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Von göttlicher Vorsehung bis Zufall

«Tyche» im Werk des Plutarch von Chaironeia

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Jens-Frederik Eckholdt

Der facettenreiche griechische Ausdruck ‚Tyche‘ (Schicksal, Glück, Zufall; auch Name einer Göttin) hat im Werk des Plutarch von Chaironeia (ca. 45 bis 125 n. Chr.) einen großen Stellenwert. Diese Studie arbeitet durch vertiefte Quellenanalysen heraus, welche Bedeutungsfacetten bei Plutarch in verschiedenen Kontexten relevant sind, und verdichtet diese zu Typen. Sie schlägt für diese Typologie in ihrer Bedeutungsweite von göttlicher Vorsehung bis Zufall einen organischen Zusammenhang vor, der an Plutarchs Vorstellungen von den ‚Daimones‘ angelehnt ist. Ein besonderer Fokus ist auf die Erklärung der Geschichte durch Plutarch gelegt: Inwiefern geht er von menschlicher Tüchtigkeit aus und inwiefern sieht er ‚Tyche‘ im Spiel, wenn es um historische Prozesse geht?

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Der letzte Welfe im Norden

Herzog Albrecht I. ‚der Lange‘ von Braunschweig (1236–1279): Ein ‚großer‘ Fürst und seine Handlungsspielräume im spätmittelalterlichen Europa

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Edited by Oliver Auge, Jan Habermann and Frederieke M. Schnack

Fürstliches Agieren nördlich und südlich der Elbe – die Dynastie der Welfen hat für eine überregional ausgerichtete Politik gleich mehrere Beispiele hervorgebracht, darunter Albrecht I. von Braunschweig, Urenkel Heinrichs des Löwen: Ausgehend vom 1235 neu begründeten Herzogtum Braunschweig-Lüneburg, wirkte er an verschiedenen Schauplätzen in der Mitte und im Norden des Reiches sowie in Dänemark. Die weitläufigen Ausgriffe seiner Politik sowie die Frage nach seinen Handlungsspielräumen stehen im Mittelpunkt des Bandes. Albrechts Wirkungskreise nördlich wie südlich der Elbe werden erstmals in einen gemeinsamen Kontext gestellt und zu einem Gesamtbild fürstlicher Herrschaft zusammengefügt.

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Der Limes Saxoniae

Fiktion oder Realität? Beiträge des interdisziplinären Symposiums in Oldenburg/Holstein am 21. Oktober 2017

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Edited by Oliver Auge and Jens Boye Volquartz

In seiner um 1075 verfassten «Hamburger Kirchengeschichte» berichtet Adam von Bremen vom «Limes Saxoniae», der durch Karl den Großen und andere Kaiser eingerichtet worden sei. Eine im Jahr 2017 von der Kieler Abteilung für Regionalgeschichte durchgeführte Tagung «Der ‹Limes Saxoniae› – Fiktion oder Realität?» hinterfragte diesen Quellenbericht und damit die Grenzziehung überhaupt ausgehend von interdisziplinären Standpunkten der Archäologie, Sprach- und Geschichtswissenschaft. Der vorliegende Tagungsband bündelt die Beiträge und Diskussionen dieser Konferenz zu Aspekten wie der historischen Nachweisbarkeit der Existenz dieser sächsisch-slawischen Grenze, ihres möglichen Erscheinungsbildes oder den zeitgenössischen Grenzvorstellungen. Auch Fragen nach einer Fälschungsabsicht Adams, dem Slawenbild im Frühmittelalter und der späteren Rezeption des «Limes» finden sich darin wieder.

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Jürgen Pohle

Em 2019 celebra-se o V Centenário da morte do imperador Maximiliano I (1459-1519), filho do imperador Frederico III da Casa de Habsburgo e de D. Leonor da Casa de Avis. Não obstante as suas raízes portuguesas, a historiografia lusófona não concedeu muita atenção às relações de Maximiliano com Portugal. O imperador estabeleceu laços estreitos e amigáveis com os seus primos direitos, D. João II e D. Manuel I, que conduziram Portugal ao apogeu da sua História na denominada Era da Expansão Europeia. Tal como estes, Maximiliano foi um autêntico Príncipe do Renascimento, fascinado pelos Descobrimentos Portugueses. Revelou-se, segundo resultados mais recentes da investigação histórica, um monarca mais visionário e moderno do que Carlos V, seu neto e sucessor.

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Chao Liu

This is the first work in English to explore Manchukuo literature in its entirety. It provides comprehensive, in-depth, and thought-provoking research by placing the literary history of Manchukuo from 1937 to 1941 in specific cultural lineages and socio-political contexts and focusing on four major literary groups of that period—the Manshū rōmanha, the Sakubun writers, the Yiwenzhi intellectuals, and the Wenxuan School—to illuminate its underlying intellectual dynamics. As it turns out, Manchukuo literature notably featured multiplicity, ambiguity, and self-reflexivity, which enabled it to transcend the dichotomy of romanticism and realism and that of the colonizers and the colonized. Not unlike a coordinate system, it took modernity and national identity as its horizontal and vertical axes. The Manshū rōmanha and the Sakubun writers respectively adopted an anti-modern or a modernist perspective and unanimously headed towards the intellectual stance of denying their own national identity and merging into the indigenous society of the colony; in comparison, Manchurian intellectuals, as epitomized by the Yiwenzhi School and the Wenxuan School, started from the same purpose of promoting national consciousness, but at last embarked on a bifurcated path to either modernization or cultural regression. Moreover, although the literary writings of these four groups differed much from each other in topics, stylistic features, and narrative modes, they all showed a deep concern for the sufferings of the Manchurian people brought by colonialism, coincidentally directed their criticism or sarcasm against the colonial rule, and thereupon endowed Manchukuo literature with a keynote of darkness.

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Paz y valores europeos como posible modelo de integración y progreso en un mundo global

Peace and European values as a potential model for integration and progress in a global world

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Edited by Jesús Baigorri and Jürgen Elvert

Este libro recoge las contribuciones realizadas al Seminario Doctoral sobre Paz y valores europeos como posible modelo de integración y progreso en un mundo global organizado en el Real Monasterio de Yuste, sede de la Fundación Academia Europea e Iberoamericana de Yuste, en Cuacos de Yuste, España, entre el 24 y 26 de julio de 2017. Los contenidos de este volumen cubren diferentes áreas de investigación, entre las cuales se observan las líneas propuestas en el titulo, a saber, el modelo y los valores europeos en un mundo global. Una mayoría de artículos se articulan en torno a las políticas internas de la UE; la propia génesis de los valores Europeos; el papel de las becas Erasmus en la internacionalización de la educación superior; la participación juvenil en el Derecho de la UE; los derechos religiosos en la UE; la preservación de las fronteras exteriores; la política de memoria histórica de la UE; la proyección exterior; o el concepto de Europa desde una visión crítica periférica.

This book includes the contributions to the Doctoral Seminar on Peace and European Values as a potential model for integration and progress in a global world held at the Royal Monastery of Yuste, Headquarters of the European and Ibero-American Academy of Yuste Foundation, in Cuacos de Yuste, Spain from 24th to 26th July 2017. The contents of this volume cover different areas of research, among which we find the lines proposed in its title, namely the European model and values in a global world. Most are articulated around the EU’s internal policies like the genesis of European values; the role of the Erasmus scholarships in the internationalization of higher education; the youth participation in EU Law; religious rights in the EU; the safeguarding of the external borders; the EU’s policies of historical memory; the EU’s external projection the narrative of what Europe is about from a critical peripheral view.

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Religiousness in the Late Middle Ages

Christianity and Traditional Culture in Central and Eastern Europe in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries

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Stanislaw Bylina

This book is devoted to the religiosity of the medieval Christian masses in Central and Eastern Europe and its relationship with the traditional cultures of that time. Addressing such topics as the common instruction of the three prayers and the Decalogue, "Christian" magic in everyday life, the Marian devotion, and various images of heaven and eternal damnation, the author never loses sight of his main topic: the complex and powerful interaction between medieval folklore and Christianity.

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Bangladesh Divided

Political and Literary Reflections on a Corrupt Police and Prison State

Q M Jalal Khan

Bangladesh Divided: Political and Literary Reflections on a Corrupt Police and Prison State examines the totalitarian police regime of Bangladesh, responsible (since 2009) for hundreds and thousands of victims who have disappeared, been killed, and/or been imprisoned. This book is a contribution toward the need for autocratic Awami power to be openly examined and challenged. Bangladesh Divided calls for peace, tolerance, compromise, social justice, rule of law, and democratically free and fair elections with a level playing field for all concerned, especially the major political parties. This book will interest students and scholars of Bangladesh studies, as well as those specializing in South Asian (regional) studies all around the world.

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Dreaming Kurdistan

The Life and Death of Kurdish Leader Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou

Carol Prunhuber

A thorough work of contemporary history and a distillation of the complex web of the Iranian Kurdish political world, this biography of Kurdish leader Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou depicts the character and passionate action of one of the twentieth century’s most exceptional and democratic leaders of a national movement.

Carol Prunhuber, who knew Ghassemlou from the early 1980s, shows us the many facets of a humanist leader of magnitude and worldwide scope. From revolution that toppled the Shah to the dark and treacherous alleys of the Cold War, Dreaming Kurdistan revives the Kurdish leader’s fated path to assassination in Vienna. We know how, why, and who murdered Ghassemlou—and we stand witness to Austria’s raison d’état, the business interests that put a lid on the investigation, and the response of silent indifference from the international community.

Professor of economics in Prague, bon vivant in Paris, clandestine freedom fighter in the Kurdish mountains, stalked by the Shah’s secret police, Ghassemlou is ultimately assassinated by the hit men of Ayatollah Khomeini’s Islamic Republic. Prunhuber takes us, through a murky world of equivocal liaisons, complicities, treachery, and undisguised threats, from Tehran to Vienna.

While the Islamic Republic of Iran continues to perturb and defy the West, Dreaming Kurdistan is essential for an understanding of Iran and the Kurds’ longing for freedom and democracy.

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Lionel P. Fatton and Oreste Foppiani

Japan has been moving toward a more independent security policy since the early 2010s, duplicating the military assets of the United States and reorganizing the Self-Defense Forces. In Japan’s Awakening, Lionel P. Fatton and Oreste Foppiani argue that the country faces an entrapment-abandonment dilemma in which any attempt to prevent abandonment by the United States vis-à-vis China negatively affects its national security by heightening the risk of entrapment in the Korean Peninsula, and vice versa. A move toward autonomy is the only way for Japan to solve this dilemma. The subject is at variance with both the insistence on the constraining effect of domestic norms on Japan’s security policy and the assumption of everlasting reliance on the United States for protection.