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Patrick Speight

The Irish immigrants who arrived in Argentina between 1840 and 1890 were welcomed. Argentina was different from the English-speaking destinations familiar to other Irish emigrees: the historical antagonism between Catholicism and Protestantism was absent, and Irish immigrants were spared the discrimination experienced by those who settled in America. Argentina was regarded as part of Britain’s «informal empire», and the Irish benefitted economically and socially from being designated ingleses. The co-incidence of interest that developed between Irish-Argentines and British and American capital produced an economically successful community that was keen to protect its social status.

This book is the first comprehensive analysis of the Irish-Argentine community in a hundred years. Using the archive of the Southern Cross, the Irish-Argentine newspaper, it analyses the divisions that opened up in this community as it responded to 1916, the two World Wars, Peronism, the military dictatorship, and the Falklands/Malvinas war.

For generations the Southern Cross reflected and reinforced the conservative values of the community. But in 1968 a new editor would challenge the community over its failure to live up to what he considered to be the essence of being Irish: support for human rights and empathy with the poor.

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Displaced Memories

Remembering and Forgetting in Post-War Poland and Ukraine

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Anna Wylegała

The book is a comparative case study of collective memory in two small communities situated on two Central-European borderlands. Despite different pre-war histories, Ukrainian Zhovkva (before 1939 Polish Żółkiew) and Polish Krzyż (before 1945 German Kreuz) were to share a common fate of many European localities, destroyed and rebuilt in a completely new shape. As a result of war, and post-war ethnic cleansing and displacement, they lost almost all of their pre-war inhabitants and were repopulated by new people. Based on more than 150 oral history interviews, the book describes the process of reconstruction of social microcosm, involving the reader in a journey through the lives of real people entangled in the dramatic historical events of the 20th century.

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Jana Barbora Buresova

The study of Czechoslovak women refugees in Britain is noticeably missing from current research and Anglo-Czechoslovak historiography. This book explores the diverse experiences, dilemmas and contributions to Britain of these women within a socio-political context, commencing with the 1938 Munich Agreement that precipitated exile.

An essential difference between this and many other studies of exile is the focus on nationality (Czechoslovak) and gender (women), rather than either element alone. Moreover, archival research is complemented by oral interviews with former refugees, presenting a more detailed and nuanced approach to their experiences, including wartime roles in the armed services, Czechoslovak Red Cross, women’s organizations and patriotic cultural societies.

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The Politics of Marijuana

A New Paradigm

Edited by Timothy McGettigan

The phenomenon of "legal cannabis" is instigating a great deal of new research, political intrigue, and social change. The Politics of Marijuana: A New Paradigm explores the socio-political dimensions of cannabis as the world transitions from Harry Anslinger’s Reefer Madness prohibition to an as-yet-to-be-defined future. This book brings together a wide variety of perspectives on the past, present, and fast-changing future of cannabis.

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Steven R. Cureton

The Social Construction of Black Masculinity examines the legacy of negotiating black masculinity in a relatively free society that forced black men to justify claims of equitable humanity. The book represents an unapologetic narrative about behavioral choices by black men, which were framed by a history of forced distancing from their covenant with God, deliberate character assassinations, and emasculation in plain sight of their women and children.

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Von göttlicher Vorsehung bis Zufall

«Tyche» im Werk des Plutarch von Chaironeia

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Jens-Frederik Eckholdt

Der facettenreiche griechische Ausdruck ‚Tyche‘ (Schicksal, Glück, Zufall; auch Name einer Göttin) hat im Werk des Plutarch von Chaironeia (ca. 45 bis 125 n. Chr.) einen großen Stellenwert. Diese Studie arbeitet durch vertiefte Quellenanalysen heraus, welche Bedeutungsfacetten bei Plutarch in verschiedenen Kontexten relevant sind, und verdichtet diese zu Typen. Sie schlägt für diese Typologie in ihrer Bedeutungsweite von göttlicher Vorsehung bis Zufall einen organischen Zusammenhang vor, der an Plutarchs Vorstellungen von den ‚Daimones‘ angelehnt ist. Ein besonderer Fokus ist auf die Erklärung der Geschichte durch Plutarch gelegt: Inwiefern geht er von menschlicher Tüchtigkeit aus und inwiefern sieht er ‚Tyche‘ im Spiel, wenn es um historische Prozesse geht?

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Der letzte Welfe im Norden

Herzog Albrecht I. ‚der Lange‘ von Braunschweig (1236–1279): Ein ‚großer‘ Fürst und seine Handlungsspielräume im spätmittelalterlichen Europa

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Edited by Oliver Auge, Jan Habermann and Frederieke M. Schnack

Fürstliches Agieren nördlich und südlich der Elbe – die Dynastie der Welfen hat für eine überregional ausgerichtete Politik gleich mehrere Beispiele hervorgebracht, darunter Albrecht I. von Braunschweig, Urenkel Heinrichs des Löwen: Ausgehend vom 1235 neu begründeten Herzogtum Braunschweig-Lüneburg, wirkte er an verschiedenen Schauplätzen in der Mitte und im Norden des Reiches sowie in Dänemark. Die weitläufigen Ausgriffe seiner Politik sowie die Frage nach seinen Handlungsspielräumen stehen im Mittelpunkt des Bandes. Albrechts Wirkungskreise nördlich wie südlich der Elbe werden erstmals in einen gemeinsamen Kontext gestellt und zu einem Gesamtbild fürstlicher Herrschaft zusammengefügt.

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Der Limes Saxoniae

Fiktion oder Realität? Beiträge des interdisziplinären Symposiums in Oldenburg/Holstein am 21. Oktober 2017

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Edited by Oliver Auge and Jens Boye Volquartz

In seiner um 1075 verfassten «Hamburger Kirchengeschichte» berichtet Adam von Bremen vom «Limes Saxoniae», der durch Karl den Großen und andere Kaiser eingerichtet worden sei. Eine im Jahr 2017 von der Kieler Abteilung für Regionalgeschichte durchgeführte Tagung «Der ‹Limes Saxoniae› – Fiktion oder Realität?» hinterfragte diesen Quellenbericht und damit die Grenzziehung überhaupt ausgehend von interdisziplinären Standpunkten der Archäologie, Sprach- und Geschichtswissenschaft. Der vorliegende Tagungsband bündelt die Beiträge und Diskussionen dieser Konferenz zu Aspekten wie der historischen Nachweisbarkeit der Existenz dieser sächsisch-slawischen Grenze, ihres möglichen Erscheinungsbildes oder den zeitgenössischen Grenzvorstellungen. Auch Fragen nach einer Fälschungsabsicht Adams, dem Slawenbild im Frühmittelalter und der späteren Rezeption des «Limes» finden sich darin wieder.

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Jürgen Pohle

Em 2019 celebra-se o V Centenário da morte do imperador Maximiliano I (1459-1519), filho do imperador Frederico III da Casa de Habsburgo e de D. Leonor da Casa de Avis. Não obstante as suas raízes portuguesas, a historiografia lusófona não concedeu muita atenção às relações de Maximiliano com Portugal. O imperador estabeleceu laços estreitos e amigáveis com os seus primos direitos, D. João II e D. Manuel I, que conduziram Portugal ao apogeu da sua História na denominada Era da Expansão Europeia. Tal como estes, Maximiliano foi um autêntico Príncipe do Renascimento, fascinado pelos Descobrimentos Portugueses. Revelou-se, segundo resultados mais recentes da investigação histórica, um monarca mais visionário e moderno do que Carlos V, seu neto e sucessor.

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Chao Liu

This is the first work in English to explore Manchukuo literature in its entirety. It provides comprehensive, in-depth, and thought-provoking research by placing the literary history of Manchukuo from 1937 to 1941 in specific cultural lineages and socio-political contexts and focusing on four major literary groups of that period—the Manshū rōmanha, the Sakubun writers, the Yiwenzhi intellectuals, and the Wenxuan School—to illuminate its underlying intellectual dynamics. As it turns out, Manchukuo literature notably featured multiplicity, ambiguity, and self-reflexivity, which enabled it to transcend the dichotomy of romanticism and realism and that of the colonizers and the colonized. Not unlike a coordinate system, it took modernity and national identity as its horizontal and vertical axes. The Manshū rōmanha and the Sakubun writers respectively adopted an anti-modern or a modernist perspective and unanimously headed towards the intellectual stance of denying their own national identity and merging into the indigenous society of the colony; in comparison, Manchurian intellectuals, as epitomized by the Yiwenzhi School and the Wenxuan School, started from the same purpose of promoting national consciousness, but at last embarked on a bifurcated path to either modernization or cultural regression. Moreover, although the literary writings of these four groups differed much from each other in topics, stylistic features, and narrative modes, they all showed a deep concern for the sufferings of the Manchurian people brought by colonialism, coincidentally directed their criticism or sarcasm against the colonial rule, and thereupon endowed Manchukuo literature with a keynote of darkness.