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Damian Pierzak

Historical exempla were an important part of the Roman political discourse. They could serve as a moral guide to conduct, but also lend credibility to an orator’s argument. In his extant orations, Cicero often draws parallels between his contemporaries and the old Romans or, less frequently, he compares the Romans of the present day with non-Roman individuals. Cicero himself calls such foreign examples ‘exempla externa.’ Using a theoretical framework that combines the precepts of ancient rhetorical theory and modern terminology, this book explores the ways in which Cicero employed exempla externa in oratorical practice. It argues that there were many different categories of exemplum for Cicero to choose and that exempla externa were not necessarily suitable for negative lessons.

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Jan Felicjan Terelak

The book is a scientific monograph, based on a natural experiment on cognitive, emotional and social functioning during the year-long isolation of 21 winter hounds at the Henryk Arctowski Polish Antarctic Station. The conducted research was of a specimen and sociometric nature. The results presented in the book are unique in the literature on the subject due to the longitudinal nature of the research conducted, together with its high frequency (every two weeks). Moreover, the social isolation was total in its character, due to the large limitation of connectivity with the outside world, which could be considered analogous to future long-term space missions.

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Societies and Spaces in Contact:

Between Convergence and Divergence

Edited by Milan Bufon, Tove H. Malloy and Colin Williams

This volume represents an inter-disciplinary discussion of some fundamental categories of convergence and divergence, focusing in particular on issues of both social integration and devolution related to ethnos as the space of identity, and demos as the space of polity. The aims of the book are to assess past developments within crucial parts of Central Europe where both conflict and coexistence potentials seem to best represent the actual “unity in diversity” managing dilemma in the continent; to provide an analysis of current approaches to minority protection, language planning, spatial and social cross-border and inter-cultural policies; and to develop an evaluation of the future trends and opportunities for co-operation and re-integration within a local and broader operational context.

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Droit des données 2.0

Construction du système de droits

Laboratoire clé de la stratégie des mégadonnées

Edited by Yuming Lian

Le droit des données, pierre angulaire de la transition d’une société industrielle à une société numérique, joue un rôle particulièrement important pour promouvoir la gouvernance mondiale de l’Internet et bâtir une communauté de destin dans le cyberespace. Dans la continuité de l’ouvrage Loi sur les droits numériques 1.0 : Fondements théoriques, le Droit des données 2.0 : Construction du système de droits propose de manière innovante le postulat de l’homo numericus, qui élargit le champ de recherche juridique et enrichit la notion de l’homme dans une perspective juridique. L’ouvrage offre une analyse de trois principaux types de droits en matière de données : droits sur les données, droit de partage et souveraineté des données. Il répond aux instructions du président chinois Xi Jinping présentées dans sa lettre de félicitation au « Big Data Expo 2019 », dans laquelle il a souligné que « nous devrions saisir les opportunités du développement numérique, connecté et intelligent, bien gérer les défis juridiques, de sécurité et de gouvernance liés au développement des mégadonnées ».

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Serving Refugee Children

Listening to Stories of Detention in the USA

Edited by Montse Feu and Amanda Venta

Serving Refugee Children shows the struggles and traumatic experiences that unaccompanied and/or undocumented children undergo when seeking safety in the United States and find instead imprisonment, separation from their families, and ICE raids in what would have become their neighborhoods. Current legislation and bureaucracy limit first-person narratives from these children, but service providers and grassroots activist authoring the pieces in this collection bear witness to the children’s brave human spirits in their search for safety and their arrival in the United States. Through the power of storytelling, Serving Refugee Children exposes current detention center conditions while also protecting detained children. No child should have to live the persecution suffered by children featured in these stories, nor should they have to embark upon perilous journeys across Latin America or be subjected to the difficult immigration court process unaided. Researchers and the general public who believe that the emotional bonding of telling stories continues to humanize discussions and who want immigration policies that foster a culture of engagement and interconnectedness will be interested in this volume.
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Edited by Almudena Cortés Maisonave and Josefina Manjarrez

Este libro examina los debates sobre los cambios y continuidades de la migración de las mujeres en contextos geográficos, políticos, económicos y socioculturales diversos y las problemáticas emergentes conceptuales, políticas y socioculturales en torno a ella, desde un enfoque feminista y global. Se centra en cómo la movilidad humana contemporánea, entendida en su relación con la perspectiva de género, permite identificar y analizar los factores de producción de desigualdades políticas, económicas y socioculturales provocadas de manera principal por las transformaciones de la globalización neoliberal. La teoría y la práctica feminista proporcionan un marco conceptual y analítico que busca explicar y modificar las desigualdades que sufren las mujeres y en particular de las mujeres migrantes. Las preguntas que guían los trabajos que integran este libro giran en torno a la articulación entre patriarcado, interseccionalidades y violencias para dar cuenta de la manera en la que el neoliberalismo patriarcal construye las relaciones de género y la forma en que se han intensificado las desigualdades en los contextos migratorios a la vez que se abre paso un conjunto de respuestas diversas de la agencia femenina. Por ello, se busca comprender, desde los debates contemporáneos feministas, la manera en que la movilidad se ha transformado recientemente y ha afectado las vidas de las mujeres.

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Intercultural Issues and Concepts

A Multi-Disciplinary Glossary


Edited by Maddalena Colombo and Guia Gilardoni

Why an intercultural glossary today? How does interculturalism deal with the cultural shifts led by the resurgence of populism in Europe leading towards increasingly close-minded and selfish attitudes? Are the social sciences helpful in the implementation of an intercultural approach? How to teach students the fundamentals of interculturalism? Over the last years, the fierce populisms raising around Europe has been a strong enemy of interculturalism which grow weaker in front of the simplest solutions provided by intolerance and racism. Social sciences provide strong concepts to be grounded in social policy, urban administration, education, and interreligious dialogue. Drawing from sociology, psychology, history, philosophy, education, human geography, and international law, the book offers a list of 18 «middle-range concepts»– as social integration, migration governance, cultural identity, participation, citizenship, reflexivity, resilience - and «thematic issues», like overcoming racism, revitalising urban periphery, and human rights enforcement. Each entry includes elements of reflection for the development of practices and projects coping with major societal challenges in the extra-academic areas. The book, written by a multi-national pool of European academic lectures, is meant to facilitate all actors committed to the building of a more inclusive society.

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Projet en partage, partage sans projet

Les dimensions sociale et territoriale du projet

Edited by Pauline Bosredon and Frédéric Dumont

Projet en partage, partage sans projet ou partage comme projet : quelle est la dimension sociale du projet ? Comment pense-t-on le partage avant le projet, quels acteurs sociaux y participent, quand en sont-ils absents ? C’est sur ces éléments que se penche cet ouvrage qui traite de projets urbains, de catégories d’acteurs, d’implications participatives et d’effets sociaux localisés. Et quels effets ? Effets de sens, effets de pouvoir, effets sociaux et décalages effectifs entre objectifs affichés et réalités sociales parfois tenaces. Au nord comme au sud, pour mettre en œuvre le projet les moyens sont variés, les outils sont divers, de la suggestion à la contrainte, des « bonnes pratiques » aux processus autoritaires. Aucun projet présenté dans les textes de cet ouvrage n’inclut parfaitement la participation à la totalité du processus. Certains l’intègrent à leur méthodologie, avec des résultats plus ou moins effectifs mais des intentions claires, des acteurs identifiés et une temporalité bien définie. D’autres projets qui se présentent comme partagés sont bien moins formalisés, informels voire déguisés et font parfois l’objet de contestations et de contre-propositions. Dans tous les cas, c’est à l’issue du projet de territoire que l’on en mesure réellement la dimension sociale, l’objectif visé par ces projets n’étant pas nécessairement un espace partagé. En présentant des projets de natures différentes et à plusieurs échelles (requalification de l’espace public, amélioration de l’habitat, renouvellement urbain…), les sept chapitres de cet ouvrage abordent ainsi des enjeux variés de mixité sociale et de gentrification, de dé-paupérisation, de préservation de l’entre-soi et d’éviction brutale de certains segments de population.

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Khuloud Jamal Khayyat Dajani

No previous research has ever explored thoroughly the types and trends of smoking and the different models of tobacco smoking among Palestinian children. This study was designed to identify the factors that increase or mitigate risk associated with smoking among school children and adolescents living within the Palestinian territories. An ecological framework serves as the theoretical framework for the study, incorporating multiple levels of children’s and adolescents’ lives, including individual, family, school, peers, and community dimensions. The study is based on theory that considers the school as a central component of socialization and also on problem behavior theory, suggesting that humans develop clusters of dangerous behaviors that become part of their daily lives. This research study is based on the data set of the Health Behaviors in School-aged Children (HBSC) international survey, and employed a dual focus on individuals and schools. It revealed the high prevalence of tobacco smoking, the risk and protective factors affecting smoking, and showed that Nargilah ranked first among tobacco smoking habits. In an era of narrow agendas of “effectiveness” and “control,” this book suggests a way to incorporate schools as venues and spaces for behavioral transformation, growth, and positive change, and shows how awareness can be created within the families and the relevant agencies. Health promotion and risk prevention initiatives can help control tobacco smoking, the most preventable cause of death and disease in the nation. Those who smoke must quit, and we must work together to prevent children from starting this endangering health behavior.