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Debating Migration as a Public Problem

National Publics and Transnational Fields

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Edited by Camelia Beciu, Mălina Ciocea, Irina Diana Mădroane and Alexandru I. Cârlan

This volume identifies empirical sites and methodological frames for approaching the construction of migration as a public problem. Starting from the premise that transnationalism becomes structural in setting the public agenda, the authors explore topics and arguments on migration in media and political discourses, as well as the ways migrants and non-migrants recontextualize these discourses in the process of making sense of migration, as a matter of citizenship and policy action.

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Place, Power, Media

Mediated Responses to Globalization

Edited by Divya McMillin, Joost de Bruin and Jo Smith

Place, Power, Media: Mediated Responses to Globalization is a compelling, interdisciplinary exploration of how media practices and communication rituals are connected to larger economic, social, and political processes in a globalizing world. Through a rich variety of media texts, authors examine how daily, mundane, and interpersonal processes help shape ‘our’ place in the world, a placement that is integrally connected to social relations at the global level. Denoting a sense of geography as well as demarcating diverse social positionings, place is understood as the result of historical and contemporary discourses occurring on a range of scales and within different cultural, aesthetic, and political contexts. The authors argue that the construction, restoration, configuration, and representation of place is an important project at multiple levels; what meanings are derived from it, what meanings are infused, who the key players are, what power struggles are inherent—these issues offer rich areas of study for global media scholars interested in the place-making powers of media.

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Human-Machine Communication

Rethinking Communication, Technology, and Ourselves

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Edited by Andrea L. Guzman

From virtual assistants to social robots, people are increasingly interacting with intelligent and highly communicative technologies throughout their daily lives. This shift from communicating with people to communicating with people and machines challenges how scholars have theorized and studied communication. Human-Machine Communication: Rethinking Communication, Technology, and Ourselves addresses this transition in how people communicate and who, or what, they communicate with and the implications of this evolution for communication research. Geared toward scholars interested in people’s interactions with technology, this book serves as an introduction to human-machine communication (HMC) as a specific area of study within communication (encompassing human-computer interaction, human-robot interaction, and human-agent interaction) and to the research possibilities of HMC. This collection includes papers presented as part of a scholarly conference on HMC, along with invited works from noted researchers. Topics include defining HMC, theoretical approaches to HMC, applications of HMC, and the larger implications of HMC for self and society. The research presented here focuses on people’s interactions with multiple technologies (artificial intelligence, algorithms, and robots) used within different contexts (home, workplace, education, journalism, and healthcare) from a variety of epistemological and methodological approaches (empirical, rhetorical, and critical/cultural). Overall, Human-Machine Communication provides readers with an understanding of HMC in a way that supports and promotes further scholarly inquiry in a growing area of communication research.

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Muslim Women and White Femininity

Reenactment and Resistance

Haneen Shafeeq Ghabra

Winner of the 2019 Outstanding Book of the Year Award for the International and Intercultural Communication Division (IICD) of the National Communication Association (NCA).

Muslim Women and White Femininity: Reenactment and Resistance is a much-needed book in a time when Muslim women are speaking out but also embodying White femininity. This book focuses on how Whiteness travels through Muslim women’s bodies, who in turn reenact or resist White womanhood, by examining three relevant archetypes: the Oppressed, the Advocate, and the Humanitarian Leader. The author aims to demonstrate the necessity of archetypal criticism as a method that can teach the reader or student how to deconstruct dominant discourses in the media. This book aims to address intercultural, gender, intersectional and critical communication courses but is also suited for those in the general public who wish to understand the deceptive nature of the media. Thus, at a time where Muslim women are being used as media objects by Western media, this book is crucial in analyzing how readers can begin to uncover dominant ideologies that are carried through and by Muslim women. 

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Edited by Benedetta Brevini and Justin Lewis

It is now more than a quarter of a century since the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change published their first comprehensive report on the dangers posed by anthropogenic global warming. Over the last twenty-five years the weight of evidence about the causes and consequences of climate change has become compelling. The solutions are fairly simple—we must switch to more sustainable and efficient forms of energy production. And yet they remain elusive—globally we produce significantly more greenhouse gases now than we did back in 1990. The sad truth is that this inaction has made climate change inevitable—the only question that remains is whether we can prevent it spiraling out of control.

How do we explain this colossal global failure? The problem is political rather than scientific: we know the risks and we know how to address them, but we lack the political will to do so. The media are pivotal in this equation: they have the power to set the public and the political agenda. Climate Change and the Media, Volume 2 gathers contributions from a range of international scholars to explore the media’s role in our understanding of the problem and our willingness to take action. Combined, these chapters explain how and why media coverage has, to date, fallen short in communicating both the science and the politics of climate change. They also offer guidance about how the media might shift from being the problem to becoming part of the solution.

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Cultural Differences in Network Communication

How Polish, German and Ukrainian Netizens Use Social Media

Grażyna Piechota

This book tries to answer the question how the identity and cultural values of individuals are being modified by the Internet and its global culture. It is based on unique research projects focusing on foreign students and their way of communicating in the new media. The aim is to explore the relationship between the cultural affiliation of young Internet users from Poland, Germany and Ukraine and their attitudes as well as communication behaviour in Internet interactions.

The author presents an in-depth analysis of network communication and its influence on possible changes of cultural identity. Creating an alternative platform for discussions, network communication becomes a place for a new type of identification – a cosmopolitan one. It is also the frame in which self-reflection and modification of cultural identity take place. According to the author, the social media thus might also be perceived as a tool for building tolerance with respect to the cultural differentiation of the world.

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Artisanat et design

Un dessein indien ?

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Edited by Philippe Bouquillion, Julie Peghini and Catherine Servan Schreiber

Très renommés, et commercialisés à l’échelle internationale, le design et l’artisanat indiens s’affirment avec succès. Les productions artisanales attirent chaque année de milliers de touristes. Le Made in India, avec ses couleurs acidulées et ses formes attractives, investit les foyers comme les industries culturelles. Les designers indiens, qu’ils soient formés au National Institute of Design (NID) ou à New York, travaillent dans le monde entier. Pourtant, peu de recherches ont été conduites sur ce sujet. Cet ouvrage se propose d’apporter des pistes de réflexion sur les relations entre le design et l’artisanat et la dynamique qu’elles suscitent. Il est le fruit de la collaboration de trois équipes : l’équipe « Industries culturelles indiennes. Scènes artistiques et littéraires » r du CEIAS (CNRS EHESS), le CEMTI et le LabSIC. Le groupe de recherche ainsi formé s’inscrit à la croisée de l’anthropologie et des sciences de l’information et de la communication.

Notre démarche s’est appuyée sur des enquêtes de terrain et des entretiens avec des artisans et des designers, ces derniers venant tant du design industriel que du design à ambition artistique. De même, des experts et personnalités du monde du design et des acteurs du design étrangers intervenant en contexte indien ont été rencontrés. L’ouvrage inclut également, notamment grâce à un travail commun avec la revue Take On Art, les analyses de chercheurs indiens et d’acteurs du domaine. Les artisans présentés dans l’ouvrage relèvent d’une grande pluralité de disciplines, se situent en zones rurales et urbaines dans divers états de l’Inde et proviennent de cadres sociaux et religieux différents. La perspective artistique, – et tout spécialement l’art contemporain –, est aussi représentée, en particulier dans ses manifestations urbaines.

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Literacy Then and Now

A Study of Modern and Contemporary Literacy Practices

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Alice S. Horning

This book argues that the psycholinguistic nature of literacy is universal and seeks to recouperate late nineteenth and early twentieth century techniques for addressing it. After defining the key terms of this study, the book goes onto survey various types of literacy education in the United States. First, it examples various religious organization and their methods for supporting literacy, focusing on the main religious groups in the United States in the Modern period: Christianity, Judaism and Islam. The book then discusses contributions made by NGOs, demonstrating the importance and limitations of reading groups, literary societies, settlement houses, unions, and corporations. Finally, the book examines government managed educational programs in K-12 schools as well as colleges and universities.Ultimately, this book argues, the psycholinguistic character of reading remains consistent over time, place and delivery syste. While sponsors play a key role, self-motivation is a driving force in literacy development. Although literacy education is in an on-going state of transition, the need for critical literacy continues to be an urgent, widespread and essential goal.

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International Public Relations

Practices and Approaches

Edited by Mehmet Umut Tuncer

Today, globalisation has reached its peak not only due to economic integration, but also by the multiplier effect stemmed from digital communication technologies. The concept of «global village», mentioned nearly half a century ago by Marshall McLuhan, confronts us as actual reality. Of course, this approach creates radical impact on all management practices.

Public relations is one of the management instruments which is affected most by the emergent change in approach within this context. In this volume, the authors define public relations through an international perspective within the context of both theory and practice. Consisting of fifteen sections, the book describes what intra- and extra-organisational public relation theories and practices correspond to in the present day.

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Media and Digital Modernism

New Communication Environments

Edited by Sefer Kalaman and Bilal Süslü

New technologies have brought about radical changes in almost all areas of life. The best concept to describe this period is «digimodernism» in which there occur many transformations, from shopping to information, socialization to banking, education to communication. People, who become increasingly dependent on technology, computer and internet, are forced to attach themselves to the new social structure in a society that changes in parallel with digitalization. The Digimodern period has substantially affected the media as almost every point of life and caused great transformations. At this point, the main theme of the book is to reveal the structure of the media in the digital period.