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L’essentiel de la médiation

Le regards des sciences humaines et sociales

Edited by Michele De Gioia and Mario Marcon

Est-ce qu’un linguiste envisage la médiation de la même façon qu’un juriste ou un didacticien ? Est-ce que la médiation cognitive a quelque chose à voir avec la médiation interculturelle et la médiation institutionnelle ? Est-ce que le médiateur culturel, le médiateur social et le médiateur urbain exercent le même travail ? Lorsque la médiation apparaît dans des textes ou des discours, on saisit sommairement à quoi elle renvoie, d’autant plus que sa définition s’enrichit des connaissances, des compétences, des pratiques et des situations propres aux domaines qui la concernent.

Cet ouvrage questionne « l’essentiel de la médiation » suivant le regard des sciences humaines et sociales. Des scientifiques, experts, professionnels apportent des éclairages par une approche globalement pluridisciplinaire et quelquefois interdisciplinaire, à partir des sciences du langage, sciences de l’information et de la communication, sciences de l’éducation, sociologie, philosophie, droit. Leurs contributions mettent en lumière des traits conceptuels transdisciplinaires faisant consensus, dans le but de parvenir à une caractérisation conceptuelle à la fois transversale et autonome de la médiation.

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Revoke Ideology

Critical Constructionist Theory in the Human Sciences

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Alipio DeSousa Filho

Edited by Jennifer Sarah Cooper

In these crooked times of chaotic and contradictory discourses in every social sphere, from politics to food production, "ideology" has become the buzzword to represent some solid structure on which to cling or under which to recoil, in an effort to understand reality. But how this structure is built and what it ultimately upholds – this is a primary focus of the Human Sciences. In this book, the author argues that in the Human Sciences, from its founders to contemporaries, a common premise is apparent: the fundamental property of all human-social reality is its character as something constructed. Through a vast set of analyses and reflections of his own, and by philosophers, psychologists, psychoanalysts, sociologists, anthropologists, neuroscientists and linguists, the author shows how this premise, applied, which he coins as critical constructionist theory, constitutes the fundamental theory of the Human Sciences. The book also traces how the main development of this theory gave rise to critical deconstructionism – philosophical, sociological, and anthropological – as an analytical procedure in contemporary studies and research, valid in discussions on culture, ethics, human rights, gender, sexuality and ethnicities. Understanding the role ideology plays in this construction, then, is key to liberation from oppressive conceptual structures of reality. This book exposes that role.

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Rochelle Brock

In Sista Talk Too, Rochelle Brock brings meaningful new material which evokes and updates her past examination of Black women in today’s culture. The first Sista Talk: The Personal and the Pedagogical is an inquiry into the questions of how Black women define their existence in a society which devalues, dehumanizes, and silences their beliefs. Placing herself inside of the research, Rochelle Brock invited the reader on a journey of self-exploration, as she and seven of her Black female students investigate their collective journey toward self-awareness in the attempt to liberate their minds and souls from ideological domination. Throughout, Sista Talk attempted to understand the ways in which this self-exploration informs her pedagogy. Combining Black feminist and Afrocentric theory with critical pedagogy, Sista Talk Too frames the parameters for an Afrowomanist pedagogy of wholeness for teaching Black students and strength in dealing with an unpredictable and often unstable view of the future. Rochelle Brock brings us something to be remembered by, chapters and writings from students and colleagues to help us survive and thrive in this world…all in the spirit of love, life, and Oshun.

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Comparing Canada and the Americas

From Roots to Transcultural Networks

Patrick Imbert

Comparing Canada and the Americas: From Roots to Transcultural Networks covers the Americas in a comparative perspective spanning from the 19th century to the 21st century. It explores socio-cultural dynamics changing considerably in the Americas, which are progressively shedding their original fascination for Europe and slowly recognizing the importance of Indigenous, Afro-descendants, and immigrant cultures. The Americas have many dynamics in common, such as the presence of shared dualistic paradigms, like civilization/barbarism, which is a synonym for self/others. From the invention of the Nation States to globalization, the valorization of taking roots has transformed into the valorization of the legitimacy of geo-symbolic displacements. A comparative study of Canada, Quebec, Latin America, the Caribbean, and the USA reveals both the exclusions and the inclusions that, in literary, artistic, and media productions as well as political essays, are founded on the opposition between interior and exterior. The current era has seen the displacement of these oppositions within the context of the recognition of the others. This recognition is rooted in multicultural, intercultural, and transcultural perspectives. In the current networked and complex contemporary world, literary, artistic, political, and media texts go beyond dichotomous oppositions and historical master narratives legitimating exclusions. Instead, they valorize "chameleoning" and the surprise of encounters with different cultures, thus creating new perspectives linked to a techno-cultural and democratic future based on the desire to share and to belong to oneself.

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Ich-Splitter

(Cross-)Mediale Selbstentwürfe in den Slawischen Kulturen

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Edited by Ingeborg Jandl and Gernot Howanitz

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Edited by Alexander Bierich, Thomas Bruns and Henrieke Stahl

Die Festschrift ist Herrn Professor Gerhard Ressel und seiner Ehefrau Dr. Svetlana Ressel-Jelisavčić zusammen gewidmet. Ihre menschliche Verbundenheit führte im wissenschaftlichen Bereich von Forschung und Lehre zu einer Vielzahl gemeinsam verfasster und veröffentlichter Beiträge im In- und Ausland und ebenso gemeinsam abgehaltener Lehrveranstaltungen. Sowohl in der Forschung als auch in der Lehre zeigten und zeigen sich dabei die Jubilare als Slavisten im besten Sinne des Wortes, haben sie in ihrer langjährigen Tätigkeit doch nicht nur verschiedene slavische Sprachen abgedeckt, sondern darüber hinaus in gleicher Weise die drei Säulen der Philologie, die Sprach-, Literatur- und Kulturwissenschaft.

An der Festschrift hat sich eine große Zahl von Freunden, ehemaligen SchülerInnen, MitarbeiterInnen und KollegInnen mit Beiträgen beteiligt, deren Bandbreite von einzelphilologischen, sprach- wie literaturwissenschaftlichen Aspekten der Slavistik bis hin zu übergreifenden, interdisziplinär ausgerichteten kultur- und geisteswissenschaftlichen Fragestellungen im gesamteuropäischen Kontext bestens geeignet ist, das vielschichtige Schaffen von Prof. em. Dr. Gerhard Ressel und Dr. Svetlana Ressel-Jelisavčić zu reflektieren.

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Grenzen des Wachstums

Eine Annäherung in 16 Essays

Edited by Andreas Koch and Martina Winkler

Die aktuellen Debatten zeigen, wie schwierig es ist, Grenzen zu ziehen und Grenzwerte festzulegen. Ohne Grenzen jedoch, fehlen uns Orientierung und Positionierung. Viele Grenzen unseres alltäglichen Lebens sind nicht von Natur aus vorgegeben, sie unterliegen vielmehr einem aktiven und partizipativen Aushandlungsprozess. Die Schwierigkeit der Grenzziehung zeigt sich vor allem beim Begriff des Wachstums. Der vorliegende Band nimmt sich der Herausforderung an, Grenzen des Wachstums in den Bereichen Ökonomie, Medien, Kommunikation, Migration und Gesellschaft in essayistischer Weise aufzuzeigen.

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Valeriia Denisova

The book focuses on event boundedness which can be expressed in the aspectual distinction (perfective and imperfective) and on kinesthetic level between gestures that include one or several energy impulses (bounded) and smooth gestures (unbounded). The correlation of verbal and gestural expression of event boundedness is studied on the basis of oral narratives produced by Russian L1, French L1 and (Russians as) French L2 speakers. The results reveal differences in event construal in multimodal terms by speakers of different languages. Overall, the book gives insight into not only the category of aspect, but also the ways in which it is realized in spontaneous oral narratives, and more generally: event construal on the verbal and gestural levels.

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Sprachgeschichte und Sprachwandel im Slavischen

Festschrift für Jadranka Gvozdanović

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Edited by Alexander Bierich and Thomas Bruns

Mit dem Sammelband wird Professor Dr. Jadranka Gvozdanović, die langjährige Inhaberin des Lehrstuhls für Slavische Philologie (Sprachwissenschaft) an der Universität Heidelberg, für ihren unermüdlichen Einsatz in Forschung und Lehre der Slavistik geehrt. Die Beiträge der Festschrift spiegeln das breite Spektrum des Lehr- und Forschungsgebietes von Jadranka Gvozdanović wider, knüpfen jedoch an das von der Jubilarin besonders bevorzugte Thema «Sprachgeschichte und Sprachwandel im Slavischen» an. Die Festschrift wollen die Autoren und Herausgeber nicht nur als Zeichen menschlicher wie fachlicher Wertschätzung der Jubilarin verstehen, sondern auch des Dankes für die langjährige freundschaftliche und kollegiale Zusammenarbeit auf den mannigfaltigsten Gebieten der slavistischen Wissenschaft.

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Fatma Eti Aslan

This book was created in the light of experiences considering how individuals in different cultures in Turkey evaluate the concepts of health and disease. It is important to know the cultural characteristics of the community to allow individuals and societies to participate by accepting this service in order to provide them with the desired level of health care. The conditions that are culturally important are generally overlooked in the presentation of health services – providing a proper cultural health care, understanding the dimensions of culture, leading to a holistic approach more than biophysicality, increasing knowledge, changing approaches and improving clinical skills.