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Rise of the Early Roman Republic

Reflections on Becoming Roman

Thomas L. Dynneson

An audaciously daring narrative, this text presents an overview of the early history of Rome, focusing the reader’s attention to those distinctive and often hidden cultural features that contributed to create a unique ancient Roman mindset and civic outlook. Using an historical format, Thomas L. Dynneson addresses these cultural forces which ultimately shaped the Romans into the ancient world’s most powerful military city-state.

Comprised of numerous values and beliefs, the Romans sought to develop their citizens as a cohesive whole. This approach enabled a mastering of both the practical and utilitarian tactics for solving problems, an expression of classical intellectualism. Identifying this sense of idealism paralleled with the Romans embodiment of sacrifice to overcome all obstacles, the author explores several features of becoming Roman. Within this text, each section is designed to pull together the general historical elements which helped to create a unique Roman citizenship. The final section of each chapter contains further analysis, including the author’s narrative regarding the general sources used, and the second containing a review of one exceptional recommended reading. The later chapters of the book provide a special "Recent Scholarship" section, which explores the work of recent scholars’ "revisionists" perspectives related to the traditional ancient sources.

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Bangladesh

Political and Literary Reflections on a Divided Country

Q M Jalal Khan

Bangladesh is now divided as "our" country and "their" country. This division has been solely created by the critically close to authoritarian and exclusionary Awami regime—belligerent and BNPhobic. This book is a detailed account of the divided Bangladesh, where there has been a near-total suppression and extermination (since 2009) of the political opposition, BNP. It is a recount of the horror and terror resorted to by the regime addicted to governing the country through a process of complete politicization and criminalization of all the branches of the state.

Being a descriptive narrative of the regime’s abuses of state tools and agents, the volume launches a crusade against the nearly autocratic and despotic one-party government, boastfully bragging about its denial of moral, political, and economic corruption and its obstruction of the democratic rights of the opposition.

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Towards Europe

The Story of a Reluctant Norway

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Paal J. Frisvold

Does Norway belong to Western Europe? This provocative question, put to the head of the Norwegian delegation to the conference on the reconstruction of Europe after World War II, begins the history of Norwegian attitudes towards European integration. From 1905 to 1994, Norway opposed practically all types of European and international cooperation. Had Norway’s views gained traction, Europe and the world would look very different today. Towards Europe demonstrates how little Norwegians knew before the 1994 referendum about the EU Single Market and the European Economic Area (EEA). The book takes the reader behind the scenes of secret negotiations between the EU and Norway, giving an unprecedented insight into how the EEA works in practice. It illustrates with concrete examples Norway’s ability to articulate its views and to be heard in Brussels, from the perspective of both government and interest groups. It also looks at Norway’s potential to tackle future EU challenges such as the Energy Union, migration policies, transatlantic trade and the Banking Union.

Towards Europe will provide the reader with pertinent insights into whether the EEA is a suitable alternative for Britain’s future relations with the EU.

This edition includes an extra chapter on how to influence the EU from a non-member country.

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The Sino-African Partnership

A Geopolitical Economy Approach

Earl Conteh-Morgan

The Sino-African Partnership portrays with rigor and clarity the relationship between China and Africa by delving into the geopolitical, geo-economic, and sociocultural dynamics that underlie the extensive and deepening "South-South" cooperation between the two. The analysis highlights China’s role in the partnership by underscoring its geo-strategy, multidimensional approach, and the nature of its power projection in a continent of nation-states with differing geo-strategic importance and resource endowments. Supported by a rich texture of recent historical, political, and economic insights and interactions between China and Africa reflecting established knowledge, the book also delves deep into the impact on China of globalization imperatives following the end of the Cold War and its focus on ideological rivalry.

Graduate and undergraduate students, China-Africa scholars, and general readers interested in a new perspective on the relationship between the two entities will find this essential and interesting reading. It is a unique and multidimensional examination of bilateral and multilateral cooperation, relationships, and profound development in global politics between two significant developing actors. There are new insights in this study into China’s power projection into Africa and the global reactions spawned by its many activities.

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Re-rising Japan

Its Strategic Power in International Relations

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Hidekazu Sakai and Yoichiro Sato

"The lost two decades" of Japan’s economic power since the early 1990s have generated the image among scholars in the discipline of international relations (IR) that Japan is no longer a significant player. Hence, today’s IR literature focuses on the rise of China. Re-rising Japan: Its Strategic Power in International Relations challenges this trend by showing up-to-date evidence that Japan is still a major power in today’s international relations where the interests and power of the United States and China have increasingly clashed over many issues.

Indeed, since the Abe cabinet re-emerged in December 2012, there has been growing academic interest in Japan’s bold monetary/financial/social policies (Abenomics) and relatively assertive security policy. Where is Japan heading, and what path has it taken since the 2000s? This book responds to these questions.

Re-rising Japan assembles the latest studies on Japan written by today’s young and energetic scholars. It consists of three parts: (1) Geopolitics, (2) Domestic Political-Social Norms and Values, and (3) Asian Regional Integration and Institutionalizations. The individual chapters reveal what power assets Japan has and their strength and weakness in today’s international relations. Readers will attain a complete picture of Japan and its evolving new strategy in the decaying U.S. unipolar system where China has been behaving as a revisionist state.

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Mission écologie/Auftrag Ökologie

Tensions entre conservatisme et progressisme dans une perspective franco-allemande/Konservativ-progressive Ambivalenzen in deutsch-französischer Perspektive

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Olivier Hanse, Annette Lensing and Birgit Metzger

Au XXe siècle, l’écologie est devenue, en France comme en Allemagne, un sujet social et politique de premier ordre. Quelle place occupent les divers acteurs, leurs idées et leurs modes d’engagement dans le paysage politique allemand et français ? Quels rapports entretenaient-ils ? Dans quelle mesure les débats sur le positionnement difficile de l’écologie politique sur l’axe traditionnel gauche-droite aboutissent-ils à des prises de position différentes en France et en Allemagne ? Ces questions sont au centre des contributions de cet ouvrage, qui s’inscrit dans une approche transnationale de l’histoire environnementale du XXe siècle et inclut dans sa réflexion, en plus des mouvements et partis politiques, des modes d’expression et d’engagement comme le syndicalisme, la culture du corps, la naturopathie et l’agriculture biologique.

 

Im 20. Jahrhundert wurde die Ökologie in Frankreich wie in Deutschland zu einem zentralen politischen und gesellschaftlichen Thema. Wie lassen sich die unterschiedlichen Akteure, ihre Ideen und Handlungsweisen in den politischen Landschaften in Deutschland und Frankreich verorten? Wie bezogen sie sich aufeinander? Inwiefern rufen die Debatten zur schwierigen Verortung der politischen Ökologie im Rechts-Links-Schema in beiden Ländern unterschiedliche Stellungnahmen hervor? Diese Fragen stehen im Zentrum dieses Bandes, der sich einer transnationalen Umweltgeschichte im 20. Jahrhundert verschreibt und über die politischen Bewegungen und Parteien hinaus vielfältige Ausdrucks- und Handlungsformen wie die Gewerkschaften, die Körperkultur, die Naturheilkunde und die biologische Landwirtschaft miteinbezieht.

 

 

 

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Living Beyond the Borders

Essays on Global Immigrants and Refugees

Edward Shizha, Rosemary Kimani-Dupuis and Priscilla Broni

Cross-border migration has resulted in many social, cultural, economic, and political challenges that need attention. Globalization, migration, and transnationalism have a strong impact on the lives of diasporic immigrants and refugees. Transnationalism and diaspora, which result from globalization and migration, create transnational social spaces, fields, and formations that affect the everyday practices and engagements of migrants and refugees. Living Beyond the Borders highlights the Canadian immigration policies and the challenges faced by migrants, particularly visible minorities. The book further presents multiple perspectives and arguments on how immigrants and refugees react to their "new home" in the north and how they maintain memories of their country of origin.

The contributors to this volume analyze the impact of transnational lives on the identity construction of migrants and how they acquire and negotiate their multiple identities. The book further interrogates these identities by questioning the experiences of immigrants and refugees living precarious lives in their country of permanent or temporary settlement. This book contributes knowledge and literature that is intended for academic scholars, researchers, and undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of immigration studies, global studies, sociology, political science, development studies, and interdisciplinary studies. Its multidisciplinary approach has significant value to readers, as it integrates perspectives on the multidimensionality and complexity of transnational migration, settlement, and integration in the contemporary globalized world.

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Le «care», face morale du capitalisme

Assistance et police des familles en Amérique latine

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Blandine Destremau and Isabel Georges

    L’Amérique latine est souvent considérée comme un laboratoire de politiques publiques, qui accompagnent le développement de formes néo-libérales de capitalisme. Après les années 2000, l’État social signe son « retour », marqué par une nouvelle génération de politiques sociales d’assistance dites conditionnelles, dans des contextes de réduction des dépenses publiques, d’extension de la marchandisation et d’intense concurrence politique.

    Cet ouvrage explore les nébuleuses d’acteurs engendrées par la mise en pratique de ces politiques, à partir d’enquêtes ethnographiques menées dans cinq métropoles d’Amérique latine. Il montre comment elles instituent une police des familles, centrée sur les femmes et fondée sur une économie morale valorisant l’éthique du care et de la responsabilité. La gestion et la répartition du travail reproductif s’opèrent par des dispositifs d’activation, d’incitations comportementales et de contrôle de proximité. Ce mode de gouvernement moral des pauvres tend à instaurer un ordre politique qui organise la reproduction sociale et économique et repose sur une division du travail entre sexes, générations et classes sociales. Il nourrit l’essor des opportunités de profit marchand et des positions d’intermédiation. Cette face morale des politiques économiques néolibérales a permis un compromis de gouvernement, qui s’est estompé.

    S’il se démarque de ce cadre général, le cas de Cuba, aux prises avec une réforme de sa politique sociale, confirme la centralité du care et des injonctions morales dans les politiques publiques.

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    La « zone grise » du travail

    Dynamiques d’emploi et négociation au Sud et au Nord

    Christian Azaïs and Liana Carleial

    Le présent ouvrage porte sur la dynamique des zones grises du travail. Cette notion illustre le changement de paradigme qui s’exprime dans le renouvellement de la place de l’État à un moment où l’on assiste dans de nombreux pays à sa privation de domaines relevant jusqu’alors de sa compétence.

    La notion de zone grise explicite l’incertitude et l’indétermination, propres aux situations de travail et d’emploi aujourd'hui. Elle met en exergue l’écart devenu structurel et structurant de la relation d’emploi entre les idéaux types des catégories instituées et la réalité des pratiques socio-professionnelles, variées et ne rentrant dans aucun cadre binaire. Au cours de sa trajectoire professionnelle, l’individu est confronté à des combinaisons variées de situations d’emploi et de travail, de contrats de travail aussi et à des choix multiples, que la typologie sur les figures émergentes illustre.

    Plus particulièrement, cette publication interroge les dispositifs dont se saisissent les acteurs, la façon dont le droit du travail et les formes d’organisation du travail sont génératrices d’inégalités. Sont aussi abordées les conséquences des nouvelles formes de travail sur l’organisation des travailleurs, les possibilités de négociation qui en ressortent et la question des chemins empruntés pour garantir la pérennité des droits acquis. Ces thèmes fournissent un panorama diversifié des transformations des relations d’emploi et des relations professionnelles dans des univers différenciés.

    La démarche adoptée conduit à interroger le rapport entre le public et le privé et, implicitement, le lien entre le collectif et l’individu, à une époque où l’individualisation des relations d’emploi et de travail tend à s’étendre.