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Edited by Michael Kißener and Felicitas Janson

Die vorliegende Publikation erforscht schwerpunktmäßig die Mainzer Fastnacht in der NS-Zeit. Sie leistet damit einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Geschichte des Nationalsozialismus und zur Mainzer Stadtgeschichte, indem neue Quellen erschlossen und bekannte neu interpretiert werden. Weiterhin prüft sie das historische Forschungsparadigma „nationalsozialistische Volksgemeinschaft". Sie fragt nach den Verhaltensweisen der „närrischen" Volksgenossen in der Festöffentlichkeit der nationalsozialistisch geformten Stadtgesellschaft und ihren Nachwirkungen in der jungen Bundesrepublik. Studien zu weiteren regionalen Hochburgen von Fastnacht und Karneval sowie zur Feierkultur der DDR bieten eine wertvolle Basis für weiterführende Vergleiche.

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La hegemonía estadounidense y el continente americano

Poder y diplomacia económica en las relaciones internacionales

Arturo Santa Cruz

En este libro Arturo Santa Cruz desarrolla una concepción del poder como relación social y la aplica consistentemente al ámbito económico de las relaciones de Estados Unidos con otros países del hemisferio occidental. Siguiendo el debate académico y popular acerca de los altibajos de la hegemonía estadounidense, este trabajo centra su análisis en un caso crítico para el ejercicio del poder estadounidense a través de su diplomacia económica (o economic statecraft): el continente americano su zona de influencia histórica. La racionalidad del enfoque regional es metodológico: is se puede demostrar que la influencia de Washington ha disminuido en el área desde inicios de la década de los años 70 del siglo pasado, cuando la discusióon sobre la materia inició, puede asumirse que lo mismo ha ocurrido en otras latitudes. El análisis se concentra en tres regiones: Norteamérica, Centroamérica y Sudamérica. Puesto que cada región contiene estados que en ocasiones han mantenido muy diferentes relaciones con Estados Unidos, los hallazgos contribuyen a un mejor entendimiento de la práctica del poder en la sub-región en cuestión, añadiendo variabilidad a los resultados generales.

La hegemonía estadounidense y el continente americano: Poder y diplomacia económica en las relaciones internacionales es una fuente invaluable para estudiantes y académicos interesados en la política y la historia de América Latina, en la integración regional en América del Norte, en la teoría de Relaciones Internacionales, en la Diplomacia Económica, en Economía Política, y en Política Comparada

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Zia Ul Haque Shamsi

The India-Pakistan relationship is complex and choreographed with wars, protracted conflicts and active disputes. Although the presence of nuclear weapons has decreased the probability of an all-out conventional war, the frequency of minor conflicts and crises have increased manifold. India considers nuclear weapons a deterrent against nuclear strikes, whereas Pakistan assumes that these would deter a nuclear as well as a conventional war. The central argument of this book is that another military engagement between India and Pakistan, similar to one in February 2019, exists with varying degrees of probability, thus challenging the efficacy of nuclear deterrence. Until the probabilities of military engagements are minimized, the possibilities of peace and stability in the region would remain elusive. Therefore, the situation asks for scholarly contribution in developing a new paradigm wherein the two nuclear neighbors are made to recognize the need to resolve their disputes instead of just managing them, to avoid recurrence of violent conflicts that can lead to a catastrophic nuclear exchange, no matter how limited it is.

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Presidential Politics after Woodstock

Exit Right to Hurd Road

Jeffrey J. Volle

Presidential Politics after Woodstock: Exit Right to Hurd Road is a unique narrative on the American electorate's move away from the New Deal and Great Society to the political right after the largest gathering of a new generation of young Americans at a farm in Bethel, New York. Perhaps the apex of the anti-Vietnam War movement, three days of peace, love and music ended in the early morning of August 18, 1969. These youngsters were trying to stop a war and change the "norms" of society for almost five years. But as they hopped into their vans and muddied cars that took them away from Yasgur’s farm many would exit right onto Hurd Road and a slow march to the political right. This book looks back at the political politics that consumed the American electorate from Richard Nixon to Donald Trump.

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Revisiting China’s Modernity

Ethnicity, Religion, and Nation

Jiang Sun

Investigating the nature of Chinese modernity from the perspectives of social and intellectual history and inspired by Benedict Anderson’s Imagined Communities, my book intends to reveal the ambiguity of nation as a modern concept and thereupon open up a new possibility for the turn of China’s national narratives. As it turns out, the definitions of nation as either an imagined community or an entity with a substantive cultural origin are both partially wrong in the Chinese context, since China had its distinctive socio-cultural system in pre-modern times and the binary mode of nationality is inadequate to interpret the complexity of Chinese society. In light of this complexity, this work explores the relationship between the Manchus and the Han Chinese throughout the Qing dynasty, examines the transmission and reproduction of modern knowledge, particularly that of race and nation, on the ground of China’s reactions to the Western influence, and discusses how the supra-nationalist discourse of various religions succumbed to the homogenizing nature of nation state in modern China. To depict a general picture of "Chinese modernity" and avoid the risk of oversimplification, I combine the methodology of social history with that of intellectual history in this book, abandoning the East-West binary opposition and grouping all ten chapters into three parts that respectively approach Chinese modernity from a specific perspective. On this basis, it can be concluded that Chinese modernity, as a form of new knowledge, is produced out of the combination of a forward-thinking viewpoint and a fantasy about the modern age, which constitutes an inevitable path to China’s "national liberation" from the entanglement of ethnicity and cultural traditions.

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Somalis in the Neo-South

African Immigration, Politics and Race

Dorian Brown Crosby

As demographics change and the southern American region grows more multicultural, clashes between mentalities and contemporary population realties increase. Somalis in the Neo-South: African Immigration, Politics and Race offers a balanced and insightful look at Somalis in the southern United States. Politically centered, it is a thought-provoking book that presents an essential and positive alternative to the familiar portrayal of Somalis in the U.S. as terrorists. It explains the U.S. resettlement process and illuminates the civic engagement and entrepreneurship of Somalis in Clarkston, Georgia, and Nashville, Tennessee.

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Le Muscle et l’Esprit

Masculinités germano-juives dans la post-migration : Le cas des yekkes en Palestine / Israël après 1933

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Patrick Farges

En 1933, le régime nazi mit en place une politique de discrimination puis de persécution des citoyens juifs du Reich, qui contraignit des milliers de personnes à la migration forcée vers diverses destinations, dont la Palestine sous mandat britannique (qui deviendra Israël en 1948). Cette migration des années 1930 est parfois appelée « cinquième aliyah » dans l’historiographie israélienne. Pour ces personnes, l’adaptation post-migratoire fut complexe : la migration représenta une rupture importante, affectant tant les liens sociaux que l’identité culturelle et les représentations genrées. Relationnelle, multidimensionnelle et intersectionnelle, l’histoire des masculinités intègre différentes formes de domination : domination des hommes sur les femmes, domination de certains hommes sur d’autres hommes, mais aussi rapports de domination sociale et raciale. Ce sont ces intersections sociales complexes, ainsi que l’influence des différentes formes de nationalisme (du nationalisme antisémite exacerbé en Allemagne jusqu’au projet sioniste) sur l’injonction à agir « en homme », qui sont au cœur de l’ouvrage.

Après le nazisme et la Shoah, il est devenu difficile de penser ensemble identité juive et allemande. Par bien des aspects pourtant, les Juifs germanophones en Palestine/Israël (désignés par le terme yekkes) ont maintenu une identité distincte. L’un des défis fut de satisfaire aux exigences du programme genré du sionisme, marqué par une obsession de la régénérescence virile et un état de guerre quasi-permanent, conduisant à survaloriser les conduites martiales. Or la majorité des hommes de la « cinquième aliyah » ne correspondaient en rien à l’idéal du pionnier (halouts) ni du « Nouveau Juif » sionistes, et certains parmi les yekkes – hommes et femmes – ne pouvaient pas ne pas voir à quel point ce nationalisme viriliste exacerbé ressemblait à celui qui les avait chassés d’Europe.

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Directing the Whirlwind

The Trump Presidency and the Deconstruction of the Administrative State

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Lisa K. Parshall and Jim Twombly

Donald J. Trump ran on a platform that, among other things, promised to "drain the swamp" that is Washington, DC. Part of that draining would entail what his chief strategist, Steve Bannon, would call "the deconstruction of the administrative state." Set in the political environment of 2020, with a raging pandemic and nationwide protests, this work examines the philosophy that guides the Trump Administration’s approach and the mechanisms by which it seeks to accomplish the deconstruction. By combining journalistic accounts with presidential and public administration scholarship, the book raises questions about the impact of Trump’s approach on the future of public administration. As such, this work makes a strong contribution to public administration and presidential studies and casts a scholarly light on treatments of Trump’s contribution to governance and politics.

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Reading Turkish Islamist Writers

Kısakürek, Bulaç, Dilipak

Konstantinos Gogos

The main purpose of this study is to contribute to the familiarization of the reader with the production of Islamist writers in contemporary Turkey, by focusing on the ideas and writings of Necip Fazıl Kısakürek, Ali Bulaç, and Abdurrahman Dilipak.

The reader is given the opportunity to read a number of representative writings of the above-mentioned writers; in addition, there is an introductory chapter with the purpose of placing the discussion of the emergence, role, and typology of Islamist intellectuals in Turkey in social theory terms and context.

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Chris Menton

In the final decades of the 20th century, a confluence of factors precipitated a policy change in the criminal justice arena that led to unprecedented growth. This growth translated into the criminalization, sentencing and incarceration of tens of thousands of marginalized people in the United States. These factors are considered in Behind American Prison Policy and Population Growth: An Inside Account. Tales are told of the increased prison population that necessitated a continuous unfolding of prison construction projects, rehabbing abandoned state hospitals and private prisons, all with the aim of more and more secure accommodations. During this time, the author was a participant/observer at all correctional security levels, treatment and medical facilities and personnel training in this system. His roles over the years included increased responsibility and regular direct contact with incarcerated individuals in on-the-line or line supervisor positions. The narrative is enhanced by the author's background as social science scholar. This is a unique perspective, documenting a historic upturn in long-term detention addressing crime and disorder. These overarching realities produced struggle across all participants, including clients, staff, consultants and visitors. Their stories of being swept up in the constant demand for increasing capacity offer compelling background to the consequences of visceral responses guiding criminal justice.