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II verum-factum da Vico a Pareto

Alle origini dell'analisi sociologica

Mino B. C. Garzia

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Raika Voldrich

Gemeinnützige Körperschaften, die sich im Wesentlichen aus Spenden finanzieren, haben in Deutschland, aber auch in anderen Staaten eine erhebliche wirtschaftliche Bedeutung. Trotz einiger Ansätze, das Gemeinnützigkeits- und Spendenrecht zu europäisieren, verharrt der deutsche Gesetzgeber in seiner nationalen Ausrichtung. Die Autorin untersucht die geltende Rechtslage auf ihre Europarechtskonformität und geht der Frage nach, unter welchen Voraussetzungen grenzüberschreitende Spenden im Inland steuerlich anerkannt werden können. Zudem werden die Rechtsschutzmöglichkeiten des Spenders im Rahmen von Art. 267 AEUV erörtert. Ausgehend von diesen Fragen erarbeitet die Autorin Regelungsvorschläge für eine internationale Öffnung des Spendenrechts auf nationaler, bilateraler und supranationaler Ebene unterbreitet.

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Gramática y aprendizaje de lenguas

Enfoques gramaticográficos, metalingüisticos y textuales

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Edited by Felix San Vicente and Alfonso Zamorano Aguilar

Los estudios presentados en este libro, que tienen como hilo conductor la enseñanza del español como segunda lengua en diferentes etapas históricas (del siglo XVII al XIX) y en diferentes contextos culturales y lingüísticos, convierten en actual un territorio que merece ser explorado desde diferentes perspectivas: cuestiones de metalenguaje, aspectos de producción textual y ecdótica, como planteamientos que pueden conducir a un conocimiento exacto tanto desde el punto de vista conceptual como filológico. Sirve de contextualización la presentación de textos inéditos que, de este modo, se incluyen en una serie de experiencias metodológicas y formativas a través de la comparación entre lenguas y tradiciones gramaticográficas diferentes.

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The Economics of Poetry

The Efficient Production of Neo-Latin Verse, 1400–1720

Edited by Paul Gwynne and Bernhard Schirg

The Economics of Poetry takes an innovative approach to the genre of Neo-Latin poetry, encompassing the entire process of poetic production, from composition and physical realization to the formal presentation to the honorand. This process was not predicated upon post-Romantic ideas of inspiration and originality, but rather upon the need to produce literary works in a timely fashion, often (though not exclusively) dependent upon the realities and exigencies of the contemporary political situation.

Applying this approach across more than three centuries of literary production, this volume analyses the techniques employed and developed by authors all around the world to reduce the effort of poetic composition, streamline its production and facilitate its presentation when time was a crucial factor in success. To reveal the efficient techniques which authors employed in order to meet their deadlines, each essay focuses on a variety of works by the same writer and examines the full context of their production. The re-use and recycling of previous texts and rhetorical templates – and even the re-dedication of previously presented manuscripts – emerges as a central and essential modus operandi in response to the strict dictates of fast production.

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Dissident Spirits

The Post-Insular Imprint in Puerto Rican/Diasporic Literature

Nancy I. Bird-Soto

This book explores the post-insular imprint in Puerto Rican letters through a sample of authors from the island and the diaspora. From a canonical figure like Alejandro Tapia to the post-Nuyorican poet Víctor Hernández Cruz, and from the working-class feminism of Luisa Capetillo and Franca de Armiño to Virginia Sánchez Korrol’s narrative homage to the legacy of Emilia Casanova, trends such as dissidence and migration are core to the understanding of the Puerto Rican and its diasporic experiences. In Tapia’s case, his Póstumo saga offers a transmigrated subject who questions the gender binary. Regarding Capetillo and Armiño, a sample of their plays shows not only a global awareness, but also the intersection between class and gender issues to challenge patriarchal constraints. A related intersection, the one between gender and racial matters, is key in Casanova’s understanding of freedom and the pan-Antillean consciousness that Boricua historian Sánchez Korrol underscores in her novel about the Cuban activist. To conclude this examination of the post-insular imprint in works by authors in diverse canons and working in different genres, the closing chapter is dedicated to Hernández Cruz’s poetry as an unequivocal celebration of the migratory experience of the Caribbean. These writers, thus, emerge as migrants of the word in a spirit of dissidence against colonialist notions of Puerto Rico, its diaspora, and the Caribbean.

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Alexander Schulz

Cost accounting traditions differ across countries, especially between Germany and the US/UK. Consequently, multinational companies often face cross-national differences in the design of their subunits’ cost accounting systems. To improve comparability and facilitate control, multinational companies seek to globally align these systems. In this respect, they have to balance the needs of the headquarters and the subunits. By the means of a mixed-method approach, this study analyses the design of cost accounting systems from both perspectives. It finds empirical evidence for cross-case and cross-country differences in the complexity and standardization of cost accounting systems in subunits of German multinational companies and identifies important determinants and success factors. The findings have implications for researchers and practitioners in the field of management accounting.

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Contemporary Anarchist Criminology

Against Authoritarianism and Punishment

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Edited by Anthony J. Nocella II, Mark Seis and Jeff Shantz

Contemporary Anarchist Criminology: Against Authoritarianism and Punishment Criminology offers a cutting-edge critical assessment of criminology by creating provocative discussions regarding business as usual in the criminal justice system. This exciting interdisciplinary book explores a diversity of topics that range from the construction of criminal law, to Lombroso, to deviant behavior, to prison abolition, to transformative justice, to restorative justice, to environmental justice, and to the prison industrial complex. Contemporary Anarchist Criminology is a must-read book for anyone looking for a serious critique of the criminal justice system, specifically for those in sociology, political science, criminology, peace and conflict studies, and criminal justice. Contemporary Anarchist Criminology is not for the timid, but for those wanting to challenge and dismantle the current forms of domination, oppression and injustice that frame and define the current system of justice.

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Edited by Benedetta Brevini and Justin Lewis

It is now more than a quarter of a century since the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published their first comprehensive report on the dangers posed by anthropogenic global warming. Over the last twenty-five years the weight of evidence about the causes and consequences of climate change has become compelling. The solutions are fairly simple—we must switch to more sustainable and efficient forms of energy production. And yet they remain elusive—globally we produce significantly more greenhouse gases now than we did back in 1990. The sad truth is that this inaction has made climate change inevitable—the only question that remains is whether we can prevent it spiraling out of control.

How do we explain this colossal global failure? The problem is political rather than scientific: we know the risks and we know how to address them, but we lack the political will to do so. The media are pivotal in this equation: they have the power to set the public and the political agenda. Climate Change and the Media, Volume 2 gathers contributions from a range of international scholars to explore the media’s role in our understanding of the problem and our willingness to take action. Combined, these chapters explain how and why media coverage has, to date, fallen short in communicating both the science and the politics of climate change. They also offer guidance about how the media might shift from being the problem to becoming part of the solution.

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Augmented Intelligence

Smart Systems and the Future of Work and Learning

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Edited by Daniel Araya

Where the Agricultural Revolution harnessed domesticated animals for pastoral farming, and the Industrial Revolution leveraged machines for factory production, so today the Computational Revolution is advancing computers to augment human intelligence. Indeed, many now argue that the promise of exascale computing and the slow migration towards a computational society may represent a new threshold in human history. This "transcension" of earlier stages of tool-mediated work and learning foreshadows a momentous change in the kinds of cities we might build, the kinds of medicine we might practice, and the kinds of education we might provide. What is perhaps most surprising about the current Computational Revolution, however, is its expanding reach. The question that many now ask is "what is the trajectory of this human-machine symbiosis?" It would appear that we are on the cusp of a sea change in our capacities to augment human intelligence. But what is the future of work and learning? Will augmented intelligence help us in transforming a waning industrial society? These are the kinds of questions that we explore in Augmented Intelligence: Smart Systems and the Future of Work and Learning.

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Der Abgeordnete im Zugriff privater Interessen

Eine verfassungsrechtliche Analyse

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Florian Feinen

Mit dieser Arbeit zeigt der Autor die vielfältigen Wege der politischen Willensbildung im Bundestag einschließlich außerparlamentarischer Einflussnahmen auf und misst sie speziell am Grundgesetz.

Aufgrund der Fülle der im Parlament behandelten Thematiken kann nicht jeder Abgeordnete auf jedem Gebiet über ausreichende Sachkenntnisse verfügen. Dies zieht eine Zusammenarbeit der Abgeordneten in Fraktionen und Ausschüssen sowie Kontakte zu außerparlamentarischen Dritten nach sich. Beides dient auch dazu, fremde Wissensressourcen zu erschließen. Wenngleich dies nicht die einzige Ursache für außerparlamentarische Zusammenarbeit ist, zeigt sich hieran, dass Praktiken der Kooperation nicht grundsätzlich unlauter sein können. Der Autor zeigt die Grenzen/Bedingungen der Zulässigkeit auf.