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Teacher Stories

Perspectives on Inclusive Pedagogical Language in Zimbabwe

Kumbirai Khosa

The teaching of English in multilingual contexts such as Zimbabwe, where English is often not the primary language of the Black majority public school student population, is a highly contested issue. Though generally considered as necessary in an increasingly globalized, English language dominated world, this conventionally Eurocentric, elitist-oriented English education system is imbued with colonialist discourses that tend to shape and complicate educators’ understandings about the place of diverse sociocultural backgrounds, ethnic-identified indigenous languages, indigenous knowledge systems, and differently abled learners within its conventional structures.

In Teacher Stories, the author utilizes postcolonialist theoretical lenses and a poststructuralist-inflected narrative inquiry approach to self-reflexively analyze her impressions of three veteran Zimbabwean teacher educators’ interpretations of what they understand to be their experiences of learning and teaching English.

The purpose of this research is to provide English education scholars and policy makers with some insights into what veteran Zimbabwean English teacher educators perceive as the efficacies and challenges of implementing policy-mandated inclusive education pedagogical practices. Since English teacher educators’ perspectives are a much under-researched area of English in a Zimbabwean context, this study makes a meaningful contribution to the international field of English education.

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Perspektivenvielfalt im Literaturunterricht

Theoretische und qualitativ-empirische Untersuchungen zu einem didaktischen Prinzip

Katja Siepmann

Die Vielfalt der Welt muss im zeitgemäßen Unterricht widergespiegelt und reflektiert werden. Derjenige, der sich auf die Komplexität postmoderner Gesellschaften einlässt, macht Erfahrungen, die produktiv auszuhalten sind. Hier setzt die qualitativ-empirische Studie zu dem allgemeindidaktischen Prinzip der Perspektivenvielfalt an und untersucht sowohl dessen theoretische als auch empirische Relevanz. Die Untersuchung der Bedeutung für die Lehrkräfte und die Umsetzung in der Unterrichtsgestaltung stehen im Mittelpunkt der Arbeit. Der exemplarisch gewählte Literaturunterricht im Fach Deutsch bietet eine geeignete Gelegenheit für den Umgang mit Ambivalenz, Kontingenz und Vielfalt im Kontext eines Bildungsverständnisses, das Perspektivenwechsel, Diskursivität und Identitätsbildung betont.

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Mass Media and Chinese ESL Students Abroad

Adopting Host Communication and Culture

Jun Qian

Mass Media and Chinese ESL Students Abroad: Adopting Host Communication and Culture investigates Chinese ESL students’ use of host mass media and how such use enables them to acquire host communication competence and acculturation from their perspective. This qualitative study is grounded in Kim’s theory of communication and cross-cultural adaptation and the uses and gratifications theory and employs a phenomenography approach. Nine participants at a university in Ontario were involved in this study. Data obtained from media use logs, think-aloud protocols, and follow-up interviews provide a far-reaching and detailed description of the uses, reasoning, and effects of using host mass media for the participants.

This book illustrates that these students used a variety of media as sources of information, language acquisition, culture learning, entertainment, and communication. Findings suggest that host mass media were the major influence on these students’ acquisition of host communication competence and perceptions of and acculturation to Canada. Their reliance on mass communication went into the later years of their acculturation process and complemented their language and culture learning, which was somewhat limited through insufficient or reluctant participation in host interpersonal communication. Host communication competence was a primary factor that influenced their selection and use of host mass media, but it was not the only decisive factor relevant to their degree of acculturation. Individual characteristics and the social and cultural environment in Canada were also found to have significant impact on their acculturation process and outcomes. These findings can assist colleges and universities in designing effective programs based on these students’ needs and characteristics, thus enabling them to achieve their academic and professional goals.

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Edited by Gerd-Bodo von Carlsburg

Dieser Band dokumentiert eine Reihe von ausgewählten Beiträgen der XXII. Internationalen wissenschaftlichen Konferenz Bildungsreform und Lehrerausbildung zum Thema »Transkulturelle Perspektiven in der Bildung«, die vom Ministerium für Bildung und Wissenschaft der Republik Litauen und der Vilnenser Akademie für Bildungswissenschaften der Vytautas Magnus Universität in Kaunas (VDU) gemeinsam konzipiert und veranstaltet wurden. Im Fokus standen der Diskurs kulturwissenschaftlicher Bildungsforschung und der Austausch von Beispielen transkultureller pädagogischer Praxis in der Hochschul- und Schulbildung. Der Erwerb dieser interaktiven Kompetenzen in der kulturwissenschaftlichen Forschung ist Voraussetzung für die Bildung einer Identität, die den Herausforderungen unserer Gesellschaft im kommenden Jahrzehnt gerecht wird.

This volume presents a series of selected contributions from the XXIInd International Scientific Conference on The Reform of Education and Teacher’s Training dealing with the topic »Transcultural Perspectives in Education«, which was conceived and organized by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania together with the Vilnius Academy of Educational Science at Vytautas-Magnus-University in Kaunas (VDU). The focus of attention was the discourse on research in cultural studies and the exchange of examples of transcultural pedagogical practice in Higher and Secondary Education. The acquisition of interactive competencies in cultural research is a prerequisite for the formation of identity in order to meet the challenges our society will be facing in the coming decade.

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The Rise of the South in American Thought and Education

The Rockefeller Years (1902-1917) and Beyond

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John M. Heffron

The Rise of the South in American Thought and Education: The Rockefeller Years (1902-1917), and Beyond documents the rise—both real and imaginary—of the South in American thought and education at the close of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century. The South’s main appeal to industrial statesmen like the Rockefellers, their philanthropic work a focus of the book, was what it symbolized to them at a time when traditional elites in both regions were facing a frightening new array of social and political conditions, much of them pursuant to the country’s very real industrial "takeoff." Those who presided over the nation’s economy understood the need for orderly change that would balance the demands (and dislocations) of modernization with America’s most cherished traditions. They viewed the reactionary South and its nationalization as an important counterweight to centrifugal tendencies in the North, including the rapid growth of cities and their "Romanization" by a flood tide of property less, uneducated, and discontented southern and eastern European immigrants. The traditional emphasis in the South on vocational education (the Christian ethic of work as redemption, not the Republican one of free labor), country life and living, racial segregation, and the centrality of nature study as a source of both science and religion, added up to a coherent vision that responded to "undesirable" economic and social change in the urban North. The survival of Southern cultural traditions, as antiquated as they were, posed no threat to the plans of corporate progressives; indeed, as the book argues, it facilitated them, and nowhere more so than in the field of education. Modern educators wanting to put into historical context relations of class, race, and ethnicity as they persist in today’s schools will find much here to inform them, putting to rest, for example, false distinctions in the history of school reform between a liberal-progressive North and a conservative and reactionary South. This book will also appeal to a popular audience of Americans curious to understand the illiberal foundations of the modern liberal state.

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Abdin Noboa-Rios

Academic year 2014-15 marked the first year that public school enrollment (preK-12) became majority nonwhite, with the Hispanic/Latino as the largest minority. Significant population shifts have continued to occur, with Latinos now representing 1-in-4 (28%) public school students.

Meanwhile, the public schools are in trouble, with international achievement reaching new lows and where progress for nearly two-thirds of all 4th and 8th graders stagnant and below proficiency levels, now decades old. According to the Nation’s Report Card, students of color rank lowest, with Latinos and African Americans consistently at the bottom.

To understand the history of Latinos in particular, Dr. Noboa-Ríos goes back to recreate the story. Here he relates the dark legacy before and after Plessy, but also upon examining post-Brown challenges that linger. Meanwhile, demography has shifter greatly and the future of the country is now greatly dependent on the academic success of Latino children. Different from the past, this population can no longer be ignored. This is dramatically different from former years, as it represents a new urgency for the nation, one that can no longer be ignored.

As the story of education rapidly unfolds, America’s challenge is now to ensure Latino students excel or the country is in peril. It is important to understand why and how this has occurred to ensure it is rectified for a better and more balanced future for the nation, not just the Latino population.

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Skills

A Practical Guide in Conversation, Vocabulary and Writing

Mara Cogni

Many students today have to grapple with questions such as What am I very good at? and What are my strengths and how can I use them for a better life? These are central questions for us as learners, employees, family members, friends and thriving individuals in general. An inquiry into our skills helps us discover our potentialities and the talents we need in order to create a fulfilling life. As a result, it assists us in successfully finding the right role for ourselves in society. Skills: A Practical Guide in Conversation, Vocabulary and Writing is intended to take learners on a reflective skill-investigative journey, in which speaking and writing about skills is both self-exploratory and fun.

This book offers a more reflective approach to thinking and talking about skills. Learners will become well-equipped with knowledge and understanding of a set of skills they can ascribe to themselves and others. This will, consequently, prepare them for a world of work that is very specific in its skillset requirements. The book aims at helping students think critically about skills both orally and in writing. It also includes activities intended to expand vocabulary, which underlies successful communication.

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Migration im Schulalter

Systemische Effekte der deutschen Schule und Bewältigungsprozesse migrierter Jugendlicher

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Mona Massumi

Das deutsche Schulsystem steht seit Langem vor der Herausforderung, Migrant*innen adäquat einzubeziehen. Für junge Menschen sind mit der Migration Umbrüche im Leben verbunden – nicht zuletzt in Bezug auf ihre formale Bildungsbiografie.

In diesem Buch werden Zusammenhänge zwischen Systemeffekten und der subjektiven Handlungsfähigkeit von Migrant*innen untersucht. Die Autorin rekonstruiert historisch, wie das Schulsystem seit der Gründung der Bundesrepublik auf die Anwesenheit von Migrant*innen reagiert und welche Auswirkungen diese Reaktionsweisen nach sich ziehen. Anhand narrativer Interviews zeichnet sie Bildungsbiografien von 21 Migrant*innen, die im Jugend- und jungen Erwachsenenalter nach Deutschland migriert sind, nach. Ihre Wege ins deutsche Schulsystem werden ebenso aufgezeigt wie die Barrieren, die den Zugang zum und Verbleib im formalen Bildungssystem in Deutschland erschweren. Die Untersuchung zeigt, wie junge Menschen mit wahrgenommenen Hindernissen umgehen und welche Möglichkeiten sie nutzen, um die eigene Schullaufbahn positiv mitzubestimmen.

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À l'épreuve d'enseigner à l'Université

Enquête en France - Préface de Marc Romainville

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Edited by Saeed Paivandi and Nathalie Younès

L’ouvrage s’intéresse à la réalité plurielle de l’homo academicus, en partant des vécus et des conceptions des professeur.e.s d'université. L’enquête menée en France par les deux auteurs, de 2013 à 2017, dans un large éventail de disciplines (lettres, sciences, sciences humaines et sociales, médecine), permet de mieux appréhender les différentes manières d’être enseignant.e-chercheur.e, la condition universitaire, les conceptions de la carrière et les approches de l’enseignement mobilisées dans la pratique pédagogique. Les enseignant.e.s-chercheur.e.s parlent de leur environnement de travail, de leurs relations avec le monde étudiant et des tensions vécues au cours de leur expérience pour articuler l’enseignement, la recherche et les tâches administratives. Se développer professionnellement sur le plan pédagogique et réellement prendre en compte les étudiants dans l’approche de l’enseignement apparaît comme un défi.

Cet ouvrage a pour ambition d’aider à mieux comprendre la condition pédagogique à l’université, devenue une question d’actualité en France comme dans nombre d’autres pays. Les données de l’enquête mises en perspective avec la littérature scientifique internationale peuvent contribuer à la réflexion sur les réformes pédagogiques introduites depuis les années 2000 et les axes les plus pertinents pour améliorer le fonctionnement pédagogique de l’université et accompagner les enseignant.e.s-chercheur.e.s dans leur développement professionnel à travers un changement culturel progressif.

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Privatization of America’s Public Institutions

The Story of the American Sellout

Lawrence Baines

Privatization of America’s Public Institutions describes the transformation of the military, K–12 public schools, public universities and colleges, and prisons into enterprises focused on generating profits for a select few. In many cases, privatization has limited accessibility, promoted segregation, fueled declining standards, increased costs, and reduced quality.