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Fighting Words

Fifteen Books that Shaped the Postcolonial World

Dominic Davies, Erica Lombard and Benjamin Mountford

Can a book change the world? If books were integral to the creation of the imperial global order, what role have they played in resisting that order throughout the twentieth century? To what extent have theories and movements of anti-imperial and anticolonial resistance across the planet been shaped by books as they are read across the world?

Fighting Words responds to these questions by examining how the book as a cultural form has fuelled resistance to empire in the long twentieth century. Through fifteen case studies that bring together literary, historical and book historical perspectives, this collection explores the ways in which books have circulated anti-imperial ideas, as they themselves have circulated as objects and commodities within regional, national and transnational networks. What emerges is a complex portrait of the vital and multifaceted role played by the book in both the formation and the form of anticolonial resistance, and the development of the postcolonial world.

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Narrative and Space

Across Short Story Landscapes and Regional Places

Alda Correia

These eight texts deal with different perspectives on the relation between the regional short story, modernism and space. Seven of them concentrate on short prose (the short story and chronicle) and one deals with the novel. Four of them consider canonical pre modernist and modernist Anglo-American authors and the other four Portuguese rustic and modernist short story writers. Their common point of departure is the notion that the representation of the world cannot be separated from its spatial context, and the effort to understand how space and landscape influenced the structure of narratives and were represented in some of them, mainly in short fiction. They draw attention to the importance of the underestimated regionalist short prose narratives, essentially from a comparative literary perspective, but also considering certain aspects of their social and cultural connections and dissonances.

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Thomas Schneider

Dieses Buch beleuchtet das Motiv der Völlerei in der englischen Literatur der Frühen Neuzeit. Der Autor untersucht, wie die klassische Todsünde zur Beschreibung des Eigenen und Fremden genutzt wird, um durch Selbstüberhöhung und Fremdabwertung die nationale Identität zu stärken. Sein Analysemodell vereint Erkenntnisse aus der Systemtheorie mit zentralen Befunden der Nationenforschung. Dadurch kann er die Komplexität der englischen Gesellschaft abbilden und verschiedene Arten von Identität und Alterität herausarbeiten. Das Buch wirft einen detaillierten Blick auf Eliten, soziale Restriktionen, den Kampf gegen das Fremde und das Erwachen einer jungen Nation.

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Inklusiver Englischunterricht am Gymnasium

Evidenz aus der Schulpraxis im Spiegel von Spracherwerbstheorie und Fremdsprachendidaktik

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Jan Springob

Inklusion ist eine der aktuellen bildungspolitischen Herausforderungen. Die Realisierung von gemeinsamem Unterricht einer heterogenen Schülerschaft stellt auch den Fremdsprachenunterricht vor neue Aufgaben. Der Autor präsentiert Erkenntnisse einer dreijährigen unterrichtsbegleitenden, quantitativen wie qualitativen Erhebung inklusiven Englischunterrichts an einem Gymnasium und bettet diese umfassend in den Diskurs der Inklusions- und Zweitspracherwerbsforschung ein. Er formuliert «Best-Practice»-Empfehlungen, die einen eigenständigen, wissenschaftlich fundierten Impuls in die englische Sprachwissenschaft hinsichtlich des Zweitspracherwerbs und in die englische Fachdidaktik hinsichtlich der Unterrichtspraxis geben. Die Umsetzung von Inklusion kann gelingen, so das Fazit.

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The Early Modern Stage-Jew

Heritage, Inspiration, and Concepts – With the first edition of Nathaniel Wiburne’s «Machiavellus»

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Saskia Zinsser-Krys

This book investigates the contemporary conceptions of the Jewish figure on the Elizabethan and Jacobean stage. Taking on what has been said about Shakespeare’s Shylock and Marlowe’s Barabas in the last centuries, the author analyses seven other, largely ignored plays to enhance the image we have today of the early modern stage-Jew. In tracing the image of Jewish figures in medieval literature and in early modern travel reports, the foundation of the Elizabethan idea of ‘Jewishness’ is laid out. Further, the author challenges some arguments which have become axiomatic over time, such as the notion of the red-haired, hook-nosed comical villain. The book also contains a first edition of the Latin university play «Machiavellus» by Nathaniel Wiburne, accomplished by Michael Becker and Saskia Zinsser-Krys.

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Agnes Madeleine Olson

Gegenstand der Studie ist das peer-gestützte Vorgehen gemäß «Peer Scaffolding» von leistungsheterogen und -homogen zusammengesetzten Fremdsprachenlernenden einer 9. Realschulklasse bei der kognitiv anspruchsvollen Textarbeit. Die Autorin folgt dem Paradigma des «Mixed Methods Approach», indem die qualitative Inhaltsanalyse und Gesprächsanalyse der Interaktionsdaten durch quantitative Verfahren ergänzt werden. Sie weist nach, dass die gegenseitige Hilfestellung der SchülerInnen insbesondere im Zusammenhang mit Elaborations-, Erklärungs- und Elizitierstrategien hohes Lernpotenzial enthält. Bemerkenswert ist, dass offenbar Unterschiede in der fachlichen Leistung der Lernenden eine geringere Rolle spielen als antizipierender Nachvollzug, Involviertheit und das Interaktionsgefüge beim peer-gestützten Lernen.

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inklings – Jahrbuch für Literatur und Ästhetik

Die Inklings und der Erste Weltkrieg – Symposium 17. und 18. September in Aachen

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Dieter Petzold and Klaudia Seibel

«Inklings» nannte sich eine Gruppe von Schriftstellern und Geisteswissenschaftlern in Oxford, deren bekannteste Mitglieder J.R.R. Tolkien und C.S. Lewis waren. Die Inklings-Gesellschaft e.V. widmet sich seit 1983 dem Studium und der Verbreitung der Werke dieser und ihnen nahestehender Autoren sowie der Analyse des Phantastischen in Literatur, Film und Kunst allgemein. Ihre Jahrestagungen werden in Jahrbüchern dokumentiert. Dieser Band enthält elf Vorträge der Tagung «Die Inklings und der Erste Weltkrieg», die 2016 in Aachen stattfand, sowie vier weitere Beiträge und zahlreiche Rezensionen.

«Inklings» was the name of a group of Oxford scholars and writers; its best-known members were J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis. The German «Inklings-Gesellschaft», founded in 1983, is dedicated to the discussion and dissemination of the works of these authors and of writers commonly associated with them and to the study of the fantastic in literature, film and the arts in general. The proceedings of the annual Inklings conferences are published in yearbooks. This volume contains eleven papers presented at the 2016 conference entitled «The Inklings and the First World War». In addition, there are four general articles and numerous reviews.

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Laurent Mellet and Elsa Cavalie

Since Forster’s death in 1970, many British novelists and film directors have acknowledged and even claimed the influence of the novelist of the English soul (in Woolf’s terms) and of a renewed faith in both human relationships and a quintessentially British liberal-humanism. After the ethical turn at the end of the twentieth century, British literature today seems to go back even more drastically to the figure of the individual human being, and to turn the narrative space into some laboratory of a new form of empowerment of the other’s political autonomy. It is in this context that the references to Forster are more and more frequent, both in British fiction and in academia. This book does not only aim at spotting and theorising this return to Forster today. Rather we endeavour to trace its genealogy and shed light on the successive modes of the legacy, from Forster’s first novel, Where Angels Fear to Tread (1905) onwards, to the novelisation of Forster himself by Damon Galgut. How can the principle of connection, of correspondences and echoes, which informed Forster’s private life and approach to writing so much, equally characterise the aesthetic and political influence of his oeuvre?

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Irish Diasporic Narratives in Argentina

A Reconsideration of Home, Identity and Belonging

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Sinéad Wall

Departure from Ireland has long occupied a contradictory position in Irish national discourse, alternately viewed as exile or betrayal. This book analyses how departure, as well as notions of home, identity and return, is articulated in the narratives of three members of the Irish diaspora community in Argentina: John Brabazon’s journal The Customs and Habits of the Country of Buenos Ayres from the year 1845 by John Brabazon and His Own Adventures; William Bulfin’s series of sketches for The Southern Cross newspaper, later published as Tales of the Pampas (1900) and Rambles in Eirinn (1907); and Kathleen Nevin’s fictional memoir, You’ll Never Go Back (1946). The book examines the extent to which each writer upholds or contests hegemonic constructions of Irishness, as well as exploring how they negotiate the dual identity of emigrant and potential returnee. Each of the three writers, to varying degrees, challenges the orthodox positionings of the Irish diaspora subject as backward-looking and the Irish emigrant as bound to the national territory. Furthermore, they construct multiple subject positions and contradictory notions of Irishness: national, essentialist and homogeneous versus transnational, diverse and plural. Ultimately, their writings contribute to a rich and nuanced reimagining of the Irish emigrant identity.