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La nature, l’autre «frontière»

Fronts écologiques au Sud (Afrique du Sud, Argentine, Chili)

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Sylvain Guyot

Cet ouvrage a pour ambition de proposer une lecture territoriale des rapports de pouvoir et de domination des sociétés dans leur rapport à la nature. Sylvain Guyot propose ici une formulation approfondie du concept de front écologique, désignant les (re)conquêtes territoriales réalisées au nom de la nature. La mondialisation contemporaine des enjeux écologiques et de protection de la nature offre un ensemble de dynamiques propres à valider la capacité d’éclairage planétaire des fronts écologiques (ONG environnementales, OIG, protection privée de la nature, services écosystémiques, éco-tourisme, retour à la nature, etc.).

L’auteur replace les enjeux internationaux dans leurs contextes nationaux et locaux, qu’ils soient politiques ou historiques, avec une comparaison inédite entre les trois cas sud-africain, argentin et chilien, véritables laboratoires écologiques et politiques de l’hémisphère austral.

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L’ivresse entre le bien et le mal

De l’Antiquité à nos jours

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Edited by Matthieu Lecoutre

L’ambivalence de la relation à l’ivresse est au cœur de l’histoire. Depuis l’Antiquité, des hommes et des femmes s’enivrent en s’appuyant sur des arguments complaisants et en laissant de côté les arguments moralisateurs.

Cet ouvrage a pour objectif de mieux comprendre cette particularité humaine qui consiste à pouvoir boire sans soif. Onze interventions scientifiques abordent les questions essentielles : Comment a-t-on justifié l’ivresse de l’Antiquité à nos jours ? Pourquoi et avec quoi s’enivre-t-on depuis l’Antiquité ? Dans quels cas l’ivresse est-elle perçue négativement au sein des sociétés ? Quelles solutions adopter aujourd’hui à l’égard des conséquences néfastes de l’alcool ?

Les réponses ne sont jamais univoques. Les sociétés, de l’Amérique à l’Asie, de l’Afrique à l’Europe, ont toujours réfléchi à l’endroit où placer le curseur, avec plus ou moins de succès, entre fermeté et empathie envers l’alcoolo-dépendant.

Dans cet ouvrage, des spécialistes en sciences humaines expliquent les fondements culturels, économiques et sociaux de l’ivresse et tous sont d’accord sur une solution à apporter aujourd’hui : l’éducation à la consommation.

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Gender and Violence in Spanish Culture

From Vulnerability to Accountability

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María José Gámez Fuentes and Rebeca Maseda García

For the true exercise of citizenship to occur, gender violence must be eradicated, as it is not an interpersonal problem, but an attack on the very concept of democracy. Despite increasing social awareness and legal measures taken to fight gender violence, it is still prevalent worldwide. Even in a country such as Spain, praised in the UN Handbook for Legislation on Violence Against Women (2010) for its advanced approach on gender violence, the legal framework has proved insufficient and deeper sociocultural changes are needed. This book presents, in this respect, groundbreaking investigations in the realm of politics, activism, and cultural production that offer both a complex picture of the agents involved in its transformation and a nuanced panorama of initiatives that subvert the normative framework of recognition of victims of gender violence. As a result, the book chapters articulate a construction of the victim as a subject that reflects and acts upon his/her experience and vulnerability, and also adopt perspectives that frame accountability within the representational tradition, the community, and the state.

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Dead Sea

New Discoveries in the Cave of Letters

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Carl E. Savage, Philip Reeder, Richard A. Freund and Harry M. Jol

Dead Sea: New Discoveries in the Cave of Letters is a multidisciplinary study of the Cave of Letters in the Nahal Hever of the Judean desert, a site reputed for having contained the most important finds evidencing the Bar Kokhba revolt, including the cache of bronzes found buried there and the papers of Babatha, one of the few direct accounts of the context of the Bar Kokhba revolt in the second century CE. Chapters by diverse scholars report on and discuss the ramifications of the 1999–2001 expedition to the site, the first organized archaeological activity there since the expeditions at Nahal Hever by Yigal Yadin in 1960–1961. Using advanced technological methodologies alongside more "traditional" archaeological techniques, the team explored several research hypotheses. The expedition sought to determine whether the material collected in the cave could substantiate the hypothesis that the cave was a place of refuge during both the Bar Kokhba revolt and the earlier Great Revolt against the Roman Empire. The expedition also researched the viability of a relatively long-term occupation of the cave while under siege by Roman forces, questioning whether occupants would have been able to cook, sleep, etc., without severely degrading the cave environment as a viable place for human habitation. The individual chapters represent the result of analysis by scholars and scientists on different aspects of the material culture that the expedition uncovered.

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The Wrong Ally

Pakistan’s State Sovereignty Under US Dependence

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Ahmed Waqas Waheed

The Wrong Ally analyses Pakistan’s state sovereignty in the context of state dependence on the US, both during the Cold War era and the War on Terror. This examination becomes all the more important considering that recent contentious issues between Pakistan and the US, such as the US drone strikes, the Kerry–Lugar Bill and the capture and killing of Osama bin Laden, have impacted on Pakistan’s staunch defence of its state sovereignty. The book explores this state sovereignty from three different but interwoven vantage points. Firstly, it observes US–Pakistan relations within the patron–client framework and examines the contours of Pakistan’s dependence and the vagaries of US patronal influence. Secondly, it analyses Pakistan’s state sovereignty in light of changing discourse on the theme. Lastly, it examines Pakistan’s state sovereignty within the purview of its fragile state status. While various contributions have provided insight on how the international community has come to view Pakistan’s state fragility, this book attempts a detailed understanding of how the Pakistani state interprets its reputation as an ostensible fragile state.

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Movement and Connectivity

Configurations of Belonging

Jan Ketil Simonsen, Kjersti Larsen and Ada I Engebrigtsen

Through a series of case studies from Southern and Eastern Africa, Oceania, and Europe, Movement and Connectivity: Configurations of Belonging explores the analytical usefulness of the concept of «mobility» for anthropological thought and theorization.

The book scrutinizes mobility through long-term ethnographies that encompass life histories of individual persons, cyclical household developments, and the evolution of communities and networks. It shows how the social and spatial complexity of mobility increases with time and how socio-political and economic changes affect values, ideas, and practices in local life-worlds.

The case studies examines mobility from below and as processes constitutive of society and identity – processes through which mobility is perceived and experienced as part of life. How do people see their own local life-world and its (un)connectedness to other societies? To what extent can a mobility approach advance our understanding of the complex relationship between migratory practices, experiences of belonging, and the kinds of movement and connectivity that make and re-make people as well as their societies?

Movement and Connectivity: Configurations of Belonging re-questions and re-thinks relationships between space, time, and livelihoods and explores how differently motivated geographical movements may be perceived and lived as part of wider social complexities.

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Edited by Oreste Foppiani and Oana A. Scarlatescu

Families are actors and drivers in migration and refugee crises. However, the current protection frameworks privilege the individual over the family unit. Consequently, the stories of families in migration have remained under-researched and their challenges under-addressed.
This volume explores the interplay between family, separation, and migration in the Middle East, West Africa, Southeast Asia, Europe, and Latin America, and in the context of the 2015 global refugee crisis. Guiding it are two questions: How do family, migration, and separation play out across geographical, political, and historical contexts? And what are the gaps in the protection of migrants and their families? Thirteen authors – academics and practitioners  – discuss the international protection for refugees, migration governance, child mobility, disability and immigration, human trafficking, and dilemmas in refugee reporting.
The book proposes a paradigm shift in the way we cater to the needs and aspirations of families on the move. Its authors offer evidence-based solutions that cut across polarized discussions on migration and refugees. As such, the volume is aimed at researchers, students, policymakers, and experts working in international relations, migration, human rights, and refugee protection.

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Karina von Tippelskirch

Drawing on a wealth of archival material, this book investigates work and life of Dorothy Thompson, the eminent journalist who in 1928 married American novelist Sinclair Lewis. In the following decade she became the most influential American woman next to Eleanor Roosevelt. Thompson's extensive network of friends and collaborators included prominent personalities on both sides of the Atlantic: Hamilton Fish Armstrong, Lion Feuchtwanger, Marcel Fodor, Ben Huebsch, Annette Kolb, Fritz Kortner, Thomas Mann, H. L. Mencken, Helmuth James von Moltke, Eugenie Schwarzwald, Christa Winsloe, and Carl Zuckmayer. Her prolific public engagement against Hitler and on behalf of refugees and exiled writers was based on the conviction that one was not possible without the other. A fierce opponent of isolationism, she declared that indifference towards totalitarianism or the refugee crisis would destroy democracy not only abroad but also in the United States.

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Wiener Slawistischer Almanach

Slavistische Linguistik 2014. Referate des XL. Konstanzer Slavistischen Arbeitstreffens in Konstanz/Hegne, 1.-5. September 2013

Edited by Slavische Philologie

Der Band vereinigt Beiträge deutscher, österreichischer und Schweizer slavistischer Linguistinnen und Linguisten. Behandelt werden Lexik und Grammatik des Russischen, Tschechischen, Polnischen, Obersorbischen, Moliseslavischen und Burgenland-Kroatischen. Thematische Schwerpunkte sind der Verbalaspekt, Sprachkontakt, Korpuslinguistik und Frequenzstudien, differentielle Argumentmarkierung, Pragmatik, interkulturelle Kommunikation und lexikalische Semantik. Die genannten Themen und Sprachen sind traditionelle Arbeitsgebiete der Mitglieder des „Konstanzer Kreises", gegründet 1974 in Konstanz. Dem Anlass der 40. Jahrestagung entsprechend visualisiert ein Beitrag die Entwicklung der Forschungen dieser maßgeblichen Gruppe slavistischer Linguistinnen und Linguisten.