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Persisting in Folly

Russian Writers in Search of Wisdom, 1963–2013

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Oliver Ready

The theme of foolishness has long occupied an unusually prominent place in Russian culture, touching on key questions of national, spiritual, and intellectual identity. In literature, the figure of the fool – and the voice of the fool – has carried additional appeal as an enduring source of comic and stylistic innovation. Never has this appeal been stronger than in the past half-century, whether as a reaction to the «scientific atheism» and official culture of the late-socialist era, or as a response to the intellectual and moral disorientation that accompanied the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Persisting in Folly traces three contrasting phases within this period: the «praise of folly» that underpins acknowledged samizdat masterpieces by Venedikt Erofeev, Yuz Aleshkovsky, and Sasha Sokolov; the sceptical appraisals of the Russian cult of the fool offered in the 1980s by Viktor Erofeev and Dmitry Galkovsky; and the legacy of this conflicted tradition in post-Soviet prose. By combining close readings with a rich comparative and contextual framework, this book charts a new path through recent Russian literature and offers a wide-ranging consideration of the causes and consequences of Russian writers’ enduring quest for wisdom through folly.

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Pourquoi les migrants vivent-ils plus longtemps ?

Les inégalités face à la mort en Suisse (1990–2008)

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Jonathan Zufferey

Dans les sociétés postindustrielles contemporaines, les migrants ont généralement des risques de décès inférieurs aux populations des pays d’accueil bien qu’ils soient tendanciellement plus vulnérables en raison de moindres capitaux humains, sociaux et économiques. Il s’agit là d’un véritable paradoxe épidémiologique car ces facteurs sont considérés comme les causes fondamentales des inégalités de longévité. A travers le prisme de la société suisse, cette thèse présente les dernières tendances en termes de mortalité différentielle entre les populations suisse et étrangères. Par une vision globale et compréhensive, nous mettons en exergue les particularités des populations migrantes afin d’offrir des clés d’interprétation à ce fameux paradoxe. L’étude tente d’approcher la migration dans toute sa profondeur en investiguant les différentiels en fonction de l’origine et du statut migratoire. En partant des outils de la démographie classique, en passant par des modèles de régression et des arbres d’induction, pour finir par des modèles multiniveaux exprimant des risques spatiaux, la connaissance des processus et des populations s’affermit. Au terme de ce manuscrit, nous aboutissons à une synthèse sur les principaux mécanismes explicatifs. La discussion reviendra sur deux axes clés qui expriment, selon nous, l’essentiel de l’avantage observé : des biais de sélection à l’entrée et à la sortie ainsi qu’une « culture de la migration ».

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Ludger Schwienhorst-Schönberger

Das Buch analysiert kritisch den vorherrschenden Konsens, das Hohelied (Canticum) als Sammlung profaner Liebeslieder zu verstehen. Intertextualität und Rezeptionsästhetik lassen das traditionelle metaphorisch-religiöse Verständnis des Buches in einem neuen Licht erscheinen. Die altorientalische Liebeslyrik liefert weitere Argumente für diese offene Sicht. Ob das allegorische Verständnis des Hoheliedes als Ausdruck der Liebe zwischen Gott und Israel der ursprünglich intendierten Bedeutung entspricht, bleibt umstritten. Die Beiträge der Fachtagung der Arbeitsgemeinschaft der deutschsprachigen katholischen Alttestamentlerinnen und Alttestamentler im Jahre 2015 in Wien vermitteln einen lebendigen Eindruck von der neu aufgebrochenen Diskussion.

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Neriman Aral, Figen Gürsoy, Ece Özdoğan Özbal, Saliha Çetin Sultanoğlu, Sebahat Aydos, Selim Tosun, Tuğba Karaaslan and Gül Kadan

According to the annual UNICEF report «The State of the World’s Children», progress has been achieved in the fight against poverty, but the inequalities in children’s conditions still exist. With the data, those most at risk are identified, i.e. children who are least visible in the spotlight of public attention and suffer most from social isolation in the community. In order to develop every society should identify those who are most in need and should look for ways to support them. Both physical and emotional development of children living in socially disadvantaged areas should be supported and their access to basic needs should be facilitated.

This book presents the results of a project aiming at mapping child poverty in the Mamak district of Ankara. Taking the local conditions into consideration, an action plan has been developed to characterize the poverty experienced by the children living in the Mamak district and to generate solutions.

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Entre el autoritarismo y la democracia

Feminismo, relaciones de género y violencia en la cultura peruana contemporánea (cine, televisión y creación literaria)

Ágata Cristina Cáceres Sztorc

La investigación, que obtuvo el premio Extraordinario de Doctorado de la Universidad de Salamanca, con espíritu abarcador e interdisciplinar, propone un recorrido detallado y riguroso sobre la construcción y el desarrollo del feminismo y los estudios de género a través de la historia política y social en el Perú a partir del gobierno militar del general Juan Velasco Alvarado hasta el gobierno del Presidente Ollanta Humala Tasso (2012). Además, desde un enfoque híbrido, se analiza, cómo habiendo atravesado épocas que marcaron historia como la década de violencia política y terror protagonizada por Sendero Luminoso y las Fuerzas Armadas, seguida de una década de autoritarismo y corrupción con el Presidente Alberto Fujimori y su asesor Vladimiro Montesinos, se ha visto reflejado el imaginario femenino en determinadas manifestaciones culturales peruanas contemporáneas. En líneas generales, el libro busca observar y analizar el impacto que ha tenido el feminismo y los estudios de género en el imaginario femenino peruano a través del análisis de determinados productos culturales peruanos contemporáneos (televisión, cinematografía y literatura) en un contexto histórico y político determinado.

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Montserrat Planelles Iváñez and Jean-Pierre Goudaillier

La crise contemporaine sous ses diverses manifestations, à savoir économiques, financières, politiques, psychologiques, sociales, entre autres, est analysée d’un point de vue linguistique au travers des mots et expressions, mais aussi des discours à son sujet dans diverses langues, parmi lesquelles l’allemand, l’anglais, le bulgare, l’espagnol, le français, le polonais, le roumain et le russe. Les recherches présentées informent à propos de la façon, selon laquelle on parle des divers types de crises et de leurs effets négatifs en langue officielle, administrative, voire en langue standard, mais aussi en langue populaire et argotique, et permettent de comprendre quelles sont les fonctions exercées, lorsqu’il est choisi de parler de la crise en utilisant un registre particulier de langue.

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Rasim Yilmaz and Günther Löschnigg

This volume is a collection of empirical and theoretical research papers in the social sciences regarding the Balkans and the Near East written by researchers from several different universities and institutions. The studies include a wide range of topics from economic, financial, political, agricultural, sociological, international relations to historical, cultural, and feminist issues in the region of the Balkan and Near East. The book is aimed at educators, researchers, and students interested in the Balkan and Near Eastern countries.

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Lew N. Zybatow, Andy Stauder and Michael Ustaszewski

TRANSLATA II was the second in a series of triennial conferences on Translation and Interpreting Studies, held at the University of Innsbruck. The series is conceptualized as a forum for Translation Studies research. The contributions to this volume focus on humo(u)r translation, legal translation, and human-machine interaction in translation. The contributors also regard computer-aided translation, specialised translation, terminology as well as audiovisual translation and professional aspects in translation and interpreting.

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Lew N. Zybatow, Andy Stauder and Michael Ustaszewski

TRANSLATA II was the second in a series of triennial conferences on Translation and Interpreting Studies, held at the University of Innsbruck. The series is conceptualized as a forum for Translation Studies research. This volume includes selected contributions on translation theory and general issues in Translation Studies, as well as on translation theory and translation practice. The contributors focus also on literary translation, contrastive linguistics and the relation between semantics and cognition, as well as the relation between text, context and culture. The book also regards the translation process, the competence and quality of translation and professional aspects in translation and interpreting.

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Reimagineering the Nation

Essays on Twenty-First-Century Sweden

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Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup and Anders Neergaard

This collection of essays offers a critical analysis of neoliberal transformation as it has unfolded in Sweden, long regarded as exemplary in terms of social welfare, equality and an inclusive multicultural democracy. The book presents a multidisciplinary exposition on Sweden, seen in a wider European perspective. It addresses changing frameworks of citizenship, welfare and democracy, migration and asylum, urban segregation and labour market segmentation and processes of securitization. It illuminates intersecting dimensions of class, gender and racialization and juxtaposes xenophobic populism with new social justice and antiracist movements on a changing political stage. Addressing a growing alignment with retrogressive illiberal policies across Europe, the volume exposes the reach of the adverse direction in which European «integration» is currently heading.