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The Nordic PhD

Surviving and Succeeding

Christopher McMaster, Caterina Murphy and Jakob Rosenkrantz de Lasson

The Nordic PhD: Surviving and Succeeding is an edited book written for prospective and current doctoral students by a mix of doctoral students and those who have recently completed their doctorates. The premise is simple: if you could go back in time and talk with yourself when you began your studies, what advice would you give? Isn’t hindsight a bonus? If only I knew then what I know now!

The Nordic PhD: Surviving and Succeeding follows editions focused on study in Aotearoa New Zealand, Australia, the U.K., U.S., and South Africa. What sets The Nordic PhD: Surviving and Succeeding apart from many others on the market is its down-to-earth and practical approach. Furthermore, its originality also lies in the fact that it is grounded in the context of doctoral studies in the Nordic countries.

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Myth, Mind and Religion

The Apocalyptic Narrative

Abraham Rotstein

The French anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss scoured the Amazon forest for the myths of its primitive peoples. He found that a certain logic governed the construction of these myths—his mythologique; he regarded this logic as innate in the human mind and thus universal. Despite this claim of universality, Lévi-Strauss deliberately sidestepped the myths of the biblical religions as well as the myths of modern societies. This proved to be a missed opportunity since these myths lend themselves very well to his mode of analysis.


The apocalyptic narrative is the ongoing myth of Western society. It makes its first appearance in the Bible in the story of the Exodus and in the Passion of Christ. Its characteristic feature is its opening scenario of one or another form of unendurable oppression— whether the Pharaoh in Egypt for the Jews or the bondage of the body for Christians. “Lord and servant” is the binary pair that prevails and through a process of inversion leads to the Kingdom of Heaven (celestial or terrestrial). The work of Augustine and Luther follow suit as surprisingly enough, do the Lutheran Hegel and the Hegelian Marx. In every case, the initial oppression is inverted and a sublime destination ensues.

A demonic version of the same apocalyptic narrative appears in the 1930s. The Nazis point to their own tale of ‘oppression’ of the German people and in the same fashion proclaim the Dritte Tausendjährige Reich. It is a terrible irony but perhaps Lévi-Strauss’s mythologique may help us to see through the ‘glass’ a little less darkly.

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Muslim Indian Women Writing in English

Class Privilege, Gender Disadvantage, Minority Status

Elizabeth Jackson

In Muslim Indian Women Writing in English: Class Privilege, Gender Disadvantage, Minority Status, Dr. Elizabeth Jackson conducts a study of the literary fiction of the four best-known Muslim Indian women writing in English during the postcolonial period: Attia Hosain (1913–1998), Zeenuth Futehally (1904–1992), Shama Futehally (no relation, 1952–2004), and Samina Ali (b. 1969). As elite Muslim women in India, the literary vision of these authors is influenced by their paradoxical position of class privilege, gender disadvantage, and minority status. Accordingly, there are recurring thematic concerns central to the fiction of all four writers, each of which forms a chapter in the book: "Religion and Communal Identity," "Marriage and Sexuality," "Gender and Social Class," and "Responding to Patriarchy." The first chapter, "Form and Narrative Strategy," provides an initial framework by examining the literary techniques of each writer.

Much has been written about literature in English by Indian women, about Muslim literature in general, about the Muslim minority in India, and about Muslim women all over the world. However, until now there has been no major academic study of literature in English by Muslim Indian women. Aimed at researchers, students, and general readers, this book aims to fill that gap in the critical scholarship.

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Music and Ritual in Medieval Slavia Orthodoxa

The Exaltation of the Holy Cross

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Gregory Myers

This project fills a void in medieval musical scholarship in the West by addressing an area that is virtually terra incognita. Based on newly-accessed primary source material and grounded in the most current scholarship, the English-language monograph-length study, Music and Ritual in Medieval Slavia Orthodoxa: The Exaltation of the Holy Cross investigates the sacred music traditions of the Orthodox Slavs (Bulgaria, Serbia and Russia) during a critical period in the cultural history of the region. The approach taken is interdisciplinary, drawing on recent scholarship in liturgical studies, Byzantine and medieval Slavic history, linguistics and musicology. The study traces the dissemination of liturgical and musical performance practices through the disparate centers of the Eastern Christian world (from Southern Italy, Balkan Peninsula to Kiev and Novgorod). It takes into account the physical locus of the chanting practices, whether urban cathedral or monastery. The medieval Slavs are treated as an autonomous cultural body within the Commonwealth of the Eastern Church.

Set against the shifting liturgical backdrop of the 13th century with its pending liturgical reform, the study addresses aspects of chant performance practice in the Slavic-speaking world. Select hymnography for the celebration are sought in the rubrics of liturgical sources describing its placement in the services, singing personnel, the style of the hymnody and the manner of its musical execution (antiphonal, responsorial). The Feasts of the Holy Cross, observed during the week of September 14, the Third Sunday of the Lenten Fast and Holy Week (Holy Tuesday and Good Friday), serve as case studies for which there is an abundance of unexplored material to be brought to light. The current study presents this material to the Western audience for the first time.

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The Mourning News

Reporting Violent Death in a Global Age

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Tal Morse

A conventional wisdom in media studies is that "when it bleeds it leads". The media love violence and from the newsroom perspective, negative news is good news. Violent death often makes it to the headlines, and mass violent death events often become media events that receive immediate continuous attention worldwide. However, reporting violent death is not only about sending information, but also about the maintenance of society. News about violent death functions as media rituals which elicit grief and inform a sense of care and belonging. Accordingly, this book takes a broader sociological and anthropological approach to considering the role of death and the media in organising social life in a global age. Based on literature on solidarity and social cohesion, death rituals, media rituals, and journalism studies, this book examines whether and how the performance of the media at the occurrence of mass violent death events informs solidarity and interconnectedness on a cosmopolitan level.

The book develops the analytics of grievability as an analytical framework that unpacks the ways in which news about death constructs grievable death and articulates relational ties between spectators and sufferers. The book employs the analytics of grievability in a comparative manner and analyses the coverage of three different case studies (terror attack, war and natural disaster) by two transnational news networks (BBC World News and Al-Jazeera English). This comparative analysis showcases the centrality of news media in selectively cultivating a sense of cosmopolitan solidarity in a global age.

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Mobile and Ubiquitous Media

Critical and International Perspectives

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Michael S. Daubs and Vincent R. Manzerolle

What does the phrase "ubiquitous media" actually mean? Individual definitions are just as varied and ubiquitous as the media to which they refer. As a result, there is to date no large-scale theoretical framework through which we can understand the term. The goal of this volume is to provide a diverse set of critical, theoretical, and international approaches useful to those looking for a more diverse and nuanced understanding of what ubiquitous media means analytically.

In contrast to other existing texts on mobile media, these contributions on mobile media are contextualised within a larger discussion on the nature and history of ubiquitous media. Other sections of this edited volume are dedicated to historical perspectives on ubiquitous media, ubiquitous media and visual culture, the role of ubiquitous media in surveillance, the political economy of ubiquitous media, and the way a ubiquitous media environment affects communities, spaces, and places throughout the world.

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Mission écologie/Auftrag Ökologie

Tensions entre conservatisme et progressisme dans une perspective franco-allemande/Konservativ-progressive Ambivalenzen in deutsch-französischer Perspektive

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Olivier Hanse, Annette Lensing and Birgit Metzger

Au XXe siècle, l’écologie est devenue, en France comme en Allemagne, un sujet social et politique de premier ordre. Quelle place occupent les divers acteurs, leurs idées et leurs modes d’engagement dans le paysage politique allemand et français ? Quels rapports entretenaient-ils ? Dans quelle mesure les débats sur le positionnement difficile de l’écologie politique sur l’axe traditionnel gauche-droite aboutissent-ils à des prises de position différentes en France et en Allemagne ? Ces questions sont au centre des contributions de cet ouvrage, qui s’inscrit dans une approche transnationale de l’histoire environnementale du XXe siècle et inclut dans sa réflexion, en plus des mouvements et partis politiques, des modes d’expression et d’engagement comme le syndicalisme, la culture du corps, la naturopathie et l’agriculture biologique.

 

Im 20. Jahrhundert wurde die Ökologie in Frankreich wie in Deutschland zu einem zentralen politischen und gesellschaftlichen Thema. Wie lassen sich die unterschiedlichen Akteure, ihre Ideen und Handlungsweisen in den politischen Landschaften in Deutschland und Frankreich verorten? Wie bezogen sie sich aufeinander? Inwiefern rufen die Debatten zur schwierigen Verortung der politischen Ökologie im Rechts-Links-Schema in beiden Ländern unterschiedliche Stellungnahmen hervor? Diese Fragen stehen im Zentrum dieses Bandes, der sich einer transnationalen Umweltgeschichte im 20. Jahrhundert verschreibt und über die politischen Bewegungen und Parteien hinaus vielfältige Ausdrucks- und Handlungsformen wie die Gewerkschaften, die Körperkultur, die Naturheilkunde und die biologische Landwirtschaft miteinbezieht.

 

 

 

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Making College Better

Views from the Top

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Joseph L. DeVitis

Today’s colleges and universities are facing mounting criticism from both internal and external interest groups and constituencies. While strident calls for reform accelerate, resources for higher education have weakened. Thus, demands to improve college education abound amidst hard times. This timely book, Making College Better: Views from the Top, offers more rational and practical responses to that public outcry by allowing college presidents and chancellors from a wide variety of postsecondary institutions the opportunity to address, in measured ways, many complex issues and how they might be untangled. Moreover, these academic leaders provide possible remedies to make college better through more strategic policies and practices.

Making College Better will appeal to all those interested in the future of higher education, including students, college administrators and other higher education personnel, parents, legislators and other officials, and public and private sector leaders. It is especially useful for courses in the organization and administration of higher education, the college presidency, contemporary issues in higher education, foundations of higher education, higher education and society, and college student development.

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« Maine French Heritage Language Program »

Un processus de « reconquête » du français dans l’État du Maine ?

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Julie Bernier-Carbonneau

Anciennement bien présent dans le Maine, en raison de l’arrivée d’Acadiens à la fin du 18e siècle et de Canadiens français au tournant du 20e siècle, le français se trouve aujourd’hui dans une situation précaire dans cette région des États-Unis. Toutefois, cette langue dénommée « langue d’héritage » semble être, depuis quelques années, au cœur d’un processus de revitalisation, de réactivation au sein de cet État. L’auteure examine dans quelle mesure le Maine French Heritage Language Program fait partie d’un tel processus de « reconquête » du français. Dans son étude, qui s’inscrit dans le champ des langues et cultures étrangères, elle interroge ce dispositif et en explore les différents enjeux, acteurs et dimensions. Selon une approche qualitative interprétative et dans une perspective psycho-socio-anthropologique, l’auteure analyse les représentations et pratiques des divers acteurs du MFHLP, en croisant leurs propos, leurs dessins et des observations de classes. Ses résultats la conduisent à suggérer des pistes didactiques et à se questionner sur la notion de « langue d’héritage », du fait de l’installation de nouveaux Franco-Américains qui vont peut-être changer la donne.

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Living Beyond the Borders

Essays on Global Immigrants and Refugees

Edward Shizha, Rosemary Kimani-Dupuis and Priscilla Broni

Cross-border migration has resulted in many social, cultural, economic, and political challenges that need attention. Globalization, migration, and transnationalism have a strong impact on the lives of diasporic immigrants and refugees. Transnationalism and diaspora, which result from globalization and migration, create transnational social spaces, fields, and formations that affect the everyday practices and engagements of migrants and refugees. Living Beyond the Borders highlights the Canadian immigration policies and the challenges faced by migrants, particularly visible minorities. The book further presents multiple perspectives and arguments on how immigrants and refugees react to their "new home" in the north and how they maintain memories of their country of origin.

The contributors to this volume analyze the impact of transnational lives on the identity construction of migrants and how they acquire and negotiate their multiple identities. The book further interrogates these identities by questioning the experiences of immigrants and refugees living precarious lives in their country of permanent or temporary settlement. This book contributes knowledge and literature that is intended for academic scholars, researchers, and undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of immigration studies, global studies, sociology, political science, development studies, and interdisciplinary studies. Its multidisciplinary approach has significant value to readers, as it integrates perspectives on the multidimensionality and complexity of transnational migration, settlement, and integration in the contemporary globalized world.