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Communism – Legitimacy – Nationalism

Nationalist Legitimization of the Communist Regime in Poland

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Marcin Zaremba

This book is devoted to the issue of nationalism in the latest Polish history and presents the subject on the basis of an enormous amount of source files left by the Polish United Workers Party. The work is a substantial input into the knowledge on People’s Poland which shows with precision how the Polish communists used nationalistic arguments to legitimize and validate the system of power introduced by them. The author researches the fascinating source material with the help of a new and innovative concept.

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Antonella Campanini

More than a thousand years pass between the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the discovery of America. In that long stretch of time, European food cultures at first very distant from one another begin to interact in ways that will come to transform all of them. With the circulation of men, products, words, and ideas, the continent forges a substantially unified identity. This volume takes the reader on a journey among ingredients, recipes, customs, and choices as we move in the company of kings and peasants, distinguished figures – noblemen, ambassadors, bishops, and popes – scientists and literati, cooks and artisans, and common men and women (a few, anyway). In other words, this is a journey that weaves its ways throughout the whole of society. Food – whether desired or denied, relished or rejected, global or local – is our key for understanding the slow road toward a unified European culture.

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Die süddeutsche Klosterlandschaft – Kultur, Religion, Politik und Umwelt

Unter Mitarbeit von Lisa Bauereisen und Christoph Gunkel

Edited by Wolfgang Wüst

Ob im Norden, Süden, Westen oder Osten – überall in der Bundesrepublik, Österreich und der Schweiz sind Ordensgemeinschaften beheimatet. Es sind Institutionen, die als Zentren der Einkehr, der Spiritualität und der tätigen Nächstenliebe in einem Netzwerk von Klosterorten und -stätten wirkten. Bis in das Reformationsjahrhundert spielten sie in Mittel- und Norddeutschland auch für die soziale Entwicklung eine beachtliche Rolle und gaben nachhaltige Initiativen für Kultur, Wissenschaft und Barmherzigkeit. Dieser Band beschäftigt sich nun insbesondere mit der süddeutschen Klosterlandschaft. Dabei rücken Schwerpunkte aus Kultur, Religion, Politik und Umwelt in den Fokus.

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Edited by Yves Denéchère

Si la jeunesse a joué un rôle important dans la construction des empires coloniaux, elle est également un enjeu essentiel des décolonisations et de leurs suites. Au second XXe siècle, les processus d’émancipation des peuples colonisés posent en effet avec force la question sociale et politique de l’enfance et de la jeunesse en contexte colonial et postcolonial, dans les pays devenus indépendants comme chez les anciens colonisateurs. L’intérêt de cet ouvrage est de mettre en avant les biopolitiques spécifiques aux enfants et aux jeunes qui ont émergé dans un ensemble complexe de questions politiques et diplomatiques, économiques et sociales, démographiques et populationnistes, philosophiques et religieuses. À l’instar des Colonial and Postcolonial Studies, il s’agit d’interroger les cultures postcoloniales et les articulations entre décolonisation et colonisation, notamment les prolongements de celle-ci dans celle-là. Pendant la décolonisation des empires français et belge et la construction de nouveaux États, les enfants et les jeunes ont été sujets de politiques voulues ou soutenues par des biopouvoirs et mises en œuvre par des protagonistes divers : armées, associations, humanitaires, colonialistes, nouvelles élites, militants, simples citoyens. Les archives publiques qui reflètent les différentes politiques menées ainsi que les sources écrites et orales d’associations ou d’autres organisations permettent de cerner les rôles d’acteurs non-étatiques. Les paroles, plus ou moins critiques, de celles et de ceux qui sont les premières personnes concernées par cette histoire – c’est-à-dire les enfants et les jeunes eux-mêmes – sont bien entendu également mobilisées.

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Etienne Thourneyser Basilea Genevensis

Archäologie eines Autors

Gisela Luginbühl-Weber

Edited by Simon Lauer

Der Schweizer Gelehrte Etienne Thourneyser (1715–1763) ist heute weitgehend unbekannt, obwohl sein Werk maßgeblichen Einfluss auf seine Zeitgenossen ausübte, darunter vor allem die Aufklärer Moses Mendelssohn, Johann Bernhard Basedow, Johann Kaspar Lavater und Gotthold Ephraim Lessing.

Thourneysers Publikation über die psychologische Notwendigkeit menschlichen Handelns mit dem Titel «Lettre d’un philosophe. Dans laquelle on prouve que l’athéisme et le déréglement des moeurs ne sauroient s’établir dans le système de la nécessité» (1752) wurde von Moses Mendelssohn noch 1783 als unübertroffen in der Debatte um Freiheit und Notwendigkeit bezeichnet.

Gisela Luginbühl-Weber widmet sich dem Schweizer Autoren mit dem Ziel, sein bahnbrechendes und zu Unrecht in Vergessenheit geratenes Werk zu dokumentieren.

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International Criminal Tribunals as Actors of Domestic Change

The Impact on Media Coverage, Volume 1

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Edited by Klaus Bachmann, Irena Ristić and Gerhard Kemp

Do International Criminal Tribunals trigger social change, provide reconciliation, stabilize fragile post-conflict societies? Many authors claim they do, but they base their assumptions mainly on theoretical considerations and opinion polls. The editors and authors of this book take a different position: based on extensive field research in nine European and African countries, they examine whether tribunal decisions resulted in changes in media frames about the conflicts which gave rise to the creation of these tribunals. International Tribunals hardly ever shape or change the grand narratives about wars and other conflicts, but they often manage to trigger small changes in media frames which, in some cases, even lead to public reflexion about guilt and responsibility and more awareness for (the respective enemy’s) victims. On an empirical basis, this book shows the potential of International Criminal Justice, the possibilities, but also the limits of International Criminal Tribunals. Volume 1 presents the evidence from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro, Kosovo, Serbia and Croatia.

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International Criminal Tribunals as Actors of Domestic Change

The Impact on Media Coverage, Volume 2

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Edited by Klaus Bachmann, Irena Ristić and Gerhard Kemp

Do International Criminal Tribunals trigger social change, provide reconciliation, stabilize fragile post-conflict societies? Many authors claim they do, but they base their assumptions mainly on theoretical considerations and opinion polls. The editors and authors of this book take a different position: based on extensive field research in nine European and African countries, they examine whether tribunal decisions resulted in changes in media frames about the conflicts which gave rise to the creation of these tribunals. International Tribunals hardly ever shape or change the grand narratives about wars and other conflicts, but they often manage to trigger small changes in media frames which, in some cases, even lead to public reflexion about guilt and responsibility and more awareness for (the respective enemy's) victims. On an empirical basis, this book shows the potential of International Criminal Justice, the possibilities, but also the limits of International Criminal Tribunals. Volume 2 presents the evidence from Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan and South Sudan.

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Etienne Dubslaff

Cette étude retrace l’année d’existence autonome du Parti social-démocrate en RDA depuis sa fondation à la veille de la chute du Mur jusqu’à la réunification allemande. D’abord parti résolument révolutionnaire à l’encontre du régime de la RDA, le SDP puis SPD se mue progressivement en acteur majeur de la scène politique est-allemande et nationale. A aucun moment, il ne cesse d’affirmer une identité sociale-démocrate est-allemande originale. Au-delà de leurs actes, les aspirations des membres fondateurs sont au centre de ce livre.

Dieses Buch befasst sich mit dem Werdegang der Sozialdemokratischen Partei in der DDR von ihrer Gründung kurz vor dem Mauerfall bis zur staatlichen Vereinigung Deutschlands. Die ursprünglich revolutionäre, gegen die SED gerichtete Partei wird nach der friedlichen Revolution zunehmend zu einem wichtigen Akteur in der DDR und in beiden Teilen Deutschlands. Dabei hält die SDP/SPD stets eine originelle, ostdeutsch geprägte sozialdemokratische Identität hoch. Neben den Handlungen der Partei stehen auch die Hoffnungen und Wünsche der Gründergeneration im Vordergrund.

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He Whom a Dream Hath Possessed

The Life and Works of the American John Knox

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Jordan Almanzar

This book treats the life and works of the American biblical scholar John Knox (1900-1990). Utilizing Knox’s own autobiographical works and having obtained previously unpublished materials from those closest to Knox, the author re-presents Knox as possibly the most neglected New Testament writer working in America during the twentieth century. By thorough analysis and development of Knox’s scholarly contributions concerning a range of topics drawn from New Testament studies and ancient Church history, the author concludes that Knox was a man ahead of his time and, furthermore, that modern readers will find in him a nearly prophetic voice from the past.

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Edited by Krzysztof Brzechczyn

The book offers a transnational perspective on history of communism in East-Central Europe. It analyzes the political, economic, and cultural dimensions of communist systems and focuses on different forms of resistance and ways of its remembering. The transnational look is manifested through an analysis of the usefulness of the models applied in research of the past, an investigation of some historical phenomena in the context of mutual relations between particular countries (e.g. Poland and East Germany), republics of Soviet Union (Lithuania, Moldova, and Russia) and between the East and the West relations (peace movement in Poland and Netherlands). Moreover, selected aspects of the past (consumerism in Bulgaria or economic management in Romania) are analyzed with the use of categories useful in transnational research.