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Herbert E. Craig

This book examines in detail the numerous translations and revisions to these two essential languages of one of the outstanding works of French and world literature. Although the Spanish poet Pedro Salinas completed the first translation in the world of Proust’s first two volumes (1920, 1922), it was C. K. Scott Moncrieff of England who was largely responsible for the first complete translation of the Recherche (1922-1931). Since then there have been many partial translations of Proust’s seven volumes, as well as one new complete translation for English and three for Spanish since 2000. Through comparison of first the English versions and then the Spanish versions of each important segment of the Recherche, the author attempts to determine which translation or revision is the best for each one. Factors included the addition or omission of elements, mistakes in the translation of words, phases or levels and the importance given to equivalency or fluency.
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Platωn’s Reality, Baudrillard’s Nostalgia

The Oὐσία, the ’Pataphysical Atopos, and Postmodern Made Spaces

Anastasia Nicéphore

Platωn establishes the principle that literature should cut through the notion of an ideal truth rather than be used as a vehicle for subjective visions and aesthetic tropes by those claiming to be ‘artists.’ To engage with this centrality of human consciousness means to integrate a single source of origin: a Platωnic "οὐσία." Contemporary hermeneutics draw upon perceptions that the origin is elliptic in postmodern and continental philosophical trains of thought. Moreover, much obscurity arises from Platωn’s own insistence on over-emphasis, and what some philosophers and philologists would consider ‘taut tautology’—which leaves vast amounts of passages in Pre-Socratic manuscripts and Platωnic dialogues open to speculation and subjectivity. Philosophical debates center on the incapability of pinpointing truth, the real, or some definitive and/or tangible self-referential core within an age of pluralism and uncertainty. For this reason, students and scholars in literary theory and postmodern philosophy can gain much from clarifying these ubiquitous areas.Through comparative constructs, the nature of the novel, its evolution over time and inclusion of postmodernist technologies, cyber-capitalism, and accompanying symbols, bring us to question the real and human exigency. Could it be that "unlimited experimentation," a kind of ’pataphysical atopos within and upon a text warrants an aesthetic surface that construes a morally heinous environment? Jean Baudrillard probes this concept by vivifying that a lack of substance—an "exponential instability"—is invariably transmuting into an altogether absent entity. Within this displacement, this book juxtaposes Platωnic exegesis of the real—the "οὐσία"—and Baudrillardian aporia into current modes of reality for a body politic in acceleration.

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La ciencia ficción en América Latina

Crítica. Teoría. Historia.

Edited by Silvia G. Kurlat Ares and Ezequiel De Rosso

La Ciencia Ficción en América Latina. Crítica. Teoría. Historia. ofrece un enfoque integral sobre la ciencia ficción en América Latina al abordar la historia y la crítica del género en la región. No solo mapea la producción fundacional del campo (revistas, películas, libros y cómics), sino que también estudia las preocupaciones específicas (políticas, sociales, culturales) que dieron origen a sus patrones e ideas distintivos. Este volumen organiza y sistematiza el estado del campo. En este sentido, su objetivo es analizar la cf de América Latina en el contexto de la producción literaria y cultural de la región, proporcionando un horizonte preciso para sus temas históricos, culturales y políticos. Teniendo en cuenta la complejidad de los debates contemporáneos, el libro se compone de colaboraciones hechas por especialistas provenientes de más de diez países, que estudian la cf en la región, con una amplia variedad de enfoques, lo que proporciona el conjunto más diverso posible de perspectivas sobre el desarrollo de la cf en América Latina.

El volumen satisface las necesidades de los lectores interesados ​​en cf en general, de los estudiantes que intentan comprender el tema, así como de los profesores que buscan abordar los problemas principales en el desarrollo de la cf en la región al incluir los enfoques actuales en sus análisis. La Ciencia Ficción en América Latina es tanto una herramienta de enseñanza y aprendizaje indispensable, como un libro de referencia para críticos y lectores interesados.

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Edited by Silvia G. Kurlat Ares and Ezequiel De Rosso

The Peter Lang Companion to Latin American Science Fiction provides a comprehensive overview of science fiction in Latin America by addressing the history and criticism of the genre in the region. It not only maps the cornerstones of the field (books, comics, magazines, movies) but also studies the specific political, social and cultural concerns that gave rise to its distinctive patterns and ideas. This volume organizes and systematizes the state of the field. In this sense, the aim of the Companion is to analyze Latin American science fiction hand in hand with the literature and culture produced in the rest of the region, providing a proper context for its historic, cultural and political themes. Taking into account the complexity of contemporary debates in the field, the editors have made a point of inviting contributors from a wide variety of countries to provide the most diverse possible set of perspectives on the development of science fiction in Latin America.

The volume serves the needs of readers interested in science fiction at large, either in its original language or in translation; students trying to understand the genre; and teachers seeking to address the main issues in the development of the genre in the region by including current approaches to the material. The Companion is an indispensable teaching and learning tool, as well as reference book for critics and interested readers.

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Designs of Blackness

Mappings in the Literature and Culture of Afro-America, 25th Anniversary Edition

A. Robert Lee

Across more than two centuries Afro-America has created a huge and dazzling variety of literary self-expression. Designs of Blackness provides less a narrative literary history than, precisely, a series of mappings—each literary-critical and comparative while at the same time offering cultural and historical context. This carefully re-edited version of the 1998 publication opens with an estimation of earliest African American voice in the names of Phillis Wheatley and her contemporaries. It then takes up the huge span of autobiography from Frederick Douglass through to Maya Angelou. "Harlem on My Mind," which follows, sets out the literary contours of America’s premier black city. Womanism, Alice Walker’s presiding term, is given full due in an analysis of fiction from Harriet E. Wilson to Toni Morrison. Richard Wright is approached not as some regulation "realist" but as a more inward, at times near-surreal, author. Decadology has its risks but the 1940s has rarely been approached as a unique era of war and peace and especially in African American texts. Beat Generation work usually adheres to Ginsberg and Kerouac, but black Beat writing invites its own chapter in the names of Amiri Baraka, Ted Joans and Bob Kaufman. The 1960s has long become a mythic change-decade, and in few greater respects than as a black theatre both of the stage and politics. In Leon Forrest African America had a figure of the postmodern turn; his work is explored in its own right and for how it takes its place in the context of other reflexive black fiction. "African American Fictions of Passing" unpacks the whole deceptive trope of "race" in writing from Williams Wells Brown through to Charles Johnson. The two newly added chapters pursue African American literary achievement into the Obama-Trump century, fiction from Octavia Butler to Darryl Pinkney, poetry from Rita Dove to Kevin Young.

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Edited by Recherche Littéraire / Literary Research

Julie K. Allen, Eugene L. Arva, Jean Bessière, Helena Carválho Buescu, Vanessa Byrnes, Chloé Chaudet, Yves Clavaron, Christophe Den Tandt, Catherine Depretto., Theo D’haen, Caius Dobrescu, Dong Yang, Brahim El Guabli, Nikki Fogle, Gerald Gillespie, Kathleen Gyssels, Oliver Harris, Sándor Hites, Michelle Keown, S Satish Kumar, Jacques Marx, Jessica Maufort, Marc Maufort, Jopi Nyman, David O'Donnell, Liedeke Plate, Judith Rauscher, Haun Saussy, Karen-Margrethe Simonsen, Chris Thurman, Anne Williams, Janet M. Wilson, Chantal Zabus, Gang Zhou

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The Algerian Historical Novel

Linking the Past to the Present and Future

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Abdelkader Aoudjit

During the last thirty years, Algerian novelists have shown and continue to show a marked interest in the history of their country; some of them, however, approach the past in a manner that is significantly different from that of traditional historical novelists. The Algerian Historical Novel: Linking the Past to the Present and Future investigates for precisely what purpose, on what philosophical grounds, and using what techniques, novelists Rachid Boudjedra (La Prise de Gibraltar), Tahar Djaout (L’Invention du désert), Assia Djebar (Loin de Médine), Waciny Laredj (La Maison andalouse), Mohamed Sari (Pluies d’or), and Amin Zaoui (Le Dernier juif de Tamentit) engage with the history of Algeria. It also examines what the study of these authors can contribute to the larger debate concerning what this type of historical fiction can do with or reveal about the past that history as a discipline and the traditional historical novel cannot. The author advocates that La Prise de Gibraltar, L’Invention du désert, Loin de Médine, La Maison andalouse, Pluies d’or, and Le Dernier juif de Tamentit are best read as works of historiographic metafiction. He argues that these novels combine poststructuralist ideas and postmodernist narrative techniques to draw attention to previously neglected people and events in history and provide revised perspectives on them and others and, more importantly, to problematize the way Algerian history is thought and is used to address two major social and political concerns confronting Algerians: national identity and religious fundamentalism. The Algerian Historical Novel: Linking the Past to the Present and future is highly recommended to students, scholars, and general readers interested in Algerian literature and in historiographic metafiction.

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La casa que falta

Catálogo discursivo de Enrique Lihn, 1980–1988

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Roberto Brodsky

Despliegue discursivo de los materiales poéticos, audiovisuales, críticos y teatrales que Enrique Lihn desarrolló desde fines de los años 70 y a lo largo de toda la década de los años 80 en Chile, hasta su muerte en 1988. Enfrentando la censura y el autoritarismo de la época, Lihn dejó a un lado su producción poética anterior para desplegar un conjunto de "proyectos locos", según la acertada definición de Christopher Travis, dando cuenta con ello de una radicalidad única en el marco en la producción crítica e intelectual de esos años. Por primera vez, el estudio aborda el conjunto de esos materiales desde la concepción de un "acto social total", según la definición dada por Lévi-Strauss para los actos de lenguaje que exigen una interpretación plena. Parodia, burla, provocación y defensa cerrada de la autonomía del arte transforman la figura de Lihn en un nuevo tipo de héroe dedicado a desplegar el discurso prohibido por las autoridades cívico-militares de la época. Su resistencia a dejarse capturar por las ideologías tanto de izquierda como de derecha, iluminan su trabajo del período e inspiran a las nuevas generaciones que surgirán con el regreso de la democracia a Chile el mismo año de su fallecimiento.

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Histoires de famille et littérature de jeunesse / Family Stories and Children’s Literature

Filiation, transmission, réinvention ? / Parentage, Transmission or Reinvention?

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Edited by Rose-May Pham Dinh and Virginie Douglas

Ce livre réexamine la représentation de la famille dans des romans, albums ou pièces de théâtre pour la jeunesse relevant de différentes aires géographiques, culturelles et linguistiques. Bienveillants ou aliénants, les liens tissés entre générations ou au sein de la fratrie conditionnent la construction des jeunes protagonistes. La littérature de jeunesse reflète la diversité de la famille et sa capacité à évoluer, voire à se réinventer (familles monoparentales ou homoparentales, recomposées, adoptives...). En proposant des modèles parfois éloignés des réalités connues des lecteurs, elle les invite à réévaluer leur propre expérience mais témoigne aussi d’une certaine constance des attentes et des interrogations que l’institution suscite.

This book re-examines the representation of the family in novels, picture books or theatre plays for young people, belonging to various geographical, cultural and linguistic areas.The bonds between generations or among siblings, whether benevolent or destructive, play a decisive part in the young protagonists’ development. Children’s literature is shown to reflect the diversity of the family as an institution and its ability to change or even to reinvent itself (single-parent, same-sex-parent, blended or adoptive families…). Its fictional representations of the family may differ from the realities experienced by the readers, and invites them to reconsider their own experiences, yet show expectations and questions related to family life to remain fairly constant.

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Jean Norgaisse

Le présent ouvrage est une étude comparative entre deux grandes figures de la littérature d’expression française: Frankétienne, haïtien de souche, et Tahar Ben Jelloun, d’origine marocaine. Ils jouissent d’une renommée internationale, fondée sur une œuvre forte. Entendons: une œuvre visionnaire, pertinente, qui s’inscrit dans la mimésis spatio-temporelle, le vécu humain, et qui fait aussi entendre un cri perçant, un souffle envoûtant, une musique originale. Elle croise, à bien des égards, celle de René Depestre, d’Abdelkébir Khatibi, de Yasmina Khadra, de Soljénitsyne et de Zola.

Singulière, elle est à la fois géographique et dramatique, avec le nomadisme des personnages, la mise en scène de l’espace, des atrocités et conflits actantiels. L’espace-fiction chez les deux poètes-romanciers s’ancre dans l’horreur, le chaos et la psychose, qui constituent des thèmes fondamentaux de leurs œuvres.

L’étude, qui offre une nouvelle approche théorique et une méthode d’analyse efficiente, est présidée par la démarche anthropo-géographie sémiologique, qui suggère une lecture ouverte, interdisciplinaire, favorisant une pluralité de sens de l’œuvre de Frankétienne et de Ben Jelloun. Elle permet ainsi d’appréhender leur discours fictionnel et poétique, plein de fièvre et de colère, qui rend compte du monde claustral, sinistre, angoissant, et qui refuse que l’homme sombre dans la déchéance morale, l’inhumanité. D’où résulte une anthropologie poético-géographique et philosophique.