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Ingenieure auf der Leinwand

Technische Visionen und Ordnungsvorstellungen im deutschen Zukunftsfilm der 1930er Jahre

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Anke Woschech

Zu Beginn der 1930er Jahre tauchten im bis dato expressionistisch geprägten deutschen Zukunftsfilm vermehrt Ingenieure auf, die als Helden technischer Großprojekte einem vordergründigen Fortschrittsoptimismus frönten. Dabei verwiesen diese Filmfiguren auf Ordnungsvorstellungen, die technokratische bis völkische Lösungen der zeitgenössisch virulenten Frage nach dem Konflikt von Kapital und Arbeit bemühten. In einem technikhistorischen Zugriff auf cineastische vergangene Zukünfte sowie unter Anwendung des Konzepts der hegemonialen Männlichkeit analysiert die Autorin die filmische Inszenierung von Ingenieuren und Technik. Sie zeigt auf, dass sich diese Filme als (Zerr-)Spiegel einer zentralen Konfliktlinie der industriellen Klassengesellschaft der Zwischenkriegszeit verstehen lassen.

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Die Altieri – Eine römische Familie

Status und Selbstdarstellung vom 15.-17. Jahrhundert. Eine Nepotengeschichte

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Hohwieler Susanne

Das Schicksal der Altieri Familie im Rom der Frühen Neuzeit zeigt beispielhaft die soziokulturelle Entwicklung  Roms, des Papsttums und deren Wirkungskreise in Italien und Europa. Die Aufarbeitung neuer Dokumente aus dem Altieri Archiv und dem Geheimarchiv des Vatikans zeigen neue Aspekte  des römischen Systems  der Nepoten und der Netzwerkbildung. Anhand des Pontifikats Clemens X. beschreibt die Autorin den römischen Hof,  die Kurie, die Gesellschaft und das Gesellschaftsgehabe im Rom des 17. Jahrhunderts mit Fokus auf die Schlüsselaspekte Verflechtung, Mikropolitik und Patronage. Die Autorin zeichnet ein Bild Roms am Ende seiner Blüte in Kunst, Kultur, Gesellschaft, Finanzen und Politik und gewährt so einen Einblick in die sozialen Strukturen des Papsttums und die Kreise der Nepoten im letzten Viertel des 17. Jahrhunderts.

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Vendiendo Guantánamo

Explosión de la propaganda sobre la prisión militar más infame de los Estados Unidos

John Hickman

Examinando ejemplos históricos de prisioneros mantenidos en prisión indefinida durante los conflictos asimétricos y las crisis de seguridad nacional, Hickman desenreda lo presunto de lo aprobado y revela exactamente por qué el encarcelamiento corriente en la base naval infame es tan único y sin precedentes. Ofrece una teoría alternativa que completamente contradice la narrativa inventada por el Gobierno de Bush construyendo su argumento de la historia doméstica e internacional existente: los prisioneros fueron exhibidos como símbolos de victoria militar, castigados como sustitutos por los arquitectos del 11 de septiembre que quedaban libres, y usados como peones en un paso neoconservador para señalar una nueva política exterior estadounidense que no hacía caso de las Naciones Unidas, que no respetaba las Convenciones de Ginebra, y que se burlaba de la Corte Criminal Internacional.

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Edited by Igor Kąkolewski, Przemyslaw Urbánczyk and Christian Lübke

This book covers two fields of research. The first part of the volume includes essays authored by Polish, German, Czech, and Ukrainian archeologists and historians on the genesis and unique nature of the roads whereby Christianization proceeded in Polish lands in the early Middle Ages in the context of the kindred processes underway especially from the 10th century in neighboring lands. The second part of this publication includes considerations on the politics of memory as applied to the beginnings of statehood in Poland and Kievan Rus’. Chosen examples reveal the uniqueness and the evolution of various politics of memory related to the founding myths of statehood in modern Poland, Russia, and Ukraine.

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Sophie Heine

While anti-European forces are still raging, pro-Europeans seem impotent and deprived of a strong, clear and convincing alternative. This book is an attempt to fill that void: reacting to the anti-European wave, it also outlines a strong criticism both of the current EU and of its advocates. Far from the Europeanist defence of the status quo, it proposes an original and radical project of European sovereignty. Its message is both critical and propositional.

This book is therefore original in its method, approach and content. It distinguishes itself from most of the literature on the subject by going beyond the narrow cleavage opposing mainstream anti- and pro- Europeans. In this general polemic, anti-European arguments usually promote a return to sovereignty at the national level, while pro-Europeans justify the existing EU configuration and its so-called "sharing" or "division" of sovereignty. Despite being clearly in favour of a deeper European integration in some fields, Sophie Heine refuses to throw away the classical concept of sovereign power. Relying on a rich literature and deploying a theoretical and strategic argument, she proposes to rehabilitate this notion at a supra-national level while avoiding the common traps of national sovereignty. This allows her to propose a redefinition of European federalism connected to her broader liberal approach.

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José Pascal da Rocha

La médiation internationale est à la fois un art et une science. Cette étude se concentrera sur la médiation politique en tant que moyen de réglement d’un conflit violent, mettant ainsi fin au conflit et en permettant à la tierce partie mandatée d'aider les parties à trouver des structures et des stratégies nouvelles ou de différents mécanismes pour traiter leurs griefs sous-jacents. Sur la base de 5 phases distinctes, le guide tentera d’illustrer et de démontrer les mécanismes généraux du processus de médiation, démarrant avece le début du processus de médiation jusqu’à l’atteinte d’un résultat satisfaisant et obtenu par le biais de la médiation. Enfin, une étude de cas complexe sur la médiation au Soudan sera utilisée pour valider le modèle de médiation présenté dans ce guide. Einfin, Le manuel se terminera avec des leçons clés tirées du cas et par des réflexions finales d’ensemble. En tant que tel, il est dédié à informer le curieux, à servir en tant que tôme de réflexion pour le praticien plus érudit et à stimuler la conception et l'innovation de l’analyste politique pour contribuer à l'établissement d'une épistémologie fondamentale de la médiation.

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José Pascal da Rocha

A mediação internacional é tanto uma arte quanto uma ciência. A fim de lançar alguma luz e aprender com instâncias de mediação política, este estudo se concentrará na mediação política como um meio de regulação de conflitos, pelo qual um conflito violento é terminado e o terceiro mandatado auxilia as partes a encontrar estruturas novas ou diferentes e mecanismos para resolver suas queixas subjacentes. Com base em 5 fases distintas, o manual tentará ilustrar e demonstrar os mecanismos gerais do processo de mediação, desde o início do processo de mediação até o alcance de um resultado mediado. Finalmente, um estudo de caso complexo das mediações do Sudão será usado para dar sentido ao modelo de mediação apresentado. O manual terminará com algumas lições importantes aprendidas com o estudo de caso e com os pensamentos finais gerais. Como tal, dedica-se a informar o curioso, a servir como um companheiro de pensamento para o praticante mais instruído, e para estimular mais design conceitual e inovação com o formulador de políticas, a fim de continuar trabalhando para o estabelecimento de uma epistemologia básica de mediação.

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Cognition and Temporality

The Genesis of Historical Thought in Perception and Reasoning

Mark E. Blum

Cognition and Temporality: The Genesis of Historical Thought in Perception and Reasoning argues that both verbal grammar and figural grammar have their cognitive basis in twelve characteristic forms of judgment, distributed among individuals in human populations throughout history. These twelve logical forms are context-free and language-free foundations in our attentional awareness and shape all verbal and figural statements. Moreover, these types of historical judgment are psychogenetic inheritances in a population, and each serves a distinct problem-solving function in the human species. Through analysis of verbal and figural statements, Mark E. Blum contends, the researcher can find evidence of these forms of judgment and in turn analyze how the event to which those statements attend is formally constructed by that judgment. This construction guides how the event is assessed, approached, and engaged in the process of problem-solving.

Artists and aestheticians in the early twentieth century—including Wassily Kandinsky, Stephen C. Pepper, and Andrew Paul Ushenko—have all posited an inherited attentional perspective in individuals, manifested in the logical correspondence between their distinctive verbal and figural grammars. Cognition and Temporality elaborates these claims, arguing that while the styles of well-known writers and artists are conditioned by the public styles of a particular time period, variations in personal style manifest one’s inherited form of judgment and the characteristic grammars that express that form. Through rigorous visual and stylistic analysis, this book demonstrates the expression of these forms among notable painters, historians, and writers across history. The result is a wide-ranging and provocative contribution to phenomenology, aesthetic philosophy, and cultural history.

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The Plundering of the Vanquished

The Economic Repression during Early Francoism

Julio Prada Rodríguez

Economic repression became a keystone of the social exclusion policies of the Franco dictatorship from the stage of the coup dʼétat. Beyond its utility in provisioning the warfronts and for the proper functioning of the rearguard, it became a valuable deterrent and a weapon of intimidation that smothered any expression of non-conformity. If its efficiency was so remarkable, this was due to the fact that it did not act in an isolated fashion, but projected itself on the social body that had already suffered the combined effects of the Civil War, the physical repression and the rest of the coercive and social control mechanisms employed by the regime.

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Contemporary Relations between Poland and Ukraine

The “Strategic Partnership” and the Limits Thereof

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Andrzej Szeptycki

The book analyses contemporary relations between two biggest states in East-Central Europe: Poland and Ukraine. This topic is of interest for three reasons: difficult history of the two countries, different models of development adopted after the end of communism and the common challenge of aggressive Russian policy. The timeframe of the work is from 1989-2018, with an emphasis on the period after 2014, when the Russian-Ukrainian war began. The book is divided into three parts. The first part discusses the history and determinants of Polish-Ukrainian relations. The second one presents political, economic, social and military relations between the two states. The last part focuses on more specific issues such as historical memory, the Polish-Ukrainian border and relations with the EU.