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Mehdi Khosravi

In order to understand the political structure and stability in the Islamic Republic of Iran, the nature of the Islamic judicial system in the country must be analysed. This book undertakes this responsibility and is the first comprehensive study of structurally deep-rooted corruption in the Islamic judiciary system. The findings of this research show that corruption in the judiciary is widespread in breadth and depth. This corruption has infiltrated every sector of the Islamic regime to the point where it impacts the day-to-day routine of the Iranian people.

Without a doubt, the influence of the Supreme Leader on the judiciary is the most prominent factor in the formation of judicial corruption and its epidemical spread to other parts of the government. This judicial corruption has calamitous consequences on Iranian society and has endangered society’s security. It has infringed on human rights, caused a dwindling economy, devalued the rule of law, and delayed social progress in the country.

This book will be of interest to students of legal studies, political science, Islamic studies, sociology, or religious studies. The book also provides precious insights for journalists, civil service employees, decision-makers, and all of those who are interested in discovering the reason for brutality in the Islamic judiciary. The book also provides useful information for the learned societies and research centres that are concentrated on Iranian studies, criminology, good governance, rule of law, and criminal justice systems.

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Cannibal Angels

Transatlantic Modernism and the Brazilian Avant-Garde

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Kenneth David Jackson

In the first three decades of the twentieth century, artists, writers, musicians, and architects from both sides of the Atlantic interacted to create a modern style for Brazil. Their works shaped Brazilian national expression and self-definition for the twentieth century and into the present, with renewed relevance as Brazil plays an increasingly important role in global affairs. Artists such as Tarsila do Amaral and Roberto Burle-Marx are appearing for the first time in museums in the United States and Europe, along with the concept of antropofagia from the «Cannibal Manifesto», a theory of cultural autonomy and a model for fusion, hybridity, and assimilation. This book offers a cultural history and interpretation of Brazilian modernism in the arts and letters, exploring how modernism depends on transatlantic negotiation and develops through interchanges between Brazilians and Europeans.
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Tai-Chun Ho

Cast in the shadow of the soldier-poets of the First World War, Victorian war poets have often been disparaged as «armchair patriots» glorifying military action in an unthinking fashion. Challenging this long-standing assumption, The Crimean War in Victorian Poetry considers the evolution of the figure of the homefront poet and explores the daunting task of representing war from a civilian perspective.

By virtue of the medium of modern reportage, the Crimean War (1854-1856) witnessed the inauguration of the civilian spectatorship of distant suffering, provoking a heated debate over the concept of the war poet and the function of war poetry during moments of national crisis. Confronted with news of soldiers’ hardships and of the distress caused by the government’s mismanagement of war, the so-called armchair poet sought ways of addressing the problem of pain and adversity from a distance and of engaging with the politics of war by composing lines of verse at home.

This is the first book-length study to examine the predicaments and achievements of mid-Victorian war poets. It provides historically nuanced readings of how a diverse group of British poets – ranging from the Poet Laureate Alfred, Lord Tennyson to the highly acclaimed female poet Louisa Stuart Costello – fought a literary war as they reworked the established traditions of war poetry and experimented with poetic forms in response to news of distant combat.

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Seda Gökçe Turan

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Symphonie der Worte

Musikalisierung von Fiktion in ausgewählten Werken Irène Némirovskys

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Eva Franziska Pemmerl

Das umfangreiche Werk der in Auschwitz umgekommenen Autorin Irène Némirovsky erlebt seit der posthumen Veröffentlichung ihres unvollendeten Romanepos Suite française sowie dessen prompter Auszeichnung mit dem Prix Renaudot eine internationale Renaissance. Die detaillierten Romanentwürfe und Projektskizzen aus dem handschriftlichen Nachlass der bereits zu Lebzeiten gefeierten  Schriftstellerin bedeuten einen Glücksfall für die Forschung, dokumentieren sie doch im Detail Némirovskys intensive Auseinandersetzung mit intermedialen Schreibexperimenten. Wie vor ihr Marcel Proust, James Joyce und Thomas Mann, entdeckte sie die Musik als vielseitiges Modell für die Konzeption und Gestaltung ihres Schreibens. Keine geringere als Beethovens fulminante 5. Symphonie stand Pate für Suite française – das Werk orientiert sich damit in Form und Struktur, aber auch in assoziativen außermusikalischen Inhalten an einer der bedeutendsten Kompositionen der klassischen Musik. Das Buch zeigt auf, mit welchen rhetorischen, narrativen und strukturellen Mitteln es Némirovsky gelingt, die jeweilige musikalische Vorlage in den literarischen Text zu übersetzen, und ermöglicht somit völlig neue Einblicke in das Hauptwerk der Autorin.
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Luis da Vinha and Anthony Dutton

Political scientists have long determined that a president’s relationships with his advisors is crucial in determining an administration’s policies. Over the last several decades, scholars of the presidency have paid particular attention to the advisory structures and processes involved in foreign policy decision-making. Their work has contributed to the development and refinement of three presidential management models to help frame the analysis of foreign policy-making: (1) formalistic model, (2) collegial model, and (3) competitive model. This book analyzes the management models employed by presidents George W. Bush, Barack Obama, and Donald Trump throughout their presidencies by employing a structured-focus comparison method that is framed on a set of general and standardized questions used to analyze a series of case studies involving their Middle East policies. The book offers the first systematic comparative analysis of presidents Bush, Obama, and Trump’s management of foreign policy crises.
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All Our Brothers and Sisters

Jews Saving Jews during the Holocaust

Edited by Judith Tydor Baumel-Schwartz and Alan Schneider

The book focuses on the heroism of Jews throughout Europe who risked their lives to save their coreligionists under Nazi rule. The contributors discuss and analyze the actions of Jews who rescued other Jews from the hands of the Nazis. These actions took place, to different degrees, in Germany, in Axis states and all across Nazi-occupied Europe, from the early stages of persecution until the war’s end, in the framework of collaborative efforts and individual initiatives. The Jews who rescued other Jews during the Holocaust came like their non-Jewish counterparts from different backgrounds: men and women, old and young, religious and secular, wealthy and poor, educated and uneducated. The rescue missions took place in ghettos, areas without ghettos, jails, camps, hospitals, children’s homes, schools, monasteries, in hiding. This book focuses on these rescue missions and the people behind them, reminding us of their courage and willingness to act, even when it put their own lives in danger.

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Evaluating Tests of Second Language Development

A Framework and an Empirical Study

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Khaled Barkaoui

The book introduces a framework for examining the validity of tests that aim to assess second-language (L2) proficiency development over time and/or in relation to L2 instruction. It also reports the findings of a longitudinal study that aimed to examine the sensitivity to change of a test of L2 proficiency development. Specifically, the study examined changes over time in Progress scores and the linguistic characteristics of essays written in response to Progress by learners who took the test before, during and after a period of L2 instruction in different countries. The book furthers our understanding of the nature of L2 proficiency as it develops over time and in relation to L2 instruction and provides a framework that can be used in future endeavours to design and validate tests of L2 proficiency development. The book is intended for graduate students, test developers, and researchers doing research in applied linguistics and L2 assessment.

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Edited by Rafael Ravina Ripoll, Luis Bayardo Tobar Pesántez, Araceli Galiano Coronil and José Marchena Dominguez

In these moments of health crisis, happiness management and social marketing are not teaching that it is possible to build a more committed, innovative and productive society. To achieve this end, countries and organizations must undertake a wave of human resource policies and actions that stimulate individuals’ happiness and creativity. In this way, a new economy can emerge that holistically promotes social welfare, equality, and talent.

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Jüdisches Kulturerbe MUSIK – Divergenzen und Zeitlichkeit

Überlegungen zu einer kulturellen Nachhaltigkeit aus Sicht der Jüdischen Musikstudien

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Edited by Sarah M. Ross

Seit den 1960er Jahren steigt in Europa die Zahl der jüdischen Kulturerbeprojekte. Im Gedenken an die Schoa suchen Nichtjuden die Relikte der Vergangenheit zu bewahren und lassen dabei nicht selten die gegenwärtigen jüdischen Gemeinden außer Acht. Die Autorinnen unterziehen diese Praxis des „authorized heritage" einer kritischen Betrachtung. Mit Blick auf das jüdische Kulturerbe Musik enthüllen sie vor dem Hintergrund aktueller Debatten um kulturelle Nachhaltigkeit die Gefahren von Konstruktion, kultureller Aneignung und Instrumentalisierung des Erbes. Mit der Diskussion innerjüdischer Nachhaltigkeitskonzepte, flankiert von philosophischen Thesen zum Erbe und zur Verantwortung für den Anderen, werden Denkanstöße für einen neuen, zukunftsorientierten Umgang mit jüdischem Kulturerbe gegeben.