The book deals with the most challenging issues which the Slovak Mass Media are currently facing, including matters of public criticism. The first chapter describes the media influence on power control in Slovakia. It does not avoid the controversial question of corruption in the Slovak media field. The following chapter examines the stereotypes about the social minorities that are still widely spread by the media (especially the Internet and the social media). In this context, the chapter related to the public media explains why the existence of the media of public service is so important and why it is necessary to finance such media by public sources and not by the state. In the final chapter, the author aims to identify the reasons why alternative sources of information usually fail to inform truthfully, impartially and objectively.
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Miroslava Dobrotková, Artur Bekmatov, Andrea Chlebcová Hečková and Ján Kuciak
Emotionen, Werte und Einstellungen zur Integration: Eine Mixed Methods-Untersuchung zur Repräsentation und Wahrnehmung des visuellen Arbeitsmarktdiskurses in österreichischen Medien
Die Themen ‚Flucht und Asyl‘ dominieren seit dem langen Sommer der Migration 2015 die Nachrichtenagenda. Neben den stereotypisierten entmenschlichenden Massendarstellungen der frühen visuellen Berichterstattungen ist von besonderem Interesse, inwiefern Geflüchtete im Zuge der Arbeitsmarktintegration 2015 bis 2018 dargestellt werden. Anhand eines Mixed Methods Designs, einer visuellen Diskursanalyse und einem Online-Experiment, sollen idealtypische Repräsentationen extrahiert und die emotionalen Wirkungen auf die Mediennutzer*innen untersucht werden. Es wird deutlich, dass vor allem anzugtragende, weiße und männliche Politiker den Diskurs dominieren. Soziodemografische Aspekte haben keinen signifikanten Einfluss auf die Wahrnehmung von Integrationsmaßnahmen auf dem Arbeitsmarkt, wohingegen der Kontakt mit Flüchtlingen eine negative Wirkung hat.
A Communication Perspective
Gregory A. Cranmer
Each year, millions of youth athletes participate in organized sport under the guidance of a coach, who is entrusted with overseeing their development and performance, as well as providing a safe environment. A communicative approach to coaching recognizes that the skills, lessons, values, and experiences that athletes gain are determined by how coaches interact with athletes and structure their sporting environments. Athletic Coaching: A Communication Perspective provides a foundation for a communicative perspective of coaching in an effort to better understand and promote coach effectiveness. As part of this effort, this book conceptualizes coaching as a communicative endeavor, provides a framework from which to understand coaching effectiveness, and explicates four common perspectives (i.e., instructional, organizational, group, and interpersonal) utilized by communication scholars to examine coaching. Moreover, this book forwards a scholarly agenda for building a holistic framework of coaching and increasing the applied value of coach communication scholarship via methodological and theoretical considerations. Athletic Coaching is of benefit to many audiences, including communication students and scholars who are developing their understanding of coaching literature, interdisciplinary scholars who seek a representation of a communicative perspective of coaching, and coaches who may use this text as a self-reflective tool for pedagogical refinement.
Les nouvelles formes d’attachement aux images
Edited by Mélanie Boissonneau and Laurent Jullier
Enfin ! Depuis l’avènement d’Internet, les 99,9% d’amoureux des films et des séries qui n’exercent pas la profession de critique peuvent se faire entendre... Mieux, ils peuvent passer sans effort de la position devant à la position depuis : s’asseoir devant un écran et s’exprimer depuis un écran sont en effet devenus deux attitudes communes. Les films et les séries arrivent sur les terminaux domestiques ; tout de suite après et quelquefois même pendant leur diffusion, les avis et les analyses partent en sens inverse. Une autre nouveauté consiste en la diversification de la parole critique, confinée jusqu’ici à l’écrit ou aux conversations éphémères. Internet et la démocratisation des machines qui accompagne son essor ajoutent aux mots toutes sortes d’images, de sons et de manipulations audiovisuelles, laissant là encore loin derrière le modèle séculaire du critique professionnel écrivant son papier.
Comment étudier ces bouleversements ? Comment réagir devant l’abondance des critiques postées, la variété de leurs formes d’expression, l’interactivité qu’elles engendrent, sans parler du rapport à la professionnalisation qu’entretiennent leurs auteurs, surtout quand ils atteignent le statut de « vlogueur » vedette ? Une seule manière possible : l’interdisciplinarité. Le présent ouvrage réunit donc les contributions de spécialistes en provenance de champs divers (sociologie, Gender et Cultural Studies, Sciences de l’information-communication, etc.), sans oublier les acteurs les plus en vue de cette révolution de la parole critique, les « vlogueurs ».
Veronika Cillingová, Eva Bútorová, Dáša Nováčiková and Jitka Rožňová
The book deals with the problems of media communication and its formation in the Slovak Republic in and after 1993. It focuses on the social function of the media in the sense of journalistic communication. The authors also address the problems of gender stereotypes presented through social networks and advertising in all kinds of media in Slovakia and abroad. This book also explores the question of forming a theoretical basis for the creation of mass media communication (print media, film, photography, literature, works in marketing communication, books). This book does not elaborate on all problems of the mass media in the Slovak Republic, but it attempts to examine the key issues.
Le rappresentazioni del miracolo economico nella cultura italiana degli anni Cinquanta e Sessanta
Edited by Inge Lanslots, Lorella Martinelli, Fulvio Orsitto and Ugo Perolino
Cinquant’anni sono un segmento di tempo ragionevolmente collaudato per guardare indietro, nel tempo, senza il pericolo della nostalgia e senza il rischio di enfasi. Cinquant’anni ci separano dagli avvenimenti che gli autori di questo libro prendono in esame: il Sessantanove e poi, a ritroso, i fatti dell’anno precedente e quelli ancora prima, quando l’Italia si trova immersa dentro le trasformazioni della modernità. Nostalgia ed enfasi sono atteggiamenti nocivi allo sguardo dello studioso: la prima indulge verso un compiacimento emotivo che può finire nella retorica del come eravamo..., la seconda corre il pericolo di amplificare i dati, ingigantire gli esiti, falsificare la percezione. Entrambi i rischi si corrono quando si analizza un periodo felice e lo si mette soprattutto a confronto con un presente di minore spessore. Ma è un rischio da cui non sono stati toccati gli autori dei saggi radunati in questo volume. In nessuna pagina si avverte il sospetto del compiacimento e nemmeno l’ombra di una malinconica retrospettiva. Semmai è forte il tentativo di ricostruire un’epoca che ha i contorni del mito: ricostruirla settore per settore, dalla letteratura al cinema, dalla pubblicità alla comunicazione aziendale, dalla musica alla televisione, confermando una scelta di metodo che privilegia la dimensione politecnica del libro, il suo essere punto di convergenza di indagini sviluppate su forme e linguaggi diversi.
Journalism, Open Source Intelligence, and the Coming of the Civil War
Yankee Reporters and Southern Secrets: Journalism, Open Source Intelligence, and the Coming of the Civil War reveals the evidence of secessionist conspiracy that appeared in American newspapers from the end of the 1860 presidential campaign to just before the first major battle of the American Civil War. This book tells the story of the Yankee reporters who risked their lives by going undercover in hostile places that became the Confederate States of America. By observing the secession movement and sending reports for publication in Northern newspapers, they armed the Union with intelligence about the enemy that civil and military leaders used to inform their decisions in order to contain damage and answer the movement to break the Union apart and establish a separate slavery-based nation in the South.
A Critical Introduction to Media and Communication Theory
Lana F. Rakow
John Dewey: A Critical Introduction to Media and Communication Theory reintroduces John Dewey to scholars in communication studies by presenting new material and interpretations from his works, lectures, and correspondence. Dewey has been credited as being one of the giants of American philosophy, a key figure in the development of pragmatism. Going beyond Dewey’s reputation in received histories in communication, this book documents his role beginning at the University of Michigan in 1884 until his death in 1952 in establishing a view of communication as the means by which associated life and adaptation to the environment is possible. Communication enables the production of collective knowledge generated through experience and reproduced across time and space, subject to change and correction as those truths are applied and yield consequences. It is also subject to manipulation and misuse. So integral is communication to his philosophy that Dewey is best seen as having a philosophy with communication, not of it. By reviewing Dewey’s history of work relevant to communication, technology, and culture, previous assumptions by communication scholars are challenged. A fresh history is presented of his relations to key figures and his significance to the development of speech, rhetoric, journalism, mass communication research, and public relations. Because of his concerns about power, participation, identity, and knowledge, his work remains relevant to contemporary scholars. This book is appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in theory, history, and philosophy of communication and is relevant to other disciplines with interests in pragmatism, feminist and race theory, technology, and cultural studies.
News, Social Media, Audiences, and Civic Community
Donald L. Shaw, Milad Minooie, Deb Aikat and Chris J. Vargo
Agendamelding: News, Social Media, Audiences, and Civic Community builds on the premise that people construct civic community from the information that they seek—as well as the information that seeks them—to trace the processes by which we mix, or meld, agendas from various sources into a coherent picture of the civic community in which we live. Using the presidential elections of 2008, 2012, and 2016, this book tests a formula that allows us to predict how potential voters lean towards communities in which they feel comfortable—for example, Republican, Democratic, or Independent. These analyses take into account differences in the use of traditional news media vs. social media among media consumers, as well as varying levels of press freedom across national populations.
This cultural biography tells the story of Birmingham World editor Emory O. Jackson. During his 35-year career in Alabama, he waged numerous sustained civil-rights campaigns for the franchise, equal educational opportunities, and justice for the victims of police brutality and bombings. The semiweekly newspaper was central to his advocacy. Jackson wrote editorials and columns that documented injustices and urged legislative and legal action in an effort to secure civil rights for Black Alabamians. His body of work, grounded in protest and passion, was part of the long tradition of the Black Press as an instrument to agitate for social and political change. Jackson also was a frequent speaker at NAACP branches, colleges, and churches. He was known as a commanding, even fiery, speaker who stressed first-class citizenship. Issues explored in the book demonstrate an assertion of constitutional rights in post-World War II America and a remarkable resilience. Editor Emory O. Jackson, the Birmingham World, and the Fight for Civil Rights in Alabama, 1940-1975 is the first scholarly analysis of his work and as such contributes to scholarship on the Civil Rights Movement in Alabama and the nation.