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Antifragility of Islamic Finance

The Risk-Sharing Alternative

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Umar Rafi and Abbas Mirakhor

Antifragility of Islamic Finance: The Risk-Sharing Alternative explains how risk-sharing, as defined under Islamic finance, makes financial systems antifragile. It highlights the benefits of 100% equity-based finance over debt-based finance.

The recent financial crisis has given rise to discussions on a new approach to risk management called antifragility. This concept specifies conditions under which systems become resilient to shocks caused by Black Swans—highly unpredictable outlier events that have a major negative (or positive) consequence when they occur, with their occurrence only explained retrospectively. Per this concept, the long-term survivability of any system centers exclusively on its antifragile nature, that is, its ability to absorb and even benefit from Black Swan–type shocks. This book aims to investigate risk-sharing Islamic finance as an antifragile system.

As a by-product of the Great Recession, the problems of debt-based financial systems are starting to be highlighted by industry and by academia. The antifragile solution for avoiding future financial crises is primarily centered on moving the existing financial system towards more equity and less debt, thereby introducing skin-in-the-game into financial transactions. This book introduces a model of a 100% equity-based financial system, centered on risk sharing, as a possible alternative to the contemporary debt-based, conventional financial system, which is based on risk transfer and on risk shifting. In essence, this book attempts to provide a practical model for an antifragile financial system by evaluating the characteristics of Islamic finance under the criteria of antifragility.

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1866, une querelle d'Allemands?

Perceptions croisées et mémoire(s) d’un moment clé de l’histoire européenne

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Jean-Noël Grandhomme

De juin à août 1866, une guerre fratricide (Deutscher Krieg ou Deutscher Bruderkrieg) oppose l’Empire d’Autriche, suivi par la plus grande partie de la Confédération germanique, au royaume de Prusse, allié à une quinzaine de petits États allemands et au royaume d’Italie. Étape décisive de l’unification de l’Allemagne, parachevée par la guerre contre la France en 1870, le conflit de 1866 est lourd de conséquences pour la suite de l’histoire européenne. On le présente souvent comme le triomphe d’une Allemagne protestante marquée par le militarisme et l’autoritarisme d’une Prusse agressive et expansionniste sur une germanité méridionale catholique, censée davantage cultiver le goût des arts que celui des armes. Cette vision simpliste a cependant fait l’objet de multiples révisions. En même temps, ce conflit forme une partie intégrante du processus d’unification de l’Italie.

Après avoir retracé les faits, sans doute pour la première fois de manière aussi détaillée en français, cet ouvrage s’intéresse à la perception des événements par les puissances européennes, mais aussi par les acteurs et spectateurs locaux, ainsi qu’à ses multiples conséquences proches ou lointaines, abordant finalement la mémoire de cette guerre.

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Lars Östman

Since the beginning of the 1990s, the German artist Gunter Demnig has been installing his Stolpersteine [Stumbling Stones] all over Europe – including Russia – to commemorate the victims of National Socialism. Today, the Stolpersteine constitute the world’s second largest Holocaust monument. In this book the author addresses some of the most crucial issues raised by these memorial stones.

Taking as his point of departure the philosophy of Giorgio Agamben, Michel Foucault and Martin Heidegger, the author discusses the juridico-political structure of the Third Reich in which the victims lived and perished and identifies a new paradigm for the commemoration of Third Reich victims. The subject of commemoration is in fact not the dignified subject of law, but the naked life of the Muselmann: he who can neither live nor die. This book analyses the challenge of the problem of history that the Stolpersteine testify to, and it discusses whether a unique monument such as the Stolpersteine can somehow restore what was once taken from the victims.

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Blick Mead: Exploring the 'first place' in the Stonehenge landscape

Archaeological excavations at Blick Mead, Amesbury, Wiltshire 2005–2016

Series:

David Jacques, Tom Phillips and Tom Lyons

Edited by David Jacques

The Stonehenge landscape is one of the most famous prehistoric places in the world, but much about its origins remains a mystery and little attention has been paid to what preceded, and thus may have influenced, its later ritual character. Now, the discovery of a uniquely long-lived Mesolithic occupation site at Blick Mead, just 2km from Stonehenge, with a detailed radio carbon date sequence ranging from the 8th to the late 5th millennium BC, is set to transform this situation.  

This book charts the story of the Blick Mead excavations, from the project’s local community-based origins to a multi-university research project using the latest cutting-edge technology to address important new questions about the origins of the Stonehenge landscape. Led by the University of Buckingham, the project continues to retain the community of Amesbury at its heart. The investigations are ongoing but due to the immense interest in, and significance of the site, this publication seeks to present the details of and thoughts on the findings to date.

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Sir David Nairne

The Life of a Scottish Jacobite at the Court of the Exiled Stuarts

Edward Corp

For nearly forty years David Nairne was actively involved in the administration of Jacobite politics. A member of the exiled courts of the Stuart Kings James II and James III, he worked for and with a succession of Jacobite secretaries of state, conducting the Jacobite correspondence, deciding on Jacobite policies and negotiating with the courts of Versailles, Lunéville and Rome. Moreover, he enjoyed particularly close relations for most of the period with both of the exiled kings. Despite this, his name is not well known to most historians of the period, so this completely new and original biography will restore him to the prominent and influential position which he occupied at the time. Nairne was both an observer and a participant in the struggle of the exiled Stuart monarchs to regain their kingdoms between 1689 and the end of the 1720s. The chance survival of many of his papers has made it possible to reconstruct a full account of his life from his birth in Scotland in 1655 until his death in Paris in 1740.
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İzmir/Smyrna 1826–1864

Greek-Turkish Relations in a Late Ottoman City

Feryal Tansuğ

This book aims to reveal communal relations in İzmir/Smyrna through the lens of Greek-Turkish relations during the age of Ottoman reforms. The primary sources used in this book, Ottoman-Turkish archival material and Greek newspapers of the period, demonstrate that these reforms did not disturb the social cohesion of İzmir, a city with a unique vibrancy that had been produced over many centuries. The historical evidence also indicates that the Ottoman Empire did not attempt to mould social relations in İzmir, instead benefited from the city’s pre-existing socio-cultural and economic norms, which were well suited to its modernization program. It uncovers the dynamics of coexistence and communal relations before being brought to an abrupt halt by the formation of the modern nation-states.

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Die evangelischen Pfarrarchive der Stadt Brandenburg

Findbuch zu den Beständen im Domstiftsarchiv Brandenburg

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Edited by Uwe Czubatynski

Die Stadt Brandenburg an der Havel verfügt mit ihren fünf großen Hauptkirchen über eine reiche Tradition kirchlichen Lebens. Sämtliche Pfarrarchive dieser Kirchen werden heute im Domstiftsarchiv Brandenburg aufbewahrt und sind dort fachgerecht verzeichnet worden. Dieses Findbuch vereinigt diese Bestände nun erstmals in einem Band und erschließt die fast 2.500 Verzeichnungseinheiten durch ein Register und exemplarische Abbildungen für die Forschung. Eine ausführliche Einleitung behandelt sowohl das Schicksal der einzelnen Kirchen als auch den spezifischen Inhalt der einzelnen Archivbestände. Das Material ist nicht nur für die Kirchengeschichte im engeren Sinne, sondern ebenso für die Stadtgeschichte, Kunstgeschichte, Familiengeschichte, Schulgeschichte und Kulturgeschichte relevant.

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Napoleon's Other War

Bandits, Rebels and their Pursuers in the Age of Revolutions

Michael Broers

The wars of Napoleon are among the best-known and most exciting episodes in world history. Less well known is the uproar the armies stirred up in their path, and even more, the chaos they left in their wake. The «knock-on effect» of Napoleon’s sweep across Europe went further than is often remembered: his invasion of Spain triggered the collapse of the Spanish Empire in Latin America, and his meddling in the Balkans destabilised the Ottomans. Many places had been riven with banditry and popular tumult from time immemorial, characteristics which worsened in the havoc wrought by the wars. Other areas had known relative calm before the arrival of the French in 1792, but even the most pacific societies were disrupted by these conflagrations. Behind the battle fronts raged other conflicts, «little wars» – the guerrilla (the term was born in these years) – and bigger ones, where whole provinces rose up in arms. Bandits often stood at the centre of these «dirty wars» of ambushes, night raids, living hard in tough terrain, of plunder, rapine and early, violent death, which spread across the whole western world from Constantinople to Chile. Everywhere, they threw up unlikely characters – ordinary men who emerged as leaders, bandits who became presidents, priests who became warriors, lawyers who became murdering criminals. In studying these varying fortunes, Michael Broers provides an insight into a lost world of peasant life, a world Napoleon did so much to sweep away.

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Secrets d’atelier

Céramique antique, techniques et savoir-faire

Patrizia Birchler Emery, Jacques Chamay, Frederike van der Wielen-van Ommeren and Fiorella Cottier-Angeli

Fruit de la collaboration entre l’Association Hellas et Roma et l’Unité d’archéologie classique de l’Université de Genève, cet ouvrage se veut à la fois catalogue d’exposition et manuel sur les techniques antiques de production de céramique : 122 objets de la Collection Ostraca sont présentés dans des notices détaillées et des articles rédigés par des spécialistes.

Les techniques employées par les potiers de l’Antiquité constituent un sujet d’étude de grande importance, très débattu et sans cesse renouvelé.

L’intérêt suscité par ladite exposition a convaincu les organisateurs de ne plus se contenter de la plaquette publiée à cette occasion, mais de travailler à un catalogue en bonne et due forme. On peut considérer le présent ouvrage comme un véritable manuel, à l’usage tant du grand public que des spécialistes.

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Die relativistische Ethik und die neue plurale Welt

Ein Essay über die wahrscheinliche Weltordnung in der 2. Hälfte des 21. Jahrhunderts

Klaus Mayer-Meixner

Die relativistische Ethik und die politische Pluralität liefern die neue politische Weltordnung. Das bereits 1789 erfundene politische Relativitätssystem, an das der Autor anknüpft, steht gegen den Jahrtausende alten Politdarwinismus reiner Machtausübung. Offensichtlich befinden sich die großen alten Imperien und Hegemonien derzeit in einem Zerfallsprozess. Sie stehen für die Vergangenheit. Auf der Seite der Zukunft entwickelt sich hingegen die neue Welt eines globalen politischen Pluralismus. Diese neue Welt besteht aus einer größeren oder großen Zahl souveräner Staaten und souveräner Staaten-Communitys. Sie werden jeweils mehrheitlich das Kunststück vollbringen, ihre gemeinsamen Rechtsgrundlagen aus ihrer Vielfalt heraus zu definieren.