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Ronen A. Cohen

Among the players in the Iranian Revolution were tens of groups, including the Mojahedin-e Khalq, the Forqan Group, the Hojjatiyeh, and the Tudeh, among others. Yet, one was not so well-known and, unlike others that embarked on revolutionary paths, this group was not big or active enough to do any serious damage to anybody, except perhaps to themselves, by scratching out their own innovative brand of ideological revolution. Sharia’ti’s ideology and revolutionary thought was on the front lines of the Revolution playing its modest part. Moreover, on second, third, or even fourth look, the Islamic Revolution could not have gone on without them. Though their contribution may have been modest and not easily detected, their role was nonetheless very important and must be understood to fully comprehend the main theme of the Revolution.

This book speaks to the Arman-e Mostadha’fin’s story. Confused and frustrated, this group tried to make its contribution to the Revolution’s spirit, in particular how to understand Sharia’ti’s ideological path. At the end of the day, their impact was too little to influence the wave of the Revolution; however, their existence within it helped to serve Sharia’ti’s ideology in a way that changed the shape of the Islamic Revolution’s first days.

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Edited by Gilles Le Béguec

Avocat, résistant, professeur agrégé des Facultés de droit, dirigeant politique, sénateur (1946-1954) puis député (1968-1969)… Le parcours de Léo Hamon est l’un des plus riches du XXe siècle, et peut-être l’un des plus révélateurs de son époque.

Cet ouvrage, issu d’un colloque tenu en décembre 2013, organisé par l’Institut Georges Pompidou, le Centre d’histoire de Sciences Po et la Fondation Charles de Gaulle, revient sur les différentes facettes de son parcours : des premiers engagements à gauche à la rencontre avec le gaullisme en passant par le MRP, du Conseil municipal de Paris à la Libération aux fonctions de porte-parole du Gouvernement sous Jacques Chaban-Delmas (1969-1972), du juriste praticien et commentateur de la pratique institutionnelle au défenseur d’une certaine approche des relations internationales.

Se dessine ainsi le portrait multiple d’une figure singulière. Le caractère de Léo Hamon est marqué par la diversité de ses centres d’intérêt, la fidélité à ses engagements et à ses idées, son extrême rigueur intellectuelle, sa curiosité et son ouverture d’esprit. Les communications ici rassemblées sont autant de points d’entrée sur une personnalité méconnue et fascinante.

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Geopolitics of Memory and Transnational Citizenship

Thinking Local Development in a Global South

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Clara Rachel Eybalin Casséus

This book offers new perspectives on transnational citizenship, memory and strategies of development. Beginning with an exploration of belonging and cultural memory, the book turns to a series of case studies in order to examine the ways in which citizens actively engage with their state of origin through narratives of remembrance. In the Haitian case, community engagement is primarily a grassroots movement in spite of the early creation of a Ministry of Haitians Abroad (MHAVE). The Jamaican case, however, differentiates itself by having a top–down structure promoted by an administration that actively seeks to engage Jamaicans abroad by way of solidarity funds. By treating simultaneously two geopolitical entities, Francophonie and the Commonwealth, this study offers a unique, comparative perspective on a complex web of family networks, spiritual bonds and entrepreneurial cross-border practices at the core of a common Caribbean culture of resilience and self-reliance. The findings on the relationship between memory, citizenship and the State challenge the existing assumption that communities abroad become increasingly assimilated into the new society, whereas, in fact, the idea of a transnational citizenship has become increasingly prevalent. This evolution is enhanced by memory, which acts as a powerful dynamic engine to deconstruct citizenship while connecting beyond borders.

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Borderlands of Memory

Adriatic and Central European Perspectives

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Edited by Borut Klabjan

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Kevin Dooley

Allegories and Metaphors in Early Political Thought: From Plato to Machiavelli examines allegories and metaphors that best exemplify the ideologies of Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Niccolo Machiavelli. Author Kevin Dooley’s approach allows readers to gain a greater understanding of each thinker’s ideas through the lens of metaphor, which stimulates imaginative discussions and more thoughtful reflections.

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Aider les Acadiens ?

Bienfaisance et déportation 1755-1776. Préface de Martin Pâquet

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Adeline Vasquez

Pourquoi accueillir des réfugiés en période de guerre ? Cette question si contemporaine s’est posée dès le XVIIIe siècle aux administrateurs britanniques des colonies d’Amérique du Nord. À travers un exemple concret de « bienfaisance » en faveur des habitants de l’ancienne colonie française d’Acadie, cet ouvrage montre qu’au-delà des conflits militaires, des idées communes sur l’entraide et la fraternité marquèrent déjà les rapports sociaux de part et d’autre de l’Atlantique. Connue sous l’expression « Grand Dérangement », la déportation des Acadiens de 1755 fait ici, pour la première fois, l’objet d’une analyse détaillée des rapports entre cette population déplacée de force et les diverses autorités qui furent chargées de l’accueillir.

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Hidden in Plain Sight

Covert Criticism of the Medici in Renaissance Florence

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James O. Ward

Hidden in Plain Sight: Covert Criticism of the Medici in Renaissance Florence offers the first systematic study of an important and heretofore insufficiently-studied phenomenon in Renaissance Europe. Through a close examination of a wide variety of visual and textual materials, James O. Ward illuminates the means by which Florentine citizens—among them several of the most famous artists and writers of the time, such as Michelangelo, Machiavelli, and Vasari—managed, in an increasingly authoritarian political and cultural climate, to express their disaffection with the prevailing political and cultural status quo in relatively safe ways, while at the same time maintaining contact with those rulers whom they criticized, upon whom they often depended for their livelihoods. Ward’s volume thus offers new and provocative interpretations of some of the most famous works of Italian Renaissance visual and textual culture—for example, Michelangelo’s New Sacristy in Florence, Machiavelli’s Prince, and Vasari’s portrait of Lorenzo de’ Medici—which have traditionally been viewed by scholars of the period as encomiastic celebrations of their patrons’ power and prestige. The volume thus provides—besides its intimate view of power relations between some of Florence’s most creative artists and writers and those they served—fresh perspectives on the important question of patron-artist relations during the period.

Written it in a style which is not too technical, the book is an ideal resource for specialists in Italian history, art history, literature, rhetoric, theatre studies, and the history of Italian academies, as well as a stimulating narrative for the educated general reader interested in the history of Florence, and its often fraught relations with its leading family, the Medici.

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Text und Holocaust

Die Erfahrung des Ghettos in Zeugnissen und literarischen Entwürfen

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Jacek Leociak

Der Autor analysiert Tagebücher, Erinnerungen, Memoiren, Chroniken, Berichte und Briefe, die während der Zeit des Zweiten Weltkriegs und der deutschen Besatzung im und um das Warschauer Ghetto entstanden. Er untersucht die Gattungsspezifik und den speziellen Status dieser Texte, die das in Worte zu fassen versuchen, was gemeinhin als unbeschreibbar gilt. Der Autor widerspricht der verbreiteten These von der Unausdrückbarkeit. Er betont die Notwendigkeit des Ausdrucks jener Erfahrung und die Notwendigkeit des Versuchs zu verstehen.

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Hans Hinterberger

Die Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit den sogenannten "Beamtenministerpräsidenten" Bayerns Gustav von Kahr (Ministerpräsident 12.3.1920 - 21.9.1921, Generalstaatskommissar 26.9.1923 - 17.2.1924), Hugo Graf von und zu Lerchenfeld (Ministerpräsident 21.9.1921 - 2.11.1922) und Eugen von Knilling (Ministerpräsident 8.11.1922 - 5.5.1924). Das Buch untersucht die Personen in ihren jeweiligen Amtszeiten hinsichtlich politischer Agenda und Schwerpunktsetzung sowie parteipolitscher Orientierung. Kernfrage der Arbeit ist, inwiefern den "Beamtenministerpräsidenten" eine Mitverantwortung an der Radikalisierung Bayerns zuzuschreiben ist, die im Hitlerputsch vom November 1923 gipfelte.