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Opening Pathways, Building Bridges

Skilled Migration of Mexican Scientists and Engineers to the UK

Tonatiuh Anzures

Opening Pathways, Building Bridges explores contemporary skilled migration and the brain drain using a bottom-up approach, based on a case study of Mexican scientists and engineers—or the Brains, as coined by the author—working in the UK. It provides an insight into how the phenomenon is shaped by the migrants’ personal and professional experiences (from Mexico to the UK: ‘opening pathways’) and how their contributions could have valuable effects through diaspora policies (from the UK back to Mexico: ‘building bridges’).

The research is based on an analysis of 36 semi-structured, qualitative interviews with Mexicans graduated in STEM fields, who currently work in academia or the private sector in the UK, and the empirical findings are organised into three main topics: transnationalism, professional experience and collaboration at a distance. It is argued that a more balanced exchange between Mexico and the UK can be achieved by building more bridges with the diaspora through long-distance collaborative initiatives. For this to happen, it is important for policy-makers to understand the relevance of skilled individuals’ choices and experiences, the value of their networks and communities of interest, the existing imbalances between developed and developing countries, and the challenges posed by scientific and professional collaborative projects.

This book offers some ideas and policy recommendations arising from the research, in order to better understand—and face—the challenges of skilled migration in future years and, ultimately, mitigate the negative effects of the Brains’ departure.

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Olaf Truszczyński

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Grammatik und Ideologie

Feminisierungsstrategien im Russischen und Polnischen aus Sicht der Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft

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Edited by Dennis Scheller-Boltz

Dieses Buch beleuchtet das Verhältnis von Grammatik und Ideologie im Russischen und Polnischen. Anhand der Regeln und Normen, die die sprachliche Darstellung von Geschlecht – insbesondere des weiblichen Geschlechts – bestimmen, illustriert der Autor, wie Sprachnormen durch Autoritäten festgesetzt werden, wie Sprachnormen über die Gesellschaft hinweg bestehen bleiben, aber auch wie Sprachnormen durch die Gesellschaft verändert werden können. Im Fokus stehen dabei die Fragen: Wie weit ist die Feminisierung des Russischen und Polnischen fortgeschritten? Welche sprachpolitischen und sprachplanerischen Maßnahmen werden gegenwärtig zur Gewährleistung einer geschlechtergerechten Sprache erhoben? Ist die russische und polnische Gesellschaft überhaupt offen für eine Feminisierung der Sprache? Es zeigt sich: Der Gebrauch sowie die Ablehnung von Feminativa beruhen auf Ideologien – ein Phänomen, dem für gewöhnlich sehr vorsichtig begegnet wird und das im Zusammenhang mit den in einer Gesellschaft vorherrschenden Standpunkten und Bewertungen diskutiert werden muss. Dabei spielen Feminativa im Russischen und Polnischen eine wesentlich größere Rolle als in der Regel gedacht. Feminativa sind auch nicht so ungewöhnlich, wie gemeinhin behauptet. Vielmehr lässt sich feststellen: Ideologien wirken sich auf die Normierung von Sprache und damit auf die Möglichkeiten aus, wie Sprache geschlechtergerecht gestaltet wird – oder eben nicht.

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Edited by Salvatore Del Gaudio

This collective monograph represents a selection of the contributions presented at the "1st International Symposium on Italian-Ukrainian Contrastive Studies". The thematic range of the articles includes linguistic topics (e.g. contrastive grammar, sociolinguistics, semantics and lexicology), followed by literary/cultural and translation studies.

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Racial Reconciliation

Black Masculinity, Societal Indifference, and Church Socialization

Steven Randolph Cureton

Racial Reconciliation: Black Masculinity, Societal Indifference, and Church Socialization pursues the deconstruction and construction of black masculinity. This book is partly exploratory in that it presents an abundance of profound quotes from historical and contemporary blacks who have a vested interest in race relations. It could be that the United States of America has not been ready to be receptive to the idea that blacks not only can recognize their own oppression but also can articulate with accuracy the human nature of the oppressor. This book aims to directly confront the nature and extent of racism and discrimination in an era that boasts about racial progress and a similar era whereby modern day churches perceive themselves as beacons of morality and racial harmony.

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Ser mujer en Iberoamérica

un continuum de discriminación

Edited by Aida Figueroa Bello and Gerhard Niedrist

Ser mujer en Iberoamérica: un continuum de discriminación trata sobre la discriminación de género. Desde una perspectiva multidisciplinaria, el libro contribuye al debate de #MeToo con especial enfoque a Iberoamérica.

La obra contiene una serie de trabajos de académicos y reconocidos investigadores de México, España y Perú, quienes abordan temáticas de gran trascendencia. Tales como las múltiples manifestaciones bajo las cuales la violencia de género se hace presente en Iberoamérica, ya sea en el entorno laboral, o bien, escolar. Del mismo modo, analizan, en perspectiva internacional y comunitaria europea, los planes de igualdad como instrumentos óptimos para el logro de la igualdad sustancial entre mujeres y hombres, tanto en el ámbito empresarial, como en el contexto político mexicano.

De igual modo, el libro pretende ahondar un poco más en las temáticas de género, y de esta manera contribuir a una necesaria (re)configuración de la idea de género, traspasando el prejuicio discursivo que en gran parte de América Latina aún hoy en día prevalece.

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Edited by Clémence Massart, George Emmanuelle, Philippe Bourdeau, Anne-Marie Granet-Abisset and Christophe Gauchon

How do global changes influence the trajectory of winter sports resorts and their future? What local responses are made in different regions of the world according to historical contexts and specific resources? Based on an interdisciplinary reading of a vast repertoire of cases located in Europe, North America, Asia and Oceania, the book brings together a panel of international reference authors who present their latest work. Their contributions put into perspective many forms of adaptation to climate, economic, social and cultural transformations. This innovative approach, which combines environmental and societal issues, will be of interest to all observers and players in the winter sports sector.

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Sanja Crnogorac

The book examines the complex lexis of the northwestern and southeastern Bay of Kotor, Montenegro. The author analyzed loanwords which arrived by the influence of those who settled in the Bay (Venetians, Austro-Hungarians, Turks, Spaniards, and French). They were domesticated and spread to the continental part of Montenegro, a fact indicative of the level of linguistic integration. The analysis of the corpus was performed from phonological, morphological, etymological, accentual, phraseological, semantical, onomastic, lexical, and lexicographical perspectives. The principal intent is not only to present the infiltration of loanwords and changes in loans, but also of the variety of linguistic influences in the Bay, as well as to offer a dictionary of the most frequent Latinisms found in the Bay.

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Bottlenecks

Hypotextual Levels of Meaning in Russian Literary Tradition

Edited by Evgeny Soshkin

Why did Osip Mandelstam picture himself as a victim of anti-Semitic persecution, but at the same time described his victimizers using the grotesque features of Jews from anti-Semitic mythology? What was the meaning of Sasha Chorny’s pen name? Why were the Russian translators of Gargantua and Pantagruel steadily leaving out one phrase from the novel? Why did Alexander Pushkin use the same idiom in his fragments on Cleopatra, though in different contexts and referring to different things? What was the principle used by Leo Tolstoy when choosing one of the four patterns created by a diegetic or non-diegetic narrator and a personal or narratorial point of view? Why was the common knowledge about the tight alliance of the four post-symbolist poets – Osip Mandelstam, Marina Tsvetaeva, Boris Pasternak, and Anna Akhmatova – so enthusiastically appreciated by Akhmatova herself? Why in Nikolai Gogol’s The Overcoat the robbed Akaky Akakievich receives a kick in the butt but falls face-up? Which fairy-tale character does the name of the dwarf from Vladimir Nabokov’s short story The Potato Elf allude to? Each of these questions is reviewed in a separate chapter of this book, united by a uniform interpretation method, theoretically substantiated in the book’s foreword.