This book explores immigrant life writing and examines the complex relationship between the America imagined in the dreams of would-be immigrants and their ability to establish connections to actual places in America. The authors discussed in the book (Vasily Aksyonov, Mary Antin, Eva Hoffman, Edward Limonov, and Miriam Potocky-Tripodi) come to North America from different places in Eastern Europe and publish their books at different times of the 20th century, but for all of them an attachment to the new place begins before emigration. The initial stages of this process are imaginative – learning and dreaming about America, visualizing it as an ideal place – and the immigrants’ encounter with their new country is mediated by this idealized image of America. Although some immigrant autobiographers profess an immediate bonding to American places, the texts examined in this book demonstrate that the process of claiming a new place as one’s own is often rife with ambiguities and setbacks. Only by negotiating the gap between the dream and the encountered America can an immigrant begin to feel at home in the new place. At the same time, the bond to the home country can never be severed, and that rejected place becomes a reference point for comparisons or even a model for organizing the new environment. Briefly stated, immigrants maintain attachments to multiple places – physical, imagined, and remembered.
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Across Short Story Landscapes and Regional Places
These eight texts deal with different perspectives on the relation between the regional short story, modernism and space. Seven of them concentrate on short prose (the short story and chronicle) and one deals with the novel. Four of them consider canonical pre-modernist and modernist Anglo-American authors and the other four Portuguese rustic and modernist short story writers. Their common point of departure is the notion that the representation of the world cannot be separated from its spatial context, and the effort to understand how space and landscape influenced the structure of narratives and were represented in some of them, mainly in short fiction. They draw attention to the importance of the underestimated regionalist short prose narratives, essentially from a comparative literary perspective, but also considering certain aspects of their social and cultural connections and dissonances.
The Myth of Russia in British Literature of the 1920s
Olga Soboleva and Angus Wrenn
From Orientalism to Cultural Capital presents a fascinating account of the wave of Russophilia that pervaded British literary culture in the early twentieth century. The authors bring a new approach to the study of this period, exploring the literary phenomenon through two theoretical models from the social sciences: Orientalism and the notion of «cultural capital» associated with Pierre Bourdieu. Examining the responses of leading literary practitioners who had a significant impact on the institutional transmission of Russian culture, they reassess the mechanics of cultural dialogism, mediation and exchange, casting new light on British perceptions of modernism as a transcultural artistic movement and the ways in which the literary interaction with the myth of Russia shaped and intensified these cultural views.
Evidenz aus der Schulpraxis im Spiegel von Spracherwerbstheorie und Fremdsprachendidaktik
Inklusion ist eine der aktuellen bildungspolitischen Herausforderungen. Die Realisierung von gemeinsamem Unterricht einer heterogenen Schülerschaft stellt auch den Fremdsprachenunterricht vor neue Aufgaben. Der Autor präsentiert Erkenntnisse einer dreijährigen unterrichtsbegleitenden, quantitativen wie qualitativen Erhebung inklusiven Englischunterrichts an einem Gymnasium und bettet diese umfassend in den Diskurs der Inklusions- und Zweitspracherwerbsforschung ein. Er formuliert «Best-Practice»-Empfehlungen, die einen eigenständigen, wissenschaftlich fundierten Impuls in die englische Sprachwissenschaft hinsichtlich des Zweitspracherwerbs und in die englische Fachdidaktik hinsichtlich der Unterrichtspraxis geben. Die Umsetzung von Inklusion kann gelingen, so das Fazit.
Heritage, Inspiration, and Concepts – With the first edition of Nathaniel Wiburne’s «Machiavellus»
This book investigates the contemporary conceptions of the Jewish figure on the Elizabethan and Jacobean stage. Taking on what has been said about Shakespeare’s Shylock and Marlowe’s Barabas in the last centuries, the author analyses seven other, largely ignored plays to enhance the image we have today of the early modern stage-Jew. In tracing the image of Jewish figures in medieval literature and in early modern travel reports, the foundation of the Elizabethan idea of ‘Jewishness’ is laid out. Further, the author challenges some arguments which have become axiomatic over time, such as the notion of the red-haired, hook-nosed comical villain. The book also contains a first edition of the Latin university play «Machiavellus» by Nathaniel Wiburne, accomplished by Michael Becker and Saskia Zinsser-Krys.
Eine qualitative Studie
Agnes Madeleine Olson
Gegenstand der Studie ist das peer-gestützte Vorgehen gemäß «Peer Scaffolding» von leistungsheterogen und -homogen zusammengesetzten Fremdsprachenlernenden einer 9. Realschulklasse bei der kognitiv anspruchsvollen Textarbeit. Die Autorin folgt dem Paradigma des «Mixed Methods Approach», indem die qualitative Inhaltsanalyse und Gesprächsanalyse der Interaktionsdaten durch quantitative Verfahren ergänzt werden. Sie weist nach, dass die gegenseitige Hilfestellung der SchülerInnen insbesondere im Zusammenhang mit Elaborations-, Erklärungs- und Elizitierstrategien hohes Lernpotenzial enthält. Bemerkenswert ist, dass offenbar Unterschiede in der fachlichen Leistung der Lernenden eine geringere Rolle spielen als antizipierender Nachvollzug, Involviertheit und das Interaktionsgefüge beim peer-gestützten Lernen.
Die Inklings und der Erste Weltkrieg – Symposium 17. und 18. September in Aachen
Dieter Petzold and Klaudia Seibel
«Inklings» nannte sich eine Gruppe von Schriftstellern und Geisteswissenschaftlern in Oxford, deren bekannteste Mitglieder J.R.R. Tolkien und C.S. Lewis waren. Die Inklings-Gesellschaft e.V. widmet sich seit 1983 dem Studium und der Verbreitung der Werke dieser und ihnen nahestehender Autoren sowie der Analyse des Phantastischen in Literatur, Film und Kunst allgemein. Ihre Jahrestagungen werden in Jahrbüchern dokumentiert. Dieser Band enthält elf Vorträge der Tagung «Die Inklings und der Erste Weltkrieg», die 2016 in Aachen stattfand, sowie vier weitere Beiträge und zahlreiche Rezensionen.
«Inklings» was the name of a group of Oxford scholars and writers; its best-known members were J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis. The German «Inklings-Gesellschaft», founded in 1983, is dedicated to the discussion and dissemination of the works of these authors and of writers commonly associated with them and to the study of the fantastic in literature, film and the arts in general. The proceedings of the annual Inklings conferences are published in yearbooks. This volume contains eleven papers presented at the 2016 conference entitled «The Inklings and the First World War». In addition, there are four general articles and numerous reviews.
E. M. Forster’s Legacies in British Fiction
Elsa Cavalié and Laurent Mellet
Since Forster’s death in 1970, many British novelists and film directors have acknowledged and even claimed the influence of the novelist of the English soul (in Woolf’s terms) and of a renewed faith in both human relationships and a quintessentially British liberal-humanism. After the ethical turn at the end of the twentieth century, British literature today seems to go back even more drastically to the figure of the individual human being, and to turn the narrative space into some laboratory of a new form of empowerment of the other’s political autonomy. It is in this context that the references to Forster are more and more frequent, both in British fiction and in academia. This book does not only aim at spotting and theorising this return to Forster today. Rather we endeavour to trace its genealogy and shed light on the successive modes of the legacy, from Forster’s first novel, Where Angels Fear to Tread (1905) onwards, to the novelisation of Forster himself by Damon Galgut. How can the principle of connection, of correspondences and echoes, which informed Forster’s private life and approach to writing so much, equally characterise the aesthetic and political influence of his œuvre?
A Reconsideration of Home, Identity and Belonging
Departure from Ireland has long occupied a contradictory position in Irish national discourse, alternately viewed as exile or betrayal. This book analyses how departure, as well as notions of home, identity and return, is articulated in the narratives of three members of the Irish diaspora community in Argentina: John Brabazon’s journal The Customs and Habits of the Country of Buenos Ayres from the year 1845 by John Brabazon and His Own Adventures; William Bulfin’s series of sketches for The Southern Cross newspaper, later published as Tales of the Pampas (1900) and Rambles in Eirinn (1907); and Kathleen Nevin’s fictional memoir, You’ll Never Go Back (1946). The book examines the extent to which each writer upholds or contests hegemonic constructions of Irishness, as well as exploring how they negotiate the dual identity of emigrant and potential returnee. Each of the three writers, to varying degrees, challenges the orthodox positionings of the Irish diaspora subject as backward-looking and the Irish emigrant as bound to the national territory. Furthermore, they construct multiple subject positions and contradictory notions of Irishness: national, essentialist and homogeneous versus transnational, diverse and plural. Ultimately, their writings contribute to a rich and nuanced reimagining of the Irish emigrant identity.