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La hegemonía estadounidense y el continente americano

Poder y diplomacia económica en las relaciones internacionales

Arturo Santa Cruz

En este libro Arturo Santa Cruz desarrolla una concepción del poder como relación social y la aplica consistentemente al ámbito económico de las relaciones de Estados Unidos con otros países del hemisferio occidental. Siguiendo el debate académico y popular acerca de los altibajos de la hegemonía estadounidense, este trabajo centra su análisis en un caso crítico para el ejercicio del poder estadounidense a través de su diplomacia económica (o economic statecraft): el continente americano su zona de influencia histórica. La racionalidad del enfoque regional es metodológico: is se puede demostrar que la influencia de Washington ha disminuido en el área desde inicios de la década de los años 70 del siglo pasado, cuando la discusióon sobre la materia inició, puede asumirse que lo mismo ha ocurrido en otras latitudes. El análisis se concentra en tres regiones: Norteamérica, Centroamérica y Sudamérica. Puesto que cada región contiene estados que en ocasiones han mantenido muy diferentes relaciones con Estados Unidos, los hallazgos contribuyen a un mejor entendimiento de la práctica del poder en la sub-región en cuestión, añadiendo variabilidad a los resultados generales.

La hegemonía estadounidense y el continente americano: Poder y diplomacia económica en las relaciones internacionales es una fuente invaluable para estudiantes y académicos interesados en la política y la historia de América Latina, en la integración regional en América del Norte, en la teoría de Relaciones Internacionales, en la Diplomacia Económica, en Economía Política, y en Política Comparada

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Revisiting China’s Modernity

Ethnicity, Religion, and Nation

Jiang Sun

Investigating the nature of Chinese modernity from the perspectives of social and intellectual history and inspired by Benedict Anderson’s Imagined Communities, my book intends to reveal the ambiguity of nation as a modern concept and thereupon open up a new possibility for the turn of China’s national narratives. As it turns out, the definitions of nation as either an imagined community or an entity with a substantive cultural origin are both partially wrong in the Chinese context, since China had its distinctive socio-cultural system in pre-modern times and the binary mode of nationality is inadequate to interpret the complexity of Chinese society. In light of this complexity, this work explores the relationship between the Manchus and the Han Chinese throughout the Qing dynasty, examines the transmission and reproduction of modern knowledge, particularly that of race and nation, on the ground of China’s reactions to the Western influence, and discusses how the supra-nationalist discourse of various religions succumbed to the homogenizing nature of nation state in modern China. To depict a general picture of "Chinese modernity" and avoid the risk of oversimplification, I combine the methodology of social history with that of intellectual history in this book, abandoning the East-West binary opposition and grouping all ten chapters into three parts that respectively approach Chinese modernity from a specific perspective. On this basis, it can be concluded that Chinese modernity, as a form of new knowledge, is produced out of the combination of a forward-thinking viewpoint and a fantasy about the modern age, which constitutes an inevitable path to China’s "national liberation" from the entanglement of ethnicity and cultural traditions.

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Chris Menton

In the final decades of the 20th century, a confluence of factors precipitated a policy change in the criminal justice arena that led to unprecedented growth. This growth translated into the criminalization, sentencing and incarceration of tens of thousands of marginalized people in the United States. These factors are considered in Behind American Prison Policy and Population Growth: An Inside Account. Tales are told of the increased prison population that necessitated a continuous unfolding of prison construction projects, rehabbing abandoned state hospitals and private prisons, all with the aim of more and more secure accommodations. During this time, the author was a participant/observer at all correctional security levels, treatment and medical facilities and personnel training in this system. His roles over the years included increased responsibility and regular direct contact with incarcerated individuals in on-the-line or line supervisor positions. The narrative is enhanced by the author's background as social science scholar. This is a unique perspective, documenting a historic upturn in long-term detention addressing crime and disorder. These overarching realities produced struggle across all participants, including clients, staff, consultants and visitors. Their stories of being swept up in the constant demand for increasing capacity offer compelling background to the consequences of visceral responses guiding criminal justice.

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Michael Stephen Patton

Catholic Sexual Pathology and the Western Mind: The Ancient Era, Vol. 1 documents with historical and clinical data the correlation between Catholic sexual orthodoxy and Catholic sexual pathology. The Roman church government replaced the sex positive Hebrew Tradition, which integrated the love of women and sex in Judaism with a sex negative Christian Tradition, which integrated the hatred of women and sex in church doctrine. Jesus followed the sex positive holistic Hebrew Tradition rather than the sex negative dualistic Christian Tradition. Across 2000 years of Christian tradition Catholic sex negative doctrines, morals, laws and practices enforced by an authoritarian rather than democratic Roman church system allegedly caused mass human suffering and damage in both the Catholic Mind and the Western Mind. Using a multidisciplinary methodology the book traces a faulty sexual anthropology historically and culturally rooted in various pagan Greek, Roman and Persian sexual dualisms, which became Catholic sexual orthodoxy and which became a terminal cancer in both the Catholic Mind and the Western Mind. The book, while using extensive resources and annotated endnotes, is an interdisciplinary intellectual exercise, which examines Catholic sexual pathology through the lens of history, theology, philosophy, law, medicine, sexology, psychology, psychiatry, sociology and anthropology, while using the scientific method.The book represents a pioneer effort across a 50 year span to examine the review of literature and to empirically document the mass human suffering and damage caused by Catholic sexual orthodoxy in both the Catholic Mind and the Western Mind.

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Trump’s Followers

A Socio-Semiotic Analysis

Arthur Asa Berger

Trump’s Followers: A Socio-Semiotic Analysis uses semiotic theory, psychoanalytic theory, and sociological theory to analyze Donald Trump’s followers and to understand what motivates them and explain why they behave the way they do when at his rallies. It makes use of ideas from Gustave Le Bon’s classic The Crowd, ideas from Freud about the psyche and social groups, and works by many other important scholars and writers. The book is written in an accessible style and is illustrated with many drawings by the author.

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The Most Dangerous Man in the Country

Filinto Müller of Brazil

R. S. Rose

Filinto Müller was the most despised police chief in Brazilian history and later a detested senator. Müller bore the brunt of many accusations of police wrongdoing owing to charges by yellow-journalist David Nasser. This volume examines the totality of Müller’s life and is the result of 11 years of research in which 66,704 documents, 500 newspapers clippings, and 165 visual items were examined. Numerous interviews were likewise conducted. This work has uncovered little archival evidence to substantiate direct charges against Müller. This book argues, however, that Müller was responsible for the invention of modern-day death squads, the first of their kind in the Americas.

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Zia Ul Haque Shamsi

The India-Pakistan relationship is complex and choreographed with wars, protracted conflicts and active disputes. Though the presence of nuclear weapons has decreased the probability of an all-out conventional war, the frequency of minor conflicts, and crises have increased manifold. India considers nuclear weapons a deterrent against nuclear strikes, whereas Pakistan assumes that these would deter a nuclear as well as a conventional war. The central argument of this book is that another military engagement between India and Pakistan, similar to one in February 2019, exists with varying degrees of probability, thus challenging the efficacy of nuclear deterrence. Until the probabilities of military engagements are minimized, the possibilities of peace and stability in the region would remain elusive. Therefore, the situation asks for scholarly contribution in developing a new paradigm wherein the two nuclear neighbors are made to recognize the need to resolve their disputes instead of just managing them, to avoid recurrence of violent conflicts that can lead to a catastrophic nuclear exchange, no matter how limited it is.

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Jean Kachiga

This book examines succinctly the substantive assumptions of each one of the main international relations theories, namely realism, liberalism, constructivism, the English school, critical theory and idealism, against China's choices and behavior as an international actor. The author seeks to articulate how China's choices and behavior alternatively reflect and vindicate, or challenge and reject reigning assumptions of international relations theory.

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The Trump Administration’s Foreign Policy

A Trumpian World of Uncertainty or A Decline of Pax-Americana

Wassim Daghrir

This book offers a serious investigation of one of the most controversial contemporary American Studies issues: President Donald Trump’s foreign policy. Actually, an ambiguous, inconsistent uncertainty would best describe President Trump’s approach to foreign affairs. This book investigates Trump’s foreign policy agenda, style, principles, priorities, and patterns. The main challenge of this book is to check whether President Trump’s foreign policy initiatives are faithful to the traditional and modern-era foreign policy schools (such as ‘America First’), or whether they are merely inconsistent, impulsive, incoherent initiatives which lack the complexity of a serious foreign policy agenda or doctrine? This book puts the nature of Pax-Americana and US Exceptionalism face to face with the assumption of a post-American world. It also examines the ‘Trump Doctrine’ as what Trump himself described as a ‘brand new’ foreign policy. Thus, this book offers a further assessment of the assumption that Trump is establishing a new school of American foreign policy.

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Zeitgeschichte – Zeitverständnis

Gesammelte Aufsätze Herausgegeben von Barbara Hanke

Series:

Wolfgang Jacobmeyer

Edited by Barbara Hanke

Der Band versammelt Aufsätze zur Schulbuchforschung, zur deutschen Zeitgeschichte, zur polnischen Geschichte sowie zur Geschichte der deutsch-polnischen Beziehungen. Die Beiträge dokumentieren nicht nur die zentralen Arbeitsfelder Wolfgang Jacobmeyers, sondern auch den Anspruch, bei der Aneignung von Geschichte stets zwei Perspektiven miteinander zu verbinden: geschichtswissenschaftliche Forschung und geschichtsdidaktische Kompetenz.