demonstration been attempted from the standpoint of literature. Beyond the thematic importance of errors (evidenced in the age-old motifs of learning from one’s errors, mistaken identities, malapropism, comic or tragic misunderstandings, hamartia, the fallibility of man, etc.), the proposition is made here that errare is not just humanum but also literarium—that "Erring Becomes Literature" with or, preferably, without corrections. Indeed, approached from various angles, it is the literariness of errors and mistakes that this joint study sets out to explore. Modern and contemporary Anglo-American literature structurally accommodates and even welcomes errors. Ranging from Edgar Allan Poe, James Joyce, and Jonathan Franzen to Robert Browning and Elizabeth Bishop, the authors and works discussed assess the seaworthiness of errors when launched into deep (literary) water. Viewed in that light, errors not only cease to be errors of something (of taste, conception, judgment, calculation), they become errors per se, valued for their own sake. Deliberately comprehensive and broad-ranging, this volume should appeal not just to scholars and students but also to readers who share an interest in theory and close reading alike.

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Bangladesh

Political and Literary Reflections on a Divided Country

Q M Jalal Khan

Bangladesh is now divided as "our" country and "their" country. This division has been solely created by the critically close to authoritarian and exclusionary Awami regime—belligerent and BNPhobic. This book is a detailed account of the divided Bangladesh, where there has been a near-total suppression and extermination (since 2009) of the political opposition, BNP. It is a recount of the horror and terror resorted to by the regime addicted to governing the country through a process of complete politicization and criminalization of all the branches of the state.

Being a descriptive narrative of the regime’s abuses of state tools and agents, the volume launches a crusade against the nearly autocratic and despotic one-party government, boastfully bragging about its denial of moral, political, and economic corruption and its obstruction of the democratic rights of the opposition.