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Chaos in Theater

Improvisation and Complexity – Translated by Anna Grazia Cafaro and Melina Masterson

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Anna Grazia Cafaro

Have you ever prepared a discourse by heart and then found out that, when the moment arrives, surprise and uniqueness of hic et nunc are inevitable? No matter how much you prepare a text, it will need improvisation to be used on a stage or in the street. But, what is the limit between improvisation and technique, experience and training? Can we scientifically measure the improvisation of a text? 

This work aims to investigate in which dimension art meets science and how it happens. Artists need to discover new conceptual instruments that contribute to the probing of the laws of matter, social existence, and the human mind. The rigorous and fascinating trip that Anna Grazia Cafaro proposes to capture the sense, function, and nature of the actor’s improvisation is a splendid and a unique example of a “new alliance” between art and science, predicted forty years ago by the scientist Ilya Prigogine and the philosopher Isabelle Stengers.

Thanks to the application of Chaos Theory to the theatrical processes, attempted here for the first time, the actor and the performance are analyzed as “complex dynamic systems” like a cell, in which, paradoxically, chaos and order coexist and maintain the system in balance; the continuous passages from chaos to order, create the necessary tension and energy that allows the spectator to build his own meaning.

Despite the complex theoretical concepts this book is written in an accessible language and includes clear examples that make it comprehensible to a wide audience. It is perfect for students of theater, practitioners, scholars, and anyone who is curious about communicative mechanisms. It can be used in theater, science, comparative literature, and philosophy departments.

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Richard Scholar

Education, religion, scepticism, politics, friendship, sex, and style – Montaigne’s major themes are revealed here in the making of a text that practises freedom of thought by putting it to the test. This is an audacious close reading of the Essays and a demonstration of how Montaigne’s great book continues to speak to the present.

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Feminine Singular

Women Growing Up through Life-Writing in the Luso-Hispanic World

Maria-José Blanco and Claire Williams

Women have often chosen to tell their secrets, confide their dreams and express their deepest and most intimate thoughts in diaries, letters and other forms of life-writing. Although it is well established as a genre in the Anglophone and Francophone traditions, there has been very little publication of life-writing in the Hispanic and Lusophone worlds and even less scholarly criticism has appeared.

This collection of essays is the first volume to focus on the variety of women’s life-writing in the Luso-Hispanic world. The authors analyse women who have written or expressed their sense of identity through diaries, autobiographies, biographies, memoirs, travel writing and poetry, as well as forms of visual art, examining how they represent themselves and others. The volume brings together critics and academics working in Europe and the Americas who are engaging with the work of women from different countries, produced in locations ranging from a sixteenth-century convent to a twenty-first-century kitchen. The book responds to a range of different literary genres as well as reaching beyond literature to analyse women’s self-representation through painting, drawing and collage.

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L’Eclat du voyage

Blaise Cendrars, Victor Segalen, Albert Londres

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Mathilde Poizat-Amar

Que se joue-t-il entre le voyage et la littérature au début du XXe siècle ? Cet ouvrage se penche sur les œuvres de Blaise Cendrars, de Victor Segalen et d’Albert Londres pour comprendre comment s’articulent le voyage et son écriture autour du motif de l’éclat. Dans ces trois œuvres, le lien entre soi, le monde et l’autre est profondément remis en question dès qu’il est question de voyage. L’écriture elle-même a tendance à sortir des sentiers battus et menace d’éclatement certaines classifications narratives, linguistiques, génériques et poétiques. Plus encore, les textes étudiés obligent le critique qui veut les suivre à tracer une trajectoire qui lui est propre afin d’étudier de près les directions prises par ces textes en perpétuelle partance. Ce livre propose de s’engager dans cette trajectoire critique et, tout en cheminant, montre la nécessité de penser conjointement voyage et éclatement, voyage et littérature, et suggère une nouvelle lecture des textes considérés.

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Il discorso accademico italiano

Temi, domande, prospettive

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Maria Załęska

Il volume contestualizza il discorso accademico italiano sullo sfondo della problematica generale della trasmissione del sapere. I contributi, ispirati all’analisi del discorso, retorica, pragmatica e storia delle idee, sono raggruppati in tre parti. La prima offre una prospettiva storico-culturale sullo sviluppo dei concetti relativi alla comunicazione della scienza. La seconda presenta varie realizzazioni del discorso accademico italiano, confrontate con le pratiche comunicative in altre lingue. La terza è dedicata ai casi di confine che suscitano dubbi, in quanto non adempiono a qualche criterio ritenuto pertinente per il discorso accademico.

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La rencontre avec l’autre

Phénoménologie interculturelle dans l’Europe contemporaine

Claudio Cicotti and Sibilla Cuoghi

La rencontre avec l’autre est le thème fédérateur de cet ouvrage atypique, issu d’une expérience didactique originale mise en place par des professeurs issus de différentes disciplines. Le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, en tant que territoire où tant d’immigrés se sont rencontrés et cohabitent pacifiquement, a été choisi comme cadre idéal pour ce projet.

La formule choisie par les différents auteurs de ce volume se fait l’écho du dialogue interculturel qu’ils étudient et s’avère riche de sens. De nouvelles questions sur l’altérité, l’immigration et la rencontre de mentalités et cultures différentes émergent des différents textes qui composent cet ouvrage.

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Melina Gaona

Existe una zona de la interrogación cultural contemporánea desde el sur que puede encontrar en el barullo histórico del movimiento Tupac Amaru de Jujuy (Argentina) caminos para repensar los modos de subjetivación político-cultural de ciertos sectores populares latinoamericanos. Es así como se interpelan las complejidades actuales del lazo social en estas latitudes. De antemano, no se puede pautar lo que este clímax popular institucionaliza o ramifica hacia el futuro, pero se procura explorar este acontecimiento como ruptura histórica regional. El movimiento social Tupac Amaru se presenta como controversia que puede al fin devenir en captura hacia la ignominia o hacia el mito, de una u otra manera reificado. Es concebible también que su mera existencia, desarrollo y libertad signifiquen una anomalía histórica, inclusive inadvertida para los marcos progresistas que la engendraron, más aún para quienes hoy procuran desintegrarla y erradicarla. Los conceptos que inauguran la temática de este libro operan como un carril amplio por el que se buscan recorrer procesos observables que se vivieron en los últimos años en América Latina, en Argentina y, específicamente, en Jujuy. Con sus intensidades y matices, las instancias de difícil traductibilidad e inteligibilidad desde la crítica académica se manifiestan en el entorno social circundante en un abierto rechazo. El presente trabajo expone la plenitud de una escena hoy crepuscular. Deja su testimonio abierto al porvenir.
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La neología en las lenguas románicas

Recursos, estrategias y nuevas orientaciones

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Joaquín García Palacios, Goedele De Sterck, Daniel Linder, Nava Maroto, Miguel Sánchez Ibáñez and Jesús Torres del Rey

Esta monografía ofrece una visión plural y contrastada sobre distintos aspectos relacionados con la creación de neologismos en distintas lenguas románicas (es, fr, ca, gl, it, pt, ro). Un abanico de propuestas y enfoques formulados por los principales expertos en neología del panorama internacional actual, que permite trazar las líneas de actuación e investigación más relevantes de este ámbito, y que ayuda al lector a comprender las dinámicas de creación de léxico en unas lenguas que, además de un mismo origen, comparten desafíos y oportunidades de cara al futuro. Sin duda, los recursos, estrategias y nuevas orientaciones que se presentan en esta obra arrojan no pocas claves importantes para el estudio y la potenciación de las lenguas románicas en el actual panorama lingüístico global.

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Räume der Romania

Beiträge zum 30. Forum Junge Romanistik

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Corinne Fournier Kiss, Nadine Chariatte and Etna R. Krakenberger

Das Konzept des «Spatial Turn», in den 1980er Jahren durch Edward Soja geprägt, drückt das neue Bewusstsein aus, dass der Raum jeder Produktion von Wissen vorausgesetzt ist. Der vorliegende Sammelband knüpft an diese Bewegung von Wiederentdeckung und Aufwertung des Raumes an. Er bringt zum Vorschein, dass der Raum in der Kultur-, in der Literatur- und in der Sprachwissenschaft sowie in der Fachdidaktik immer einen wichtigen Platz eingenommen hat. Dafür greifen die Beiträge beispielsweise literarische Werke von Flaubert, Bassani, Petrarca, Moscona, Corneille, Góngora und Kundera auf, diskutieren Medien wie Film und Werbung und untersuchen Orte des Sprachkontakts und der Sprachentwicklung.

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Fernando Beleza and Simon Park

Although he committed suicide at the age of twenty-five, Mário de Sá-Carneiro left behind a rich corpus of texts that is inventive, playful, even daring. The first collection in English to be dedicated to his work, this volume brings together scholars from Portugal, Brazil, and the USA to reassess Sá-Carneiro’s contribution to Portuguese and European Modernism(s). In the book, established researchers and younger scholars delve into the complexities and paradoxes of his work, exploring not only the acclaimed novella Lucio’s Confession, but also his poetry, short fiction, and correspondence. Each essay engages in the necessary task of placing Sá-Carneiro’s work in a wider literary and artistic context, bringing back to his texts the creative energy of early twentieth-century Europe. Plural in their methods, the essays propose multiple lenses through which to tackle key aspects of Sá-Carneiro’s œuvre: his aesthetic and artistic influences and preoccupations; his negotiations/performances of identity; and the ways in which his work emerges in dialogue with other Modernist authors and how they in turn engage with his work. Though he is sometimes overshadowed by his more famous friend and artistic comrade, Fernando Pessoa, this collection shows just how much one misses, if one overlooks Sá-Carneiro and other writers of the Orpheu generation.