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Celebrity and Youth

Mediated Audiences, Fame Aspirations, and Identity Formation

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Edited by Spring-Serenity Duvall

Celebrity and Youth: Mediated Audiences, Fame Aspirations, and Identity Formation makes an examination of contemporary celebrity culture with an emphasis on how young celebrities are manufactured, how fan communities are cultivated, and how young audiences consume and aspire to fame. This book foregrounds considerations of diversity within celebrity and fan cultures, and takes an international perspective on the production of stardom. Chapters include interviews with professional athletes in the United States about their experiences with stardom after coming out as gay, and interviews with young people in Europe about their consumption of celebrity and aspirations of achieving fame via social media. Other chapters include interviews with young Canadian women that illuminate the potential influence of famous feminists on audience political engagement, and critical analysis of media narratives about race, happiness, cultural appropriation, and popular feminisms. The current anthology brings together scholarship from Canada, the United States, Spain, and Portugal to demonstrate the pervasive reach of global celebrity, as well as the commonality of youth experiences with celebrity in diverse cultural settings.

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Borderlands of Memory

Adriatic and Central European Perspectives

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Edited by Borut Klabjan

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Boris Hennig

This book examines Aristotle’s four causes (material, formal, efficient, and final), offering a systematic discussion of the relation between form and matter, causation, taxonomy, and teleology. The overall aim is to show that the four causes form a system, so that the form of a natural thing relates to its matter as the final cause of a natural process relates to its efficient cause. Aristotle’s Four Causes reaches two novel and distinctive conclusions. The first is that the formal cause or essence of a natural thing is not a property of this thing but a generic natural thing. The second is that the final cause of a process is not its purpose but the course that processes of its kind typically take.

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Maximilian Backhaus

Dieses Buch beleuchtet das Nebeneinander von Kartell- und Kapitalmarktrecht am Kapitalmarkt auf Verbots- und Sanktionsebene mit einem Fokus auf den Börsenhandel. Der Autor stellt die Anwendbarkeit des Kartellrechts abstrakt sowie an Beispielen dar. Er geht wesentlich auf die kartellrechtliche Marktabgrenzung und Einflüsse der Kapitalmarktorganisation und -struktur ein. Zum Verhältnis der Rechtsgebiete erarbeitet der Autor abstrakt und am Beispiel der Kursstabilisation, dass trotz Überschneidungspunkten die parallele Anwendung der Rechtsmaterien geboten ist und primär Verbote vorgehen. Parallele Bußgelder misst der Autor an «ne bis in idem». Abschließend entwickelt er einen Leitfaden für die Prüfung der kartellrechtlichen Verbote am Kapitalmarkt.

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Kevin Dooley

Allegories and Metaphors in Early Political Thought: From Plato to Machiavelli examines allegories and metaphors that best exemplify the ideologies of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Niccolo Machiavelli. Author Kevin Dooley’s approach allows readers to gain a greater understanding of each thinker’s ideas through the lens of metaphor, which stimulates imaginative discussions and more thoughtful reflections.

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Doug Selwyn

What would schools and communities look like if the health and well-being of all our children were our highest priorities? More important than test scores, profits, or real estate values? What actions would we take if we wanted to guarantee that all our children were growing up with what they needed to be healthy, happy, and successful—and not just some of them?

The United States was once among the healthiest countries in the world. As of now, it is ranked no better than twenty-ninth. Those who bear the brunt of our worsening health are the poor, people of color, and, most of all, our children. All Children Are All Our Children situates our ongoing health crisis within the larger picture of inequality and the complex interplay of systems in the U.S. based on class, privilege, racism, sexism, and the ongoing tension between the ideals of democracy and the realities of corporate capitalism. Public education is caught in the middle of those tensions.

All Children Are All Our Children begins by defining what we mean by health, looking at the many factors that support or undermine it, and then identifies steps that can be taken locally in our schools and in our communities that can support the health and well-being of our young people and their families, even as we work towards necessary change at the state and national policy level.

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Aider les Acadiens ?

Bienfaisance et déportation 1755-1776. Préface de Martin Pâquet

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Adeline Vasquez

Pourquoi accueillir des réfugiés en période de guerre ? Cette question si contemporaine s’est posée dès le XVIIIe siècle aux administrateurs britanniques des colonies d’Amérique du Nord. À travers un exemple concret de « bienfaisance » en faveur des habitants de l’ancienne colonie française d’Acadie, cet ouvrage montre qu’au-delà des conflits militaires, des idées communes sur l’entraide et la fraternité marquèrent déjà les rapports sociaux de part et d’autre de l’Atlantique. Connue sous l’expression « Grand Dérangement », la déportation des Acadiens de 1755 fait ici, pour la première fois, l’objet d’une analyse détaillée des rapports entre cette population déplacée de force et les diverses autorités qui furent chargées de l’accueillir.

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Against Repression

Surrealism, Sublimation and the Recuperation of Desire

Klem James

Surrealism has been criticised for having been too steeped in idealism and poetry to have been an effective force for political and personal emancipation in the early twentieth century. The movement, its detractors claim, was conservative in outlook, denying the sexual and material poles of existence, and preferring sublimation over the direct expression of (and engagement with) base desire. These arguments are carefully re-examined and re-evaluated in this book, which focuses on the movement’s artistic and political activities of the late 1930s, 1940s and beyond.

The book reveals how a more transgressive strand of Surrealist art and thought emerged in France in this period, a strand that is underpinned by an increasing openness to sexual alterity. Surrealist works from this time are considered in terms of their more subversive aspect and shown not only to validate erotic desire but also to challenge the certainties (socio-political, personal) of their audience. Surrealist art and literature are thus presented as actively countering the repressive effects of a socially conservative France, aspiring not only to be at the vanguard of social change but of a change of consciousness in society.

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Acting Chekhov in Translation

4 Plays, 100 Ways

Robin Beth Levenson

Iconic Russian writer Anton Chekhov is recognized as the most translated and produced playwright in the world after William Shakespeare—that is, he is the most produced and most highly regarded modern playwright in English translation. Chekhov’s style models our behaviors and aspirations in alluring and intricate ways, unmatched in playwriting. His plays determined Realism in language and acting practice from the late 19th century to the present. Acting Chekhov in Translation: 4 Plays, 100 Ways explores the history of translation, contemporary and controversial approaches to stage translation, the notion of "action" from Aristotle to Adler (and beyond), and Chekhov’s inimitable dramaturgy. English translations, adaptations and versions of The Seagull, Uncle Vanya, The Three Sisters and The Cherry Orchard are each considered from the actors’ points of view, from the page to the stage.

The nature of stage translation has recently undergone novel and provocative changes: how can someone who does not know the source language adapt or translate a play? It is done frequently, and the outcomes are investigated herein. For the translator as well as practitioners, understanding theatre craft is essential to producing playable and engaging productions. Differences in the language, punctuation, syntax, sound, rhythm, stage directions and what appears on the written page in various translations affect the work of the actor on the playscript.

The purpose of this inquiry is not to definitively evaluate or interpret Chekhov’s plays but to discover approaches to working on plays in translation and to determine practical tools we may use in the analysis of dramatic form, as well as human behavior. This book includes selections from 145 translations and translators of all four plays and a glossary of acting terms that helps describe concepts for practical script analysis.