Im Mittelpunkt der Untersuchung stehen die Herausforderungen des interkulturellen Zusammenlebens, die in Interviews, welche der Autor mit Ordensbrüdern geführt hat, deutlich wurden. Er geht der Frage nach, wie mit Differenzen umgegangen wird, und formuliert als Ziel, einen sensiblen Ansatz zu entwickeln, in dem die Diversität von Kulturen ernst genommen und beachtet wird, um gegebene Differenzen in Kraftquellen für eine interkulturelle Gemeinschaft zu verwandeln.
It is utopian to represent the economy as a place in which human happiness is as paramount as profit. That is the opinion of many who might pick up this book. This truism, analogous to the argument that Gross National Happiness is utopian, is, however, confronted by the actual situation of our economy today. Our globalized society, with its Gross National Product, turns out to be a dystopia. Our globe has indeed become a place where it is no longer that pleasant to live. From burned-out people at the workplace, via the gap between the northern and the southern hemisphere, to our threatened environment: there is not much left of the utopia of the free market. The aim of at least the last fifty years, since the Club of Rome, of transforming it into a sustainable economy is failing. In this book, we find a plea for economic practices as elaborated in the Social Economy, the Purpose Economy and the Economy of Communion. Time and again, these are manifestations of an economic transition which, to a greater or lesser degree, no longer focuses exclusively on principles such as scarcity, individualism or utility. Responsibility, the interpersonal and authenticity are at least as central. Each time, they are concrete challenges that are the pertinent responses to the tension between utopia and dystopia. It is not a matter of fanatically reversing all economic activity in our globalized society in the direction of an economy of meaningfulness. But the unmistakably obvious challenge for our economy that the alternatives represent has something of an appealing urgency.
Edited by Dorota Probucka
This book provides an overview of selected problems typical of contemporary ethics. It consists of eight chapters – articles, each of which discusses another moral dilemma. These issues are related to environmental ethics, animal rights, moral education, liberal-communitarian debate, moral cognitivism, postmodern ethics, dilemmas of migration policy, and contemporary exploitation of people. The book discusses important moral problems and can be an interesting incentive to study ethics and philosophy.
This book examines Aristotle’s four causes (material, formal, efficient, and final), offering a systematic discussion of the relation between form and matter, causation, taxonomy, and teleology. The overall aim is to show that the four causes form a system, so that the form of a natural thing relates to its matter as the final cause of a natural process relates to its efficient cause. Aristotle’s Four Causes reaches two novel and distinctive conclusions. The first is that the formal cause or essence of a natural thing is not a property of this thing but a generic natural thing. The second is that the final cause of a process is not its purpose but the course that processes of its kind typically take.
Die Bildung von religiöser Autorität in der Frühzeit des Islam am Beispiel von Sufyān aṯ-Ṯawrī und Sufyān bin ʿUyayna
Kriterien der Autoritätswerdung
Im Zentrum des Bandes steht die Frage nach den Entstehungskriterien religiöser Autorität in der Frühzeit des Islam. Es geht dabei um jene Kriterien, die den Gelehrten die Berechtigung verliehen, im Namen des Islam zu sprechen. Grundlage der Analyse sind die beiden islamischen Gelehrten Sufyān aṯ-Ṯawrī (gest. 161/778) und Sufyān b. ʿUyayna (gest. 198/813) aus dem 2. Jahrhundert n. H. (8./9. Jahrhundert n. Chr.) – einer Zeit, in der die islamischen Wissenschaften ihre Entstehungsphase erlebten. Im Rahmen einer deskriptiven und kritisch-analytischen Methode zeichnet der Autor das wissenschaftliche Netzwerk der Wissenschaftler nach, erarbeitet die Kriterien der Autoritätswerdung und hinterfragt ihre aktuelle Gültigkeit.
Idealist Remnants in Contemporary Concepts of Art
Past philosophical ideas about arts influence contemporary artistic practices. We still use traditional Idealist concepts, such as the autonomy of art or the subjective expression of the artist. At the same time, today’s art often attacks and abandons Idealist thinking.
The author of this book analyses this relation between the Idealist conception of the arts including literature and present-day reality. The aim is to create a link between past and present artistic practices and theoretical, philosophical thinking. The author also questions the Idealist notions of history and the relation between the theoretical, the aesthetic and the practical, and seeks new ways to deal with the relation between the past and the present.
A Socio-Rhetorical Reading of the Life of Melania the Younger
This book aims to shed new light on asceticism of the heart and imperial Christian aspects in the ascetic life of Melania the Younger, in particular, and of a specific group of Roman aristocratic ascetic women, in general. The author draws on the examination of rhetorical language and textual production of the Life of Melania the Younger written in the fifth century. In so doing, the author investigates the broader religious and socio-cultural contexts of the two forms of conflicting rhetorics in the text, according to socio-rhetorical criticism. The tension of the dual subjectivity arising from the asceticism of the heart and the ideological and material aspects of Christian imperialism in the context of Jerusalem and Constantinople takes the reader into unexplored intellectual territory.
Studies in Kierkegaard’s Theory of Faith
Faith was not only the theme of Søren Kierkegaard’s life, but also the systematic center of his thought. The studies collected in this volume represent an attempt to understand Kierkegaard’s theory of faith from different perspectives and on different levels of analysis. Not only will the central aspects and fundamental challenges of his theory be illuminated, the development of his theory of faith, which is marked by a wide array of educational and discursive contexts, will also be investigated against the background of his engagement with the philosophical-theological debates of his time and close involvement with other thinkers in his immediate environment. The volume concludes with a glance at the history of the translation and reception of Kierkegaard’s work.
This is a study about man who is a part of the world of physical events, including actions. As a bunch of actions which are conditioned by beliefs and other attitudes, man co-creates communities which emerge and vanish along time. While generating and undergoing changes man is potentially a dynamic and flexible creature who at least partially manages relations with the world, including other men. This study is of an interdisciplinary nature, where the author merges philosophy and cultural anthropology with insight into sociology and communication studies. At the same time, the author takes an anti-essentialist position, where the study is a hypothetical construct. While doing this, the author assembles a particular vocabulary, where action, belief and community are addressed by communication, culture, thickness and the like concepts.