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Igor Hanzel

The book approaches the language experiments with great apes performed in the last 50 years from the point of view of logical semantics, speech act theory, and philosophy of the social sciences based on the linguistic turn in philosophy. The author reconstructs the experiments with the great apes Washoe, Chantek, Lana, Sherman, Austin, Kanzi, Sarah and Sheba who were taught various kinds of languages, including the language of mathematics. From the point of view of the philosophy of science these experiments are interpreted as being part of the social sciences. The book proposes new mathematical experiments that are based on modern semantical reconstruction of the language of mathematics. The author shows that modern scientific research into great apes has shifted from natural science to social science.

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Measuring Change

Transformational Outcomes in Christian Education

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Jeremy M. Wallace

Measuring Change provides voluminous data substantiating the claim that students can and do experience personal formation in the context of Christian higher education. This volume is a one-of-a-kind, mixed-methods analysis of Canby Bible College (CBC) alumnae. By means of a three-part research instrumentation, CBC graduates assess and articulate the transformational journey they gained as a Bible Collegian. Ultimately, Measuring Change contends that Christian education should be more about personal transformation than information acquisition, thus making a robust case for the wide-scale implementation of “transformational outcomes” in Christian higher education.

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Reconstructing Wonder

Chemistry Informing a Natural Theology

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Timothy Weatherstone

The book uses scientific discipline of chemistry to inform a Natural Theology. While Natural Theology typically employs scientific analysis from Cosmology, Physics, Mathematics and at times Biology the author extends the subject. He refers to the perception of beauty to provide a conceptual framework linking aspects of Epistemology, Theology and Chemistry. The volume presents a working definition of Natural Theology and a new definition of Beauty that bridges the conceptual gaps between the humanities and the hard sciences.

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Niclas Johansson

The story of Narcissus, who falls in love with his own image in a spring, has fascinated writers and thinkers ever since Ovid first gave poetical form to the myth in his Metamorphoses. This study systematically investigates the elaborations of the theme at the turn of the century around 1900. It argues that a sense of crisis in the modern foundation of selfhood explains the heightened interest in Narcissus during this period.

The book investigates three different aspects of the theme: as a symbol of a poetic apotheosis of the self in French Symbolism; as a narrative of a dissolving self in English, Austrian and French decadent literature; and as the concept of narcissism in sexology and psychoanalysis, where self-love provides an instinctual foundation of the self.

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Manna – Bread from Heaven

Jn 6:22-59 in the Light of Ps 78:23-25 and Its Interpretation in Early Jewish Sources

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Paweł Rytel-Andrianik

The author presents a new approach to the study of manna, which does not concentrate only on one particular representation of the bread from heaven (especially Ex 16). Additionally, he investigates the interconnections between Ps 78:23-25, Wis 16:20-13; 19:21 and Jn 6:22-59 and he explores the new ideas of each of these texts. He also strongly asserts that Hellenistic Judaism, represented by the Book of Wisdom, is not "a second-class Judaism". This fact is proved with the example of manna as the food of immortality, an idea not introduced by Christians in the Fourth Gospel, but already present in Wis 19:21.

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Jacek Dobrowolski

Award-winning essay in philosophical anthropology meditating on who, in terms of history of ideas, modern western man was, is, and will perhaps become. The author focuses on developments of modern man’s self-knowledge, understood both as concept of his own human nature and as individual self-consciousness, made possible by the idea that each human being is an autonomous rational agent. The book examines how Selfhood and self-governed individuality connect to science and technology, and offers an imaginative exploration of various modern narratives of human singularity, from Robinson Crusoe to Zarathustra, and to contemporary individual Facebook profiles.

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Kommentare zum Buch Rut von Josef Kara

Editionen, Übersetzungen, Interpretationen – Kontextualisierung mittelalterlicher Auslegungsliteratur

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Ingeborg Lederer-Brüchner

Dieser Band versammelt verschiedene hebräische Kommentarfassungen zum Buch Rut, die dem Exegeten Josef Kara im 11. und 12. Jahrhundert in Nordfrankreich zugeschrieben werden können. Diese Kommentare sind textkritisch ediert, ins Deutsche übersetzt und detailreich analysiert. Im Kontext mittelalterlicher Bibelauslegung erörtert die Verfasserin die Kommentare. Dabei diskutiert sie die Verwendung sogenannter Glossenkommentare ebenso wie Fragen nach der Autorschaft mittelalterlicher Kommentare, ihre Bearbeitungen und die in den Kommentaren verwendeten Auslegungsarten. Besonders geht die Verfasserin auf die Rolle rabbinischer Traditionsliteraturen ein und behandelt philologische Grundlagenfragen. Durch die Studien der vorliegenden Kommentare ergibt sich eine neue Sicht auf mittelalterliche jüdische Bibelauslegung. Die Ausführungen beruhen auf Kommentaren zum Buch Rut in acht Manuskripten (z.B. Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin – Preußischer Kulturbesitz Ms.or.fol.1221, London – The British Library Add. 22413 und Zürich – Zentralbibliothek Ms Or 157), die durch Abbildungen veranschaulicht werden.
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Gott bleibt Israel treu

Die Bundesbeziehung Gottes zu Israel im Sinaibund als Argumentationsgrundlage in Römer 9–11

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Benjamin Lange

Die Kapitel 9–11 des Römerbriefes sind für die Frage nach der Bedeutung Israels im Neuen Testament von zentraler Bedeutung. In welcher Weise Paulus dabei das Alte Testament verwendet, ist in der Forschung jedoch umstritten. In dieser Studie wird anhand der Zitate aus dem Kontext des Sinaibundes untersucht, inwieweit Paulus auf die alttestamentlichen Aussagen zur Bundesbeziehung Gottes zu Israel zurückgreift. Dazu wird die Bundesbeziehung in ihrem alttestamentlichen Kontext, ihrer Rezeption im Frühjudentum und schließlich in ihrer argumentativen Funktion in Röm 9–11 analysiert. Es zeigt sich, dass die alttestamentlichen Kernaussagen zur Bundesbeziehung Paulus weitreichend geprägt haben und wesentlich der Überzeugung sind, dass Gott Israel nicht verstoßen hat.

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Dialogues and Conflicts among Religious People

Addressing the Relevance of Interreligious Dialogue to the Common Public

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Kizito Chinedu Nweke

Dialogues and conflicts have become related topics. With all the resources, academic, financial and religious, interreligious dialogue is yet to achieve the expectations of peace among religious people. Searching through the works of many thinkers, from Plato, Rousseau, Buber and Bohm through de Chardin, von Balthasar, Rahner and Daniélou to Tracy, Jeanrond and Moyaert, this study discovers the missing link between interreligious dialogues and its practicability in the public, and proffers solutions.

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Church and Chapel in Industrializing Society

Anglican Ministry and Methodism in Shropshire, 1760–1785

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D. R. Wilson

Church and Chapel in Industrializing Society: Anglican Ministry and Methodism in Shropshire, 1760–1785 envelopes a new and provocative revisionist history of Methodism and the Church of England in the eighteenth century, challenging the Church’s perception as a varied body with myriad obstacles which it dutifully and substantially confronted (if not always successfully) through the maintenance of an ecclesiastically and theologically rooted pastoral ideal. This model was lived out ‘on the ground’ by the parish clergy, many of whom were demonstrably innovative and conscientious in fulfilling their pastoral vocation vis-à-vis the new demands presented by the social, ecclesiastical, political, and economic forces of the day, not least of which was the rise of industrialisation. Contrary to the effete arguments of older cadre church historians, heavily reliant on the nineteenth-century denominational histories and primarily the various forms of Methodism, this book provides a thoroughly researched study of the ministry of John William Fletcher, incumbent of the parish of Madeley at the heart of the industrial revolution, whose own work along with that of his Evangelically minded Anglican-Methodist colleagues found the Church of England sufficiently strong and remarkably flexible enough to rigorously and creatively do the work of the Church alongside their non-Anglican Evangelical counterparts. Despite the manifest challenges of industrializing society, residual dissent, and competition from the Church’s rivals, the Establishment was not incapable of competing in the religious marketplace.